Pitanja iz engleskog jezika (gramatika) za maturu

1. The Definite Article 2. The Indefinite Article 3. Ordinal and Cardinal Numbers 4. The Present Simple Tense 5. The Present Continuous Tense 6. The Present Perfect Tense 7. Present Tenses 8. Comparison of Adjectives 9. Possessive Pronouns 10. Possesssive Adjectives 11. Irregular Comparison of Adjectives 12. Relative Clauses 13. The Simple Past Tense 14. The Past Contininuous Tense 15. The Past Perfect Tense 16. Expressing Future 17. The structure HAVE SOMETHING DONE 18. The structure USED TO 19. Modals 20. The Passive Voice 21. Indirect Speech – Statements 22. Indirect Speech – Questions, Orders 23. Conditional Sentences 24. Irregular Plurals 25. Saxon Genitive (Possessive “S”) 26. Prepositions (place, time) 27. The plural of nouns 28. Countable and Uncountable Nouns 29. Questions – word order 30. SOME/ANY/MUCH/MANY

.2. RUSSIA..o ili NEKI.a. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. mora.Question no. 1: DEFINITE (odredjeni) ARTICLE: "THE" upotrebljavamo ispred imenica koje smo pominjemo po drugi put odnosno imenica koje smo uveli clanom A. CORSICA. we don't speak the same language 6.3. fifth.Npr. The Atlantic Ocean (ali ne i ispred pojedinacnih planina: ETNA. Kada zelimo nesto posebno da naglasimo ili ispred imenica koje pocinju samoglasnikom ili nemim H. a book. FIVE THOUSAND dollars.Kod CARDINAL Nos.. I saw a lovely girls yesterday .. INDEFINITE (neodredjeni) ARTICLE: "A" stoji ispred brojivih imenica u jednini koje pocinju SUGLASNIKOM ili samoglasnikom koji se izgovara kao SUGLASNIK.. .. the intelligent. 5. 2: 1. the environment. obicno kazemo THE RADIO ali TELEVISION (bez THE) 7.the girls I saw lives in my neighbourhood. regiona: EUROPE.Such a crazy night. ispred "SAME": Those two photographs are the same. ispred prideva da oznacimo celu grupu ljudi koji su opisani datim pridevom: the black. FOUR MILLION people. TEXAS) 4. e. NYC. a nastavak za mnozinu "s" se dodaje na imenicu koja sledi iza HUNDRED.. grupa ostrva: The Bahamas. ostrva: SICILY..) The earth goes around the sun and the moon goes round the earth. u uzvicnim recenicama tipa . a uniform "AN" se upotrebljava ispred brojivih imenica u jednini kada one pocinju samoglasnikom ili nemim "H" e. the most attractive. kada nesto pominjeno po prvi put . clan THE se izgovara kao Idi:I Upotrebljava se: 1. fourth.4. AMERICA.dakle ispred stvari/objekata koji su jedinstveni (the sky. a kilo. The Alps... 3: BROJEVI: Cardinal: 1.g. The United Kingdom (ali samo ENGLAND.g.. an aeroplane Prevodimo ga kao JEDAN. when there is only ONE OF something ..o Neodredjeni clan upotrebljavamo: 1. a car. u izrazima tipa: once a week. okeana. third. the old Question no. Question no.I saw a lovely girl yesterday 2.) izuzetak (The Netherlands. the closest 3. reka. two times a month. reci da da stotina: hundred. My brother is a lawyer. The Hague . Ispred punih naziva drzava: The United States of America.i Ordinal: first. thousand.a. gradova: CAIRO. ITALY.. the Adriatic Sea. The Danube.. an hour. an apple. umesto broja 1: a hundred.. The longest river in the world is. ispred superlativa prideva: the best. EVEREST. twice a year 4. second.. ispred planinskih lanaca.grad uz koji takodje stoji clan) 2. the pretty. What a beautiful day 3. ispred imenica koje oznacavaju zanimanje: my Mum is a doctor and my Dad is a judge. a minute 5. million nemaju mnozinu (u situacijama kada ispred njih sledi broj.

