Pitanja iz engleskog jezika (gramatika) za maturu

1. The Definite Article 2. The Indefinite Article 3. Ordinal and Cardinal Numbers 4. The Present Simple Tense 5. The Present Continuous Tense 6. The Present Perfect Tense 7. Present Tenses 8. Comparison of Adjectives 9. Possessive Pronouns 10. Possesssive Adjectives 11. Irregular Comparison of Adjectives 12. Relative Clauses 13. The Simple Past Tense 14. The Past Contininuous Tense 15. The Past Perfect Tense 16. Expressing Future 17. The structure HAVE SOMETHING DONE 18. The structure USED TO 19. Modals 20. The Passive Voice 21. Indirect Speech – Statements 22. Indirect Speech – Questions, Orders 23. Conditional Sentences 24. Irregular Plurals 25. Saxon Genitive (Possessive “S”) 26. Prepositions (place, time) 27. The plural of nouns 28. Countable and Uncountable Nouns 29. Questions – word order 30. SOME/ANY/MUCH/MANY

a.. TEXAS) 4. regiona: EUROPE. two times a month. an aeroplane Prevodimo ga kao JEDAN.. an apple.Npr. . Question no. I saw a lovely girls yesterday . The Hague .o ili NEKI. reka..Question no.3.g. AMERICA. u uzvicnim recenicama tipa . the old Question no.the girls I saw lives in my neighbourhood.dakle ispred stvari/objekata koji su jedinstveni (the sky. second.Kod CARDINAL Nos. The longest river in the world is. third. a minute 5.o Neodredjeni clan upotrebljavamo: 1. the intelligent.. 3: BROJEVI: Cardinal: 1. fifth. ispred superlativa prideva: the best.I saw a lovely girl yesterday 2. FOUR MILLION people. a kilo. a nastavak za mnozinu "s" se dodaje na imenicu koja sledi iza HUNDRED. CORSICA. the Adriatic Sea. Kada zelimo nesto posebno da naglasimo ili ispred imenica koje pocinju samoglasnikom ili nemim H. clan THE se izgovara kao Idi:I Upotrebljava se: 1.. umesto broja 1: a hundred. EVEREST. reci da da stotina: hundred. FIVE THOUSAND dollars. 5.. an hour. NYC. ispred planinskih lanaca. e. fourth. ITALY. a uniform "AN" se upotrebljava ispred brojivih imenica u jednini kada one pocinju samoglasnikom ili nemim "H" e. the closest 3. a book. okeana.grad uz koji takodje stoji clan) 2. the environment.a. we don't speak the same language 6. the most attractive. when there is only ONE OF something .. obicno kazemo THE RADIO ali TELEVISION (bez THE) 7. ispred prideva da oznacimo celu grupu ljudi koji su opisani datim pridevom: the black.. kada nesto pominjeno po prvi put .) izuzetak (The Netherlands. million nemaju mnozinu (u situacijama kada ispred njih sledi broj. ostrva: SICILY.. mora.2.g. The Atlantic Ocean (ali ne i ispred pojedinacnih planina: ETNA.4. twice a year 4. RUSSIA. ispred imenica koje oznacavaju zanimanje: my Mum is a doctor and my Dad is a judge. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Danube. the pretty.) The earth goes around the sun and the moon goes round the earth.i Ordinal: first. The Alps. My brother is a lawyer.Such a crazy night. u izrazima tipa: once a week. The United Kingdom (ali samo ENGLAND. thousand... ispred "SAME": Those two photographs are the same. Ispred punih naziva drzava: The United States of America. 1: DEFINITE (odredjeni) ARTICLE: "THE" upotrebljavamo ispred imenica koje smo pominjemo po drugi put odnosno imenica koje smo uveli clanom A. What a beautiful day 3. 2: 1.. INDEFINITE (neodredjeni) ARTICLE: "A" stoji ispred brojivih imenica u jednini koje pocinju SUGLASNIKOM ili samoglasnikom koji se izgovara kao SUGLASNIK. grupa ostrva: The Bahamas. gradova: CAIRO.. a car....

