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DR. Tihomir R.djordjevic Kroz Nase Rumune - Putopisne Beleske

DR. Tihomir R.djordjevic Kroz Nase Rumune - Putopisne Beleske

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Published by www.homolje.co.rs
Dragocena knjiga istaknutog srpskog naučnika i etnologa Tihomira Djordjevića, koja pokusava da da neutralni opis krajeva |stocne Srbije i njihovog stanovnistva Vlaha tj.Rumuna. Data je u vidu Putopisne Beleske uz dodataka i komentare priredjivaca NVO ``Ariadnae Filum`` iz Bora i NSVNM
Dragocena knjiga istaknutog srpskog naučnika i etnologa Tihomira Djordjevića, koja pokusava da da neutralni opis krajeva |stocne Srbije i njihovog stanovnistva Vlaha tj.Rumuna. Data je u vidu Putopisne Beleske uz dodataka i komentare priredjivaca NVO ``Ariadnae Filum`` iz Bora i NSVNM

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12/21/2012

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ДР.ТИХОМИР Р. ЋОРЋЕВИЋ.

КРОЗ НАШЕ РУМУНЕ
ПУТОПИСНЕ БЕЛЕШКЕ.
ЗA ИЗДАВАЧА: МAРИЈАН ТУДОР И ВЛАДИЦА РОШКАНОВИЋ
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A15,5L2?-B <H1=:;> ,- H1><65/= 2 ;-H-,2 ;- -2451- H- /-6 > 2
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6-5 345 <= .>,> >+ <-:5F H5/=46- 5.5F 1-,-. Б>5 @< /-6 561>.L=; 6-5
>+,-@;>6 +?5F 45F- 345 @= 5?@-.>5 1-, AК15+ ;-3= Р2:2;=BI 2<2K2@2D> <=
A,- F5.51> 5 Р2:2;>:- 65@> <2 41=?-7> ,- ?2,2 <61>.=;>I @=1 ,12F-/>@=
?> <= 1-K-75 4+.. 12:2;<65 H>4-P= >+ С1?>@=B. Т1=?- ;-H5:=;24>
/>P=;>C2 ,-I H51=, ;=6>8 H5F1,;>8 H1>6-+- ;- -,1=<2 Р2:2;-I -2451
@= H5,.26-5 > :;5F= 6.-7>4=4= 5.>8I ?-3 2 H51=K<P2 <- С1?>:-.
С.-6-65I ;= :5N=:5 ,- ?2,=:5 <-F7-<;> <- -J>1:-C>@-:- [51K=.>D- 2
H5F7<,2 5<5?>;- Р2:2;- >+ С1?>@= S H5;=6-, H154>.1=/= ?-3 >+
H1>6-+-;>8 />P=;>C-W. В>3= 5, 45F-I <-: -2451 H1=C>+>1- 5, H5/=46-
,-: AО ,23=.;>: > J>+>/6>: 5<5?>;-:- ;-3>8 Р2:2;- +-<-, ;= :5F2
>+1=D> 4-/-; > H1-.>7-; <2,B.
Ш45 <= 4>/= :51-7H>8 5<5?>;- Р2:2>-I -2451I ?=+ -1F2:<;45.-P-
4.1,P> +-<;5.-;= ;- ;=6= F7-<>;=I ,-@= ;=6= F;2<;= 65;<4-4-C>@= 6-5:
AН= ?>8 1=6-5 ,- <2 5<5?>45 ?><41> > 561=4;>. И<45 4-65 ;><2 ;>
81-?1> ;> H5;5<;>I - H5,:267> <2 > H-65<;>. П5.2/=;> <2 > ;- 42K=
,5<4- 7-65:>. Н>/=F- 2+.>3=;>@=F- > H7=:=;>45F- ;= :5N= <= :=K2
P>:- ;-D> 2 .=7>65@ :=1>B. Д- ?> H56-+-7; ;=4-/;5<4 5.>8 +-<42H-P-
-H=75.-D=:5 ?-3 ;- 4=6<4 -2451-. Н->:= 5, H1.5F <2<1<4- <- Р2:2;>:-
[51K=.>D 4.1,>: AВ=D 5, Б5L=.C- >,2D> В-7-65P2 ;-<4-@2 Р2:2;>. И7>
>8 /5.=6 <1=4- H24=:I >7> >8 .>K- 2 H5L2 ;- 1-,2B. Т-65K= H1>+;-@=
H5<45@-P= ;=6>8 Р2:2;- ?-3 <H5<5?;>8 65@> 2<H=.-@2 ,- +-2+:2
H5<=?-; H575N-@I 6-5 2 <72/-@2 5;>8 65@> >:-@2 61/:= > 65;-6=: AТ5 <2
5?>/;5 :=34-;> Р2:2;> 65@> <2 ?>7> 2:=3;>@>I 541=<>4>@> > .1=,;>@>
5, 5<4-7;8B. Ш45 <= 4>/= <H1=4;5<4> Р2:2;-I =.5 34- 65;<4-42@=
Ћ51K<.>D: AG,=65@= 6532L=I ;-15/>45 N=;<6=I 457>65 <2 H1=41H-;=
.=+5:I 65@> @= 5?>/;5 .175 7=H - H1-.>7-;I ,- >+1-,- P=F5.- :51-
<4-@-4> .175 :;5F5 .1=:=;-I +-:=4- - ,-;F2?=B - H5:=;2D> 5 Б2J-;>:-
>+ М-@,-;H=6-I 6-N=: AД5 <651- <2 2 М. П=62 5;> ?>7> @=,>;> :-@<451>
+- F1-K=P= ,1.=;5F 2FL-B.
Н- ,12F5: :=<42 -2451 ,-@= ;=6= H1=?1+= H154>.1=/;= 5C=;= 5
H1>6-+-;>: <4.-1>:-. Н- H1>:=1I F5.51=D> 5 <4-;5.;>C>:- +5;= 6-N=:
AУ5H34= /5.=/;5<4I :51-7I ;-1-.<4.=;5<4 > <.= 345 6-5 H7=:=;>45
R
5,7>62@= /5.=6- > ;-15,I 5.,= <2 5<5?>;= 65@# <= ;> :-75 ;= C=;=B. С
,12F# <41-;= H1>+;-@= ,-: AУ Б5L=.C2 <-: 2 H1>75F 5.>: <4.-1>:-
+-?=7=N>5 @53 @=,-; N-75<4-; J-6-4. К5, С1H6>P- @= 5?>/-@ ,- .175
/=<45 41L-P=:I ;-:=1;5I 2;3>4-.-@2 H515K-@=. ,56 Р2:2;6= 45 ;=D=
2/>H>4> ;>H5345I .=D 1-K-@2 ,567= @= F5, 65@5@ <2K=;5B. Т-65K= +- C=75
.1=:= :=K2 Р2:2;>:-I H24;>C> <2 ?>7> ,5?15 H1>:L=;>I ,56 2 @=,;5:
<1H<65: <=72 И7>@>5 ;>65 >8 ;>@= H1>:>5 ;- H1=;5D>34=: AН- ;-32
N-75<4 5; ;-: 1=/= ,- <= 2 <=72 ;=:- F,= ;5D>4> ;5 ,- >,=:5 2
Б5L=.-C...B. В>3= 5, 45F-I H5;=6-, H24;>C>:- @= ,-4 ;- 1=<H575N=P=
H1-4>5C ,- ?> >8 H1-4>5: IД- ;= ?><:5 >37> <-:>I H1=,<=,;>6 +754<6=
5H34>;= ,-5 ;-: @= @=,;5F- /5.=6- ,- ;-< H15H1-4> H1=/>: H24=: - ,-
;-: <= 2+ H24 ;-K=. Б=3= 45 :7-, /5.<6 5, 565 (VzO) F5,>;-E :-7>
1-<45: -7> /.1<4 <;-F5: > .175 H1>@-4-; +?515:B. И;4=1=<-;45 @= 345
>+;5<> 5 H1-4>5C2: AЈ- <-: :><7>5 ,- @= 5H34>;<6> <72N>4=LI -7> :>
5; 1=/= ,- @= 5H34>;<6> 8-H<=;>6. Н- :5@= 1-+?>1-P= +-345 @= 2 -H<2
1=/= ,- F- @= N=;- 5<4-.>7- @53 H1= ,.= F5,>;= H-I 54>37- +- ,12F5F-I
- 5; @< H1= ;=657>65 ,-;- <1=5 H- @= >+?>5I 5;- F- +- 45 42N>7- 4= F-
28-H<>7>.B О.5 <.=,5/=P= ,56-+2@= />P=;>C2 ,- > 8-H3=;> Р2:2;> <2
,5<45@;> H5.=1=P-I - < ,12F# <41-;= <= ,56-+2@< ,- 2 <72/-@2 ;=6>8
;=:51-7;>8 H5;-3-P-I 756-7;- +-@=,;>C- <H1=:;5 <-;6C>5;>3=I ;=
H1>8.-4-@2 <= 54<42H-P- 5, ;51:> +-@=,;>/65F N>.54-.
П5;=6-,-I -2451 ?16- H-<>.;2 >7> -64>.;2 1=-6C>@2 Р2:2;- H1=:-
<1H<6>: 2<4-;5.-:- <- A45 @= N>.54>P<6> 626-.>/726I ;=5<=D-P=
.5@;>/65F H5;5<- > .>4=34.-B. П5;5< > .5@;5 .>4=34.5 5.>8 Р2:2;-I 6-5
345 <.=,5/> :;534.5 <H5:=;>6- H5,>F;24>8 2 P>85.2 /-<4I >7> 6-5
345 @= 5H><2@= Н. Б-4+-1>-BI ;= 1=465 <= :-;>J=<45.-7-I 5;,- 6-,- <2
?1-;>7> <5H<4.=;5 5FP>34=: > H154>. Т21-6- > Н=:-C- 2 4562 ,12F5F
<.=4<65F 1-4- S+-<72N2@= ,- ?2,2 H5:=;24> H-14>+-;> :=<4-I 65@> H5,
1265.5,<4.5: ?1-D= [51K= AG>C-B > Ј-;65 BЈ-;62B С>:5;5.>D ?51>7> <=
,5 61-@- H154>. 562H-451-WI -7> > H154>. <1H<6>8 .7-<4>I H24=:
8-@,2/>@= H5<=?;5 S/2.=;> Х-@,26 В=L65 A{i#%t&B ?>5 @# C>;C-1<65F
H51=67-WI 4-,- 6-,- <2 .13>7> -4-6 ;- H1-.- > <75?5,# Р2:2;- >+
Т>:56-. Т1#?- H5:=;24> ,- <2 Р2:2;> ?>7> 7>3=;> H1-.- ,-9 <=
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x Ba|oriI eito%# 9 d}rli c& bo'}"i~I • Ad€ow#!"i# !# t!}"#B. q!ia&r
dtric&% ro'}"#ctI friowI URRZI t4€. UUX9U(V
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.-<H>4-.-P2 ;- :-4=1P=: @=+>62I 6-5 > ,- >:-@2 7>421F>@2 H-
12:2;<65: @=+>62. К-5 H5<7=,>C-I ;>@= /2,5 ,- 2 <4.-1> Р2:2;> .175
1=465 <2 >:-7> :5F2D;5<4 ,- H58-K-@2 36572I - 345 <= 4>/= C16.=I >+
F51= H1>6-+-;>8 1-+F75F-I :5N= ,- ?2,= ><4>H>4- <4.-1 ,- AУ C16.2
;>65 ;= >,= <=: 6-, H5 P>85.>: <2@=.=1;>: H5@:5.>:- .-L- >D>BI -
;>6-,- />P=;>C- ,-: AП5?5N;5<4 @= <4.-1 F545.5 ;=H5+;-4-B.
Е.>,=;4;- <2H154;5<4 @= ,56-+-;- <-:5: 5.5: 6P>F5: 2 65@5@ @=
H1>6-+-;5 :;534.5 1>42-7-I 1=7>F>5+;>8 .=15.-P- > 41-,>C>@- 65@=
<= :-;>J=<42@2 65, Р2:2;-. П5?16-P= C16.=;= >;<4>42C>@=I 512K= ;-
1=<H57-F-P2 .7-<4>:- +- 5,;-15,P-.-P= <- H5?5N;53D2 @=
;=5H15<4>.- F1=36-. Т>85:>1 Ћ51K=.>D <= N-7> ,- >+575.-;=
<72/-@=.# :=35.>4>8 ?1-65.- F,=: A@=,;- В7-@s-I 6-, <= ,5.=,= 2
<1H<62 62D2I C=72 62D2 H512:2;>I - 5;- ;= ;-2/> <1H<6>. М5N,- @= 5.-@
H1>:=1 :-75 > H1=4=1-;I :5N,- > ;>@=. М5N,- >:- > 4-6.>8 H1>:=1-I
6-5 345 <>F21;5 +;-: ,- >:- <72/-@5.- ,- ,5.=,#;- <;-8-I В7-@P-I
;-2/> <1H<6> - ;>65 2 62D> ;< ;-2/> 12:2;<6>I -7> 12:2;>+>1-P- @= 2
><4>;> ?>.-75I > 45 2 .=7>65@ 1-+:=1>BI -7> <= ;>34- ;= H5:>P= 5
5H345@ -6C>@> .7-<4> 45F- .1=:=;- ,- H5<1?L2@2 Р2:2;=.
С4-. `2:2;- H1=:- <1H<65: @=+>62 > H5;=6-,- H1=:- С1?>:-I H1>6-+-;
4.1,P-:- 6-5 345 @= 5.-: AС=: 5.5F-I 65, Р2:2;- >:- > ;=6-6.5F-
215K=;5F- 4.1,5F7-.<4.-. @5F2;<4.-I +-4.51=;5<4>I ;=H1><42H-/;5<4> >
H5,:2675 <=?>/;5<4>I 65@>:- <= ;-:=1;5 H-1-7>3= <.-6> 42K> 24>C-@BI
41=?- H5<:-41-4> ><45 6-5 H1>15,;- 1=-6C>@- ;- <1H<62 5J-;+>.2.
Т-65 <= 5?@-3P-.- <>42C>@- 6-5: AК-, Р2:2;2 >7> Р2:2;6> ;-+5.=4=
Б5F-I 1=,5.;5 D= .-: 5,F5.51>4> 12:2;<6>I H- :-6-1 > +;-7> <1H<6>.
Н-:=1;5 ;=D= <1H<6> ,- F5.51= > 5,F5.-1-@2I > 5;,- 6-, +;-@2. К-,
Р2:2;- +-H>4-4= 5 /=:2I 1=,5.;5 5,F5.-1- 12:2;<6>: ;2 3D>2 <1?=3D=I
H- :- > +;-5 <1H<6>. С1?> <2 :=D24>: ,1245@-/>I ;=6-65 H5H2<4L>.>@>.
П- 12:2;<6> H5+,1-. 5,F5.-1-@2 12:2;<6>I H- :-45 ?>75 > >+ 3-7= >
><:=.-P- Scit•WBI >7> A5?>/-@ @= ,- Р2:2;>I 6-, <-81-P2@2 :14.-C-I :=D2
H51=, P=F- 2 <-;,26 >+:=K2 5<4-75F- > H5 @=,;2 ?-4>;2. Т-6-. @=
5?>/-@I -7> С1?> .=7= ,- <2 >: Р2:2;> 5?@-3P-.-7> ,- 45 />;= +?5F
45F- ,- <= 2:17> H- 5;5:= <.=42 45: ?-4>;5: ?1-;> 5, С1?-•...B.
Р-+2:L>.5 ,-I >+ H541=?< 65:2;>C>1-P- Р2:2;> <= ,56-+2@2 ,- ;><2
?-3 4-65 4.1,5F7-.> ,- 2/= > +.-;>/>> @=+>6. К-5 345 H1>+;-@=
UU
> Т>85:>1 [51K=.>D: AС=: 12:2;<65F- @=+>6-I +;-4-; ,#5 Р2:2;- +;- >
<1H<6>.B
Ч#<45 <2 Р2:2;> H1>6-+-;> 6-5 H>@-;>C=: AУ :=8-;= >,2 > N=;= />:
>:-@2 ;5.-C- > H>@2 ,567= F- F5, >:-@2I H- <= 5H>@2 ,5 4= :=1=I ,- <#
H5<7= 45F- H1=7-+> 2 <4.-1> 65@= <= ;= <4-.L-@2 ;- H-H>1B. А =.5 345
>+;5<> [51K=.>D ,- @= .>,=5 2 @=,;5: <1H<65: <=72: AБ-3 6-, <:5
<>7-+>7> <- 65P- H1=, ,5P5: :=8-;5: 2 Б=75@ Р=C> +-/2<:5 F5= 2 <=72
F-@,= > H=<:2I H1-.> 21;=?=< > 75: 5, .=<=L-...
