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Engleski (gramatika)

Engleski (gramatika)

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Odgovori i objašnjenja su na srpskom.

Odgovori i objašnjenja su na srpskom.

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Published by: Aleksandra Vitorović on Jan 27, 2013
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Pitanja iz engleskog jezika (gramatika) za maturu

1. The Definite Article 2. The Indefinite Article 3. Ordinal and Cardinal Numbers 4. The Present Simple Tense 5. The Present Continuous Tense 6. The Present Perfect Tense 7. Present Tenses 8. Comparison of Adjectives 9. Possessive Pronouns 10. Possesssive Adjectives 11. Irregular Comparison of Adjectives 12. Relative Clauses 13. The Simple Past Tense 14. The Past Contininuous Tense 15. The Past Perfect Tense 16. Expressing Future 17. The structure HAVE SOMETHING DONE 18. The structure USED TO 19. Modals 20. The Passive Voice 21. Indirect Speech – Statements 22. Indirect Speech – Questions, Orders 23. Conditional Sentences 24. Irregular Plurals 25. Saxon Genitive (Possessive “S”) 26. Prepositions (place, time) 27. The plural of nouns 28. Countable and Uncountable Nouns 29. Questions – word order 30. SOME/ANY/MUCH/MANY

third. CORSICA. kada nesto pominjeno po prvi put . ostrva: SICILY. mora.. the environment. the pretty. when there is only ONE OF something .3. e. NYC. u uzvicnim recenicama tipa . reci da da stotina: hundred.Kod CARDINAL Nos. The Danube.o Neodredjeni clan upotrebljavamo: 1.i Ordinal: first. reka. ispred prideva da oznacimo celu grupu ljudi koji su opisani datim pridevom: the black.. The longest river in the world is. the closest 3.. umesto broja 1: a hundred.... the most attractive. a kilo. EVEREST. 5.grad uz koji takodje stoji clan) 2.g.4. an hour. Ispred punih naziva drzava: The United States of America. ispred planinskih lanaca. The United Kingdom (ali samo ENGLAND. . 3: BROJEVI: Cardinal: 1. clan THE se izgovara kao Idi:I Upotrebljava se: 1. thousand.) The earth goes around the sun and the moon goes round the earth. okeana.the girls I saw lives in my neighbourhood.. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. fourth. Question no.a. million nemaju mnozinu (u situacijama kada ispred njih sledi broj..o ili NEKI. Kada zelimo nesto posebno da naglasimo ili ispred imenica koje pocinju samoglasnikom ili nemim H.. 1: DEFINITE (odredjeni) ARTICLE: "THE" upotrebljavamo ispred imenica koje smo pominjemo po drugi put odnosno imenica koje smo uveli clanom A. ispred superlativa prideva: the best.Question no. TEXAS) 4.I saw a lovely girl yesterday 2. a car.. ispred "SAME": Those two photographs are the same. we don't speak the same language 6. INDEFINITE (neodredjeni) ARTICLE: "A" stoji ispred brojivih imenica u jednini koje pocinju SUGLASNIKOM ili samoglasnikom koji se izgovara kao SUGLASNIK. ispred imenica koje oznacavaju zanimanje: my Mum is a doctor and my Dad is a judge. What a beautiful day 3. fifth. a minute 5. 2: 1. a book.. The Alps.g.Npr. an aeroplane Prevodimo ga kao JEDAN.dakle ispred stvari/objekata koji su jedinstveni (the sky. obicno kazemo THE RADIO ali TELEVISION (bez THE) 7. AMERICA. The Atlantic Ocean (ali ne i ispred pojedinacnih planina: ETNA. FIVE THOUSAND dollars. the Adriatic Sea.. the old Question no. a nastavak za mnozinu "s" se dodaje na imenicu koja sledi iza HUNDRED.) izuzetak (The Netherlands. My brother is a lawyer. RUSSIA.a. u izrazima tipa: once a week. second. gradova: CAIRO. two times a month..2. twice a year 4.. ITALY. regiona: EUROPE. I saw a lovely girls yesterday ... FOUR MILLION people. grupa ostrva: The Bahamas. an apple. The Hague . a uniform "AN" se upotrebljava ispred brojivih imenica u jednini kada one pocinju samoglasnikom ili nemim "H" e.Such a crazy night. the intelligent.