I play football Koristi se za radnju koja se obicno desava svaki dan Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT+ don’t / doesn’t + GLAGOL Upitan oblik: Do / does + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL? Priloske oznake:every day.I have played football .da se izrazi radnja koja je već isplanirana i desiće se u budućnosti: I'm meeting my girlfriend tonight.ORDINAL NUMBERS: Kod broja 1. always. Redne brojeve koristima za izrazavanje redosleda.. constantly. verovatno udvostručiti ili izostaviti jedno slovo.sto je sasvim dovoljno. ispred njih se obicno nalazi odredjeni clan "THE" .Ako glagol završava na vokal + suglasnik + e.THE FIRST WEEKEND IN MAY i kod pisanja datuma: November 5th.2 i 3 imamo specificne nastavke 1 . mijenjamo ie u y – lie – lying . never. all day Question no.st.. ever.da označi radnju čije je trajanje neprekidno.. 2010.naglašeni vokal-suglasnik zadnje slovo se udvostručava – run – running . 3 .rd (first. 4: THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE . . sometimes.. To bi bilo ono osnovno .I am speaking Present participle se pravi dodavanjem glagolu nastavka "-ing".. 6: THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE .umesto broja ONE koristi clan A: A MILLION. Međutim. ali se dešavala nešto ranije i možda će se dešavati posle trenutka kada o njoj govorimo – she is reading a book .. 2.nd. 5: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (sadašnje trajno vreme) . hiljadu. radnja se ne mora odvijati tačno sada.da označi radnju koja se vrši u vremenu kada o njoj govorimo – I am learning English now . second i third) dok se kod svih ostalih brojeva dodaje nastavak "TH".THOUSAND. i tada se obično upotrebljavaju prilozialways.) i da se za jednu stotinu. MILLION.Ako se glagol završava na: suglasnik .Ako glagol završava na ie. ponekad moramo malo promeniti reč. usually.come – coming Present Continuous Tense (sadašnje trajno vreme) se upotrebljava: . Question No. forever itd . A HUNDRED.You are always complaining about your mother . Question No.međutim. izostavljamoe: .

kolona) Question No. ali se nije završila Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + have / has + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3. That dog looks like our dog 4. Npr. 7: PRESENT TENSES Present Simple (prosto sadašnje vreme) – I choose Present Perfect (složeno sadašnje vreme) – I have chosen Present Continous (sadašnje trajno vreme) – I am choosing Present Perfect Continuous (sadašnje svršeno trajno vreme) . comparative.They – their Questions No. That car isn't her car – Question No.I – my . 10: POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (prisvojni pridevi) Prisvojni pridevi određuju imenice (my sister.PPT se koristi za radnju koja e desila i završila u prošlosti. THEIRS) se koriste bez imenica. ali ne znamo kada i za radnjukoja se desila.You – your . superlative.She – her . 1. U ovom slučaju iza . 8 i 11: COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES/IRREGULAR COMPARISON -Postoje tri stepena komparacije: positive. kolona) Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT + have/has + not + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3.It's mine! ili Their garden (prisv. zamenica)! Upitnu rec WHOSE mozemo da koristimo SA ili BEZ IMENICA: Whose coat is that? ili Whose is that coat? REWRITE THE SENTENCES WITH POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. prisvojne zamenice (MINE. YOURS. That's not my coat (prisv. pridev)is much bigger than ours (prisv. 9: Za razliku od PRISVOJNIH PRIDEVA koji UVEK stoje uz imenicu.Kada želimo da upoređujemo dve stvari. pridev) . their house). That's my newspaper 2.We – our .He – his . kolona) Upitan oblik: Have / has + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3. HIS.It – its . his book. Is that bike your bike? 5. HERS.I have been choosing Question no. onda koristimo komparativni stepen prideva. Her hair looks better than your hair 3.You – your . .Prisvojni pridevi imaju sledeće oblike: . OURS.