st.. 2. ponekad moramo malo promeniti reč. 5: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (sadašnje trajno vreme) ..I play football Koristi se za radnju koja se obicno desava svaki dan Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT+ don’t / doesn’t + GLAGOL Upitan oblik: Do / does + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL? Priloske oznake:every day...Ako glagol završava na vokal + suglasnik + e.međutim. i tada se obično upotrebljavaju prilozialways. .I am speaking Present participle se pravi dodavanjem glagolu nastavka "-ing". second i third) dok se kod svih ostalih brojeva dodaje nastavak "TH".come – coming Present Continuous Tense (sadašnje trajno vreme) se upotrebljava: .nd. A HUNDRED. Question No. constantly.I have played football ..sto je sasvim dovoljno. ispred njih se obicno nalazi odredjeni clan "THE" .THE FIRST WEEKEND IN MAY i kod pisanja datuma: November 5th.. always. 3 . Question No.2 i 3 imamo specificne nastavke 1 . izostavljamoe: . hiljadu. 4: THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE . ali se dešavala nešto ranije i možda će se dešavati posle trenutka kada o njoj govorimo – she is reading a book . never.THOUSAND.da označi radnju čije je trajanje neprekidno. sometimes. usually.Ako se glagol završava na: suglasnik . 2010. Redne brojeve koristima za izrazavanje redosleda.ORDINAL NUMBERS: Kod broja 1. To bi bilo ono osnovno .) i da se za jednu stotinu. mijenjamo ie u y – lie – lying . Međutim.umesto broja ONE koristi clan A: A MILLION.rd (first. all day Question no.You are always complaining about your mother .da se izrazi radnja koja je već isplanirana i desiće se u budućnosti: I'm meeting my girlfriend tonight. 6: THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE .da označi radnju koja se vrši u vremenu kada o njoj govorimo – I am learning English now . radnja se ne mora odvijati tačno sada. verovatno udvostručiti ili izostaviti jedno slovo. MILLION.Ako glagol završava na ie. forever itd .naglašeni vokal-suglasnik zadnje slovo se udvostručava – run – running . ever.

7: PRESENT TENSES Present Simple (prosto sadašnje vreme) – I choose Present Perfect (složeno sadašnje vreme) – I have chosen Present Continous (sadašnje trajno vreme) – I am choosing Present Perfect Continuous (sadašnje svršeno trajno vreme) . 10: POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (prisvojni pridevi) Prisvojni pridevi određuju imenice (my sister. That car isn't her car – Question No. 9: Za razliku od PRISVOJNIH PRIDEVA koji UVEK stoje uz imenicu.You – your .PPT se koristi za radnju koja e desila i završila u prošlosti. YOURS. ali se nije završila Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + have / has + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3.I have been choosing Question no. OURS. THEIRS) se koriste bez imenica. HERS. pridev)is much bigger than ours (prisv.It's mine! ili Their garden (prisv. U ovom slučaju iza . kolona) Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT + have/has + not + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3. Is that bike your bike? 5. pridev) . 1. kolona) Question No. zamenica)! Upitnu rec WHOSE mozemo da koristimo SA ili BEZ IMENICA: Whose coat is that? ili Whose is that coat? REWRITE THE SENTENCES WITH POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. Her hair looks better than your hair 3.You – your . Npr.They – their Questions No. 8 i 11: COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES/IRREGULAR COMPARISON -Postoje tri stepena komparacije: positive. . That's not my coat (prisv. superlative. ali ne znamo kada i za radnjukoja se desila.We – our . their house). That's my newspaper 2. comparative.She – her .He – his . HIS. his book. That dog looks like our dog 4.It – its . prisvojne zamenice (MINE. onda koristimo komparativni stepen prideva.Prisvojni pridevi imaju sledeće oblike: .I – my .Kada želimo da upoređujemo dve stvari. kolona) Upitan oblik: Have / has + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3.