Б-?= <H5H-5 +;5@ 65@= 5, <2;C- 65@= 5, 1-6>@=I H- <= +-C1.=;=7= F545.5
6-5 C.=67- > 41=<2 7> 41=<2. С-. 4-@ 75: @53 +-/>P2@2 ;=<7-;> .>C=.> >
3-7= ;- 1-/2; ?-?- 5, <41-;= ?=<H5<7=;>8I 1-,5+;-7>8I +-72,;>8 >
;=<2@=.=1;>8 <4-1>@;8 .L2,> 65@>8 ?=3= H1=, :=8-;5:....B У ><45:
<1H<65: <=72I -2451 H1>:<D2@<: AН53P- @= 2 :236-1-C- .175 H15<4- -
F12?- > 657>65 :5F58 H1>:=4>4> ;=345...B
П- > 5 J>+>/65: >+F7=,2 Р2:2;- ;->7-+>:5 ;- ;=6- 65;J2+;-
H1=C>+>1-P-: AН><2 .175 612H;>I -7> <2 @=,1> > 1-+.>@=;>I 5<5?>45
N=;<6>P=B.
П5345 >+ <-:5F >+7-F-P- ;= H15><4>/2 ;=F-4>.;= 5C=;= ;- -,1=<2
Р2:2;-I <:-41-:5 ,- ,=75.> 65@> <-,1N= 67=.=4-P- ?>7> <2 ;-<>7;5
2;=4> ;- +-84<. .7-<4>I >7> >+ <5H<4.<;= >;>C>@-4>.= -2451- 2 C>L2
,- 1-, ?2,= H1>8.-D=; 2 A-6-,<:<65@B <1=,>;>I - 6<=;5J5? .1=:=;-.
Д- ?> 2H51=,>7> P=F5. <4-. <- ,12F>: H><C>:- =H58=I ,- <= .>,=
C>4-4> >+ 1-,5.- В. К-1>D > М>8->7 С4. Р>+;>D H1>6-+-;> 2 6P>+>I
Т;85:>1 Ћ51K=.>D ,><4-;C>1- <= 5, 5.>8 ;-H5:=;2D>: AИ -65 .175
<2:P-: ,- <2 <.> H5,-C> 2 5.5: Л=45H><2 4-/;>I @- >8 >H-6
<-5H34-.-: 6-5 <4.-1> 65@= <2 ?=7=N=;= ;- :=<42I >+F7=,-I ;-@.>3= H5
H1>/-P2 :=34-;- > H5 7>/;5: 5H-N-P2IB
Н= 65:=;4-1>3=:5 5 5.>: C>4-4>:- @=1 @= =.>,=;4-; H5F1,-; 6-1-64=1
5.>8. Н= :5N=:5 - ,- <= ;= 2H>4-:5: 6-65 <= 5?@-3P-.- />P=;>C- ,-
H5345 -2451> H5623-.-@2 ,- 2?=,= />4-5C= ,- <2 В7-<>
12:2;>+5.-;> IС1?>I +-.13-.-@2 ,- >8 67=.=4-@2 <.>: :5F2D>:
<1=,<4.>:-~ И ;-@+-,I -65 <2 5.> ?>7> С1?>I 6-65 <= 5?@-3P-.-
AF;23-P=BI 5.>8 H1=:- ><4515,;>:~
Ш45 <= 4>/= H51=67- 5.>8 <4-;5.;>6- >7> <4-15<4 12:2;<65F
<4-;5.;>34.- >+ 5.>8 61-@=.-I Т>85:>1 [51K=.>D ;= 2H234- <= 2
Н=;-2/;- 5?@-3P=P- S6-5 345 <2 H5<42H-7> > @53 H5<42H-@2 :;5F>
U(
<1H<6> A><41-N>.-/>BWI H1>8.-4-@2D> A;=241-7-;B <4-.I 4@. 5
;=>+.=<;5<4> =4;5F=;=+=. n=F5. <4-. ;-675P=; @= ;:>F1-,>5;5@
4=51>@> <- <=.=1- Д2;-.- 15:-;5J5;= H5H27-C>@= 65@2 Т>85:>1
[51K=.>D 657=?- <= ,- @= ;-+;.- 12:2;<65: ?-3 6-5 2 ;-<75.2 6P>F=.
О.-@ <4-. 41=?- <:-41-4> 6-5 81-?-1 2 5,;5<2 ;- <4-. <1H<6>8
2741-;-C>5;-7><4- 65@> <:-41-@2 AВ7-8=B >7> 6-5 С1?= 65@> <2 >+?=F7>
@=,;5 .1=:= ;- <=.=12 Д2;-.- 5,-67= <2 <= .1-4>7> 6-,- <2 2<75.>
H5<4-7> H5.5L;>I >7> 6-5 H5<=?;- H5H27-C>@- <- H51=675: .>3= >7>
:-P= H5+;-45:.
У 5.5: H5F7=,2 ,5+.5L-.-:5 ,- />;>:5 :-7> 65:=;4-1. Б=+ ,-
;=F>1-:5 />P=;>C2 ,- 2 ;=6>: ><451>@<6>: :5:=;4>:- S6-5 345 <2 >
5;> H5:=;24> 2 4=6<42 1-,-WI Р2:2;>I 6-5 >;-/= > С1?>I H1=37> <2
Д2;-. 2 C>L2 ,- ;-K2 H5.5L;>@2 H57>4>/659=65;5:5:<62 <1=,>;2I >
H-6I H5<45@-P= @=,;= <4-1= 12:2;<6= H5H27-C>@= 2 +5;> ;= :5N= ,-
?2,= ;=F>1-;-.B О.5 ,56-+2@= 6-65 ,562:=;4-1;5 H5:>P-P= 5.>8 2
?2F-1<6>:I <1H<6>:I 421<6>:I :-K-1<6>:I -2<41>@<6>: > 12:2;<6>:
,562:=;4>:-I 4-65 > 1=-7;5=4 ;= 4=1=;2I F,= @= H5H27-C>@- +-,1N-7- >
<-/2.-7- <4-1= 41-,>C>@=I 6-5 > 5,=.;= > 7>;F.><4>/6=
6-1-64=1><4>6=I 65@= <= ;= :5F2 <1=<4> ;- <=.=12 Д2;-.-. Н-15/>45 2
H7-;>;<6>: +5;-:- > H1=.-<85,;5 H7-452 Х5:5L- H12N-5 @=
+-675;S<675;>34-W 5.5@ <4-15@ F12H> Р2:2;-. Е.5 @53 @=,-; -1F2:=;-4
65@> 5H1-.,-.- ;=5H85,;5<4 .>3=<41265F ><41-N>.-P- 5 4>:5/-;>:-.
С=: 5.= -18->/;= F12H=I =.>,=;4;5 @= <15,<4.5 F12H- Р2:2;- >+:=K2
М51-.= > Л5:- <- 5;>:- >+ Б-;-4- > М-7= В7-36= ;- 41> 5<= <=.=19@2F
345 <= 5?@-3P-.- +-@=,;>34.5: > :5?>7;53D2 H5H27-C>@= .=65.>:-I
,5 <4.-1-P- ;-C>5;-7;>8 ,1N-.- 2 1=F>@>I Д2;-. ;>6-,- H>@= ?>5
H1=H1=6-I .=D :=<45 41-;+>4- /=<45 651>3D=;.
У61-465I >-65 6P>F- 41=?- ,- <= />4- 61>4>/6>: ,285:I - H1>6-+-;=
>;J51:-C>@= 41=?- 5H1=+;5 H5<:-41-4>I H5<45@= ,5.5L;5 .1=,;>8
=7<:=;-4- 65@= 6P>F- <-,1N> > 65@> />;= P=;5 H5;5.;5 5?@-.L>.-P=.
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НАПОМЕПА О ИЗДАnУ
О.- 6P>F- <-,1N> ,.5@=+>/;5 >+,-P= ,=7- Т>85:>1- Р. Ћ51K=.>D-I
К15+ ;-3= Р2:2;=I 5?@-.L=;5 UR)Z F5,>;= 2 Б=5F1-,2I 2 >+,-P2
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H1=.5,2 К. К5;<4-4=I 5?@-.L=;5 UR*O 2 -;4575F>@> Abo'"i !i" Тi'5<BI
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ПУТОПИСНЕ БЕЛКШКЕ.
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12:2;<65F <4-;5.;>34.-.
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AUUW П5 H5,-C>:- H5H><- 5, UYY* F. 2 С1?>@> @= ?>75:
UUД1N-.5H>< С1?>@=I <. QQQI <41. U)).
С.> Р2:2;> 2 К1-L=.>> С1?>@> F5.51= ,>@-7=64>:- 12:2;<65F @=+>6-.
К-65 5.> ,>@-7=64> <45@= :=K2 <5?5: > H1=:- 6P>N=.;5: @=+>62
К1-L=.>;= Р2:2;>@=I +-<-, ;= :5F2 ;>34- ?7>N= 1=D>. П152/-.-P=
,>@-7=6-4- 65@>: F5.51= Р2:2;> 2 С1?>@> ?>75 ?> 5, 5<5?>4=
.1=,;5<4>I @51 ?><:5 P>85.>: 2H5+;-.-P=: - H51=K=P=: <-
,>-7=64>:- 12:2;<65F- @=+>6- .-; С1?>@= 5,1=,>7> H51=675 ;-3>8
Р2:2;-. К57>65 <-: @- :5F-5 +-H-+>4> @=+>6 ;-3>8 Р2:2;- У;F21@-;-I
615+ 65@= <-: H153-5I 5,<42H- 5, 12:2;<65F 6P>N=.;5F @=+>6- >
H5F7-.>45 2 >+F5.512 ;=6>8 <2F7-<;>6- ><H1=, ;<H/-;>8
<-:5F7-<;>6-.Т> <2 <2F7-<;>C> <I !I %I "I a. У 12:2;<65: 6P>N=.;5:
@=+>62 ?> <= 1<675: F=<= S1=/< T 87-,H5WI &"!# S2;,= T F,=WI %i'l
S7>:?- T @=+>6WI 'i"# S:>;= T :=;>WI !&a# S,24= T >,>W. Н-3> ?> Р2:2;>
У;F21>-;> 45 >+F5.5134>: 1=3=I 2;K=I L>:?-I :>P=I ,2D=. И:- @53
;=6>8 1-+7>6- -7> +?5F :-75F +-,1N-.-P- :=K2 Р2:2;>:- @- ;= :5F2 5
P>:- ,-4> 4-/;5F 1-/2;-.
С=: 12:2;<65F- @=+>6-I +;-4-; ,=5 Р2:2;- +;- > <1H<6>. П5 H5H><2 5,
OU ,#C#:?1- UR))I +;-75 @= H51=, 12:2;<65F @53 > <1H<6> O(.VVZ
Р2:2;- 65@> <2
?>7> 1-<H51=K=;>E



С.> <2 Р2:2;> 2 С1?>@> .#1# ><45/;5 H1-.5<7-.;= О ,23=.;>: >
J>+>/6>: 5<5?>;-:- ;-3>8 Р2:2;- +-<-, ;= :5F2 >+1=D> 4-/-; >
H1-.>7-; <2,. Н= ?>8 1=6-5 ,- <2 5<5?>45 ?><41> > 561=4;>. И<45 4-65
;><2 ;> 81-?1> ;> H5;5<;>I - H5,:267> <2 > H-65<;>. П5.2/=;> <2 > ;-
42K= ,5<4- 7-65:>. Н>/=F- 2+.>3=;>@=F- > H7<:=;>45F- ;= :5N= <=
:=K2 P>:- ;-D> 2 .=7>65@ :=1>.
Н><2 .175 612H;>I -7> <2 @=,1> > 1-+.>@<;>I 5<5?>45 N=;<6>P=. М#K2
<4-4><4>/6>: H5,-C>:- H5H><- 5, OU ,=C=:?1- UYRV > UR)) ;-7-+>:5
@53 > 5.= H5,-46= 65@= <= 5,;5<= ;- 4=7=<;< 5<5?>;= Р2:2;-: SВ>,> 4-?.
;- <41. (R.W
С=6<2-7;- <1-+:=1- 2 Р2:2;- .>,> <= @-<;5 >+ <4-4><4>/6>N
H5,-4-6- 65@= <= 5,;5<= ;- ?15@ 12:2;<65F <4-;5.;;34.-.
С.> Р2:2;> 2 К1-L=.>;> С1?>@> ,=7= <= 2 ,.= F12H= 2 Ц-1-;= >
У;F21-;=. Ц-1-;>:- <= ;-+>.-@2 5;> Р2:2;> 65@> <2 << ,5<=7>7> >+
Р2:2;>@= S˜-r- bo'"#ctWE UZ О;> N>.= H5F7-.>45 2 5612F2
61-@>;<65:. У;F21-;> >7> УF21@-;> <2 5;> Р2:2;> 65@> <2 <= ,5<#7>7>
>+ УF-1<6=UX. О;> N>.= 2 <.>: 5<4-7>: 61-@=.>:- С1?>@# F,# @=
12:2;<65 <4-;5.;>34.5. Д- 7> >:- :#<4- 2 65@>:- N>.# >+:=3-;>
Ц-1-;> > У;F21-;>I ;>@# :> H5+;-45.
У;F21=-;>:- H1-H-,-@2 > Б2J-;>. UYТ5 <2 Р2:2;> 65@> ,57-+= 2
М-@,-;H=6 ;- 1-, >+ УF-1<6= <- :=<4- У@9М57,-.- @53 546-65 @= 2 P=:2
SМ-@,-;H=62W 54H5/=45 12,-1<4.5. n>85. @# <H=C>@-7=4=4 12,-1<4.5I >
+?5F 45F- <= +5.2 56;-1> S12,-1>WI > 2FL-1<4.5I 6-1?5;-1>@-. Д5 <651-
5;> <2 ?>7>
:-@<451> +- F1-K=P= ,1.=;5F 2FL-I 6-1?5H-1>I 2 М-@,-6H=62. И+:=K2
Ц-1-;- > У;F21-;- >:- ,5<4- .=7>6< 1-+7>6=. Н-@.=D- @= 1-+7>6- 6-65
<-:> 4.1,= 2 F5.512I - +-4>: 2 ;53P> > 2 5?>/-@>:-.
Ц-1-;> <=?= <:-41-@2 /><4>@>: > H1-.>@>: Р2:2;>:-I 345 >: ;>
У;F21=-;> ;= 5,1>/2. К-65 @= C=5 :5@ H24 .5,>5 615+ У;F21=-;=I 45 <=
<.= ?=7=36= >+ H245H><- 5,;5<= <-:5 ;- P>8I - 5 Ц-1-;>:- ;=:-:
+-<-, ;>6-6.>8 ?7>N>8 H5,-4-6-.
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UZ Т-r-" 2 Р2:2;>@> +;-/> <=L-6. UX И 2 Р2:2;>@> ™"k&r#" +;-/>
Р2:2; >+ Т1-;<>7.-;>@= SУF-1<6=W.
UXУ eo&w#& hitaio"ri# ro&'i"9 rr"tic €r $r#!#ri# h'# 65, 1=/>
B&r" <45@> B"a
UY Р2:2;> >+ К1-L#.>;# 65@> <2 <= ;-<4-;>7> 2 Б-;-42 565 Б563=I
О15.>C=I К5:753- >4,.
(Y
О H51=672I ,5<=L=P2 > H15375<4> ;-3>8 Р2:2;- :-75 :> @= 345
H5+;-45. С-:5 H>4-P= 5 H51=672 Р2:2;- 25H34= .175 @= +-H7=4=;-
<4.-1 2 65@5@ <= ><H>4>.-/> :-75 <7-N2(U. О ;-3>: <= Р2:2;>:- @53
:-P= +;-. О P>:- ;>@= H><-;5 F545.5 ;>34-. О P>:- ;=:- ;>34- ;> 2
12:2;<65@ 7>4=1-421>.
Ј- ;= +;-: ,- 7> @= 2 5.>: 61-@=.>:- 2 <4-15 ,5?- ?>75 .>3=
<1=,P=.=65.;>8 В7-8- ;5 2 5<4-7>: 61-@=.>:- ;=F,-3P= С1?>@=. В
К-1>D(( 5 ;-3>: Р2:2;>:- .=7> 5.5: BМ=K2 5.>: В7-<>:- 4=365 ,-;-<
,- >:- H545:-6- 5;>8 <4-15<=,=7-C-I 65@= С1?> +-4=653= ,5<=7>.3>
<= 5.-:5. И:=;- :=<4-I .5,-I ?1=F5.- > H7-;>;- 2 C=75:= 45:= 61-@2I<-
.=5:- :-7>: >+2+=465:I <.- <2 <1H<6-. М;5F- 5, 4>8 :=<4- H5 >:=;2
<.5:= > H5 H1=,-P>:- 65@- 565 P>8 7=?,=I 2 <.=+> <2 <- /><45 <1H<65:
><451>@5:. М51-75 @= ,-67= H154=D> ,2N= .1=:=I 2 65:= <2 С1?> ?>7>
><6L2/>.> <4-;5.;>C> > 5.5F- 61-@- 6-, <2 :2 2 <.=:2 4-65 @-<-; >
;=>+F7-,>. <1H<6> H=/-4 2,-1>7>. И +-><4-I > К2/=.5 > Б1-;>/=.5 ?>7>
<2 H1= ;-@=+,= Т21-6- F2<45 С1?>:- ;-<=L=;>I -7> <2 >: 1-45.> 2
,12F5@ /=4.14>;> H=4;-=<45F- .=6- +;-4;5 H151=,>7> <4-;5.;>34.5.
G5,>;= U*YU H-6I 6-, <2 6;=+ П-.-5 > З:-@ ,=<H54 В26 H1=.=7> H1=.5
V).))) ,23- 2 Б-;-4 5.> <2 61-@=.> :51-7> 5<4-4> F545.5 <-<.>: H2<4>.