THE BEST BAD . He won the prize. WHICH. Mary has the most beautiful hair in the classroom. + AS" ili "NOT AS + ADJ.onda koristimo superlativni stepen prideva.THE MOST LITTLE ...BETTER ... a za stvari WHICH. RELATIVNE ZAMENICE su: WHO. Za ljude upotrebljavamo zamenicu WHO.. WHAT Npr. (WHOM).Dugačkim pridevima (sa dva ili više slogova) ne dodajemo nastavke ali ispred prideva pišemo "more" u komparativu ili "most" u superlativu (more intelligent.. the earliest.) a ako se pridev završava sa "y" ono se pretvara u i (prettier.WORSE . The man was Welsh. . Npr.FARTHER/FURTHER .Kada želimo da kažemo kako je nešto naj. the reddest. There's the man WHO/THAT sold me my bike She said a word WHICH/THAT I didn't hear..THE LEAST FAR . the most delicious..THE OLDEST/ELDEST Question no. the prettiest. a to su: GOOD .. U nekim slučajevima se poslednji suglasnik duplira (bigger. mozemo da je izostavimo iz recenice . Zamenicu THAT upotrebljavamo i za ljude i za stvari (safe option). + AS" My eyes aren't as good as yours. the biggest.OLDER/ELDER . She is as beautiful as her mother. My nose is smaller than yours. U ovom slučaju ispred prideva UVEK stoji član "the". a zatim ono s čime se upoređuje. U slucaju negacije koristimo konstrukciju "NOT SO + ADJ.THE FARTHEST/FURTHEST OLD .THE WORST MUCH/MANY . The man THAT I phoned spoke Spanish ili The man I phoned spoke Spanish .) .LESS . redder. + AS" Npr.) Ukoliko su dve osobine izrazene u ISTOM stepenu onda koristimo konstrukciju "AS + ADJ. John is the biggest fan of Michael Jackson. The Danube is more beautiful than The Thames. The man WHO won the prize was Welsh. I phoned a man. Npr. .prideva UVEK stoji "than". npr.Postoje i pridevi čija je komparacija nepravilna.Kratkim pridevima dodajemo nastavak -er u komparativu ili -est u superlativu. THAT. earlier.MORE . Kada je relativna zamenica OBJEKAT koji stoji iza glagola. 12: RELATIVE CLAUSES su recenice koje su povezane/zdruzene RELATIVNIM ZAMENICAMA (Relative Pronouns).Npr. npr. He is as tall as his grandfather. She is not so beautiful as her mother He is not so tall as his grandfather .

Question No. who lives in New York. RELATIVNE CLAUSES mogu biti DEFINING I NON-DEFINING. the day before yesterday. ago… . a ne neki od preostale cetvorice stize danas. Evo i primera: 1. tj. zivi u NY. I was looking at her . kolona) Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT + didn’t + GLAGOL Upitni oblik: Did + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL? Priloske oznake: last…. ne mozemo da je izostavimo. The woman smiled.. U prvom slucaju radi se o NON-DEFINING Relative Clause (to je poput "umetnute recenice" na srpskom. 2.."the things that you need") I'm sorry about what happened. Npr. listen to.Kada je relativna zamenica na mestu subjekta. Ispred relativne zamenice ne stavljamo zarez i ne odvajamo je time od ostatka recenice. live in. 13: THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE . Nepravilni glagoli se napamet uce. A.. Kada je relativna zamenica objekat takvih glagola imamo dve opcije: 1. Have you got WHAT you need for your journey? (=. My son who lives in New York is arriving today.. A man phoned me. zadrzimo predlog uz glagol . radi se o usputnoj. Neki glagoli uz sebe imaju predlog. yesterday. look at. by the way.Npr. dodatnoj informaciji koja ne menja znacenje recenice. Kod prve recenice mozemo zakljuciti da zena ima SAMO jednog sina koji. Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 2. Npr.The woman WHOM/THAT I was looking at smiled 2. Npr. ali ono sto je bitno je da on stize danas. My son. Imamo tacno vreme. da predlog stavimo ISPRED relativne zamenice WHOM/WHICH Npr. The woman at WHOM I was looking smiled.. is arriving today. Takva recenica se UVEK odvaja zarezima. U drugom slucaju radi se o DEFINING Relative Clause sto znaci da zena ima 5 sinova ali upravo onaj koji zivi u New York-u.. The man THAT/WHO phoned me spoke Greek ( NE MOZE The man phoned me spoke Greek) WHAT koristimo umesto "THE THING(S) WHICH/THAT or ANYTHING THAT" uz glagole u jednini.I played football Past simple se koristi za izricanje radnje koja se desila I zavrsila u proslosti.