.LESS . There's the man WHO/THAT sold me my bike She said a word WHICH/THAT I didn't hear. U nekim slučajevima se poslednji suglasnik duplira (bigger. THAT.. a to su: GOOD . WHAT Npr. the biggest.. U slucaju negacije koristimo konstrukciju "NOT SO + ADJ.onda koristimo superlativni stepen prideva. She is as beautiful as her mother.THE OLDEST/ELDEST Question no.) Ukoliko su dve osobine izrazene u ISTOM stepenu onda koristimo konstrukciju "AS + ADJ. Mary has the most beautiful hair in the classroom.FARTHER/FURTHER . the prettiest. . The man WHO won the prize was Welsh. John is the biggest fan of Michael Jackson. I phoned a man. Zamenicu THAT upotrebljavamo i za ljude i za stvari (safe option). 12: RELATIVE CLAUSES su recenice koje su povezane/zdruzene RELATIVNIM ZAMENICAMA (Relative Pronouns). mozemo da je izostavimo iz recenice . WHICH. the earliest.. Npr.. a zatim ono s čime se upoređuje.THE MOST LITTLE .THE LEAST FAR .THE FARTHEST/FURTHEST OLD . He won the prize. npr..Dugačkim pridevima (sa dva ili više slogova) ne dodajemo nastavke ali ispred prideva pišemo "more" u komparativu ili "most" u superlativu (more intelligent. the most delicious.THE BEST BAD .. Za ljude upotrebljavamo zamenicu WHO.) . The man was Welsh.THE WORST MUCH/MANY . a za stvari WHICH. Npr. redder. She is not so beautiful as her mother He is not so tall as his grandfather .Kratkim pridevima dodajemo nastavak -er u komparativu ili -est u superlativu..Kada želimo da kažemo kako je nešto naj. + AS" ili "NOT AS + ADJ. Kada je relativna zamenica OBJEKAT koji stoji iza glagola..WORSE . + AS" My eyes aren't as good as yours.) a ako se pridev završava sa "y" ono se pretvara u i (prettier.prideva UVEK stoji "than".OLDER/ELDER . My nose is smaller than yours.MORE . U ovom slučaju ispred prideva UVEK stoji član "the".Postoje i pridevi čija je komparacija nepravilna. . The man THAT I phoned spoke Spanish ili The man I phoned spoke Spanish .Npr. npr. earlier. + AS" Npr.BETTER . RELATIVNE ZAMENICE su: WHO. The Danube is more beautiful than The Thames. He is as tall as his grandfather. the reddest. (WHOM).

Ispred relativne zamenice ne stavljamo zarez i ne odvajamo je time od ostatka recenice. who lives in New York.Npr. The woman smiled. I was looking at her . The man THAT/WHO phoned me spoke Greek ( NE MOZE The man phoned me spoke Greek) WHAT koristimo umesto "THE THING(S) WHICH/THAT or ANYTHING THAT" uz glagole u jednini. radi se o usputnoj. Kod prve recenice mozemo zakljuciti da zena ima SAMO jednog sina koji. Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 2. Kada je relativna zamenica objekat takvih glagola imamo dve opcije: 1. Have you got WHAT you need for your journey? (=.. is arriving today. My son who lives in New York is arriving today. Nepravilni glagoli se napamet uce. a ne neki od preostale cetvorice stize danas. Npr. Evo i primera: 1...The woman WHOM/THAT I was looking at smiled 2. da predlog stavimo ISPRED relativne zamenice WHOM/WHICH Npr. A. yesterday. The woman at WHOM I was looking smiled. zivi u NY.I played football Past simple se koristi za izricanje radnje koja se desila I zavrsila u proslosti. tj.Kada je relativna zamenica na mestu subjekta. the day before yesterday.. U drugom slucaju radi se o DEFINING Relative Clause sto znaci da zena ima 5 sinova ali upravo onaj koji zivi u New York-u. Question No. dodatnoj informaciji koja ne menja znacenje recenice. A man phoned me. U prvom slucaju radi se o NON-DEFINING Relative Clause (to je poput "umetnute recenice" na srpskom. ago… . Takva recenica se UVEK odvaja zarezima. live in. listen to. Imamo tacno vreme. 13: THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE . ne mozemo da je izostavimo. Npr. My son. RELATIVNE CLAUSES mogu biti DEFINING I NON-DEFINING. kolona) Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT + didn’t + GLAGOL Upitni oblik: Did + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL? Priloske oznake: last…. by the way. look at."the things that you need") I'm sorry about what happened. Neki glagoli uz sebe imaju predlog. 2. ali ono sto je bitno je da on stize danas... Npr. zadrzimo predlog uz glagol .