You are always complaining about your mother . radnja se ne mora odvijati tačno sada. Question No. always. 2010.nd. Redne brojeve koristima za izrazavanje redosleda. 6: THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE . sometimes.rd (first. . MILLION.Ako glagol završava na vokal + suglasnik + e. constantly. ponekad moramo malo promeniti reč. ali se dešavala nešto ranije i možda će se dešavati posle trenutka kada o njoj govorimo – she is reading a book . forever itd . izostavljamoe: . To bi bilo ono osnovno .I am speaking Present participle se pravi dodavanjem glagolu nastavka "-ing".I play football Koristi se za radnju koja se obicno desava svaki dan Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT+ don’t / doesn’t + GLAGOL Upitan oblik: Do / does + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL? Priloske oznake:every day. second i third) dok se kod svih ostalih brojeva dodaje nastavak "TH".. ispred njih se obicno nalazi odredjeni clan "THE" .umesto broja ONE koristi clan A: A MILLION..THE FIRST WEEKEND IN MAY i kod pisanja datuma: November 5th. 2. i tada se obično upotrebljavaju prilozialways. never. Međutim. verovatno udvostručiti ili izostaviti jedno slovo.I have played football .st.2 i 3 imamo specificne nastavke 1 .THOUSAND. hiljadu.naglašeni vokal-suglasnik zadnje slovo se udvostručava – run – running .da označi radnju koja se vrši u vremenu kada o njoj govorimo – I am learning English now . A HUNDRED.Ako se glagol završava na: suglasnik .sto je sasvim dovoljno..međutim..da označi radnju čije je trajanje neprekidno. ever.come – coming Present Continuous Tense (sadašnje trajno vreme) se upotrebljava: . mijenjamo ie u y – lie – lying .) i da se za jednu stotinu. all day Question no.da se izrazi radnja koja je već isplanirana i desiće se u budućnosti: I'm meeting my girlfriend tonight. 3 ... 4: THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE . usually.Ako glagol završava na ie. 5: THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (sadašnje trajno vreme) .ORDINAL NUMBERS: Kod broja 1. Question No.

Her hair looks better than your hair 3. Npr. That's my newspaper 2.He – his . prisvojne zamenice (MINE. onda koristimo komparativni stepen prideva. ali ne znamo kada i za radnjukoja se desila.PPT se koristi za radnju koja e desila i završila u prošlosti.Kada želimo da upoređujemo dve stvari.She – her . 10: POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES (prisvojni pridevi) Prisvojni pridevi određuju imenice (my sister. pridev) . YOURS.I – my .You – your . superlative. That's not my coat (prisv.Prisvojni pridevi imaju sledeće oblike: . ali se nije završila Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + have / has + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3. pridev)is much bigger than ours (prisv. HERS.It – its .They – their Questions No. 9: Za razliku od PRISVOJNIH PRIDEVA koji UVEK stoje uz imenicu.It's mine! ili Their garden (prisv. . his book.We – our . 1. That dog looks like our dog 4. kolona) Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT + have/has + not + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3. That car isn't her car – Question No. comparative. their house). 7: PRESENT TENSES Present Simple (prosto sadašnje vreme) – I choose Present Perfect (složeno sadašnje vreme) – I have chosen Present Continous (sadašnje trajno vreme) – I am choosing Present Perfect Continuous (sadašnje svršeno trajno vreme) . Is that bike your bike? 5. kolona) Upitan oblik: Have / has + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 3. THEIRS) se koriste bez imenica. zamenica)! Upitnu rec WHOSE mozemo da koristimo SA ili BEZ IMENICA: Whose coat is that? ili Whose is that coat? REWRITE THE SENTENCES WITH POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS.I have been choosing Question no. OURS. U ovom slučaju iza .You – your . 8 i 11: COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES/IRREGULAR COMPARISON -Postoje tri stepena komparacije: positive. kolona) Question No. HIS.