oblikom.Question no. a prekinuta je nekom drugom prošlom radnjom. had i past participle-a (prošlog participa) glavnog glagola. 16: EXPRESSING FUTURE: Postoje tri osnovna nacina za izrazavanje buducnosti na engleskom jeziku: 1.Radnju koja se završila pre neke druge prošle radnje . 14: THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (prošlo trajno vreme) Past Continuous Tense (Prošlo trajno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO BE u Past Simple Tense-u (Prostom prošlom vremenu).After we had reached the top.Prošlu radnju koja je duže trajala. The Past Perfect Tense (Davno prošlo vreme) se upotrebljava za.The Past Perfect Tense se upotrebljava u zavisnim rečenicama uz after. tj. Npr. upotrebljavamo je kada zelimo da pricamo o svojim NAMERAMA. Ta radnja se izražava prostim proš.Dve radnje koje su se u prošlom vremenu paralelno dešavale – While I was watching TV my sister was doing homework . Takođe se mogu pojaviti i prilozi when i because.koristimo je kada buducnost mozemo da predvidimo u sadasnjem trenutku tj. Umesto njih se obično koristi glagol u Past Simple Tense-u Potvrdan oblik – I was working Upitan oblik – Was I working? Odričan oblik – I was not (wasn’t working) Question no. tj. 15: PAST PERFECT TENSE (davno prošlo vreme) Past Perfect Tense (Davno prošlo vreme) se gradi od pomoćnog glagola TO HAVE u Past Simple Tense-u (prošlom prostom vremenu). we began to feel tired Potvrdan oblik: I had (I’d) worked Upitan oblik: Had I worked? Odričan oblik: I had not (hadn’t) worked Question No. stvarima koje smo odlucili da .She suddenly found that she had lost her camera . was/were i present participle-a (sadašnjeg participa) glavnog glagola Past Continiuos Tense se koristi za: . .Radnju koja je u prošlo vreme duže trajala – She was reading a book all day yesterday . tj."GOING TO" konstrukcija . Look . kada je neka future situation is starting or is clearly on the way. ne koriste se ni u Past Continuous Tense-u. . past stimple – I was watching TV when the telephone rang Glagoli koji se ne koriste u Present Continuous Tense-u.it is going to rain! Takodje.