Radnju koja se završila pre neke druge prošle radnje . upotrebljavamo je kada zelimo da pricamo o svojim NAMERAMA.After we had reached the top. past stimple – I was watching TV when the telephone rang Glagoli koji se ne koriste u Present Continuous Tense-u.The Past Perfect Tense se upotrebljava u zavisnim rečenicama uz after. .it is going to rain! Takodje. Takođe se mogu pojaviti i prilozi when i because.Prošlu radnju koja je duže trajala. 15: PAST PERFECT TENSE (davno prošlo vreme) Past Perfect Tense (Davno prošlo vreme) se gradi od pomoćnog glagola TO HAVE u Past Simple Tense-u (prošlom prostom vremenu). Ta radnja se izražava prostim proš. ne koriste se ni u Past Continuous Tense-u."GOING TO" konstrukcija . had i past participle-a (prošlog participa) glavnog glagola. kada je neka future situation is starting or is clearly on the way. The Past Perfect Tense (Davno prošlo vreme) se upotrebljava za.She suddenly found that she had lost her camera . tj. . tj. 14: THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (prošlo trajno vreme) Past Continuous Tense (Prošlo trajno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO BE u Past Simple Tense-u (Prostom prošlom vremenu).oblikom. we began to feel tired Potvrdan oblik: I had (I’d) worked Upitan oblik: Had I worked? Odričan oblik: I had not (hadn’t) worked Question No. Look .Question no.Radnju koja je u prošlo vreme duže trajala – She was reading a book all day yesterday . stvarima koje smo odlucili da . Umesto njih se obično koristi glagol u Past Simple Tense-u Potvrdan oblik – I was working Upitan oblik – Was I working? Odričan oblik – I was not (wasn’t working) Question no.koristimo je kada buducnost mozemo da predvidimo u sadasnjem trenutku tj.Dve radnje koje su se u prošlom vremenu paralelno dešavale – While I was watching TV my sister was doing homework . a prekinuta je nekom drugom prošlom radnjom. was/were i present participle-a (sadašnjeg participa) glavnog glagola Past Continiuos Tense se koristi za: . tj. Npr. 16: EXPRESSING FUTURE: Postoje tri osnovna nacina za izrazavanje buducnosti na engleskom jeziku: 1.