Т-65 @= <4.51=;- :5F2D;5<4 +- ;-<=L-.-P= ;-15,5: >+ ,12F>F 61-@=.-I
4>: H1= 345 <2 ,57>;= М51-.=I. М7-.=I П=6- > Т>:56- 15,;53D2 >
H>45:>;5: .-+,- >:-7= ,5.5L;5 H1>.7-/;= <;-F= +- 5657;=
<4-;5.;>6=.
AУ 45:= <2 <= .1=:=;2 <4-7> 5.-:5 ;-<=L-.-4> > В7-<> >+ Р2:2;<6= >
С>?>P-. Т2 <2 <=5?2 ,5C;>@= >+-+>.-7= > .=7>6= ;=+F5,=I 65@>:- ?=82
>+7-F-;> 2 P>85.5@ ,5:5.>;>. И+ С>?>P- <2 <= H5/=7> ;-F75
,5<=L-.-4> 4=6 +- .1=:= .7-,= m1-;C- Ј5<>J- H1=, К5/>;2 К1-@;2I
2<7=, .=5:- F15+;5F <.>1=H<4.-I 65@>:- @= 2F23>.-;- P>85.- 4-:53P-
H5?2;- H5, Х51>@5:. О.> В7-<> 5,5.2, ;-<=7>7> <2 <= H5 К2/=.2 -
Б1-;>/=.2I - H1=37> <2 H5;=F,= > 5,5;2, .5,5:=K=I 2 .5,5H-K2
4>:5/62. Д- @= @-/= ,5<=L-.-L= 5.>8 В7-8- H-,-75 2 ,5C;>@- .1=:=;-I
<.=,5/> ;-: > >+.=34-@ =F+-18- М-6<>:-I H><-; UXXO F5,>;=I 2 65:= <2
H5?15@-;- <.- <=7- 345 <2 5;,- 2 Б1-;>/=.2 > К2/=.2 H5<45@-7-I H- >:
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(UВ>,> 5 45:= H1=F7=,-; /7-;-6 Д91-. Ј.Р-,5;>D-: П><:5 АI И.
Т21F=P=.- М>415H57>42 С4=.-;2 С41-4>:>15.>D2 > 5,F5.51
М>415H57>45. < H1>75F5: P=F5.= 1-<H1-.= 5 В7-<>:-. SAЛ=45H><
М-4>C= С1H<6=BI 6PI ((YI <41. ZYzRZ.W.
(( AС1?>@-B. <41. R(zRZ.
(R
H5:=;24 > ?15@ <4-;5.;>6- > P>85.- ;-15,;5<4I -7> 2 65:= ;=:-
;>6-65 :;5F>8 <=7- 345 >8 ,-;-< 2 45:= 61-@2 ;-85,>:5I > <-
<4-;5.;>34.5: F545.5 ><6L2/>.5 .7-36>:. К2/=.<6> > Б1-;>/=.<6>
В7-<> +5.2 <= У;F21@-;>I 345 6-+2@= ,- <2 <= ,5<=7>7> >+ М-i-1<6=E 5;>
F5.51= > ,-;-< ;-1=/@=: P>85.- @=+>6- 65@> <= F5.51> 2 С>?>P2. В7-<>
H-6 >+ В7-36= H5/=7> <2 <= @-/= ,5<=L-.-4> 5,:-8 H5 5<75?5K=P2
С1?>@=I - P>85.- ;-@@-/- <=5?- H-,- 4=6 H5<7= UYO( F5,>;=I 2<,=,
;=6-6.5F 1=F27-:=;4- 65@> @= 5;-65 ?=,;5 <4-P= <=L-6- 2 Р2:2;>@>
2/>;>5 @53 ?=,;>@>:.О.> В7-<> >+ Р2:2;<6= +5.2 <= Ц-1-;>I 345 +;-/>
,- <2 >+ +=:L= В7-36=I - F5.51= > ;-1=/@=: 65@= <= 4-:5 F5.51>.
С75?5,;- С1?>@- 2 65@5@ @= <=L-6 <-: H1>4=N-7-C +=:L= > 65.-/ <1=D=
<.5@=I :-:>7- @= > ,5C;>@= В7-8= >+ <2<=,;>8 +=:-L- 2 65@-:- <4=P2 >
,-;-< H5, <H-8>@<6>: @-1:5:. И:- <=7- H5 <.>:- 61-@=.>:-
<=.=15><45/;= С1?>_=I H- /-6 > 2 М51-.>I 65@- <2 <= ,5<=7>7- 4=6 H1=
:-75 ,=<=4>;- F5,>;-I В7-365 @= <4-;5.;>34.5 ;-@F23D= 2 .5,5H-K>
F51P=F- П=6- +-4>: 2 H1=,=72I 5,5;2, G572?>P-I С457- > М>15/-E
>,2D> 5,-.,= ;- +-H-, > ;- @2F 5;5 @= <.= @-/= ><H15?>@-;5 С1?>:- >
<.= 1=D=I 4-65 ,- <= 2 М51-.> <-<.>: F2?>B.
()@2;- UR)V F.
Р-;5 () @2;- 2 V /-<5.- H1= H5,;=I 61=;27> <:5 G. М-1@-;5.>D > @- ;-
65P>:- >+ А7=6<>;C- H24 С565 Б-P=. К5P>D> <>4;>I <=L-/6>I 65@= <:5
;-@:>7> +- 5.-@ H24I 5,:>C-7> <2 <H515I 4= <:5 4=6 565 X /-<5.-
?>7> 2 Б5.-;2I - 2 R U]* /-<5.- ?=<:5 2 :=8-;> ;- >+7-+2 Б-P<6=
К7><21=. Т2 <= 7=H5 5,:51><:5 > ;-<4-.><:5 H24 +- С565 Б-P2.
Н=D2 ,- 5H><2@=: 5.-@ H24I 45 <-: .=D @=,;5: 2/>;>5 2 H245H><2 AУ+
М51-.>C2BI(O -7> ;= :5F2 ,- H15H2<4>: - ,- ;= H5:=;=:I ,- :- 657>65
H24- /5.=6 5.2,- H157-+>5I .=/>45 2N>.- 2 /-1>:- @=,;5F- 5, 5;>8
15:-;4>/;>8 H24=.-I 65@>:- 5?>72@= ;-3- 54-i?>;-. И Б5.-;<6- >
Б-P<6- К7><21- <2 ,1-N=<;= > P>85.- <= 7=H54- +- ,2F5 H-:4>.
О,:-1-@2D> <= H1=, :=8-;5: ;- >+7-+2 >+ Б-P<6= К7><21= <H-+>8 H5,
615.5: :=8-;<6>:I ;=,-7=65 5, ;-<I Ц>F-;62 F,= 7=N> > H51=, P=
:-75 ,=4= 2.>@=;5 2 H1L-.= > H5,=1-;= 61H=I - 565 P= <= ><62H>75 @53
;=657>65 Ц>F-;/>D-. Н- :5@= H>4-P= 5,-67= @= > 34- 42 1-,>I 1=/= :>
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O) AН-<4-.;>6B +- UYR*I <.. U > (.
OU
,- @= >+ С565 Б-P=I H- @= 5.,= 15,>7- H1= ;=,=L2 ,-;-I 4= <= <675;>7-
H5, :=8-;<6> 615. 4=6 ,- ;>@= H5, .=,1>: ;=?5:. Ј- H1>K58 4= @5@
,-1>.-8 ,=4= > <H-+>8 ,- > 2 5.-65 1K-.-: H1>7>6-:- ;>@=
H1=;=?1=F7- ,- <= 5,2N> 5?>/-@2 65@> <= 5 H515K-@2 .13>: .>3= ,=4>P=
F7-.= <4-@-3= :=47-I F1=?=;>I 6-41-;>C-I .5,>C- 65@2 @= ,5?>7- 5,
H5H-I - H1=65 ,=4=4- ?=82 H1=?-/=;= 46-;>C= 2:=<45 65;5HC-I @=1 <.=
45A4-65 41=?-B. Б=3= H537- <- :2N=: 65@> H7=4= 651H= ;- 1-, 2
5?7>NP- <=7-I H- @= 42 ;-K= H515K-@I > 42 > 15,> > 5<4-,= ,56 @5@ ;=
?2,= ?5L=I @=1 ?=3= 2<7=, H515K-@- 5?57=7-. Д- ;>@= ?>7- ?57=<;- ;=
?> <= 5;- 42 457>65 +-,1N-.-7-. К5, Ц>F-;-I H- > 65, С1?- <=L-6-I
;>@= 2 5?>/-@2 ,- <= N=;= H5<7= H515K-@- ,2F5 /2.-@2 > >+7=N-.-@2. Д-;
,.-I - ;=6-, ;> 457>65I H- 8-@,š ;- H5<-5.
Т=6 565 H5,;= ?>7> <:5 2 С565 Б-P>.
О,:51>.3> <= 42 ,5 V /-<5.- H5<7= H5,;= H5@-8-<:5 65P>D= > H1-D=;>
<1=<6>: H-;,215:I 65F- ;-: ,-,= G. Т5,51 С453>DI <1=<6> ;-/=7;>6I
,- ;-: <= ;-K= ,5 Б5L=.C-I 61=45<:5 <= +- Б5L=.-C ;5.>: ,12:5: 65@>
@= H15<=/=; H1= ;=657>65 F5,>;-.
Д12: +- Б5L=.-C 5,.-@- <= 5, ,12:- 65@> .5,> +- КP-N=.-C />: <=
>+-K= >+ Б-P= > H1=K= П1=.-7-CI H- .5, 6- <=72 Н>657>HC2 F,=
<4>F5<:5 2 Z /-<5.- 2 .=/=. О, Н>657>;C- <= ,12: ;=H1=<4-;5 H=P= 2+
H7-;>;2. И+>3-.3> >+ Н>657>;C- H157-N-<:5 ;- :;5F5 :=<4- H51=,
65<-/-I 65@> ;- +=7=;>: 7>.-,-:- 65@>:- @= ><H2P=; 5.-@ 61-@ 653-82
?2@;2 41-.2. У 12C> >: 65<- 65@5: <;-N;5 :-32I - ><H5, 657=;- ;-
,=<;5@ ;5+> .><> >: H1>.=+-;- ,1.=;- 6247>C- < .5,5: > ?12<5: 65@>:
65<2 5341=. Ц=5 @= 5.-@ 61-@ ;=;-<4-P=; > <=: <4-;5.;>6- H5@-4- <-
<>7;5: <4565:I ;= .>K- <= N>.- ,23-. G545.5 F15?;- 4>3>;-I 65@- @=
H1=, .=/= @53 4-@-;<4.=;>@- > <41-3;>@-I .7-,- 2 5.5:= 32:<65:=
61-@2 ;-/>/6-;5: H-;>;<6>: 5F1-;C>:-I 1=465 F57>:I .=D 56>D=;>:
<>7;5: F515: > ?2@;5: 41-.5:.
У С565 Б-P> <2 ;-< 2.=1-.-7> ,- Б5L=.-C ;>@= ,-7=65I ,- <= :5N=
7=H5 <4>D> +- Oz* /-<-. Т5 ;-: @= ><45 4.1,>5 > ;-3 H-;,21 65@> ;=
1=/= ,- ;>@= ;>6-, >3-5 5.>: H24=: 2 Б5L=.-CI 4= <:5 ;- <>F21;5
,1N-7> ,- D=:5 565 R /-<5.- ?>4> 2 Б5L=.C2I ,- <= <7-465 5,:51>:5
5, 4=365F- H24-. А7> 6-65 <= >+;=;-,><:5 6-, 5:165<:5 2<1=, 5.=
H2<4>P=I 2<1=, 32:= > H7-;>;=I F,= ;>4> 65F- <1=45<:5I ;>4>
<4>F5<:5I
O(
;>4> ;-< 65 <4>N=. П242@ > H242@I ;>F,= <=7-I <.2,- :1-6 > 4>3>;-I
<-:5 <= H5, 65P<6-: ;5F-:- ?=7-<- H5:-75 ,12:I 65@> @= F,=345 > .175
><6.-1=;. П-;,21 ;-: 4.1K-3= ,- ><H1=, Б5L=.C- :51-:5 ;->D> ;-
<=75 И7>@;5 > ,- 5;5 H5 <.5@ H1>7>C> ;>@= ,-7=65I -7> =.5 ;> P=F-
;=:- - <6515 U) /-<5.- 2 .=/=. П5?5@-<:5 <:5 <= ,- ;><:5 +-724-7>. Ј53
;-< @=,>;5 4=3-3= 345 >,=:5 ,12:5:I - ,12F5F ,12:- 5.,= ;=:- ,5
,12: +- Б5L=.-C. П5<7= <>7;>8 ;-H51- > ;=<41H=L>.5F ;-+>1-P- ;-
<.= <41-;=I 345 ,- ?> ;-: ?>75 <;53L>.>@= H1=6>,-<:5 H=3-/=P=:I
@=,.- @=,.>C= <4>F5<:5 ,5 H1.>8 62D- <=7- И7>@;-I 2 65:= 4-65K=
.7-,-3= :14.- 4>3>;-. У <=72 ;= ?=3= :=8-;= 4= >+.>6-<:5 >+ 62D=
@=,;5F <=L-6- ,- ;-: 6-N= F,= <= 2 <=72 :5N= H1=;5D>4>.Н- ;-32
N-75<4 5; ;-: 1=/= ,- <= 2 <=72 ;=:- F,= ;5D>4> ;5 ,- >,=:5 2
Б5L=.-C 65@> ;>@= ,-7=65. Н= >:-,5<:5 62, ;> 6-:5 ;5 F- H5<723-<:5
> 2H24><:5 <= Б5L=.C2I 65:= <= 457>65 5?1-,5.-<:5 6-, F- H5<7=
H245.-P- 5, @=,;5F /-<- 2F7=,-<:5I 6-5 ,- <:5 ;->37> ;- ;=H5+;-42
+=:L2 H2;2 ?7-F-.
У UU U]*I /-<. ?=<:5 2 Б5L=.C2 H1=, :=8-;5:I H1=, 65@5: ;-< ,5/=6-
?5L=.-/6> ;5D;> <41-N-1I 65@> +- () ,>;-1- :=<=/;5 5, .=/=1> ,5
@241- /2.- >:-P= > ?=+?=,;5<4 ?5L=.-/6>8 F1-K-;- > 65@> ;= :5F-,= ,-
5?@-<;> 5.-65 >+;=;-,;2 H5<=42 2 5.5 ,5?-I 4= ;-< H5<:-41-3= /2,;>:
H5F7=,5: > ;- ;-3- H>4-P- 5,F5.-1-3= <- /2,;5.-4>: 5H85K=P=:I ;=
+;-@2D> < 6>: >:- H5<7-.
Н= 41=?- ,- 6-+2@=: 6-65 ;-: @= H-5 5?156 > 5,:51 H5<7= 5.57>65F
;-H51-.
(U @2;-.
У:51;> 5, @2/=1-3P=F ;-H51-I ,5C6-; <:5 <= H15?2,>7> > >+-37>
H1=, :=8-;2 ,- 1-+F7=,-:5 .-153>C2 > ,- .>,>:5 85D=:5 7> <H-+>4>
65F H5+;-;>6-. С1?>@- ;>@= .=7>6- > +- /-<-6 <= ;-K=I :- F,= /5.=6 ?>5I
H5 65@> H5+;-;>6I - H5;=6-, /-6 > <.5@4-. Н>@= ,2F5 41-@-75 - +- ;-3>:
<4575: <= .=D ?=3= <4.51>75 H1>7>/;5 ,1234.5 <4-1>8 > ;5.>8
H5+;-;>6-I N=L;>8 ,1234.-I ;5.5<4> > 1-+F5.51-.
Б5L=.-C @= :-75I -7> ;=6-65 >,>7<6> <>:H-4>/;5 :=<45. О; >:- > 7=H2
5657>;2 />@> @= 261-< F515<4-<;> Р4-PI 65@> <= 2 P=F5.5@ ;=H5<1=,;5@
?7>+>;> 2+,>N= 6-5 6-6-. i>;I - P=F5.> 5F1-;C> 56>D=;> +=7=;>75:
>+9F,=,-@2 6-5 ,=C- P=F5.- 65@- F- 6-5 <.5F- <4-1=3>;2 5612N2@2 >
34>4=.
OO
Б5L=.-C @= <1=<65 :=<45 > >:- <.= 5;5 345 6-1-64=1>3= <1=<65 :=<45.
К15+ P=F- <= 26134-@2 ,12:5.>: П-1-D>;9З-@=/-1 > С565 Б-P-9
Б1=<45.-/6- Б-P-. У ;=F5.5@ D= ?7>+>;> >D> > N=7=+;>/6> 61-6 65@> D=
H1=65 Ч=<45?515,>C= <H-@-4> М51-.<62 <- Т>:5/65: ,57>;5:.
С=,=D> H1=, :=8-;5:I @- <-: 2 1-+F5.512 1-+?>1-5 5 5?>/-@>:-
6-1-64=1><4>/;>: +- 5.-@ 61-@. Н5 6-65 ,1234.5 ?=3= <-<4-.L=;5 5,
<-:>8 />;5.;-6-I 45 @= 5;5 ?>75 >7> .175 :-75 2H5+;-45 <- 5?>/-@>:-
5.5F- 61-@-I >7> >8 ;>@= H5+;-.-75I >7- :> 2+ 1=/ <.-6> H5:=;2
H5;=345 >+ 61-@=.- 65@- :> ?=82 H5+;-4>.