the dress ili hair) Umesto HAVE SMTH. Kod ovih primera HAVE SMTH. Our train leaves at 8. DONE (po americki) Npr.. When will you know your exam results? . I think it will snow tomorrow.kada nesto PREDVIDJAMO. MISLIMO. Yesterday a workman came and did the job. so she arranged for somebody to repair it." Npr. DONE oznacava da se nesto desilo nekome tj. When are you going to get the roof repaired? I think you should get your hair cut. Ponekad HAVE SMTH DONE ima drugacije znacenje.. The roof of Jill's house was damaged in a storm.00. (organizovala je da to neko uradi umesto nje) JILL REPAIRED THE ROOF (sama ga je popravila) I HAD MY HAIR CUT! I jos jedan odlican primer: Did Ann make the dress herself or DID SHE HAVE IT MADE? Obratite paznju na red reci: past participle (III kolona ili -ED npr. That's the phone .Ove godine ne nameravam da uzmem godisnji! 2. kao u sledecoj recenici: George had his nose broken in a fight Have you ever had your passport stolen . npr. I am starting a new job next week. I really WILL start studying English! (I hope you all will!) She won't speak to me! This pen won't write! I'll phone you! .. JILL HAD THE ROOF REPAIRED YESTERDAY. repaired. WILL + infinitive .WILL upotrebljavamo i kada nesto OBECAVAMO. made. SLAZEMO SE ili ODBIJAMO Npr. NAGADJAMO ili ZNAMO o buducnosti Npr.I'll answer it! What will you have? Hmmmm. da su osobe ili stvari pretrpele nesto. DONE mozemo koristiti i GET SMTH.uradimo i tada je cak mozemo prevesti kao "nameravam da.10. I'll have a coke! ***Posle I i WE umesto WILL moze se koristiti i SHALL bez promene po znacenje ***Ponekad i PRESENT SIMPLE mozemo upotrebiti za buducnost . Npr. PROGRAMU u bioskopu. What time does the film start? It starts at 8. pozoristu Npr. I am not going to take a holiday this year . OK. Question No.koristimo ga za izrazavanje buducnosti kada sa sigurnoscu govorimo o planovima koji ce se realizovati u tacno odredjeno vreme ili na tacno odredjenom mestu. PRESENT CONTINIOUS .WILL koristimo i kada neku odluku donesemo iznenada na licu mesta Npr. cut) je uvek iza objekta (the roof. We are playing basketball tomorrow at 5! 3. 17: HAVE SOMETHING DONE Koristimo kada zelimo da neko drugi uradi nesto za nas Npr. .iskljucivo kada govorimo o RASPOREDU voznje.u ovim recenicama se NARAVNO NE RADI o tome da je neko namerno organizovao da mu nos bude slomljen ili pasos ukraden.

" I used to live alone / I am used to living alone Nekada sam ziveo sam / Navikao sam da zivim sam Question no.(present) Pitanje postavljamo na uobicajeni nacin koristeci pomocni glagol DID (you) USE TO. he used to smoke (past) there used to be. redovno se desavala ali se vise ne desava. . 18: The structure USED TO Npr. Did you use to eat a lot of sweets when you were a child? NE SMETE MESATI " I used to" sa "I am used to. Dennis stopped smoking two years ago. tj kada se nesto vec desilo.koristimo je i da bismo izrazili nesto sto je nekada bilo tacno/istina... This building is now a furniture shop.konstrukciju USED TO upotrebljavamo za radnju koja je u proslosti bila uobicajena. . It used to be a cinema.. but he USED TO SMOKE. "I USED TO DO SOMETHING" je proslost. upitni oblik se dobija inverzijom I negativnom formom dodavanjem -not Question No... npr: ... He doesn't smoke any more.. Ne mozemo reci I USE TO!!!! Umesto toga u sadasnjosti koristimo Present Simple. imaju formu samo za past simple I present simple 2. Subjekat iz prve recenice u drugoj prelazi u objekat a nije bitno ko vrsi radnju. 20: Passive Voice Njega koristimo kada je neka radnja vec uradjena. He USED TO SMOKE 40 cigarettes a day.(past) he smokes (present) there is. Npr.Question No. 19: MODALS PRESENT – PAST Can – Could May – Might Must – Had to Shall – Should Will – Would Can.. a sadasnji oblik ne postoji. I used to think he was unfriendly but now I realise he's a very nice person. nemaju nastavak –s u trecem licu jednine 3. may i must su modalni glagoli I nemaju will formu 1.. ali ne vise Npr..? npr..