Our train leaves at 8.iskljucivo kada govorimo o RASPOREDU voznje. PRESENT CONTINIOUS . Ponekad HAVE SMTH DONE ima drugacije znacenje. cut) je uvek iza objekta (the roof. Yesterday a workman came and did the job. kao u sledecoj recenici: George had his nose broken in a fight Have you ever had your passport stolen . We are playing basketball tomorrow at 5! 3. I think it will snow tomorrow. I am starting a new job next week. so she arranged for somebody to repair it. . npr.WILL koristimo i kada neku odluku donesemo iznenada na licu mesta Npr. When will you know your exam results? .. When are you going to get the roof repaired? I think you should get your hair cut. Npr. pozoristu Npr. I'll have a coke! ***Posle I i WE umesto WILL moze se koristiti i SHALL bez promene po znacenje ***Ponekad i PRESENT SIMPLE mozemo upotrebiti za buducnost . What time does the film start? It starts at 8. SLAZEMO SE ili ODBIJAMO Npr. made. Kod ovih primera HAVE SMTH. I am not going to take a holiday this year .kada nesto PREDVIDJAMO. WILL + infinitive . the dress ili hair) Umesto HAVE SMTH. I really WILL start studying English! (I hope you all will!) She won't speak to me! This pen won't write! I'll phone you! . DONE mozemo koristiti i GET SMTH.u ovim recenicama se NARAVNO NE RADI o tome da je neko namerno organizovao da mu nos bude slomljen ili pasos ukraden.WILL upotrebljavamo i kada nesto OBECAVAMO. JILL HAD THE ROOF REPAIRED YESTERDAY. MISLIMO. NAGADJAMO ili ZNAMO o buducnosti Npr. (organizovala je da to neko uradi umesto nje) JILL REPAIRED THE ROOF (sama ga je popravila) I HAD MY HAIR CUT! I jos jedan odlican primer: Did Ann make the dress herself or DID SHE HAVE IT MADE? Obratite paznju na red reci: past participle (III kolona ili -ED npr.koristimo ga za izrazavanje buducnosti kada sa sigurnoscu govorimo o planovima koji ce se realizovati u tacno odredjeno vreme ili na tacno odredjenom mestu. That's the phone . repaired. The roof of Jill's house was damaged in a storm.I'll answer it! What will you have? Hmmmm.. DONE oznacava da se nesto desilo nekome tj.." Npr.Ove godine ne nameravam da uzmem godisnji! 2. Question No.10.00.uradimo i tada je cak mozemo prevesti kao "nameravam da. 17: HAVE SOMETHING DONE Koristimo kada zelimo da neko drugi uradi nesto za nas Npr. OK. da su osobe ili stvari pretrpele nesto. PROGRAMU u bioskopu. DONE (po americki) Npr.

19: MODALS PRESENT – PAST Can – Could May – Might Must – Had to Shall – Should Will – Would Can. It used to be a cinema... He doesn't smoke any more. may i must su modalni glagoli I nemaju will formu 1. .. Dennis stopped smoking two years ago.. upitni oblik se dobija inverzijom I negativnom formom dodavanjem -not Question No. 20: Passive Voice Njega koristimo kada je neka radnja vec uradjena. redovno se desavala ali se vise ne desava. tj kada se nesto vec desilo. imaju formu samo za past simple I present simple 2.. This building is now a furniture shop. . he used to smoke (past) there used to be. npr: .. Subjekat iz prve recenice u drugoj prelazi u objekat a nije bitno ko vrsi radnju.(past) he smokes (present) there is. He USED TO SMOKE 40 cigarettes a day. Did you use to eat a lot of sweets when you were a child? NE SMETE MESATI " I used to" sa "I am used to. Ne mozemo reci I USE TO!!!! Umesto toga u sadasnjosti koristimo Present Simple..(present) Pitanje postavljamo na uobicajeni nacin koristeci pomocni glagol DID (you) USE TO." I used to live alone / I am used to living alone Nekada sam ziveo sam / Navikao sam da zivim sam Question no. a sadasnji oblik ne postoji. ali ne vise Npr. 18: The structure USED TO Npr.koristimo je i da bismo izrazili nesto sto je nekada bilo tacno/istina.? npr.. nemaju nastavak –s u trecem licu jednine 3.. but he USED TO SMOKE..konstrukciju USED TO upotrebljavamo za radnju koja je u proslosti bila uobicajena.. I used to think he was unfriendly but now I realise he's a very nice person. "I USED TO DO SOMETHING" je proslost.Question No. Npr..