prideva UVEK stoji "than". The man THAT I phoned spoke Spanish ili The man I phoned spoke Spanish . WHAT Npr.THE OLDEST/ELDEST Question no.Postoje i pridevi čija je komparacija nepravilna.MORE . a za stvari WHICH. She is not so beautiful as her mother He is not so tall as his grandfather ...THE MOST LITTLE .THE BEST BAD . + AS" Npr.LESS . the earliest.BETTER . Za ljude upotrebljavamo zamenicu WHO. The man WHO won the prize was Welsh. Kada je relativna zamenica OBJEKAT koji stoji iza glagola.Kratkim pridevima dodajemo nastavak -er u komparativu ili -est u superlativu. I phoned a man.THE WORST MUCH/MANY .. He is as tall as his grandfather. + AS" My eyes aren't as good as yours. the biggest. a to su: GOOD . a zatim ono s čime se upoređuje. RELATIVNE ZAMENICE su: WHO.. + AS" ili "NOT AS + ADJ. the reddest.. Zamenicu THAT upotrebljavamo i za ljude i za stvari (safe option).FARTHER/FURTHER . She is as beautiful as her mother. . My nose is smaller than yours. John is the biggest fan of Michael Jackson.OLDER/ELDER . npr.Dugačkim pridevima (sa dva ili više slogova) ne dodajemo nastavke ali ispred prideva pišemo "more" u komparativu ili "most" u superlativu (more intelligent. Npr. Mary has the most beautiful hair in the classroom.WORSE ..onda koristimo superlativni stepen prideva. U slucaju negacije koristimo konstrukciju "NOT SO + ADJ. 12: RELATIVE CLAUSES su recenice koje su povezane/zdruzene RELATIVNIM ZAMENICAMA (Relative Pronouns).. THAT. mozemo da je izostavimo iz recenice . (WHOM). earlier. U nekim slučajevima se poslednji suglasnik duplira (bigger. WHICH.Kada želimo da kažemo kako je nešto naj. the prettiest. He won the prize. .) a ako se pridev završava sa "y" ono se pretvara u i (prettier. There's the man WHO/THAT sold me my bike She said a word WHICH/THAT I didn't hear..) ..Npr. Npr.THE LEAST FAR . The Danube is more beautiful than The Thames.) Ukoliko su dve osobine izrazene u ISTOM stepenu onda koristimo konstrukciju "AS + ADJ. the most delicious. redder.THE FARTHEST/FURTHEST OLD . U ovom slučaju ispred prideva UVEK stoji član "the". npr. The man was Welsh.

The woman smiled.I played football Past simple se koristi za izricanje radnje koja se desila I zavrsila u proslosti. Question No. who lives in New York. The woman at WHOM I was looking smiled. the day before yesterday. A man phoned me. Evo i primera: 1. look at. ali ono sto je bitno je da on stize danas. 2. Takva recenica se UVEK odvaja zarezima. Ispred relativne zamenice ne stavljamo zarez i ne odvajamo je time od ostatka recenice. Npr. U prvom slucaju radi se o NON-DEFINING Relative Clause (to je poput "umetnute recenice" na srpskom. U drugom slucaju radi se o DEFINING Relative Clause sto znaci da zena ima 5 sinova ali upravo onaj koji zivi u New York-u. RELATIVNE CLAUSES mogu biti DEFINING I NON-DEFINING. listen to. yesterday. Nepravilni glagoli se napamet uce. dodatnoj informaciji koja ne menja znacenje recenice. zivi u NY. Npr.Kada je relativna zamenica na mestu subjekta. Tvorba: Potvrdan oblik: SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL (-d/-ed ili 2."the things that you need") I'm sorry about what happened. radi se o usputnoj. Neki glagoli uz sebe imaju predlog.. by the way. Kada je relativna zamenica objekat takvih glagola imamo dve opcije: 1. zadrzimo predlog uz glagol .. My son who lives in New York is arriving today. ne mozemo da je izostavimo. kolona) Negativan oblik: SUBJEKAT + didn’t + GLAGOL Upitni oblik: Did + SUBJEKAT + GLAGOL? Priloske oznake: last…. My son.. A..The woman WHOM/THAT I was looking at smiled 2. 13: THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE . Npr. I was looking at her . live in. Imamo tacno vreme.Npr. da predlog stavimo ISPRED relativne zamenice WHOM/WHICH Npr. Kod prve recenice mozemo zakljuciti da zena ima SAMO jednog sina koji. is arriving today.. The man THAT/WHO phoned me spoke Greek ( NE MOZE The man phoned me spoke Greek) WHAT koristimo umesto "THE THING(S) WHICH/THAT or ANYTHING THAT" uz glagole u jednini. Have you got WHAT you need for your journey? (=. ago… . a ne neki od preostale cetvorice stize danas. tj..