i nije bitno ko je to uradio. kolona ili nepravilni glagoli ) Upitne recenice.he/she/I we . . već to ponavljamo svojim rečima mi pri tom činimo izvesne izmene. inverzijom. Radi se o biciklu. --> The bike is stolen. 21 & 22: INDIRECT SPEECH Kada ponavljamo nešto što je neko rekao.that day (ili se izostavlja) tonight .(-days before) Kada je glagol kojim počinje rečenica u indirektnom govoru u prošlom vremenu u sledećoj rečenici ili rečenicama.the day before/the previous day tomorrow .-They stole my bike. please. nastaju sledeće promene: I . Zbog promene lica koje govori i vremena na koje se radnja odnosi. ili futuru vremena u sledećoj rečenici ili rečenicama ne menjaju se.that/those yesterday .he/she you . -Was the bike stolen? Question No.they/we here . menjaju se prema pravilima o slaganju vremena u engleskom a rečenice se mogu spojiti veznikom that." Ovakav način ponavljanja tuđih reči naziva se upravni ili direktni govor.there this/these .before (ili se izostavlja) (-days ago) . Ovakav način ponavljanja tuđih reči naziva se neupravni ili indirektni govor.the next day/the following day next week .they you ( množina) ." She asked: " Is it ready?" john said:" Bring me my coat.” Kada je glagol kojim se počinje rečenica u indirektnom govoru u prezentu. . He said that he would never believe such a thing. sadašnjem perfektu."I will never believe such a thing". . možemo doslovno da navedemo njegove reči: He said: "I like it.that evening/that night ago .Tom says:"I'm wrong" Tom says that he is wrong. ako ne navodimo doslovno ono što je neko rekao.the next week/the following week today . Međutim. Subjekat + oblik glagola to be + Past Participle ( 3. STATEMENTS Većina ovih izmena su uslovljene logikom situacije i sreću se i u drugim jezicima.

Upitne rečenice u kojima u direktnom govoru nema nikakve upitne reči u indirektnom vezuju se za glavnu rečenicu veznicima if (sa li) iliwhether[i].QUESTIONS Ako se indirektnim govorom saopštava tuđe pitanje. .If I had seen Mary I would have told her Ne postoji nikakva šansa da se uzrok I posledica ispune Question No.which. b) U pitanjima koja počinju nekom upitnom reči. when. Primedba: a) Red reči u indirektnim pitanjima isti je kao u potvrdnoj rečenici. 1."Are you staying in this hotel?" Tom asked me if/whether I was staying in that hotel. how. kondicional – neverovatna mogućnost (budućnost) – If I married Mary I would be happy – If I won the lottery I would by a car ne postoji realna mogućnost da će se uzrok ispuniti 3.realna mogućnost (budućnost) – If it rains I will stay at home . what.If I won the lottery.lice man – men . onda se umesto glagola koji izražava prost iskaz mora upotrebiti glagol koji izražava pitanje.itd. kondicional – bez mogućnosti (prošlost) . Question No.ova reč spaja rečenicu kojom počinje indirektni govor sa sledećom. 23: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES 1. umesto glagola say ili tell upotrebljavaju se glagoli ask.inquire. nema inverzije kao u direktnom pitanju..teeth goose . I would have bought a car .why. 24: IRREGULAR PLURALS Iako obično dodajemo -s na kraju imenica da napravimo množinu neke imenice u engleskom jeziku imaju nepravilne završetke.feet tooth .geese louse . tj.mice foot .I will tell Mary if I see her postoji realna mogućnost da će se uzrok ispuniti UZROK + POSLEDICA 2.wonder ili want to know.[i]who. kondicional . tj. grupa u kojoj su imenice u množini različite (kliknite na reč da čujete izgovor) mouse .

in France .at school (u školi)  at the desk. the top of my desk (not the desk's top) IZRAZAVA PRIPADANJE.on the chair . Koristi se uz glagole kretanja.Kod vecine imenica u mnozini dodajemo samo ' .Mozemo imati vise od jednog POSSESSIVE oblika zajedno Npr. grupa u kojoj su imenice u množini iste fish . Npr. 26: PREPOSITIONS ZA MESTO: Kao predlog za mesto AT služi da odredi mesto gde se nešto dešava. ISKUSTVO. . Those boys' passports.fish (ribe . Ann's purse Ann's English lesson Ann's husband Ann's friend Ian's leg my dad's book (not the book of my dad). John's mother's cat.koristimo kada pricamo o ljudima i zivotinjama.Npr.Kod imenica u jednini dodajemo 's .kada se koristi "fishes" najčešće se misli na nekoliko različitih vrsta) sheep . a NE i stvarima da bi izrazili pripadanje.at the football match (na fudbalskoj utakmici) .most children's poems. porodicne/prijateljske odnose ili delove tela. the cat's leg .sheep (ovce) deer . ODNOSE ili delove tela . the people's voices .go to work (ići na posao) . Hellen's boss's car.2. 25: POSSESSIVE "S" .Kod imenica cija mnozina se ne zavrsava sa "S" dodajemo 's .Npr. My son's car. My father's seceretary's sister's baby ****Kada se imenica ili ime zavrsavaju na "S" onda mozemo dodata samo apostrof Npr. iskustvo.in London  in the world.on the roof Predlog to se koristi da označi pravac kretanja. at the traffic lights Kao predlog za mesto IN se koristi za gradove i države .deer (jeleni) Question No. the babies' toys. JESUS' faith Question No. our wives' stories . in the pircture Kada se koristi za mesto ON znači “na” . BUT the roof of the house (not the house's roof). .run to the office (trčati do kancelarije) . three men's names.