the next day/the following day next week . Subjekat + oblik glagola to be + Past Participle ( 3. .(-days before) Kada je glagol kojim počinje rečenica u indirektnom govoru u prošlom vremenu u sledećoj rečenici ili rečenicama."I will never believe such a thing". nastaju sledeće promene: I .there this/these . ako ne navodimo doslovno ono što je neko rekao. Radi se o biciklu." Ovakav način ponavljanja tuđih reči naziva se upravni ili direktni govor.” Kada je glagol kojim se počinje rečenica u indirektnom govoru u prezentu. menjaju se prema pravilima o slaganju vremena u engleskom a rečenice se mogu spojiti veznikom that. . i nije bitno ko je to uradio.the day before/the previous day tomorrow . kolona ili nepravilni glagoli ) Upitne recenice. STATEMENTS Većina ovih izmena su uslovljene logikom situacije i sreću se i u drugim jezicima.that day (ili se izostavlja) tonight .he/she/I we .they/we here . možemo doslovno da navedemo njegove reči: He said: "I like it. --> The bike is stolen.they you ( množina) . . Ovakav način ponavljanja tuđih reči naziva se neupravni ili indirektni govor." She asked: " Is it ready?" john said:" Bring me my coat.-They stole my bike. sadašnjem perfektu.he/she you .before (ili se izostavlja) (-days ago) .that evening/that night ago . Međutim. -Was the bike stolen? Question No. inverzijom.that/those yesterday . He said that he would never believe such a thing. Zbog promene lica koje govori i vremena na koje se radnja odnosi. 21 & 22: INDIRECT SPEECH Kada ponavljamo nešto što je neko rekao. please.the next week/the following week today . ili futuru vremena u sledećoj rečenici ili rečenicama ne menjaju se.Tom says:"I'm wrong" Tom says that he is wrong. već to ponavljamo svojim rečima mi pri tom činimo izvesne izmene.

kondicional – neverovatna mogućnost (budućnost) – If I married Mary I would be happy – If I won the lottery I would by a car ne postoji realna mogućnost da će se uzrok ispuniti 3. nema inverzije kao u direktnom pitanju. how..wonder ili want to know. . grupa u kojoj su imenice u množini različite (kliknite na reč da čujete izgovor) mouse . kondicional – bez mogućnosti (prošlost) .feet tooth . tj. Primedba: a) Red reči u indirektnim pitanjima isti je kao u potvrdnoj rečenici. kondicional .mice foot .QUESTIONS Ako se indirektnim govorom saopštava tuđe pitanje. 23: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES 1. I would have bought a car .why.I will tell Mary if I see her postoji realna mogućnost da će se uzrok ispuniti UZROK + POSLEDICA 2.itd."Are you staying in this hotel?" Tom asked me if/whether I was staying in that hotel.teeth goose .If I won the lottery.lice man – men .geese louse . when.[i]who. what. b) U pitanjima koja počinju nekom upitnom reči. tj. onda se umesto glagola koji izražava prost iskaz mora upotrebiti glagol koji izražava pitanje. 1. Question No.ova reč spaja rečenicu kojom počinje indirektni govor sa sledećom.realna mogućnost (budućnost) – If it rains I will stay at home .inquire. 24: IRREGULAR PLURALS Iako obično dodajemo -s na kraju imenica da napravimo množinu neke imenice u engleskom jeziku imaju nepravilne završetke. umesto glagola say ili tell upotrebljavaju se glagoli ask.If I had seen Mary I would have told her Ne postoji nikakva šansa da se uzrok I posledica ispune Question No. Upitne rečenice u kojima u direktnom govoru nema nikakve upitne reči u indirektnom vezuju se za glavnu rečenicu veznicima if (sa li) iliwhether[i].which.

.koristimo kada pricamo o ljudima i zivotinjama. BUT the roof of the house (not the house's roof).on the chair . Koristi se uz glagole kretanja. the babies' toys.deer (jeleni) Question No. Hellen's boss's car.run to the office (trčati do kancelarije) . ODNOSE ili delove tela . 26: PREPOSITIONS ZA MESTO: Kao predlog za mesto AT služi da odredi mesto gde se nešto dešava. the people's voices . a NE i stvarima da bi izrazili pripadanje. Those boys' passports. porodicne/prijateljske odnose ili delove tela. ISKUSTVO.at school (u školi)  at the desk.Kod vecine imenica u mnozini dodajemo samo ' . the top of my desk (not the desk's top) IZRAZAVA PRIPADANJE.in France . at the traffic lights Kao predlog za mesto IN se koristi za gradove i države . Npr.Npr.Kod imenica cija mnozina se ne zavrsava sa "S" dodajemo 's .fish (ribe .in London  in the world.most children's poems. 25: POSSESSIVE "S" . iskustvo.go to work (ići na posao) . the cat's leg . three men's names. our wives' stories . JESUS' faith Question No. in the pircture Kada se koristi za mesto ON znači “na” .on the roof Predlog to se koristi da označi pravac kretanja.kada se koristi "fishes" najčešće se misli na nekoliko različitih vrsta) sheep .sheep (ovce) deer . Ann's purse Ann's English lesson Ann's husband Ann's friend Ian's leg my dad's book (not the book of my dad).Mozemo imati vise od jednog POSSESSIVE oblika zajedno Npr. John's mother's cat. grupa u kojoj su imenice u množini iste fish . My father's seceretary's sister's baby ****Kada se imenica ili ime zavrsavaju na "S" onda mozemo dodata samo apostrof Npr. My son's car.at the football match (na fudbalskoj utakmici) .Kod imenica u jednini dodajemo 's .Npr. .2.