"GOING TO" konstrukcija . . .it is going to rain! Takodje.Question no. Umesto njih se obično koristi glagol u Past Simple Tense-u Potvrdan oblik – I was working Upitan oblik – Was I working? Odričan oblik – I was not (wasn’t working) Question no. had i past participle-a (prošlog participa) glavnog glagola. stvarima koje smo odlucili da . tj.oblikom. 16: EXPRESSING FUTURE: Postoje tri osnovna nacina za izrazavanje buducnosti na engleskom jeziku: 1.Dve radnje koje su se u prošlom vremenu paralelno dešavale – While I was watching TV my sister was doing homework .Radnju koja je u prošlo vreme duže trajala – She was reading a book all day yesterday . tj. Takođe se mogu pojaviti i prilozi when i because.Radnju koja se završila pre neke druge prošle radnje .Prošlu radnju koja je duže trajala. Look . we began to feel tired Potvrdan oblik: I had (I’d) worked Upitan oblik: Had I worked? Odričan oblik: I had not (hadn’t) worked Question No. The Past Perfect Tense (Davno prošlo vreme) se upotrebljava za. 15: PAST PERFECT TENSE (davno prošlo vreme) Past Perfect Tense (Davno prošlo vreme) se gradi od pomoćnog glagola TO HAVE u Past Simple Tense-u (prošlom prostom vremenu).koristimo je kada buducnost mozemo da predvidimo u sadasnjem trenutku tj. 14: THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (prošlo trajno vreme) Past Continuous Tense (Prošlo trajno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO BE u Past Simple Tense-u (Prostom prošlom vremenu). past stimple – I was watching TV when the telephone rang Glagoli koji se ne koriste u Present Continuous Tense-u. ne koriste se ni u Past Continuous Tense-u.After we had reached the top. Ta radnja se izražava prostim proš. kada je neka future situation is starting or is clearly on the way. upotrebljavamo je kada zelimo da pricamo o svojim NAMERAMA. tj. was/were i present participle-a (sadašnjeg participa) glavnog glagola Past Continiuos Tense se koristi za: . Npr. a prekinuta je nekom drugom prošlom radnjom.She suddenly found that she had lost her camera .The Past Perfect Tense se upotrebljava u zavisnim rečenicama uz after.