G. М-165 Д2P>DI <1=<6> H><-1I H1>/-3= :> 6-65 @= 2 M2H> 5?>/-@ ,-
<=L-C> ;- Б5N>D 2.5,= 2 62D2 .57- 6-5 H57-N=;>6-I @=1 @= 45 62D;>
81-;>4=L. К-, F- 2.=,2 2 62D2I 1=6;2: Х1><45< <= 15,>• H- :2 ,-,2
:-75 N>4-I H1=75:= :2 ;- 15F2 +- P=F- 2:=3-;> 657-/ > ,-,2 :2 ,-
@=,= 5, P=F-. Т5 <= 1-,> ,- ?> ?>7- <1=D;- F5,>;-. G. С-.-4>@= G1?>DI
2/>4=LI 1=/= :> 6-65 <= 2 2N>/65: 5612F2 65<-/6> ;-65.-P +5.=
/-6-;-C - 6-65 F545.5 .-+,- ,5?15 1-<H575N=;> > .=<=7> УN>/-;>
>:-@2 H<5.62 65@5: @=,-; ,12F5:= H<2@2 /-6-;-C. Ј- :><7>: ,- D= > 5.-
H<5.6- <H-,-4> 2 1=, 5;>8 65@>:- <= 2 ;-< H<2@2 <.=4>P=I 6-5: 61<4I
H5<4I <7-.-I H- /-6 > ;=345 .>3=. Н-65.-P <= 2 ;-3=: ;-15,2 .175
H5342@=I @=1 <= ;- P=:2 F1-,= -7-4> 65@>:- <= 87=? ,5?>@-. А7> 6-5 F5,
345 <= > 61<4 > H5<4 H5342@2 H- <= >H-6 H<2@2I 4-65 @= :5N= ?>4> > <-
;-65.-P=: S/-6-;C=:W. К5, Ц>F-;- @= ;-65.-P 5<5?>4- <.=4>P-. Ј=,-;
:> Ц>F-;>;I 65.-/ 2 А7=6<>;C2I F5.51-3= 6-65 <2 ;-65.-PI 1-5;>6 >
@=.-;K=L= ?-1-?-1. Ц>F-;> 67>;/-1> 2 А7=6<>;C2 6-, <= H12:=K2
<5?5:I 62;2 <= ;- ;-65.P2. О;-@ 65@> <= 62;= H5L2?> ;-65.-P > 1=6;=:
AТ=:-1=7 :- -65.- :2;> -65 <>P2: ?-;F5• S>Д- := 2?>@= 5.-@ ;-65.-P
-65 <-: 61>.•W Н- ;-65.P2 <= 62;2 > Ц>F-;6=. Ц>F-;> 45: +-67=4.5:
><H>42@2 .=1;5<4 <.5@>8 N=;-I @=1 <2 2.=1=;> ,- <= ;- ;-65.-P2 ;=D=
61>.5 +-67=4>. Д5 H1= *) F5,>;- 2 А7=6<>;C2I 6-, ?> 5H34>;> >7>
6:=42 .-L-75 ,- <-+;-,2 5, Ц>F-;- ><4>;2I 67=7> ?> >8 ;- ;-65.P2.
О;-@ 65@> @= >:-5 ,- <= +-62;=I H1=.1;= <.5@= F2P/= ;-5H-65I H- :2
:=4;2 ;- ;-65.-P <57> > 87=?-I - 5; <= H5675;>I H5L2?> ;-65.-P H-
5;,- <5 > 87=? > 1=6;=: Т-65 :> ;-65.P-I <57> - 87=?- F5.51>: ><4>;2•
И 5.>: @= +-67=4.- F545.-. Ц>F-;>; <= ;-65.P2 ;=D= 61>.5 +-67=4>I @=1
?> +- 4-6.5 61>.567=4<4.5 ?>5 53415 6-NP=;: 2?>5 ?> F- /=6>DI
>+F51=7- ?> F- .-41- >+ .>FP-I >7> ?> :2 <= ,12F5 6-6.5 +75 ,5F5,>75.
O*
G. N>.5@>; П5H5.>DI <.=34=;>6 >+ Б5L=.C- 1=/= :> 6-65 @= 65, Р2:2;-
2 5657>;> Б5L=.C- 5?>/-@ ,- 6-, :5:-6 ,5.=,= +- <=?= ,=.5@62 />:
<4=/= +-65;<65 H1-.5I F1-,> .=;/-P=I 65@= <= <.5,> <-:5 ;- C16.=;>
5?1=,I - <.-,?2 F1-,> H5<7= .=;/-P- 6-, <4>F;=. Т-,- @= 4=6 /-<4 >
.=<=L=. К57>65 @= :=;> H5+;-45I 65, С1?- ;=:- 4-6.5F 5?>/-@-I :-,- F-
@= :5N,- ?>75 5;,- 6-, @= C16.- ;-F5;>7- ,- ,=.5@6- ;= <=,>
;=.=;/-;- 2 :5:65.5@ 62D> ,56 <= 5; ;= H1>H1=:> ,- :5N= 5,1N-4>
<.-,?2 65@- @= 2 .=+> <- .=7>6>: 415365.>:-I .=D ,- <= <.13> C16.=;>
5?1=,I - 5;5 345 @= <.=4<65I :5N= ?>4> 6-, <= <4>F;=I >7> :5N= >
<-<.>: ,- >+5<4-;=. К5, Т21-6- ><45 4-65 6-5 > 65, Р2:2;- .=;/-P=
S;>D-8W - <.-,?- S,>K2;W ;= :51-@2 ?>4> +-@=,;5. (*
Ј53 :> @= G. П5H5.>D H1>H5.=,-5 6-65 2 <=72 Б-7-;5.C2 S<1=+ +-F7-.<6>
561. 4>:5/6>WI 6-, <.=34=;>6 >,= > <H15.5,> :14.-C-I ?-?= H-+= ,- <=
2+ H24 ;= 561=;= > ;= H5F7=,- 2 :14.-C-I @=1 -65 45 2/>;>I 2:1=D= @53
65 >+ 4= 62D=.
Т5: H1>7>65:I 5;-65 2+ 1=/I 1-<H>4>.-8 > 5 5<4-C>:- >+ <4-1>;= 2
5.5:= 61-@2I H- 5 45:= +-?=7=N>8 5.5.
Н- Ј=N=.>C> 2 Д5?12@=.-/65: -4-12 ;-7-+= <= 5<4-C> 5, ;=6-6.5F
<4-15F F1-,- +- 65@> ;-15, H1>/- ,- @= 7-4>;<6>. Т2 @= ;-7-N=;5 H2;5
1>:<65F ?-6-1;5F ;5.C-I - .=7= ,- @= ;-K=; > H5 65@> +7-4-;. Н- ?1,2
G1-,>342I 4-65K= 2 Д5?12@=.-/65: -4-12 ;-7-+> <= @53 @=,;5 <4-15
F1-,>34=I 5 65:= ;>34- .>3= ;= <-+;-,58. У Д5?12@=.-/65: -4-12I ;-
:=<42 345 <= +5.= С=7>34= 5465H-5 @= <=L-6 Р-,5<-. [51K=.>D
;=6-6.2 <4-12 >16.>;2I > 4>:= <= H15/25 6-5 H15156. С.-65F :7-,5F
H=46- > ;=,=L= ,57-+> P=:2 > C16.>;> <>7- ;=.5L;5F- - H5?5N;5F-
<.=4-I 4= 41-N> H5:5D> <.5@>: ;=,-D-:-. В7-<4 F- @= +?5F 45F- /-6 > ;-
5,F5.51 2+>:-7-I -7> <.=4 > P=F5.5 .=15.-P= 5<4-,53= > ,-L= ;-
P=F5.5@ <41-;>. У <=72 М>15.34>C> > >+;-, <=7- М>15.- 4-65K= <2
;-K=;= <4-1= C16.>;=.
О.-6.= H5@-.= ,- H5;=6> <=L-C> 5465H-@2 C16.>;= 2 <.5:= <=72 >7>
5657>;>I 2 ;-< ;><2 1=46- <4.-1. М=;> <= />;> ,- D= 1=465 F,= 2 ;-<
?>4> :=<4- F,= >8 <=L-C> ;><2 5465H-7> >,> <72/-@;5I >7> @53
5?>/;>@= 345 >8 @= ;=65 <-P-5I >7> <2 :2 <= >;-/= H1=,<6-+-7=I /=:2 @=
H5 5.5@
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
(* В>,> : AИ+ 421<6= J576751=BI ?=7=36= Т>8. Р. [51K=.>D-.
A G5,>3P>C- Н>657= Ч2H>D-BI 6P. ‡‡Q{I <41. (R(z(RV.
OV
H1>7>C> ,-.-7- H5.5,- 5657;5<4 345 <= :=<45 > H1= ;5 345 <= 5465H-I
+5.= C16.>;-I C16.>34=I C16.-I :-;-<4>1>34=I >4,.I >7> 345 <=
H5+;-@2 5<4-C>I >7> 345 <= 5 45:= H1>/-I >4,. Ј- <-: ;- 5.-@ H5@-. .=D
5?1-4>5 H-NP2 > 42:-/>5 <-: F- <2F=<4>@5:. (V
П1=, H5,;= H5<=4>7> <:5 ?5L=.-/62 5<;5.;2 36572 2 65@2 H51=,
С1H/>D- >,= > ;=345 Р2:2;/-,> >+ 5657>;=. У H1.5: 1-+1=,2 :236=
3657= +-:57>5 <-: F5<H5K>C2 ;-<4-.;>C2 ,- 2H>4- <.5@= 12:2;<6=
2/=;>6=I 65@2 H=<:2 6-5 ,=C- ;-@1-,>@= ;- :-4=1P=: @=+>62 H=.-@2.
П5345 <= :-7>3-;> <H51-+2:=3= H=.-3= :> <-:5 ,.- <4>8- 5, @=,;=
H=<:=I 5, 65@=I .=7=I > ;=:- .>3=I - 45 <2:
К2: D= <41>F-~ z М-:-7>F-•
К2: D= 6@-:-~ z С21?> +-:- •(Z
П5<7= H5,;= 61=;27> <:5 <= >+ Б5L=.C- +- В-7-65L=I H1.5 <=75 >,2D>
5, Б5L=.C- 6- Б1=<45.-/65@ Б-P>. П5345 <:5 H15375F- ,-;- > <2.>3=
;-H51- >+,1N-7>I ;><:5 N21>7>. В-7-65P= ;-:=;><:5 +- :=<45
65;-65.-P-I - 45 @= <.=F- @=,-; /-< ,-7=65 5, Б5L=.C-.
Ч>: <= >+ Б5L=.C- H5K= ,12:5: 2+ ?1,5 6- В-7-65P2I H- <= 561=;= >
H5F7=,- ;- Б5L=.-C > 5;5 345 @= 565 P=F-I 562 <= <4.-1-
.=7>/-;<4.=;- H-;51-:- 65@- <= ;= +-?51-.L- 7-65. С>7-; 24><-6 />;>
Р4-PI 65@> <= 5.,= .>,> C=5 5, H5,;5N@- H- ,5 .18- > <- @=,;5F- 61-@-
H- ,5 ,12F5F-I <- <.>:- <.5@>: 5F1-;C>:-. Р4-P ;>@= < 5.= <41-;=
5;-65 F5 > /><45 57>P-;I 6-5 345 <:5 F- ;-.>67> F7=,-4> >+ С565 Б-P=
> <- ;-@.>3= ,12F-8 4-/-6- <- 65@>8 <= .>,> @2N;- <41-;- P=F5.-. Н-
H154>.I <=.=1;- :2 @= <41-;- 5,=.=;- 7=H5: @=75.5: F515: > ?2@;5:
41-.5:I 4= F- />;> ;=6-65 H>45:>@>: 5, <21>8 H7-;>;- />@> 6-:=;>
<6=7=4I 615+ <15+-;5 +=:L>34=I >+F7=,- 6-5 65<4> 65@= <= 615+ N>.=
1-;= H15+>12.
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
(V В>,> : С2F=<4>@- 2 ;-15,2I AС1H<6> КP>N=.;> G7-<;>6BI +- UR)(I
{I
(Z КP>N=.;>: 12:2;<6>: @=+>65: 5.5 ?> <= 1=675 :
š f&' a# carik‹~ z „‹'‹%ik‹ • †6o \# Oo.• ~ z †/-:-6•
f&' a# ts#'‹ zdorl# |#'‹ • †АКО ТЕ ВИЧУ z †><=7- /51?-•
Ч2,;5.-4- <4.-1I > 2 Б2621=342 ,=C- H=.-@2 ><42 H=<:>C2 <-
,5,-465: :
f&' a# la# • z `#ca# c€a# • К-65 4= 4262~ zП5 7=K>:-

OZ
В=D 5, Б5L=.C- >,2D> В-7-65P2 ;-<4-@2 Р2:2;>. И7> >8 /5.=6 <1=4-
H24=:I >7> >8 .>K- 2 H5L2 ;- 1-,2. О;> <= ;- H1.> H5F7=, 1-<H5+;-@2
5,=75:I 4= >8 ;>@= 4=365 25/>4>. И 5,-.,= 2H1-.5 H5/>P= ;-3-
=6<621+>@-.
О65 V /-<5.- ?=<:5 .=D 2 В-7-65P2 > 5,<=,5<:5 2 87-,2 H1=, :=8-;5:.
И 2 В-7-65P2I 6-5 F5, > 2 <.>:- <6515 .7-36>: <=7>:-I ;-15/>45
H51=, ,12:-I F,= F5, <:5 H157-+>7>I ;-7-+> <= H5 @=,;- >7> H5
;=657>65 :=8-;- H5 H7-;2I 65@= 5?>/;5 ,1N= <-:= F-+,= 5, +F1-,=. Т5
<2 5?>/;5 :=34-;> Р2:2;> 65@> <2 ?>7> 2:=3;>@>I 541=<>4>@> >
.1=,;>@> 5, 5<4-7>8E >7> <2 ,5<=L=;>C> >+ .-153> >7> >+ ,12F5F 65F
<=7-I H- <2 <.5@5: 561=4;53D2I 2:=3;53D2 565 .7-<4>I 5?7=4-P>:- 565
<=L-6-I ;- 1-/2; P>85.= 7-652:;5<4>I +-H234=;5<4>I /=<45 H24- >
7=;5<4>I 2:=7> ,- 2/>;= ,- <= 65, P>8 H54153> > H5<7=,P- H-1-I
;-@.>3= +- 1-6>@2I 65@2 Р2:2;> 4-65 1-,5I H5 .-+,-;I :5F2 ,- H>@2E > ,-
4-65 <=?> ;-H1-.= 7=H 6-H>4-7I ,- H5<4-;2 ;-@?5F-4>@> L2,> 2 <=72I
65@> 41F2@2 > ;- <>4;5 > ;- 612H;5I 65@> >:-@2 ;-@?5L= P>.=I +-?1-;=I
7>.-,= > <4562. Н5<= <=I - /=<45 H24- > N>.= 2 62D>I H572.-1536>I >
-65 >8 :;5F> <=L-C> H-:4= 6-, <2 ?>7> 6-5 > 5;>. П- ;> 2 <=7>:- 65@-
;= ?>@= ,12: ;>@= :;5F5 ?5L=. G,=345 <2 :=8-;i>@= <>7;> ?5F-4-3>I
65@> 2 <.5@>: 126-:- >:-@2 <.=.
В-7-65P= @= .=7>65 <=75. П5 H5H><2 5, OU ,=C=:?1- UR)) 5;5 ?15@> ;-
(U)) <4-;5.;>6- <- OXV ,5:5.-. С=: 2/>4=L-I <.=34=;>6-I :5N,- @53
65F ,5<=L=;>6- > ;=345 Ц>F-;-I <.> <2 5<4-7> <4-;5.;>C> 2 В-7-65P2
Р2:2;>.
П1=, :=8-;5: +-<4-,5<:5 ;=657>65 <=L-6- > @- <- P>:- 54H5/=8
1-+F5.51.
Н=6-, <2I H1>/-82 :> <=L-C>I В-7-65P= > П5,F51-C />;>7> @=,;5 <=75I
65@= <= +.-75 П-1-75.5I > 65@= @= ?>75 ;- <-:5:= Т>:562I ;- :=<42 65@=
<= > <-, +5.= П-1-75.5. К-, <2 ;=6-, Т21C> 2,-1>7> ;- 5.-@ 61-@I
<4-;5.;>C> <= П-1-75.- 1-+?=F;2 > @=,;> 54>,;2 4= ;-<=7= ,-;-3P>
Л5,F51-CI - ,12F> 54>,;2 2 ,57>;2 2+ <-,-3P2 В-7-65P<62 1=62 2 65@5@
@= ?>75 :;5F5 >.5.>;= S@5.>;=I-7;2< F724>;5<-W. Д57>;- <= 12:2;<6>
6-N= .-7= Sw-U=WI - >.5.>;- z -P>; S-"i""W. И 5, .-7= 62 -P>; T
,57>;- <- >.5.>;5:W H5<4-,= ;5.5:= <=72 >:= В-7-65P=.