five CHILDREN.ukoliko se imenica zavrsava na Y. CH. AN OX . prekoputa next to.at noon (u podne) . 27: PLURAL OF NOUNS.ispod above . pits. delovi dana ali i datumi.MEN.books).THESE. bay.nastavak -S se izgovara kao Z iza bezvucnih suglasnika. SH.pored between.bushes. I like rice (RICE je nebrojiva imenica) Brojive imenice mogu biti u jednini (banana) ili mnozini (bananas) i one oznacavaju things koje mozemo .. kao u recima (looks. turnips) .ono se prevara u I i dodaje se nastavak -ES (cherry . godine) . . 46) E.MICE. I like bananas (BANANA je brojiva imenica) I eat rice every day. knots. X: bus-buses. Mnozinu imenica gradimo dodavanjem nastavka . . Mogu se navoditi dani u nedelji. kao u recima (bags. toy.TEETH Question No.FEET. book ..na uglu in front of.iza under. A MAN . I eat a banana every day. .on 21st November (21.two WOMEN.cherries. 28: COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS: Imenice se dele na brojive i nebrojive. TOOTH ..to . THAT THOSE.iznad ZA VREME Kao predlog za vreme at se koristi za izražavanje sati i tačno datog vremena. by car.između on the corner of. heads. A CHILD . curls) Neke imenice imaju nepravilnu mnozinu (POGLEDAJTE VASU SKRIPTU str. A FOOT .by bus. THIS .pored.g. kao i ispred delova dana.G.boxes i tada se izgovara IZ). A woman .We travel from Novi Sad to Budapest .GEESE. box . E.in 1987 (1987.at midnight (u ponoć) Predlog in se kao predlog za vreme koristi za označavanja meseci i godina.on Monday (u ponedeljak) . church-churches.in summer (u leto) . . lambs. A MOUSE .S (boy-boys.nastavak -S se izgovara kao S iza bezvucnih suglasnika.ten OXEN. berryberries.candies) !!!!!! (osim ukoliko tom Y ne prethodi samoglasnik kao u recima boy. candy .in the morning (ujutru) Predlog on se može koristiti da označi vreme dešavanja radnje i to onda kada se govori o danima. odmah do beside . bush . -ES (ukoliko se imenica zavrsava na S.pod below.on Sunday evening (u nedelju uveče) . novembra) Question No.in May (u maju) . opposite – naspram.at 11 pm (u 11 sati uveče) . money) . A GOOSE .ispred behind.Kada idemo od jednog do drugog mesta koristimo from.