I really WILL start studying English! (I hope you all will!) She won't speak to me! This pen won't write! I'll phone you! . I am not going to take a holiday this year . Question No.10. The roof of Jill's house was damaged in a storm.uradimo i tada je cak mozemo prevesti kao "nameravam da..iskljucivo kada govorimo o RASPOREDU voznje. When will you know your exam results? . so she arranged for somebody to repair it. That's the phone . Npr. NAGADJAMO ili ZNAMO o buducnosti Npr.Ove godine ne nameravam da uzmem godisnji! 2. . npr. I am starting a new job next week. PROGRAMU u bioskopu. WILL + infinitive . PRESENT CONTINIOUS . (organizovala je da to neko uradi umesto nje) JILL REPAIRED THE ROOF (sama ga je popravila) I HAD MY HAIR CUT! I jos jedan odlican primer: Did Ann make the dress herself or DID SHE HAVE IT MADE? Obratite paznju na red reci: past participle (III kolona ili -ED npr.WILL upotrebljavamo i kada nesto OBECAVAMO. We are playing basketball tomorrow at 5! 3. SLAZEMO SE ili ODBIJAMO Npr.koristimo ga za izrazavanje buducnosti kada sa sigurnoscu govorimo o planovima koji ce se realizovati u tacno odredjeno vreme ili na tacno odredjenom mestu.. Our train leaves at 8. MISLIMO. DONE oznacava da se nesto desilo nekome tj.. the dress ili hair) Umesto HAVE SMTH. cut) je uvek iza objekta (the roof. kao u sledecoj recenici: George had his nose broken in a fight Have you ever had your passport stolen . Ponekad HAVE SMTH DONE ima drugacije znacenje.kada nesto PREDVIDJAMO. JILL HAD THE ROOF REPAIRED YESTERDAY. When are you going to get the roof repaired? I think you should get your hair cut. repaired. I think it will snow tomorrow. da su osobe ili stvari pretrpele nesto.u ovim recenicama se NARAVNO NE RADI o tome da je neko namerno organizovao da mu nos bude slomljen ili pasos ukraden. 17: HAVE SOMETHING DONE Koristimo kada zelimo da neko drugi uradi nesto za nas Npr. Yesterday a workman came and did the job.00. pozoristu Npr. What time does the film start? It starts at 8. I'll have a coke! ***Posle I i WE umesto WILL moze se koristiti i SHALL bez promene po znacenje ***Ponekad i PRESENT SIMPLE mozemo upotrebiti za buducnost . DONE (po americki) Npr. DONE mozemo koristiti i GET SMTH.WILL koristimo i kada neku odluku donesemo iznenada na licu mesta Npr.I'll answer it! What will you have? Hmmmm. made. OK. Kod ovih primera HAVE SMTH." Npr.

imaju formu samo za past simple I present simple 2." I used to live alone / I am used to living alone Nekada sam ziveo sam / Navikao sam da zivim sam Question no. nemaju nastavak –s u trecem licu jednine 3..? npr. redovno se desavala ali se vise ne desava..konstrukciju USED TO upotrebljavamo za radnju koja je u proslosti bila uobicajena. Ne mozemo reci I USE TO!!!! Umesto toga u sadasnjosti koristimo Present Simple. Subjekat iz prve recenice u drugoj prelazi u objekat a nije bitno ko vrsi radnju.koristimo je i da bismo izrazili nesto sto je nekada bilo tacno/istina. 19: MODALS PRESENT – PAST Can – Could May – Might Must – Had to Shall – Should Will – Would Can. 18: The structure USED TO Npr..(past) he smokes (present) there is.Question No. Dennis stopped smoking two years ago.. "I USED TO DO SOMETHING" je proslost.. This building is now a furniture shop. I used to think he was unfriendly but now I realise he's a very nice person.. ali ne vise Npr. tj kada se nesto vec desilo. may i must su modalni glagoli I nemaju will formu 1.(present) Pitanje postavljamo na uobicajeni nacin koristeci pomocni glagol DID (you) USE TO. He USED TO SMOKE 40 cigarettes a day. He doesn't smoke any more.. upitni oblik se dobija inverzijom I negativnom formom dodavanjem -not Question No. . he used to smoke (past) there used to be.. npr: ... It used to be a cinema. . a sadasnji oblik ne postoji.. Did you use to eat a lot of sweets when you were a child? NE SMETE MESATI " I used to" sa "I am used to.. 20: Passive Voice Njega koristimo kada je neka radnja vec uradjena. but he USED TO SMOKE. Npr.