И 2 В-,-65P2I 6-5 > 2 <.>:- 12:2;<6>: <=7>:- 2 С1?>@> <.> Р2:2;>
<7-.= <7-.2 65@2 +5.2 H1-+;>6. У Р2:2;>@> @= <7-.- ;=H5+;-4-I -
OX
1=/ H1-+;>6I 65@- @= H5<4-7- 5, <75.=;<6= 1=/> H1-+;>6I +;-/>: U
$#caakE (.v#its#"cts'&c. (X И Р2:2;> 2 Б-;-42 >:-@2 <7-.2 > +5.2 @=
4-65D= H1-+;>6.
О, 5?>/-@- 2 В-7-65P2 +-?=7=N>5 <-: @53:
К1-@>C- StriiaT61-L>C-W.О.-@ 5?>/-@ 5,F5.-1- ;-3=: 5?>/-@2
61-L>C-. У <4-1>@= .1=:= +- .1=:= Р2<-7>@- SТ15@>/6= ;=,=L=W >37= <2
2 В-7-65P2 H5 <=72 A61-@>C=BI 4= <2 >F1-7= > H=.-7=. П1=, P>8 <2
>+;5<>7> ?57=<;>6= H- <2 >8 5;= ,1:2<-7= ,- ?> 5+,1-.>7>. О.-@ @=
5?>/-@ ,-;-< H54H2;5 >+2:15I -7> F- @53 :;5F> H-:4=. П54H2;5 <=
2F-<>5 H1=, <1H<659421<6> 1-4.
К5L>;,- S<5%i"!I 5, 7-4>;<6= 1=/> <%#"!= +;-/> 2 ,-;-3P=:
12:2;<65: @=+>62 ?5N>D;- H=<:-I ›#i"tsac%i#!I - +;-/> > >,=P= 5,
62D= ,5 62D= 1-,> H=.-P- ?5N>D;>8 H=<-:- > ,5?>@-P- ,-15.-W. О.-@
5?>/-@ 5,F5.-1- ;-3>: 657=,-:-. В13> <= ;- Б-,P> ,-; S-N2;9-…&"W.
Т5F- ,-;- 1-;5 >+@241- <62H= <= ,=C- 5, U)zU( F5,>;-I H- 2+:2 2 126=
34-H5.= 65@= <2 >: 15,>4=L> +- 45 ;-H1-.>7>. Ш4-H5.> <= 5.>
;-15/>45 53-1-@2 4>:= 345 >: <= 5F27> 651-I ,- 5<4-;= <-:5 /><4-
?=7>;-I H- <= 565 P= 2 .>,2 <H>1-7=I 6-5 H-;4L>6-I 5:54- 7>6- > 4-65
<= ,1N> ;- .-41>I 4= 5;- :=<4- ;- 65@>:- ;=:- 7>6= H5C1;=. З-4>: <=
7>6- <6>;= > 5, .18- 34-H- ,5 ,;- 5<4-;= C1;- 3-1-I 65@- <= 6-5
<H>1-7- H12N- 565 34-H-. Н- .185.>:- 34-H5.- ;-H1-.= <= H15C=;> 2
65@= <= :=4;= ?=7= > 5?5@=;= .2;=. С- 4>: 34-H5.>:- +-K2 ,=C- H5 <=72
5, 62D= ,5 62D=I .>/2D> ;=H1=<4-;5: 6>2• 6>2• К-, ;->K2 2 65@2 62D2
H=.-@2:
Б2;- +=5I 7- -N2;
Пš;412 3-< ?2;I
К-723=@I :@=723=@I
В>C=7=@I H213=7=@I
С-;-4-D=I ?5F-4-D=I
О@ 7- <412;F-I
Б-P 7- H2;F-• КP>N=.;>: 12:2;<6>: @=+>65: 5.5 ?> <= 1=675 :
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
(X П1> 42:-/=P2 12:2;<6>8 1=/> H5<72N>5 <-: <=I 2 657>65 <-: 2
P>:-
:5F-5 ;-D> 345 :> @= 41=?-75I 1=/;>C>:-: hitaio"r ro'"o9k#r'" !#
v|r di#"&I Б2621=34 UYYR 2 65:= <2 1=/> =4>:57536> 42:-/=;= >
eo&w#&‰ hitaio"ri# ro&'i"9rr"tic# €#r $r#!#rit h'# I Б2621=34I Qz
UYR*I QQzUYR*I QQQzUYRVI Q{zUYRZ.
OY
B&"‹ |i&… …&"I `#"ar& t#c l&"I Д5?-1 ,-;I Б-,P> ,-;=
f‹%&Œ#iI'i#%&Œ#iI {iŠ#%#iI €&rt#%#iI У ,5?1> /-<I К5P>D>I @-F-PC>I
Т=5C>I
d‹"‹aa#Ilok‹aa#I gi % car&"k‹I. H1-<C>I З,1-.L=I ?5F-4<4.5I
B"i % €&"k‹• О.C= 2 H5@-4-:-I Н5.C> 2 6=<>•
К-, ><H=.-…2I ,5?>.-…2 <.>P<6- :=<- > 657-/-I.С.-6- 62D- 2:=<> +- 5.2
H1>7>62 H5 *) 657-/- 65@> <= +5.2 657>;,1=C S12:2;<6> <5%i"!#aI
?5N>D;> 657-/I›#i"tsacu&ts#"WI H- <= 5;> ,-@2 ,=C>. О.-65 <= >,= ,5
H5,;=I П5675;= 345 ,=C- ,5?>@2 @=,2 4=6 ;- Б5N>D S61-/2;Itrci&"W @=1
@=,5;,=H5<4. (Y
К1L=<-4. Т5 @= 5?>/-@ 65@> <= .13> 2 5/> Б5F5@-.L=P- SБ5?5/=-+=
Boloa#!|W. С62H> <= ;=657>65 ,=.5@-6- i H5.=,2 <- <5?5: ;=657>65
:5:-6- H- >,2 5, 62D= ,5 62D= 4= H=.-@2 > +.5;= 2 +.5;C-,. З- К1L=<-4
>:- ;-15/>4>8 H=<-:-. Ј=,;- @= 5, P>8:
К17=L=<-•
Мš,=L=<-
С>4= 1-1=I
Ј=3 -J-1=•
С>4= i-<=I
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
(Y g 657>;,> >:-@2 Р2:2;> 2 Р2:2;>@> />4-.2 :-72 7>4=1-4212.
П5:>P=:5 <-:5\#o!or #c#& œ. h # '. eoŠi&"i !#c€r# to%i"!# Б2621=34
UYXR. zfrai&"#ctoIv# €#&€%# ro&'i" !š€r#c c#c ts"ac. `ric UYX*I
t\€.UVXzœ r IœI \ o t i U # c t &I h#c€r# to%i"!# Sfo%&'" %&i
\ri"%YXUIf\€.%Y*I UYRI UYX(I f\€.UOI ()I OYI *VW.ˆ. †. d t s & U U # rI
fo%i"!I#i"# da&!i# iil#r ro'‹"icts# ›#i"tsac%i# !#rIUYZ).9d. „ " k U & t
Ifo%i"!I i" f%#"!ri& €# UYY(. zA r.h " c c & Œ Q " & Ifo%i"!#%# Œi
si'"#%# w#!it#I b#rr#"&% to%i"!#%orSb#wica triait‹ %ia#rr‹I ˆ&iIUIUYROW. z
ОД ЗБОРНИКА КОЛИНДА ПОМИnЕМ: $r%"t& Œi fo"!r#I bo'}"i !i" '&"Ši
A€&c#"iI t\€.UYXURY. zœ c a # r • b#wica €#"ar& icaori#Irts#o%oki# Œi
ri%o%oki#I UYYOIwoi.QQIœ|#a \r"ci%w"i#iI UYR(I "r. (Z*I (X)I (XZI (Y(I (YZE
UR))I (X)I (XV. z™ t # " # c t & I f}"a#t# !# ca# Œi to%i "!#IUYZOIz`. B
" t i U . fo%i"!#%# fr‹t&"&%&i Œi `Œai%orIdili" UYXV. zA a. „ . „ ri#"#ct&
Ifo%i"!# t&%#c# Œi tor#c#. .`#ca UYVRI q!.QQ q•†•€#'r.UYZU z\. h &i
Ifo%i"|iIAr! UYR). zA. B • r | # " &Ifi"tir#ti !# to%i"!#I BrŒow UY*).
OR

Т2; š; 6-<- •.
Б5@>I F1-2
Шš š;41=F1-2
О@ 7>;5<-I
В-3 7-H45<-•
КP>N=.;>: 12:2;<62: @=+>65: 5.5 ?> <= 1=675
fsir%#ic• (R G5<H5,=I H5:>72@
dia# rr#I Р=465 <>45I
qŒi rr И,> ;- H5L=•
dia# !#c#I G2<45 <>45I
\&" š" tc• И,> 2 62D2•
BoiI kr}& В575.>I N>459
•i š"ar# kr}& И 2 N>42
gi %"oc#I О.C= .2;-<4=I
{ti %‹€aoc#• К1-.= :7=/;=•

К-, ,=.5@6= 54H=.-@2 5<4-;2 H1=, 62D5:I - :5:C> 2K2 2 62D2 4=
,5?>@2 ?1-3;-I :=<-I <>1-I <7-;>;=. К-, 4-65 5?1=,= :;5F= 62D= >,2 2
@=,;2 62D2I H- 5, 5;5F- 345 <2 ,5?>7> <H1=:= .=/=12 4= .=/=1-@2 >
.=<=7= <= ,5 <.-;2D-I - 6-, <.-;= >,2 2 C16.2.
М=;= @= >;4=1=<5.-75 <.= 345 <= 5,;5<> ;- ;-15,;> N>.54 ;-
5?>/-@ >7> ;- ;-15,;2 5,7>62I > 657>65 <= 45 :5F75 2 5.-65 7=4>:>/;5@
=6<621+>@>I @- <-: ?=7=N>5. К-65 H1=, :=8-;5: 2 В-7-65P2 ?=3=
;=345
<=L-6-I @- <-: +-?=7=N>5 > ,=75.= P>85.5F 5,=7- 6-65 :2365F 4-65 >
N=;<65F.
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
(R П1.- ,.- <4>8- 5, 5.= H=<:= +-,-7- <2 :> <>7;2 :262I @=1 5;-@ 65@>
:> >8
6-+>.-5 ;>@= +;-5 34- +;-/=. М=K24>:I 5;> <2 2 2<4>:- ;-15,;>:
457>65
><6.-1=;>I ,- 2 12:2;<65: @=+>62 5.-6.> 6-5 345 <2 ;= +;-/= ;>34-I >
-65 <-: 5
45:= H>4-5 ?-3 ,5?1= H5+;-.-5C= 12:2;<65F @=+>6-. Н- <1=D2 ;-K58 2
eo&w#&
hitaio"ri# 5, $. h'# ,- 1=/ fsir#%#c +;-/>
К>1>= =7=@<5;
STG5<H5,> H5:>72@W > >+ H1>:=1- 65@> @= H51=, 4= 1=/>I 5,:-8 .>,=8 ,-
@= 45
К17=L=<- F51P= H=<:=. П1>:=1 F7-<> :Јr % loloa#| carik& tsiri%#c
!# t%ototi ca&T
qa %# …o&r !# %š q€i€s"i# i%c lri%%i#"a u•ri# #%#cio" rir# r#co""#r ao&a %#
wi%%k#.
fsiri%#c +;-/> @53 +7> ,28I v #c€ria '%i"I dtsr#uli%!. Ш4-
H-6 +;-/> Мš,=L=<- ;> <-, ;= +;-:.
*)
М2365 5,=75 SC57= .5@;>3=<6I ˜o%i# woi"iŒ#Œti: 2 Р2:2;>@> ?> <= 45
1=675:si"# !# l‹rl‹Š• >7> si"# !# l‹rl‹Š‹Œt•W <-<45@> <= >+ 5.>8
,=75.-: 5H>;6- S5€i"<-I :;5N>;- 5H>;3I51i"ti 1=/ >+.=,=;- 5,
<75.=;<6= 1=/> 5H-;-6W T 5H-;C>I 65@= F1-,= .175 ;=<H1=4;5 > .175
;=262<;5 5, H1=<;= 65N=E 5?=7- S 5l#%‹I :;5N>;- 5?=L=I 5li=U= W 1=/
>+.=,=;- 5, <4-15<75.=;<6= 1=/> ОZИОН[ T •"rŒ&rI 5:54-4>W T
5?5@C>I 65@= F1-,= 5, .2;=;= 46-;>;= E 6-7C2P St%Š&". :;5N>;-
6-7C2P= <-%Š&"iE 1=/ H51=67- ;5.5F1/65F > >4-7>@-;<65F c%|o"=W T
6-7/>;= <-3>.=;= 5, ?=75F <26;- 4-65 ,- >+F7=,-@2 6-5 /-1-H=E 351=3
SŒor#ŒiW TTT /-63>1=. Ш51=3 @= 2H1-.5 :;5N>;- 5, 351=6 SŒor#tW zT
;5F-.>C-. П51=675 :> @= 5.= 1=/> ;=H5+;-45. Ш51=3 <= F1-,= 5, ?=75F
<26;-I 615@ >: @= ;-7>6 ;- 615@ H-;4-75;- <- ;5F-.>C-:- <.2,-
H5,@=,--65 3>156>:I 65@= <= H12N-@2 /-6 ,5 +=:L= > H561>.-@2
6-7C2P=. G,=345 <2 351=3 457>65 ,2F-/6> ,- <= :51-@2 H5,-.>4>. О.-
<= ,2N>;- 351=3- F,=345 <:-41- 6-5 :5,-I 1-<653 > 726<2+I H- >8 2
;=6>: <=7>:- ;5<= +-.1;24= ;- .>3= +- />4-.2 3-62 > @53 .>3=:
6-:-3- S<-'ŒI 5, 7-4>;<65F <-'ci-W TT 6532L- 5, 4=N>P-.5F
H7-4;-. Ј53 <= 5.,= 6532L-I -7- <-:5 :236-I +5.= > 6š7C-;I Р26-.>
S:šP>6-I '}"#tI o, 7-4>;<65F :-"it-WI 657>1 SF2L=1I k&%#rI 5,
:-K-1<65F k&%%#rW > H1<- ;- 6532L> ><H2P=;> <2 .=+5: 65@> 5;> +5.2
1š21> Sr•&ri•WIO) G,=65@= 6532L=I ;-15/>45 N=;<6=I 457>65 <2 H1=41H-;=
.=+5:I 65@> @= 5?>/;5 .175 7=H - H1-.>7-;I ,- >+1-,- P=F5.- :51-
<4-@-4> .175 :;5F5 .1=:=;-I +-:=4- - ,-;F2?=E 3>3š451> SŒiŒa5-r=W T
46-;>C=I >+-46-;= 5, .2;=E 621- S<&r#I 5, 7-4>;<65F <5rriki-W T 6->3I
65@> <= 5H-<2@= H1=65 46-;>C-E +-?2; S|‹l&"I 5, 421<65F- |•l&"W TTTTT
8-L>;- 5, ?=75F- <26;-I 65@- ,5<=N= ,5 657=;-. И:- 126-.= ,5 7-6-4-.
П1=H-<2@= <= H5@-<5: 565 <;-F=E -@;- Ssi"-I 5, <1H<65F- 8-L>;-W TT
,=5 5,=7- 5, ?=75F- <26;-I ;-7>6 ;- 6-H24. О?7-/> <= H1=65 +-?2;- >
;= H1=H-<2@= <= : >+:=P= Si|'#"#W T F-D=. n>8 12:2;> 5?>/;5 ;= ;5<=I
<=: 345 >8 H5;=6> ;5<= 7=4> 2:=<45 351=3-.
Н- F7-.> <= 7=4> ;5<> 6=/>@-. Т5 @= C1.=;- 6-H>C- 5, .2;=;= 46-;>;=I
;-7>6 ;- J=<. З>:> <= ;5<> 6-327- S<-ti&%I 5, -7?-;<65F 6-Œ&%iI >
7-4>;<65F <-c&%W T 32?-1-. У+ 5.5 H5:>P=: ,- <.-6> Р2:2; 2
В-7-65P2 ;5<> ?1>3-F S.rit#kI 5, <75.=;<65F- ?1>/.-FW T ?1>4.-I 65@2
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
O)У eo&w#& hitaio"ri# 5, $. h'#9- 65, 1=/> r&r• <45@> ,- <= 4-65 +5.2
C.=45.> >+.=+=;> ;- <=L-/6>: 6532L-:-.