SONG (primeri brojivih imenica) Nebrojive imenice imaju samo jedan oblik (rice) i oznacavaju things koje ne mozemo brojati.. I do 2. ACCIDENT. Imenice koje se uvek nalaze u jednini su ADVICE. it is. BEACH. We sang some songs. da se podsetimo. LOVE. We didn't buy any bread. Pitanja koja pocinju sa upitnim recima. A. PASTA. CITY. mozemo ih "izbrojati" tako sto cemo ih upakovati u neki CONTAINER ili im dodati meru (kg. Na ova pitanja OBAVEZNO odgovaramo sa YES/NO zatim ponovimo subjekat i pomocni glagol. Accidents happen Nebrojive imenice mogu stajati same:It was bad luck. 29: WORD ORDER Postoje: 1. Ne mozemo reci one rice. Ovo pitanje mozete dopuniti ponekim izuzetkom iz sveske.Kada pitanje pocine sa HOW obicno iza sledi pridev ili prilog How old is your sister? How tall are you? How fast can you run? . A BAG OF SAND Uz obe vrste imenica. INFORMATION. FLOUR. liter. an apple.. Brojive imenice u jednini NE MOGU STAJATI SAME (ispred njih MORA biti clan: I want a banana. FREEDOM. WHY. MILK su primeri nebrojivih imenica uglavnom se radi o gradivnim i abstraktnim imenicama. A MUSIC ali zato kazemo A PIECE OF MUSIC. SPHAGETTI. RIVER.Yes.. five kilos of flour. a to su: WHERE. HAVE YOU?. YES/NO questions: AM I?. five bananas.No. a uniform. Uz njih uglavnom stoji SOME ili PIECE OF. The taxi is coming . Will the train be late? . two spoonfuls of sugar.. WHEN. Red reci je isti kao i kod YES/NO questions s tim da upitnu rec stavljamo na pocetak recenice.. We didn't buy any milk We listened to some music. CAR. When is the taxi coming? Why has Ann arrived? Who do you want to go to the cinema with? . Npr.. a loaf of bread. BREAD... Dakle... one banana. A spoonful of sugar.g.No.g. UMBRELLA. two rices MUSIC. CAN SHE? DO YOU? DID HE? DOES IT? Ova pitanje UVEK pocinju sa pomocnim glagolom koji stavljamo ispred subjekta. Kada je rec o gradivnim..Yes... TOWEL. g.. BATTERY. SUGAR.. two bananas. it won't Can you pay? . KNOWLEDGE. Question No.. we haven't got enough water Clan A/AN ne koristimo uz nebrojive imenice: ne govorimo A SAND. I can Has Ann arrived? . WHO Na ova pitanja obicno odgovaramo punom recenicom. There's been an accident) Brojive imenice u mnozini MOGU stajati same: I like bananas. dakle i brojive i nebrojive moze da stoji SOME i ANY e.postoje imenice koje su u nasem jeziku BROJIVE sto nije slucaj i u engleskom.) E.. Npr. FURNITURE.Is the taxi coming? Yes. Ispred brojivih imenica u jednini mozemo upotrebiti NEODREDJENI clan A/AN: a school. she hasn't Do you want to go to the cinema? . STUDENT.prebrojati. three bottles of milk.

time etc. Who did you go out with? What are you looking at? Where do you come from?. money.) MANY: se koristi uz brojive imenice.) . offers. Where shall I sent the letter to? Who is the letter for? Question No.. dollars. WHAT time is the film? What size are you? What colour are your eyes? . Who (object) did you see? I saw Mike. iza njih nema pomocnog glagola DO/DOES/DID Npr. uncountable nouns (milk. negative statements. ponude. marmalade.Kada se upitne reci WHO i WHAT nalaze u funkciji subjekta. requests and in questions when you expect the answer "yes". questions. What happened? Something terrible happened. What did he say? He said something terrible.Kod nekih pitanja koja pocinju sa WHAT iz sledi imenica Npr. jars of marmalade. . . Who (subject) phoned? Mike phoned.Have you got ANY bananas? No. . we haven't got ANY.How MUCH money have you got? .PREDLOGE with. affirmative statements. at. Do you want SOME? MUCH / MANY MUCH: se koristi uz nebrojive imenice. countable nouns (bottles of milk. zahteve i kod pitanja kada se očekuje odgovor "da".But we've got SOME oranges. minutes etc. 30: SOME / ANY SOME: se koristi uz potvrdne izjave.How MANY dollars have you got? . for to obicno stavljamo na kraj pitanja Npr. ANY: se koristi uz odrične izjave i pitanja.

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