that day (ili se izostavlja) tonight . Ovakav način ponavljanja tuđih reči naziva se neupravni ili indirektni govor. . please.there this/these . 21 & 22: INDIRECT SPEECH Kada ponavljamo nešto što je neko rekao. kolona ili nepravilni glagoli ) Upitne recenice. STATEMENTS Većina ovih izmena su uslovljene logikom situacije i sreću se i u drugim jezicima. He said that he would never believe such a thing.Tom says:"I'm wrong" Tom says that he is wrong. i nije bitno ko je to uradio. već to ponavljamo svojim rečima mi pri tom činimo izvesne izmene.-They stole my bike. . Međutim. sadašnjem perfektu. Subjekat + oblik glagola to be + Past Participle ( 3. menjaju se prema pravilima o slaganju vremena u engleskom a rečenice se mogu spojiti veznikom that.he/she/I we . ili futuru vremena u sledećoj rečenici ili rečenicama ne menjaju se. -Was the bike stolen? Question No. Radi se o biciklu. ako ne navodimo doslovno ono što je neko rekao." Ovakav način ponavljanja tuđih reči naziva se upravni ili direktni govor.that/those yesterday .they/we here ."I will never believe such a thing".before (ili se izostavlja) (-days ago) ." She asked: " Is it ready?" john said:" Bring me my coat. Zbog promene lica koje govori i vremena na koje se radnja odnosi. inverzijom. .the next day/the following day next week .they you ( množina) .the day before/the previous day tomorrow . --> The bike is stolen.that evening/that night ago .(-days before) Kada je glagol kojim počinje rečenica u indirektnom govoru u prošlom vremenu u sledećoj rečenici ili rečenicama.he/she you .” Kada je glagol kojim se počinje rečenica u indirektnom govoru u prezentu. nastaju sledeće promene: I .the next week/the following week today . možemo doslovno da navedemo njegove reči: He said: "I like it.

tj. grupa u kojoj su imenice u množini različite (kliknite na reč da čujete izgovor) mouse . Upitne rečenice u kojima u direktnom govoru nema nikakve upitne reči u indirektnom vezuju se za glavnu rečenicu veznicima if (sa li) iliwhether[i]. 24: IRREGULAR PLURALS Iako obično dodajemo -s na kraju imenica da napravimo množinu neke imenice u engleskom jeziku imaju nepravilne završetke.why. what. b) U pitanjima koja počinju nekom upitnom reči. I would have bought a car . onda se umesto glagola koji izražava prost iskaz mora upotrebiti glagol koji izražava pitanje.I will tell Mary if I see her postoji realna mogućnost da će se uzrok ispuniti UZROK + POSLEDICA 2.If I won the lottery.which.[i]who.feet tooth .realna mogućnost (budućnost) – If it rains I will stay at home . 1. nema inverzije kao u direktnom pitanju.mice foot .wonder ili want to know. tj. when.. how. umesto glagola say ili tell upotrebljavaju se glagoli ask.QUESTIONS Ako se indirektnim govorom saopštava tuđe pitanje.itd.If I had seen Mary I would have told her Ne postoji nikakva šansa da se uzrok I posledica ispune Question No.geese louse . 23: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES 1."Are you staying in this hotel?" Tom asked me if/whether I was staying in that hotel.teeth goose . Question No. kondicional – neverovatna mogućnost (budućnost) – If I married Mary I would be happy – If I won the lottery I would by a car ne postoji realna mogućnost da će se uzrok ispuniti 3. . kondicional – bez mogućnosti (prošlost) . Primedba: a) Red reči u indirektnim pitanjima isti je kao u potvrdnoj rečenici. kondicional .inquire.lice man – men .ova reč spaja rečenicu kojom počinje indirektni govor sa sledećom.