*U
>: F1-,= Ц>F-;> 65.-/> <- @-6>: 651>C-:- 5, .572@<65F 15F-. М7-,>D>
> L2,> 65@> .57= ,- <2 6>C53> S:-1=CI 'r#ŠW;5<= ;- ;5F-:- .175
:;5F5 .1C- S-C-I -Š-I 5, 7-4>;<65F -ti-W 5, C1;= 65+>;=. У+- <.= 5.5 >,=
F545.5 5?7>F-4;- :-7- .7-36- 727-I <- 61-46>: 6-:>3=:I 65@2 ;>6-,
;= 5<4-.L-@2I .=D .=/>45 >+ ;= H2D6-@2I > 45 5;-@ ;-@F51> > ;-@@-/>
,2.-;I > HL2C6-@2. Д2.-; @= +- ;-3= Р2:2;= 2 5.5: 61-@2 @=,;5 5,
;-@.=D>8 +-,5.5L<4-.-. О, 6-65 @= +?5F :5;5H57- ,2.-; H5<62H=5I 5;>
:262 :2/=. У <.5@2 727>C2 :=4;2 H5 :-75 ,2.-;- H- F- .175 34=,L>.5
H23=I - 6-, F- H5H23=I - ;=:-@2 />:= ,- F- 62H=I 5;,- <= ,5.>@-@2 4>:=I
345 2 <.5@2 +>J45<-;2 7272 :=D2 H5 :-75 N-1- 65@> ;-F51=.- +>J4I H-
,>: 5, 45F- H23=. А 6-, .=D > +>J4 >+F51> 5;,- >+.-,= >+ 727= 6-:>3I
H- F- ;- N-12 ;-F51=.-@2 > H23= 6-:>3 > +>J4 >+ P=F-I ,567= > < 4>:
;= ><4=1-@2 ,5 61-@-. G7-.;5 @= ,- ;=345 2 2<4>:- > 565 ;5<- 41=?- ,-
:>1>3=I >7> ?-1 :>1><5: ,- H5,<=D- ;- ,2.-;.
M=;<65 5,=75 SC5L= :2@=1=3D=IŠo%i# '&i#r#ŒtiE 2 Р2:2;>@> ?> <= 45
1=675:si"# !# r#'#iW <-<45@> <= >+: 5H>;6-I :236>8E 5?=7-I :236>8 E
6-7C2PI 6-5 > 65, :236>8E 351=3I N=;<6> @= 351=3 ,5 657=;-I >:-
<45H-72 - ;- ;5F2 <= H1.5 5?7-/> 351=3 H- 5;,- 6-7C2PE 6-:-3- T
6532L-I -7> <-:5 N=;<6-I - :236- <= 6532L- 6-5 345 <:5 1=67>I +5.=
6-:-3- > 6š7C-;E :-P>3 K= Hš;,+-I S'"iti !# €‹"|‹W T 5,=D- 5,
62,=L>;5F H7-4;-I ;-7>6 ;- 7>?-,=I <- 126-.>:- ,5 3-6- >7> ,5
7-6-4-I > <.- @= >+.=+=;- > H5 126-.>:- > H5 @-C> > 2;-56575 > ;-
H1<>:-E 6=?- Sks#lW T 8-L>;- 5, .2;=;5F <26;- 6-5 6532L-I -7> ?=+
126-.- > ;5<> <= <-:5 +>:>E 5H1=F S:;5N>;- 5H1=N>L=W T 3-1=;-
6=C=L- 5, 4-;6= .2;=;= 46-;>;=. В7-8>P= ;5<= H5 ,.= 6=C=L=: @=,;2
<H1=,-I ,12F2 H5+-,>. О.= <2 H5;=6-, 4-.5 7=H5 >3-1-;= >7> H1>7>65:
<-:5F- 46-P- >7> ,5C;>@= .=+5:I ,- <2 2 ><4>;> 7=H=. Ш-1= ;-
12:2;<6>: 6=C=L-:- > 6532L-:- :5F7= ?> ?>4> H1=,:=4 ;-15/>45F
><H>4>.-P- > H152/-.-P-I 65@> ?>I ;-,-: <=I ?>5 >;4=1=<-; 2 :;5F5:
H5F7=,2I ;-15/>45 H-6 :><7>: 2 H5F7=,2 ;- H51=675 :54>.- 4>8 3-1-I
65@=I 657>65 <-: +-H-+>5I ;><2 <.2,- 65, Р2:2;- @=,;-6= ;> H5 ?5@>I ;>
H5 65:?>;-C>@> ?5@-I ;> H5 5?7>62I ;> H5 .=7>/>;>I ;> H5 262<2 <- 65@>:
<2 1-K=;=I А@;- TT 6-5 > 65, :236>8. M=;<65 5,=75 ,5<=N= ;=345
:-75 ,5 ><H5, 657=;-I 4-65 ,- <2 ;5F= 5, >=H5, 657=;-I 7=4>I 6-,
Р2:2;6= >,2 ?5<=I <- <.>: F57=.
*(
Н- F7-.> ;5<= N=;= > ,=.5@6= HL=D=1>I ;-7>6 ;- 41.=L=I 65@= <2
;5<>7= ;-3= М51-.6= 2 Ј2N;>: 61-@=.>:- С1?>@=. З-4-: ;5<= 3-HC=I
61H- 65@- <= ;5<> H1=65 41.=L-. Т5 <2 ;5<>7= <-:5 N=;=. Н-@+-,
H15H5,-I 61H- .175 ;-7>6 ;- H=36>1I 65@5: <= 2?1-K2@2. О46-65 <2
41.=L> H1= ;=657>65 F5,>;- >+ +,1-.<4.=;>8 1-+75F- +-?1-P=;=;>
HL=D=1> <= .>3= ;= ;5<=.
G. Д1-F. М>8->75.>DI 2/>4=L .-7-65P<6>I ?>5 @= ,5?-1I 4= :> <=
5,-+.-5 :57?> > 5H><-5 :> <-:14;= 5?>/-@= ;-3>8 Р2:2;- 2 В-7-65P2.
П5 P=F5.5: <-5H34=P2 5; @= 5.= 5?>/-@= ?=7=N>5 5, H52+,-;>8 L2,>
65@>:- <2 5.= <4.-1> ,5?15 H5+;-4=.
К-, ?57=<;>6 ,2F5 ?572@= > :2/> <=I ;= :5N= ;> ,- 5+,1-.> ;> ,- 2:1=I
:><7> <= ,- @= F1=3-; > ,- ;= :5N= 2:1=4> ,56 :2 <= ;= 5H15<4>. Т5
H1-34-P= ?>.- 5.-65. Б57=<;>6 7=F;= ;- +=:L2I H1=61<4> <= > H5L2?>
@=. Ј=,-; H5 @=,-; >+ 62D= <=: ,=C=I H1>7-+= :2 > 5; <.-65:= 1=6;= E
AОH15<4>•BI ;- 345 :2 <.-6> 1=6;=: AН=6- 4> @= H15<45 > 5, :=;= > 5,
Б5F-•9 К-, <= <.> >+1=,= <.-6> +- <=?=I 5; <= 5?1-4> <.>:- 2 F12H> >
1=6;=: AОH15<4>4=•BI - 5;> :2 5,F5.51=: AН=6- 4> @= H15<45 > 5, ;-< >
5, Б5F-•BI ;- 345 5; 1=6;=: AИ .-:- ;=6- @= H15<45~B М><7> <= ,- D=
?57=<;>6 H5<7= 5.5F- >7> 2:1=4> >7> 5+,1-.>4>. А65 ?57=<;>6 > ;=
2:1= 5,:-8 H5<7= 45F-I :><7> <= ,- :2 @= ?-1 7-63=I - -65 2:1=I ,- <2
:2 F1=<> 5H1534=;> > ,- :2 @= ;- 5;5:= <.=42 7-63=. А65 <= ?57=<;>6
> H5<7= H1-34-P- :2/>I 5;,- N=;= 2+:2 /-;- >7> /-32 < .5,5: H-
;-, .P5: H1=?-@2 > ,-@2 @= ?57=<;>62 ,- H>@=I H- <= ;-,-@2 ,- D= 2<6515
>7> 2:1=4> >7> 5+,1-.>4>.
Р2:2;> ;-15/>45 H-+= ,- ;>65 ;= 2:1= ?=+ <.=D=I @=1 65 2:1= ?=+ <.=D=
;- 5;5:= @= <.=42 5,=L=; 5, 5<4-7-8 L2,>. О; <= <- 5<4-7>:- :5N=
/24>I -7> <= ;= :5N= .>,=4>. С-:5 5 .=7>6>: H1-+;>C>:- :5N= <= <-
,12F>:- > .>,=4> > <-<4-4>I >;-/= @= 2.=6 5,.5@=;. З?5F 45F- :- 65 >+
62D=I 65 H1= <4>F;=I />: .>,> ,- D= ?57=<;>6 >+,-8;24>I +-H-7>
.534-;2 <.=D2 > :=4;= <-:14;>62 2 ,=<;2 1262 ,- @= ,1N> ,56 ;=
>+,-;=. П5345 >+,-;=I 5.- <.=D- F51> @53 Uz( <-4- H- @= 2F-<=.
К-, <= .=D .>,> ,- D= ?57=<;>6 2:1=4>I ;=65 F- >+ 62D= 562H- :7-65:
>7> 87-,;5: .5,5:I 6-65 ?57=<;>6 ?2,= 84=5. К2H-P= <= ;= .13> 2
62D> ;>4> 2 651>42I .=D ;- H5L2I ;- <=;2 >7> ;- 41-.>. Б57=<;>6
*O
<= <6>;= F5 H- <= H575N> H5 <=;2 >7> 41-.>I H- <= ;- P=F- <>H- .5,- >
H=1=I - +-4>: <= 5?2/= 2 ;5.5 >7> <4-@-D= 5,=75 ,- 4-65 <:14 ,5/=6-.
К-, .=D 2:1=I ;= 62H- <= .>3=. П-+> <= :=K24>: ,- ?57=<;>6 +- .1=:=
62H-P- ;= 2:1= 5;-65 F5I @=1 D= 4-6-. F5 ?>4> > ;- 5;5:= <.=42I +?5F
45F- <= 62H-P= .13> .175 ?1+5. А7> -65 ?> <= ,=<>75 ,- 2:1= F5 5H=4
:2 5?7-/= ;5.5 >7> <4-@-D= 5,=75I ;5 45 ;>@= ,5.5L;5. Д- ;= ?> >
H51=, 45F- ;- 5;5: <.=42 F5 >3-5I @=1 @= F5 2:15I 5?>/-@ @= ,- <= H5<7=
<-81-;= 4-6.5F ?57=<;>6- <H1=:> ;5.5 5,=75 > H5675;> 65: P=F5.5:
15D-62 >7> 65: ,12F5:I > ;-:=P2@= <= +- ,232 2:175F-I > 4-,- 4=6
2:17> ,5?>@- 5,=75 ;- 5;5: <.=42. z Ј53 <= ?57=<;;62 :=D= H-1- 2
;=,1- ,- < P5: 2:1=.
А65 ?57=<;>6 H1=, <:14 342C-I :><7> <= ,- @= .=D ?>5 ;- 5;5: <.=42 >
,- F- :14.> H5:>P2.
М14.-C2 <= <.-6- 12H- ;- 4=72 +-H23> 4-:P-;5:.
К-, :14.-C- <67-P-@2 <- :=<4- ;- 65:= @= >+,-8;25 5;,- ;- 45:= :=<42
2,-1= @=6<=1 2 +=:L2 > 1-+?>@2 @-@=.
Ч>: ?57=<;>6 2:1=I <.- <= .5,-I 65@- @= 2 62D> +-4=/=I H15<H=I @=1 ;=
.-L-I :14.-/6- @= > +-8.-4- <= ,12F-. И<45 4-65 H15<>H-@2 <.2 .5,2 >+
62D= > <.> <2<=,>I -65 >8 5, :14.-/6= 62D= ;= 1-+,.-@- 1=6-. А65
?57=<;>6 2:1= 2 2451;>6I /=4.14-6 >7> <2?542 5;,- <= .=12@= ,- <=
:5N= H5.-:H>1>4>. Д- 45F- ;= ?> ?>75I :=4;2 565 P=F- :-75 65;5HL=I
H- 45 +-H-7= ,- >+F51>. Т-65 <= 1-,> 65, 62D= 41> H24I >7> 65, 62D=
@=,-; H24I - ;- F15?L2 ,.- H24.
П5345 ?57=<;>6 2:1=I <.> :236> 262D-;> H5<6>,-@2 6-H= > ;= :=D2 >8
;- F7-.2 +- *) ,-;-. З- 45 <= .1=:= > ;= 3>3-@2 > ;= ?1>@-@2. M=;=
<-:5 <6>;2 3-HC2 - ,=.5@6= 1-<H7=42 65<2.
О,=75 65@= @= ?57=<;>6 >:-5 ;- <=?> H1= ;5 345 @= 5,=.=; +- <:14 :=D=
<= H5, <41=@2I H- 42 <45> +- ;=,=L2 ,-;-I @=1 <= :><7> ,- 2:17> +-
<=,-: ,-;- <.-62 ;5D ,57-+> 62D> H- <= 2 45 5,=75 5?7-/>. К-, H15K=
<=,-: ,-;- 45 <= 5,=75 5H=1=I 5<23> > H5675;> <>154>P>.
М14.-C <= H57-N= 2 62D> > 45 ;- +=:L>I H5345 <= H1=485,;5 ><H5,
P=F- H15<41= H5P-.-I - ;=6> :2 :=D2 > @-<426 H5, F7-.2. Т=75 5, H5@-<-
> 7>C= H561>.- <= H7-4;5:. Р26= <= :14.-C2 ;- H1<>:- H1=61<4=I -
;5F= <-<4-.=. К5, <4-1>8 <= L2,> ;5F= <-<4-.L=;= .=+2@2. П1=,
<-81-P>.-P= :=D2 :14.-C- 2 <-;,26I - -65 @= 7=H5 .1=:= >+;=<2 F- 2
<-;,262 H1=, 62D2 H5, 6-6.5 ,1.5 2 87-,.
**
К-, <= /2@= ,- @= 65 2:15I 562HL-@2 <= P=F5.5@ 62D> ?7>NP> > ,-L;>
15K-C> > <2<=,>. К5 ;= ?> ,53-5 - 262D-;> <2 2:175F- 1-,> ,- ,5K=I
5;> F- +5.2. К-, <= H57-+> :14.-C2I H5;=<= <= : C.=D-I <.=D>C-I 657-/-
SH5<621>C-WI .5D- > ,12F>8 ,-15.-. С.-6> H5;=<= >+ <.5@= 62D= 5;57>65
<.=D>C- 657>65 >:- <.5@>8 2:17>8 - @=,;2 +- :14.-C- />@5@ 62D> >,=. К5
;= :5N= 54>D> 62D> 2:1575F-I >,= H1-.5 ;- F15?L= > 42 ,5;5<> <.= 6-5
- ,- @= >3-5 62D> 2:175F-. У <.-65@ 62D> F,= @= :14.-CI >:- H5 @=,;-
N=;- 65@- <723- > 62.- @=75. Ч>: 65 ,5K=I P5@ H1=,-@= <.=D= > ,-15.= -
;-:=P2@= 65@- @= <.=D- +- 2:175F- - 65@= <2 +- ,12F=I P=F5.= :14.=.
M=;- H1>:- <.= H- <= 5;5 345 @= ;-:=P=;5 2:175:=I > C.=D=I :=D= 2
<-;,26I ;- 61<4 >7> ;- F15? - ,12F> <= H5675;> :=D2 2 <-;,26 H51=,
:14.-C- 4= <= < P>:- <-81-P2@=. О;5 H-6 345 ;>@= ;-:=P=;5 +-
:14.-C-I .=D +- ,5;5<>5/=.2 <.5@42I ;= ;5<> <= ;- F15?L= ;5 <=
5<4-.L- 65, 62D= 2:175F-I H- <= ,-15.> 1-+,-@2 ,=C>I - <.=D>C= <=
1-+,=7= L2,>:- > N=;-:- 65@= ,5K2 ;- .=/=12.
Д5?15 <= H-+> ,- H1=65 :14.-C- ;= H1=K= :-/6-I 65653 >7> ,12F- 65@-
N>.54>P-. А65 ?> <= 45 >H-6 ,=<>75I 5;,- F7=,-@2 ,- N>.54>P2 65@- @=
H1=65 :14.-C- H1=37- H5.1-4= ;-41-F H1=65 :14.-C-. П1=7-N=P=:
N>.54>P= H1=65 :14.-C- :><7= ,- <= H5F-;> @=75 65@= <= 4= .=/=1> 5
.=/=1> @=,= +- ,232 2:175F-. А65 65 6>8;= ,56 @= :14.-C 2 62D> :51-
<-: <=?> ,- 1-+,=1= :-75 6532L2. Д56 @= :14.-C 2 62D>I ;=65 >+ 62D=
2+:= :-75 <57> > 626212+-I H- 45 H154212@= :14.-C2 615+ 126-. > .-,>
615+ ;=,1- > 45 41> H24. З-4>: <= <5 ,-@= <45C>I - 626212+ <= 5<4-.L-
+- <=:=. О;5F- ,-;- 6-, D= <= :14.-C <-81-;>4>I +5.;2 <= L2,> >+
65:3>726- >7> @53 >+,-L=: @=,;> ,- H1-.= <-;,26 - ,12F> ,- 65H-@2
F15?. О.5:= <= <.-6> 1-,5 5,-+>.-I :- 6-6-. H5<-5 >;-/= >:-5 ,- 1-,>
@=1 @= <=.-H 5,-+.-4> <= 4-6.5: H5+>.2I > <.-6> >,= 4= 1-,> +- :14.-C-
?=<H7-4;5.
