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Merna nesigurnost Nt Tr 537_serbian Version_handbook for Calculation of Measurement Uncertainty in Environmental Laboratories_nordtest Technical Report

Merna nesigurnost Nt Tr 537_serbian Version_handbook for Calculation of Measurement Uncertainty in Environmental Laboratories_nordtest Technical Report

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Published by Jelena Maksimovic
merna nesigurnost, laboratorrije
merna nesigurnost, laboratorrije

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Published by: Jelena Maksimovic on Jun 09, 2013
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Nordic Innovation Centre

Telephone +47 47 61 44 00

ISSN 0283-7234

Stensberggata 25

Fax +47 22 56 55 65

NO-0170 OSLO

info@nordicinnovation.net

Norway

www.nordicinnovation.net

Priručnik

za

izračunavanje merne nesigurnosti

u

laboratorijama

Bertil Magnusson, Teemu Näykki, Håvard Hovind & Mikael Krysell

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NT TECHN REPORT 537:Serbian
Approved 2008-02

Nordic Innovation Centre project number:

1589-02

Authors:

Bertil Magnusson1)
,

Teemu Näykki2)

,
Håvard Hovind3)

,

Mikael Krysell4)

Institution:

1)

SP, Švedska

2)

SYKE, Finska

3)

NIVA, Norveška

4)

Eurofins A/S, Danska

Title:

Priručnik za izračunavanje merne nesigurnosti u laboratorijama

Abstract:

This handbook is written for environmental testing laboratories in the Nordic countries, in
order to give support to the implementation of the concept of measurement uncertainty for
their routine measurements. The aim is to provide a practical, understandable and common
way of measurement uncertainty calculations, mainly based on already existing quality
control and validation data, according to the European accreditation guideline /12/, the
Eurolab Technical Report No. 1 /3/ and the ISO/DTS 21748 Guide /8/. Nordtest has
supported this project economically in order to promote and enhance harmonisation between
laboratories on the Nordic market.

Practical examples, taken directly from the everyday world of environmental laboratories, are
presented and explained. However, the approach is very general and should be applicable to
most testing laboratories in the chemical field.

The handbook covers all steps in the analytical chain from the arrival of the sample in the
laboratory until the data has been reported. It is important to notice that vital parts of the total
measurement uncertainty are not included, e.g. sampling, sample transportation and possible
gross errors during data storage/retrieval.

The recommendations in this document are primarily for guidance. It is recognised that while
the recommendations presented do form a valid approach to the evaluation of measurement
uncertainty for many purposes, other suitable approaches may also be adopted – see
references in Section 9. Especially the EURACHEM/CITAC-Guide /2/ is useful in cases
where sufficient previous data is not available, and therefore the mathematical analytical
approach according to GUM /1/ with all different steps is to be used.

Basic knowledge in the use of quality control and statistics is required. In order to make it
possible for the reader to follow the calculations, some raw data is given in appendices.

Technical Group:

Expert Group Quality and Metrology

ISSN:

0283-7234

Language:

Serbian

Pages:

32 p. +8 appendices

Key Words:

Handbook, laboratories, environmental, testing, measurements, uncertainty, chemical

Distributed by:

Nordic Innovation Centre
Stensberggata 25
NO-0170 Oslo
Norway

Report Internet address:

info@nordicinnovation.net
www.nordicinnovation.net

i

Priručnik

za

izračunavanje merne
nesigurnosti

u

laboratorijama

Verzija 1.3 oktobar 2003

Nordtest projekat 1589-02

Članovi projekta

Bertil Magnusson, SP, Švedska
Teemu Näykki, SYKE, Finska
Håvard Hovind, NIVA, Norveška
Mikael Krysell, Eurofins A/S, Danska

Crteži: Petter Wang, NIVA, Norveška

Vredne komentare sadržaja
dali su:

Rolf Flykt, Švedska
Irma Mäkinen, Finska
Ulla O. Lund, Danska
Steve Ellison, Velika Britanija

Adresa za porudžbine:

Eurofins A/S
Strandesplanaden 110
DK- 2665 Vallensbæk Strand
Danska

ii

Sadržaj:

1 Definicije i skraćenice......................................................................................1
2 Uvod.................................................................................................................3

2.1

OPSEG I OBLAST PRIMENE...................................................................................3

2.2

NAPOMENE KLIJENTIMA.......................................................................................3

2.3

O MERNOJ NESIGURNOSTI....................................................................................4

3 Izračunavanje proširene nesigurnosti, U - pregled...........................................6

3.1

POTREBE KLIJENATA............................................................................................6

3.2

ŠEMA TOKA IZRAČUNAVANJA NESIGURNOSTI......................................................7

3.3

ZBIRNA TABELA IZRAČUNAVANJA NESIGURNOSTI...............................................9

4 Reproduktivnost unutar laboratorije - u(Rw)..................................................10

4.1

ZAHTEVI KLIJENATA..........................................................................................10

4.2

KONTROLNI UZORAK KOJI POKRIVA CELOKUPAN ANALITIČKI PROCES...............10

4.3

KONTROLNI UZORAK ZA RAZLIČITE MATRIKSE I KONCENTRACIONE NIVOE........11

4.4

NESTABILNI KONTROLNI UZORCI.......................................................................12

5 Bias metode i laboratorije – u(bias)...............................................................15

5.1

SERTIFIKOVANI REFERENTNI MATERIJAL...........................................................15

5.2

MEĐULABORATORIJSKA POREĐENJA.................................................................17

5.3

RIKAVERI...........................................................................................................18

6 Reproduktivnost između laboratorija, sR........................................................19

6.1

PODACI DATI U STANDARDNOM METODU...........................................................19

6.2

PODACI IZ MEĐULABORATORIJSKIH POREĐENJA................................................19

7 Primeri............................................................................................................21

7.1

AMONIJUM U VODI.............................................................................................21

7.2

BPK U OTPADNOJ VODI......................................................................................21

7.3

PCB U SEDIMENTU.............................................................................................25

7.4

OPSEZI KONCENTRACIJE....................................................................................28

8 Izveštavanje o nesigurnosti............................................................................30
9 Reference........................................................................................................32
10 PRILOZI

Prilog 1: Nepopunjena šema toka za izračunavanja
Prilog 2: Nepopunjena zbirna tabela
Prilog 3: Model greške korišćen u ovom priručniku
Prilog 4: Nesigurnost biasa za NH4-N u poglavlju 3.2
Prilog 5: Neobrađeni podaci za NH4-N u poglavlju 4.3
Prilog 6: Neobrađeni podaci za kiseonik u poglavlju 4.4
Prilog 7: Neobrađeni podaci za BPK u poglavlju 7.2
Prilog 8: Procena standardne devijacije iz opsega

1

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