28: COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS: Imenice se dele na brojive i nebrojive. THAT THOSE.ispred behind. berryberries. . . I eat a banana every day. .in summer (u leto) .in 1987 (1987.We travel from Novi Sad to Budapest .pored.između on the corner of.ukoliko se imenica zavrsava na Y..at 11 pm (u 11 sati uveče) . pits.ispod above . delovi dana ali i datumi.ten OXEN.iznad ZA VREME Kao predlog za vreme at se koristi za izražavanje sati i tačno datog vremena.candies) !!!!!! (osim ukoliko tom Y ne prethodi samoglasnik kao u recima boy.FEET. godine) .GEESE.on 21st November (21. TOOTH . SH.on Sunday evening (u nedelju uveče) . A woman .on Monday (u ponedeljak) . knots..two WOMEN. A MAN . THIS .TEETH Question No.pod below. opposite – naspram. . odmah do beside . turnips) .MEN.bushes.nastavak -S se izgovara kao S iza bezvucnih suglasnika. I like rice (RICE je nebrojiva imenica) Brojive imenice mogu biti u jednini (banana) ili mnozini (bananas) i one oznacavaju things koje mozemo .by bus. book . AN OX . E. -ES (ukoliko se imenica zavrsava na S. Mogu se navoditi dani u nedelji.nastavak -S se izgovara kao Z iza bezvucnih suglasnika. by car. A CHILD . 46) E. A MOUSE .Kada idemo od jednog do drugog mesta koristimo from.pored between. lambs. candy .five CHILDREN.iza under. X: bus-buses.na uglu in front of. box .at midnight (u ponoć) Predlog in se kao predlog za vreme koristi za označavanja meseci i godina. money) .cherries. toy.MICE. A FOOT .THESE.. I like bananas (BANANA je brojiva imenica) I eat rice every day. church-churches. kao u recima (bags.in the morning (ujutru) Predlog on se može koristiti da označi vreme dešavanja radnje i to onda kada se govori o danima.boxes i tada se izgovara IZ). kao i ispred delova dana. bush .ono se prevara u I i dodaje se nastavak -ES (cherry . curls) Neke imenice imaju nepravilnu mnozinu (POGLEDAJTE VASU SKRIPTU str. novembra) Question No. kao u recima (looks. A GOOSE .at noon (u podne) . bay. 27: PLURAL OF NOUNS.S (boy-boys. heads.g.books).in May (u maju) .to .G. CH. Mnozinu imenica gradimo dodavanjem nastavka . prekoputa next to.