С-;,26 <= H1-.> 5, 6-6.>8 ?>75 ,-<-6-I - 61<4 5, F1-;>/=.5F >7>
F512;5.5F <>15.5F ,1.=4-. О;> 345 D= 65H-4> F15?I ;- :=<42 F,= D=
F15? ?>4>I ;-H1-.= ?2,-65: 61<4I H57>@2 :=<45 :-75 .>;5: > 4=6 5;,-
H5/>P2 65H-4>. З- ,2N>;2 F15?- 2+>:-@2 :=12 2:175F-I - ,2?>;- @=
:=4-1 > :-75 .>3=. У 62D> <= ;-H1-.> <.=D- .534-;- 5;57>6= ,2N>;=
657>6> @= :14.-CI H- <= ><=/= ;- <>4;2 H-1/-, > ;- <.- /=4>1> D536-
5, <-;,26- H1>7=H> <= H5 @=,;5 H-1/= > +-H-7>. О, 5<4-7>8 H-1/-,>
;-H1-.> <= 61<4 65@> <= :=4;= :14.-C2 2 ;=,1- > 42 <45@> ,56 <= :14.-C
*V
;= 5,;=<= ;- F15?L=. Т2 <= 61<4 >+.-,> H- F- 1=,5: 15,?>;- 2:175F-
C=7>.-I - +-4>: <= :=4;= :14.-C2 2 ,=<;2 1262 > < P>: <= <-81-P2@=.
З- :14.-C=: ;-1>/= N=;<6>P= > 626- >:H15.>+>1-@2D> ;-1>C-P= 5,
H1>7>6= 5;-65 ><45 6-5 > 65, С1?-.
К-, :14.-C- >+;5<= >+ 62D=I <.> 262D-;> 28.-4= +- <-;,26 > F5.51=:
AМ> D=:5 4=?= ,- .2/=:5I - ;= 4> ;-<•B
З- 5.>: F- 45.-1= ;- 657- > ;5<= ;- F15?L=. У+ H24 <= +-2<4-.L-@2 ;-
5;>: :=<4>:- F,= <= :14.-C +- N>.54- +-,1N-.-5I ;.H1. H1=, :=8-;5:I
H1=, 36575:I 6-, H1=D2 H1=65 D2H1>@=I >4,.I 42 F- 56-,= > H15,2N@2
H24 ,-L= 6- F15?L2. К-, <4>F;2 ;- F15?L=I <.=34=;>6 5/>4- 5H=75I
H1><24;> +-H-7= <.=D>C=I > 42 <= +-H-7> > 5;- <.=D- H51=, 65@= @=
2:17> >+,-8;25. З-4>: <= >+.-,> >+ :14.-/=.>8 ;=,-1- 5;-@ 61<4 5,
<.=D- 4= F- C=7>.- 15,?>;-I - > ,12F> 65@> 85D=. П1= ;5 345 D=
:14.-C- <H2<4>4> 2 F15?I <>K= 2 F15? @=,;- 5, N=;-I H5/><4> F-
6=C=L5: < ,=<;- 2 7=.5 > >+-K=. Д5:-D>; >+ 62D= 2:175F- ?-C> 2 F15?
65@2 H-12 > 5;,- <= <-;,26 <- :14.-C=: 65;5HC>:- <H2<4> 2 F15?. G7-.-
<= 561=D= H1=:- +-H-,2 - ;5F= H1=:- ><4562. К-, <= <-;,26 +-41H-
+=:L5:I F15? <= 56-,> 4-:P-;5: > 1-+?>@= <= 5;-@ <2, 2 65:= @=
,5;=<=;- .-41-. П5<7= 5.5F- <.> @=,-; H5 @=,-; 5H=12 126= >+ .=,1>C=
< .5,5: 65@- @= +-45 ;-15/>45 ,5;=<=;- 5, 62D=. З- 5.>: <.-6> H5H>@=
H5 /-32 1-6>@= F5.51=D>: Б5F ,- :2 ,232 H15<4>• > 1-+>7-+= <=I
?-C-@2D> <.-6> H5 @=,-; 6-:>/-6 H1=65 <=?= 6- F15?2.
К5 @= >3-5 5, 62D= 2:175F- .1-D- <= ><45@ 62D> ;- .=/=12I - 65 @=
,53-5 H1-.5 ;- F15?L= >,= <.5@5@ 62D>.
К-, 2:1= :5:-6 >7- ,=.5@6-I 5;,- <= H51=, <.=F- H5:=;245F H1>
H57-<62 5, 62D= 6- F15?L2 >3/2H- >+ 651=;- 3L>.- :7-,>C-I H- @5@ <=
F1-;= 56>4= 1-+;5?5@;5: .2;5: > 61H/>D>:-I H=36>1>D>:- ,2F-/6>:
H5 @=,-; H=,-L. Ј=,-; :5:-6 >,= ;-H1=, H=36= >7> ;- 65P2 > ;5<>
;-6>D=;2 3L>.2I - ,12F> +- P>: 5H=4 ;- 65P2 >7> H=36= > ;5<>
?-1@-6I > 5?-,.5@>C- H2C-@2 >+ H>345L-. И+- P>8 >,2 657- <-
:14.-C=:I - +- P>:- F-@,-3 S6-1-?-3W > <.>1-I - 5<4-7- H1-4P- 626-.
К-, <-81-;= :14.5F- <6>;2 <- 3L>.= H=36>1>D= - H567-P-@2 >8I -
5?5@=;- .2;- 5<4-@= ;- 3L>.>I 65@2 +-<-,= 2:175:= .>3= F7-.=. А65 65
2:1= 2 +512I =-81-P2@= <= ><45F- ,-;-I - -65 2:1= H1=65 ,-;- >7> 2
.=/= 5;,- <241- ,-;. П1=65 ;5D> /2.-@2 :14.-C- 5;-65 ><45 6-5 > С1?>.
*Z
А65 2:1= ;=61434=;5 ,=4=I ;= <-81-P2@= <= 2 F15?L2 .=D ;- 65:
,12F5: :=<42. И<45 4-65 ;= <-81-P2@2 <= 2 F15?L2 ;> <-:52?>C=.
К-, <= H1-4P- .1-4> < F15?L- 62DH 2:175F-I <=,- 4= .=/=1-. В=/=1- @=
F545.- H1= ;5 345 <= :14.-C H5;=<= ;- F15?L=. А65 @= :1<I .=/=1- @=
:1<;- - -65 @= H5<4 H5<;-.
К-, 65L2 345 5, N>.>;= >7> 5, N>.54>P- +- .=/=12I +-H-7= <.=D2I
:=4;2 4-:P-;- ;- .-412 > ,5;=<2 657-/ z H5<621>C2I 4= 45 <45@> ,56
N>.>;/= ;= 7>H3=I - H545: 5;-@ 65@> @= N>.>;/= 67-5 2F-<> <.=D2.
Ј=,-; 5, :236>8 ;-H1-.> 34-HI -65 @= 2:17> :2365I :-75 @-/> > ,=?L>I
- -65 @= N=;<65I ;=345 <7-?>@> > 4-P>. M=;- 65@- F545.> @=75I 2:=<>
;-15/>4> 5612F7> 657-/ > ;- P=F- :=4;= <.=D2I > 2 @=,;5: ?-61-/2
<62.- 626212+-. К-, <=,;2 ,- .=/=1-@2I N=;- 345 @= 62.-7- @=75 2+>:-
34-HI 657-/ <- <.=D5:I ,.- 651=;- 62.-;- 626212+-I 65N2 S-65 @=
+-67-;- 5.C- >7> @-FP=W > 2 P2 :=4;= H-1/= <>15.- :=<-I ;- 34-H
:=4;= 6>42 C.=D-I H- <.= 45 ,-,;= @=,;5:= 15K-62 2:175F-I 65@> <=,>
H1=:- P5@ < ,12F= <41-;= <5J1= > 1=6;= :2: О.5 <= ,-@= 2:175:=
Т1->72 S>7> 6-65 :2 @= .=D >:=W +- ,232• Ш4-H <= ,-@= 1-,> 5,?1-;= 5,
+7- ;- 5;5:= <.=42I - 5<4-75 <= ,-@= +- ,232 2:175F-.
С5J1- <= ;= H5<4-.L- ;- <4572 >7> ;- <>;>@>I ;=F5 <= ;- +=:L2
H15<41= H7-4;5 >7> <26;5 > H5<H= C.=D=:. Ј=75 <= <>H- 2 /-;6= 2+ 65@=
<= H1>7=H= <.=D>C=. У.18 <5J1= :=4;= <= @=,-; .=7>6> 657-/ S65L-6W 2
65@> <= 2?5,2 41> H5.=D= <.=D=I - 565 P=F- <= :=4;= ,=.=4 :-P>8
657-/-. Д-L= <= H5 <26;2 1-+1=,> H2;5 H5<621>C-I F545.5 <.= @=,;- ,5
,12F=I 62.-;5F 626212+-I .5D- - ,12F5. А65 @= 2:17> <>15:-8 /5.=6I 4=
<= ;>34- ;>@= >:-75 +-67-4>I 5;,- <= ;- F51P> 61-@ <5J1= :=4;=
F7-.>C- ?=7- 726-.
П1= ;5 345 <= H5/;= .=/=1-4>I 5.- N=;- 345 @= F545.>7- .=/=12 2+:=
H-1/= 87=?-I H- F- 2:-/= 2 <.= /-;6= 1=,5: > H5@=,= F- F5.51=D>: AО.5
@=75 > H>D= ,-@= <= +- ,232 H565@;5:= Т1-@>72B. П5<7= 5.5F- <.> H5/;2
@=<4> > H>4>. Ј=,-; 5, 262D-;- ;5<> 65;,>1 < 1-6>@5: H- <>H-@2D>
1-6>@= 2 /-3= <72N> 1=,5:. Ч>: 65 H5H>@= /-32 < 1-6>@5: 1=6;=:B Б5F
,- H15<4>B А65 2:1= 412,;- N=;-I .=12@= <= ,- D= > ;- 5;5:= <.=42
?>4> 4=36-. Д- ?> @5@ <= 57-63-75I .-L- ;=65 5, P=;= 15,?>;= H5<7=
P=;= <-81-;= ,- H1=4=1- H1=65 P=;5F F15?- ?1=:=;2 5.C2 > ,- @=
H5675;> 65: >75 <.5: 15K-62 >7> > 65:= ,12F5:=. К-, <= 4- 5.C-
5@-FP>I > 5;5@ D= 412,;5@ N=;> ;- 5;5:= <.=42 ?>4> 7-63=.
*X
З- 2:17>: 15,?>;- N-7> 5?>/;5 F5,>;2 ,-;-I - ,-L;- 15,?>;- :-P=.
П1.- ,-D- SH5:-;-I 154-H-I 5, <75.=;<6= 1=/> ПОМAН[W ,-@= <=
2:175:= H1= ;-.13=46- ;=,=L= 5, ,-;- <:14>. Н- ,-D2 <= +5.2 5;>
><4> L2, 65@> <2 ?>7> > ;- H1-4P>. З- H5:-;2 <= 65L= ?1-./= >7>
N>.>;-I > 45I -65 @= 2:17> :2365I 65L= <= :2365I - -65 @= N=;<65 z
N=;<65OU. M>.>;/=42 65@= D= <= 67-4> ;-@H1= 5H=12 L2362 > ;5F=I ,-
?> ?>75 /><45I H- F- 4=6 5;,- 65L2. П1= ;5 345 D= F- 67-4> +-H-7> <=
<.=D-I 65@- F51> ,567= F5, N>.54>P- ;= ?2,= :14.-. З- H5:-;2 <=
<H1=:- @=75I :=<> 657-/I H1-.> 34-HI ;- 34-H <= :=D= C.=D= > />;> <=
<.= 5<4-75 6-5 - 5;5F- ,-;- 6-, @= :14.-C <-81-P=;I H- <= > 2 .=/=
.=/=1- 6-5 - 5;,-I < 45: <-:5 1-+7>65: 345 6-, <= +.-;>C= ,>F;2 5,
.=/=1=I 5;,- <.= 5;5 345 @= H1=, 6>: ;=H5@=,=;5 5<4-75 > C.=D=I 2+>:-
<.-6> > ;5<> 62D>. Н- ,-; <-81-;= 5.5 <= ;= />;>.
О;5F- ,-;- 6-, 85D= ,- ,-@2 H5:-;2I ;-K2 @=,;2 ,=.5@62 >+ 15,?>;=
2:175F-I - -65 2 15,?>;> ;= ?> ?>75 ;>@=,;= ,=.5@6=I 5;,- 2+:2 65@2
,12F2I 4= >,= <- .=,1>C-:- ;- .5,2 > ,5;=<= <- >+.51- ,.= .=,1>C=
.5,=I - 2 <.-62 .=,1>C2 :=4;= H5 6-:>/-6. Т- <= .5,- 2 62D> 2:175F-
2H541=?L-.- 45F- ,-;- +- F545.L=P= @=7-. П545: 4- ,=.5@6- 2+:= <-:5
5?1-:>C2 > >,= 4= ;- P5@ ,5;5<> .5,= <2<=,;>: 62D-:-I ;=65@ ,.=I
;=65@ /=4>1- .=,1>C=I - F,= @= >+.51 ?7>N>I >7> @= 2 62D> .=D- H541=?-I
> H5 3=<4 > H5 5<-: .=,1>C-. Ч>: F,= 657>65 .=,1>C- .5,= ,5;=<=
5,:-8 ;- .2;=;5: 65;C2 +-.=N= 457>65 /.515.-. Т-65 1-,> @=,;-65 ,56
;= ,5;=<= ** .=,1>C= > ;= .=N= ** /.51-. З- <.= .1=:= ,56 ;5<> .5,2 2
.=,1>C-:-I ;= <:= HL2.-4> ;>4> <= 5?2.-4> >7> ;-:=34-4> 345 565
;5F2. А65 ?> @5@ <= <:-6-5 5H-;-6 >7> 5,1=3>7- .1C-I 45 @5@ ,5.5,> 2
1=, ,12F- 6-6.- N=;-.
К-, 45 <.13>I .1-D- <= 62D> 2:175F- ,- 12/-. П5<7= 12/6- 2+:= ,=.=4
H5<621>C-I <.=D2I 34-H > ,.= .=,1>C=. С- <5?5: H5.=,= @=,;2 >7> ,.=
,=.5@6= >+ 62D= > @=,;5F ,=/6-I H- <- P>:- 54>,;= ;- 1=62. Т2 ,=.5@6-
+-8.-4> >+ 1=6= .5,= 2 .=,1>C=I H- >+ P>8 +-8.-4- .5,= /-35: >
H1=7>.- 5;= /.515.= 345 >8 @= ;- 65;C2 H1= H5,;= +-.=+-7-. Ч>: 65@>
/.51 H1=7>@=I 5,:-8 F- > 5,1=3>. И 4-65 1=,5: +-8.-4- /-35: .5,= >
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OU З- H5:-;2 <= ;>6-, ;= 65L= @-1-C >7> 65+-I 6-5 345 <-: @-
H5F1=3;5 > P>8 ;-.=5 S Д=75 +- -.F2<4 UR)V. <41. (V( WI @=1 <= <:-41-@2
6-5 ;=/><4>
*Y
H1=7>.- /.515.=I ,56 >8 <.= ;= H1=7>@= > ;= 5,1=3>. К-, 45 <.13>I
.2;=;> 65;-C ><=/= ;- 65:-,>D=I - +-4>: 2+:= H53>1> >.=1 >7>
65:-,>D 5, 4>6.= S.1F-WI H- ;- 45 H1>7=H> <.=D2I 65@2 ;-@H1= 56-,>I >
5;= 65:-,>D= 5, 65;C-. З-4>: ?7>+2 5?-7= :=4;= ;- ,;5 1=6= H-1/=
61H= > H1>4><;= F- 6-:=;5: ,- F- .5,- ;= 5,;=<=. П5<7= 45F- +-H-7>
<.=D2 65@- @= ;- >.=12 >7> ;- 4>6.> H1>7=HL=;- > H2<4> @= ,- @= .5,-
H1=;=<= H1=65 5;= 61H= - ,- @= ,-L= ;>+ 1=62 5,;=<=. З-4>: 56-,>
:=<45 ;- 65:= _= H2<4>7- <.=D2. А65 @= 2:17> :2365 41=?- ,- @= H1>
5.5:= <.=,56 :236-1-CI - -65 @= N=;<65 z N=;<6>P=. К-, ,=.5@6-
H234- <.=D2 ;>+ .5,2 F5.51> : AО.- .5,- > 34-H ,- ?2,2 Т1->72 +-
,232I <2;C= > :=<=C ,- :> ?2,2 <.=,56 ;- 5;5:= <.=42BE - 561=;2.3>
<= H1><24;5: ,=/62 >7> ,=.5@C>I 1=6;=: AТ> ,- :> ?2,=3 <.=,56 ;-
5.5: <.=42B. Н- 5.5 H1><24;> 5,F5.-1-: AД- ?2,=:B. Т-65 ,=.5@6- 1=6;=
41> H24I ;- 34- <= P5@ 41> H24 5,F5.-1-. З- 5.>:I ,=.5@6- 56-,> 5;>8
,=.=4 657-/- > ;-:=P2@= >8: H1.> 657-/ z Б5F2I ,12F> z С.=45:
А1-;K=72I 41=D> z <.=,5.2 S,=/62 >7> ,=.5@C>WI /=4.14> z
Б5F515,>C>I H=4> z +- F1=8= 2:175F-I 3=<4> z +- 2/>P=;- ,5?1- ,=7-
2:175F-I <=,:> z <2;C2I 5<:> z :=<=C2I ,=.=4> z 5;5: ,-;2 6-, <=
5.5 .13>.