sheep (ovce) deer . Koristi se uz glagole kretanja. our wives' stories . the cat's leg .at the football match (na fudbalskoj utakmici) .on the roof Predlog to se koristi da označi pravac kretanja. the people's voices .Kod imenica cija mnozina se ne zavrsava sa "S" dodajemo 's . the babies' toys. John's mother's cat. BUT the roof of the house (not the house's roof).most children's poems. My son's car. My father's seceretary's sister's baby ****Kada se imenica ili ime zavrsavaju na "S" onda mozemo dodata samo apostrof Npr. 25: POSSESSIVE "S" . .in France . the top of my desk (not the desk's top) IZRAZAVA PRIPADANJE. Hellen's boss's car. Npr.kada se koristi "fishes" najčešće se misli na nekoliko različitih vrsta) sheep . .koristimo kada pricamo o ljudima i zivotinjama.fish (ribe .Kod vecine imenica u mnozini dodajemo samo ' .Npr.go to work (ići na posao) .Npr. at the traffic lights Kao predlog za mesto IN se koristi za gradove i države . 26: PREPOSITIONS ZA MESTO: Kao predlog za mesto AT služi da odredi mesto gde se nešto dešava. three men's names.2. a NE i stvarima da bi izrazili pripadanje. Ann's purse Ann's English lesson Ann's husband Ann's friend Ian's leg my dad's book (not the book of my dad).on the chair .in London  in the world. ODNOSE ili delove tela .Mozemo imati vise od jednog POSSESSIVE oblika zajedno Npr. JESUS' faith Question No. Those boys' passports. iskustvo. in the pircture Kada se koristi za mesto ON znači “na” .run to the office (trčati do kancelarije) .at school (u školi)  at the desk. porodicne/prijateljske odnose ili delove tela. grupa u kojoj su imenice u množini iste fish .deer (jeleni) Question No.Kod imenica u jednini dodajemo 's . ISKUSTVO.

by bus.two WOMEN.five CHILDREN. curls) Neke imenice imaju nepravilnu mnozinu (POGLEDAJTE VASU SKRIPTU str. box . candy . novembra) Question No. -ES (ukoliko se imenica zavrsava na S.pored. .in May (u maju) .na uglu in front of.ten OXEN.MEN. THAT THOSE.Kada idemo od jednog do drugog mesta koristimo from.g.TEETH Question No. SH.MICE. E. kao u recima (looks.at noon (u podne) .We travel from Novi Sad to Budapest . .to .. A FOOT . A MAN . bay. kao u recima (bags. . A GOOSE . bush . I like bananas (BANANA je brojiva imenica) I eat rice every day. church-churches. delovi dana ali i datumi..boxes i tada se izgovara IZ).G. I eat a banana every day.ispred behind. berryberries. AN OX .iza under.on Monday (u ponedeljak) .ono se prevara u I i dodaje se nastavak -ES (cherry .at midnight (u ponoć) Predlog in se kao predlog za vreme koristi za označavanja meseci i godina.cherries. A CHILD . 28: COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS: Imenice se dele na brojive i nebrojive. heads.THESE. odmah do beside .candies) !!!!!! (osim ukoliko tom Y ne prethodi samoglasnik kao u recima boy. toy.on 21st November (21.in the morning (ujutru) Predlog on se može koristiti da označi vreme dešavanja radnje i to onda kada se govori o danima. kao i ispred delova dana. X: bus-buses. opposite – naspram. THIS . lambs.ispod above .on Sunday evening (u nedelju uveče) . CH.S (boy-boys.GEESE.books).in summer (u leto) . 27: PLURAL OF NOUNS.at 11 pm (u 11 sati uveče) . TOOTH .bushes. money) .FEET. . I like rice (RICE je nebrojiva imenica) Brojive imenice mogu biti u jednini (banana) ili mnozini (bananas) i one oznacavaju things koje mozemo . A woman . knots. A MOUSE .pored between.in 1987 (1987. Mogu se navoditi dani u nedelji. prekoputa next to. by car.nastavak -S se izgovara kao Z iza bezvucnih suglasnika.iznad ZA VREME Kao predlog za vreme at se koristi za izražavanje sati i tačno datog vremena. turnips) ..između on the corner of.ukoliko se imenica zavrsava na Y. godine) . book . pits.nastavak -S se izgovara kao S iza bezvucnih suglasnika. 46) E. Mnozinu imenica gradimo dodavanjem nastavka .pod below.