A MUSIC ali zato kazemo A PIECE OF MUSIC. g. mozemo ih "izbrojati" tako sto cemo ih upakovati u neki CONTAINER ili im dodati meru (kg..Yes. two rices MUSIC. RIVER. Red reci je isti kao i kod YES/NO questions s tim da upitnu rec stavljamo na pocetak recenice.Kada pitanje pocine sa HOW obicno iza sledi pridev ili prilog How old is your sister? How tall are you? How fast can you run? .. Ispred brojivih imenica u jednini mozemo upotrebiti NEODREDJENI clan A/AN: a school. Kada je rec o gradivnim. she hasn't Do you want to go to the cinema? . Question No. Na ova pitanja OBAVEZNO odgovaramo sa YES/NO zatim ponovimo subjekat i pomocni glagol. BATTERY. A. liter. CITY. WHO Na ova pitanja obicno odgovaramo punom recenicom. WHY. Npr. da se podsetimo.No. a to su: WHERE. We sang some songs.. Brojive imenice u jednini NE MOGU STAJATI SAME (ispred njih MORA biti clan: I want a banana.Is the taxi coming? Yes. five bananas. Accidents happen Nebrojive imenice mogu stajati same:It was bad luck. CAN SHE? DO YOU? DID HE? DOES IT? Ova pitanje UVEK pocinju sa pomocnim glagolom koji stavljamo ispred subjekta. a loaf of bread. Ne mozemo reci one rice. we haven't got enough water Clan A/AN ne koristimo uz nebrojive imenice: ne govorimo A SAND. A spoonful of sugar. LOVE..postoje imenice koje su u nasem jeziku BROJIVE sto nije slucaj i u engleskom.Yes. MILK su primeri nebrojivih imenica uglavnom se radi o gradivnim i abstraktnim imenicama. TOWEL. We didn't buy any bread. We didn't buy any milk We listened to some music. BEACH.. SPHAGETTI. SUGAR. it is. it won't Can you pay? . five kilos of flour.. BREAD. KNOWLEDGE. Npr. FURNITURE.. three bottles of milk. When is the taxi coming? Why has Ann arrived? Who do you want to go to the cinema with? . FREEDOM.g.... two bananas. I do 2. A BAG OF SAND Uz obe vrste imenica. a uniform. YES/NO questions: AM I?. Ovo pitanje mozete dopuniti ponekim izuzetkom iz sveske.) E. dakle i brojive i nebrojive moze da stoji SOME i ANY e.. Dakle. Imenice koje se uvek nalaze u jednini su ADVICE. Will the train be late? . INFORMATION... an apple. I can Has Ann arrived? . Pitanja koja pocinju sa upitnim recima. HAVE YOU?. The taxi is coming . two spoonfuls of sugar. ACCIDENT. There's been an accident) Brojive imenice u mnozini MOGU stajati same: I like bananas..prebrojati.No. Uz njih uglavnom stoji SOME ili PIECE OF. 29: WORD ORDER Postoje: 1.. STUDENT. FLOUR. one banana. PASTA. WHEN.. SONG (primeri brojivih imenica) Nebrojive imenice imaju samo jedan oblik (rice) i oznacavaju things koje ne mozemo brojati.g. CAR.. UMBRELLA.

requests and in questions when you expect the answer "yes". questions. at. .) MANY: se koristi uz brojive imenice. What happened? Something terrible happened.Have you got ANY bananas? No. time etc. zahteve i kod pitanja kada se očekuje odgovor "da". offers. money. Where shall I sent the letter to? Who is the letter for? Question No. affirmative statements. ponude. minutes etc. jars of marmalade. Who did you go out with? What are you looking at? Where do you come from?. What did he say? He said something terrible. WHAT time is the film? What size are you? What colour are your eyes? . 30: SOME / ANY SOME: se koristi uz potvrdne izjave. .How MUCH money have you got? .How MANY dollars have you got? .PREDLOGE with. Who (object) did you see? I saw Mike. Do you want SOME? MUCH / MANY MUCH: se koristi uz nebrojive imenice. for to obicno stavljamo na kraj pitanja Npr. marmalade.But we've got SOME oranges. iza njih nema pomocnog glagola DO/DOES/DID Npr..Kod nekih pitanja koja pocinju sa WHAT iz sledi imenica Npr. ANY: se koristi uz odrične izjave i pitanja. . dollars. Who (subject) phoned? Mike phoned. negative statements. we haven't got ANY.Kada se upitne reci WHO i WHAT nalaze u funkciji subjekta. uncountable nouns (milk. countable nouns (bottles of milk.) .