. CAN SHE? DO YOU? DID HE? DOES IT? Ova pitanje UVEK pocinju sa pomocnim glagolom koji stavljamo ispred subjekta. one banana. Npr..Yes. MILK su primeri nebrojivih imenica uglavnom se radi o gradivnim i abstraktnim imenicama.. five bananas. FURNITURE. two rices MUSIC. Red reci je isti kao i kod YES/NO questions s tim da upitnu rec stavljamo na pocetak recenice. I can Has Ann arrived? . a uniform.. Brojive imenice u jednini NE MOGU STAJATI SAME (ispred njih MORA biti clan: I want a banana... two spoonfuls of sugar.. Ovo pitanje mozete dopuniti ponekim izuzetkom iz sveske. Ne mozemo reci one rice. FREEDOM.No. it won't Can you pay? . BATTERY. mozemo ih "izbrojati" tako sto cemo ih upakovati u neki CONTAINER ili im dodati meru (kg. SONG (primeri brojivih imenica) Nebrojive imenice imaju samo jedan oblik (rice) i oznacavaju things koje ne mozemo brojati. Question No. A MUSIC ali zato kazemo A PIECE OF MUSIC. BREAD. STUDENT. We didn't buy any milk We listened to some music. FLOUR. A. ACCIDENT. g.postoje imenice koje su u nasem jeziku BROJIVE sto nije slucaj i u engleskom. WHO Na ova pitanja obicno odgovaramo punom recenicom. RIVER. LOVE..prebrojati.. Uz njih uglavnom stoji SOME ili PIECE OF. an apple.No. two bananas. When is the taxi coming? Why has Ann arrived? Who do you want to go to the cinema with? . YES/NO questions: AM I?. SPHAGETTI.Is the taxi coming? Yes. 29: WORD ORDER Postoje: 1. KNOWLEDGE.. Will the train be late? . A BAG OF SAND Uz obe vrste imenica. Na ova pitanja OBAVEZNO odgovaramo sa YES/NO zatim ponovimo subjekat i pomocni glagol. we haven't got enough water Clan A/AN ne koristimo uz nebrojive imenice: ne govorimo A SAND. SUGAR. I do 2. she hasn't Do you want to go to the cinema? . There's been an accident) Brojive imenice u mnozini MOGU stajati same: I like bananas. liter. Npr. Dakle.. da se podsetimo. it is. TOWEL. Pitanja koja pocinju sa upitnim recima..Kada pitanje pocine sa HOW obicno iza sledi pridev ili prilog How old is your sister? How tall are you? How fast can you run? . dakle i brojive i nebrojive moze da stoji SOME i ANY e. WHEN. CITY.Yes.. PASTA.g.) E. Ispred brojivih imenica u jednini mozemo upotrebiti NEODREDJENI clan A/AN: a school. The taxi is coming . five kilos of flour. CAR. WHY. HAVE YOU?.. BEACH. We didn't buy any bread. Accidents happen Nebrojive imenice mogu stajati same:It was bad luck. three bottles of milk. Kada je rec o gradivnim. a loaf of bread..g. A spoonful of sugar. UMBRELLA. a to su: WHERE. We sang some songs... INFORMATION. Imenice koje se uvek nalaze u jednini su ADVICE.

.How MUCH money have you got? . marmalade. dollars. negative statements. at. Where shall I sent the letter to? Who is the letter for? Question No.. for to obicno stavljamo na kraj pitanja Npr. ANY: se koristi uz odrične izjave i pitanja. uncountable nouns (milk.PREDLOGE with. iza njih nema pomocnog glagola DO/DOES/DID Npr. countable nouns (bottles of milk. .How MANY dollars have you got? . 30: SOME / ANY SOME: se koristi uz potvrdne izjave. questions. zahteve i kod pitanja kada se očekuje odgovor "da". What did he say? He said something terrible.Have you got ANY bananas? No.But we've got SOME oranges. WHAT time is the film? What size are you? What colour are your eyes? . Who (subject) phoned? Mike phoned. jars of marmalade. Do you want SOME? MUCH / MANY MUCH: se koristi uz nebrojive imenice. offers.Kada se upitne reci WHO i WHAT nalaze u funkciji subjekta. ponude. Who (object) did you see? I saw Mike. affirmative statements. minutes etc. What happened? Something terrible happened. we haven't got ANY.Kod nekih pitanja koja pocinju sa WHAT iz sledi imenica Npr. requests and in questions when you expect the answer "yes". time etc. .) MANY: se koristi uz brojive imenice. Who did you go out with? What are you looking at? Where do you come from?.) . money.

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