П5<7= 5.5F- ,=.5@C> <= H7-4> ).V) ,>;-1- +- 412,. З-4>: ,=.5@6-
+-8.-4> .5,= 2 .=,1>C= <- 5;5F- :=<4- F,= @= <.=D2 H2<4>7- > ;5<>
62D> 2:175F-. К-, ,5;=<= .5,2I 262D-;> 2:175F- H15<412 @5@ H5P-.2 ;-
65@2 5;- <=,;=. Д=.5@6>;- @= ,2N;5<4 ,- <H1=:> > C.=D= +- 41H=+2.
П5<7= <.=F- 5.5F-I > F5<4> H5/>P2 ,57-+>4> ;- .=/=12.
П5:-;- <= @53 ,-@= ;- /=41,=<=4 ,-;- H5<7= <:14>I ;- H57- F5,>;= >
6-, <= ;-.13> F5,>;-. Д5 /=41,=<=45F ,-;-I <.-65 .=/= ;=65 >+ 62D= <-
N-15: ;- C1=H2 >7> 65:-,2 D=1-:>,= >,= ;- F15? > 56-,> F-. Н-
/=41,=<=4 ,-;- ,-@= <= H5:-;- ><45 5;-65 6-5 > H1= ;-.13=46- ;=,=L=
,-;- 5, <:14>. И<45 <= 4-65 ,-@= H5:-;- > 5 H572F5,>3P>C> > 5
F5,>3P>C> 5, <:14>I < 45: <-:5 1-+7>65:I 345 2 5.>: ,.=:-
H1>7>6-:- ,=.5@6- ;5<> H5 <=72I 2:=<45 ** .=,1>C=I U)) .=,1>C- .5,=I
> +- 45 @5@ <= H7-D- @=,-; ,>;-1.
Н- ,-; H5:-;= > H1> .=/=1> ;= .-L- <= <.-K-4>I @=1I -65 ?> ?>75 E-K=I
,-D- ;= 651><4> 2:175:= ;- 5;5:= <.=42. Н5 ;>@= 1=,-6 <72/-@ ,-
H5:-;> ?2,= > <.-K=E > 45 H5;-@.>3= +?5F 45F- 345 <= +.-;>C= 5H>@-@2.
Ч=<45 H24- <= > N=;= H5<.-K-@2 565 45F- 6-65 D= <= 5?>/-@> >+.13>4>I
@=1 <.=I /=<45 H24-I ;><2 <75N;= 2 45:=.

*R
З- H5:-;= <= :=<= /=4>1> .1<4= 87=?5.-I > 45 :
U. Т21D= z SH5<621>C=I 7=H>P=W :=<= <= ?=+ 6.-<C- > <4-.L-@2 <=
;- 41H=+2 ;- ,-; <-81-;=I H1> .=/=1>I - ><45 4-65 > 5 H5:-;>
H1= ;-.13=46- ;=,=L= ,-;- 5, <:14>.
(. К57-6 z 657-/ 5, 6><=7- 4=<4-. М=<> <= +- ;=,=L;2 H5:-;2
@=,-;I - +- H5:-;2 5 /=4=1=<;>C>I H572F5,-3P>C> > F5,>3P>C>
H5 41>I H- <= <4-.L-@2 ;- 41H=+2. О.-@ 657-/ >:- ;- <1=,>;>
61<4 > >+:=K2 <41-;- 5, 61<4- H1>7=HL=;- /=4>1> :-7-
657-/>D-.
O. К57-6 z :-P> 657-/I 2 <1=,>;> 32H-LI 4= <= ;-4>/= ;- 34-H.
М=<> <= +- <.-62 H5:-;2.
*. К57-3> z 657-/>D>. М=<= <= 5 H5:-;-:- 5 /=4=1=<;>C>I
H572F5,>3P>C> > F5,>3P>C> > :=D2 <= <.2,- H5 41H=+>. Т5 <2
657-/>D> 65@> <2 ;-H1-.L=;> 5, 2.>@=;5F 4=<4- 2 65421>DI 4-65
,- <= <75?5,;> 61-@ 5, 65421- H1>7=H> H1=65 65421>D-.
Р2:2;> 2 В-7-65P2 :><7= ,- <= ,23- 2:175F- .1-D- 62D> 5 .=7>6>:
H1-+;>C>:- +- <=,-: F5,>;-. З?5F 45F- ;=6> > H5<7= F5,>;= ,-;-I
<.-6= F5,>;=I ,5 ;-.13=46- <=,:=I 5<4-.L-@2 2:17>:- H5:-;=I < 45:
<-:5 1-+97>65: 345 <= ;- H5:-;-:- H5<7= F5,>;= ;= +5.2 <2<=,> >
15,?>;-I .=D <-:> 262D-;> ,-@2 H5:-;2.
И;4=1=<-;4-; @= > 6-1-64=1><4>/-; 5?>/-@ 2 Р2:2;- ,- <= ,-@= H5:-;-
> N>.>: L2,>:-. Д-.-P= H5:-;= N>.>: L2,>:- ?>.- ;- ;=657>65
;-/>;-. С4-1-C @=,-; >+ В-7-65P-I 5, 65F- <2 H5?=7=N=;> :;5F> 5,
5.>8 <-:14;>8 5?>/-@-I H1>/- ,- @= 5; @=,;5: 6-, @= ?>5 2 H7-;>;> +-
<4565: ;->3-5 ;- 7=H >+.51 .5,=I 65@> @= ?>5 <-. +-<24 7>3D=: >
F1-P=:. О,:-8 @= 2+=5 :54>62 > >+.51 5/><4>5 ,- :5N= <75?5,;5
54>C-4>. З-4>: @= 2 >+.51 :=4;25 H-12 > 1=6-5 : AО.- .5,- ;=6- ?2,=
:=;> +- ,232 ;- 5;5:= <.=42•B И H5;=6= N=;= 6-, +-8.-4-@2 2 .=,1>C=
.5,= <- >+.51- :=D2 2 >+.51 H-12 > ;-:=P2@2 @= <=?> +- ,232 ;- 5;5:=
<.=42. И 5.5 @= ;=6- .1<4- H5:-;= N>.>:- +- ,232 6-, ?2,2 H5:17>.
К-, F5, <= .5,- ;-:=P2@= +- ,232I 2.=6 .-L- ?-C>4> H-12 2 P=; >+.51I
@=1 >;-/= ;= .1=,>. O( В=12@= <= ,- @= ;- 5;5:= <.=42 ;-@4=N= ?=+
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
O( У ?7>+>;> С565 Б-P= 2 67><21> 65@5: <= >,= 6- Р>H-LC>I ?-3 H51=,
H24-I < 7=.= <41-;= >+.>1=I ?><41- > 87-,;- .5,>C-I 65@2 +5.2 Б=7-
В5,-I > +- 65@2 6-N2 ,- @= 7=65.>4- 6-, <= ?572@= 5, 5/>@2. З- 42 Б=72
В5,2 H1>/-@2 Д- H5;=6-, >+?-C2@= >+ >+.51- К5<4-,>;6= S<4-1= 1>:<6=
?-6-1;= 5-1>C=W. Д- ;><2
V)
.5,=I @=1 <= 4-:5 5, N=K> ;-@.>3= H-4>. К-, 65 5<4-1>I H- <= ?5@> ,- :2
J-:>7>@- H5<7= <:14> ;=D= :5D> >7> ;=D= 84=4> ,-.-4> H5:-;2 5;-65
6-65 41=?-I 5;,- 5; +- N>.54- ,-@= <-: <=?> H5:-;2 > 45 :- 2 65@= ,5?-
5, F5,>;=I ?=+ 5?+>1- ;- 45 ,- 7> @= H5<4 > :1<. О.= <2 H5:-;= 5;-6.=
><4= 6-5 > 6-, <= ,-@2 :14.>:- +- ,232I <=: 345 <= ;= :=<= 421D=I -
5<4-75 @= <.= ><45. Р=K> @= <72/-@ ,- :2N > N=;-I ,56 <2 N>.>I ,-@2 <=?>
H5:-;2 +- N>.54- > 45 5?5@>:-E -7> @= 5?>/-@ ,- 6-, 2:1= :2NI 5
/=41,=<=4;>C> N=;- ,-@= H5:-;2 > :2N2 > <=?> N>.5@I > 5?1-4;5.
П1= ,.= F5,>;= Ј-;-365 П1.275.-D >+ В-7-65P- ,-.-5 @= H5:-;2 > <=?>
> <.5@5@ N=;> К-7>;>I > -65 <2 5?5@= ?>7> N>.> > +,1-.>. П5:-;- @=
4=67- 5;-65 ><45 6-5 345 4=/= 6-, <= ,-@= :14.>:- 5 /=4=1=<;>C>I
H572F5,>3P>C> >7> F5,>3P>C>. Р-+7>6- @= ?>7- <-:5 2 45:= 345 @=
<.= ?>75 2,.5@=;5I @=1 @= H5:-;- .1=,=7- +- ,.5@=. У:=<45 @=,;5FI
Ј-;-362 @= @=,-; :7-,>DI 15K-6I ;-H1-.>5 ,.- 34-H-I +-67-4- <2 ,.-
@-FP=4-. И<45 4-65 ?=82 2,.5@=;> > 657-/I > <.=D=I > C.=D=I >4,.
Ј-;-365 @= 2+=5 34-H > ;- 34-H2 <.=D2I C.=D=I 7=H>P2I 65N2 5, @-FP=4-
> 2 P5@ :-75 :=<-I H- 45 H1> .=/=1> H5675;>5 @=,;5: 15D-62 > 1=6-5 :
AО.5 <= ,-@= :=;> +- ,232BI ;- 345 <2 <.> 1=67> : AБ5F ,- H15<4>•B
З-4>: @= Ј-;-365 2+=5 ,12F> 34-H > ;- P=:2 <.= 6-5 > F51=I > 65N2 <
:=<5:I > H5675;>5 @=,;5@ N=;> 1=6-.3> : AО.5 <= ,-@= +- ,232 :5@5@
N=;> К-7>;>•BI ;-345 <2 5H=4 <.> 1=67>: AБ5F ,- H15<4>•B П5<7= 5.5F-
@= Ј-;-365 2+=5 H-1/= 87=?-I 2:5/>5 F- 2 <.= /-;65.= < @=75:I H5@=5 F- >
1=6-5 : AО.5 @=75 > H>D= ,-@= <= +- ,232 :=;> > :5@5@ N=;> К-7>;>•B И
;- 5.5 <2 <.> 5,F5.51>7> : AБ5F ,- H15<4>•B z П5<7= ;=65F .1=:=;-
Ј-;-365 @= 2:15. Н- ,-; P=F5.= <:14> > H1= ><4=6- ;=,=L= ,-;- 5,
<:14> ,-.-;- @= H5:-;- <-:5 P=:2I - 5 /=4=1=<;>C>I H572F5,>3P>C> >
F5,>3P>C> ,-.-;- @= H5:-;- > Ј-;-362 > N>.5@ К-7>;>. П1><24;>C>
H5:-;= <2 5.5: H1>7>65: 5,F5.51-7>: AБ5F ,- H15<4> ,232 Ј-;-362 E
5; ;=6- @=,= 4-:5 ;- 5;5:= <.=42 - ;=6- ;= /=6- К-7>;2•B z
У :;5F>: 12:2;<6>: <=7>:- 2 С1?>@> H5<45@> @=,-; .175 >;4=1=<-;4-;
5?>/-@ 65@> <= <-<45@> 2 45:= 345 J-:>7>@-I ;- ,-; /=4=1=<;>C= 5,
<:14>I 5465H-.- :14.-C- ,- F- @53 @=,;5: .>,>I H- F- H5<7= H5;5.-
+-65H-.-. И -65 <2 5.-@ 5?>/-@ <.=34=;>C> +-?1-;>7>I
1>C= ;=6-, ?-C-;= >+ ><4>8 1-+75F- 2 >+.51 65@> @= H5<7= +-<24I >7> @=
:oN,- 5.,= ?-C-; ;=6-,- ;5.-C 6-5 N14.- +- 5+,1-.L=P=~
VU
>H-6 F- :;5F> ;-3> Р2:2;>I 4-@;5I ;5D2 .13=. OO О ><65H-.-P2
:14.-C- > H5;5.;5:= <-81-P>.-P2 2 В-7-65P2 <= ;= +;-I >7> ?-1 ;=
<:= <= Q 45:= H1>/-4>. П- >H-6 @= G. Д1-F. М>8->75.>DI 2/>4=L 2
В-7-65P2 <-+;-5 ,- @= H1= H=4;-=<4 F5,>;- @=,;- N=;- H5<7= ,.-
:=<=C- ><65H-7- <.5@= ,=4= ,- F- @53 @=,;5: .>,>. О.5 @= 2/>;>7- >+
H1=.=7>6= N-75<4> +- ,=4=45: 65@= @5@ @= ?>75 @=,>;/=. А7> 6-, @=
.>,=7- 6-65 <= ,=4= ;-,275I H5/=75 ,- 412;=I ,- <= 1-<H-,- > 2N-<;5
,- <:1,>I 5,:-8 F- @= +-65H-7-.
О 5;5: <.=42 .=12@2 Р2:2;> 2 В-7-65P2 5.-65. Н- 5;5:= <.=42 >:-
.=7>6- ?-1-I H2;- <.-65@-6>8 N-?- > +:>@-. П1=65 4= ?-1= .5,> 2+-; >
.175 ><61>.2,-; ?1.. К5 @= H1-.=,-;I 7-65 H1=K= H1=65 ?1.- > >,=
H1-.5 2 1-@I 2 65:= @= <.=4 6-5 > 5.-@I <-:5 <2 5,.5@=;> 5?-36- <4-1> -
5?-36- :7-,> L2,>. К5 @= F1=3-;I ;= :5N= H1=D> H1=65 61>.>;- ;-
2+-;5:= ?1.2I .=D H-,- 2 ?-12I 4= F- @=,2 +:>@= > N-?= +- <=,-: F5,>;-I
- H5<7= 45F- <= 5/><4> 5, F1=8- > >,= 2 1-@.
Р2:2;> .175 :;5F5 .=12@2 2 .-:H>1=I 65@= 2 В-7-65P2 +5.2 :515@
S'oroi&W. O* В=12@= <= ,- D= <= 5;-@ /5.=6 H5.-:H>1>4> 65:= H1>
15D=P2
OO О.5 @= :5N,- 5<4-4-6 ,.5<41265F <-81-P>.-P- :14.-C-I 65@> <=
5?>/-@ .13> @53 > ,-;-< 65, ;=6>8 ;=627421;>8 ;-15,-: ;-@H1= <=
:14.-C <-81-;>I H- <= H5<7= ;=657>65 F5,>;- .-,= P=F5.= 65<4> >+
+=:L=I 5/><4= <= > <-81-;= ;- ,12F5:= :=<42. О/=.>,;> 5<4-4-6 5,
5?>/-@- ,.5<41265F <-81-P>.-P-I 65@> <= > ,-;-< 1=.;5<;5 .13> 65,
;-3=F ;-15,- 2 Д=?12I 5H><-5 @= М>8->75 В=L>DI 2/>4=LI 2 Б1-<4.2I
6P. Q‡ > ‡I <41. *OY > *OR. Н=345 ;-7>6 ;- 45 @= > 5;5 <-5H34=P= 2
AШ4-:H>B +- UR)V F. ?1. (VYI ,- 2 <=72 М7-,=;5.C2 S<1=+ 65<:-@<6>I
5612F ?=5F1-,<6>W 6-, 2 ;=65: ,5:2 2:1= ;=65 5, @=64>6=I ;- 6-H62 5,
<-;,26- 2:175F- 5<4-.= :-7> 5612F7> ;=H1>:=4;> 54.51 <- +-675HC=:.
К-, <= <-;,26 <- :14.-C=: ,5;=<= ;- F15?L= H1= ;5 345 <= <H2<4> 2
F15? ;=65 5, 262D-;- 615+ 4-@ 54.51 H15.2/= <4-67=;C=
;-H2;P=;5 C1;>: .>;5:. О /=4=1=<;>C> 262D-;> 1-<65H-@2 F15? >
615+ 5<4-.L=;> 54.51 ;- 6-H62 5, <-;,26- >+.-,= <4-675 <- .>;5:I
65@>: <.-65 /=L-,= >+ 62D= +-H5@=I .=12@2D> ,- D= F- 5;5 +-34>4>4> 5,
?57=<4> 2:175F-. G,= ;=:- .>;- 42 <= ><H=/= <4-1> 651=; 626212+- > <-
P>: <= 1-,> 5;5 ><45 345 > <- .>;5:I 4@. <.-65 /=L-,= H5@=,= 5, P=F-
H5 ;=657>65 +1;- 1-,> H1=,581-;=. И -65 @= 5.5 <-5H34=P=
,=:-;45.-;5 2 (Z* ?15@2 AШ4-:H=BI @- +;-: ,- 5.-@ 5?>/-@ 2 ><4>;> 2
М7-,=;5.C2 H5<45@>.
O* v •i"#"& 2 <.5:= hitŠio"r ro'}"o9k#r'" S Б2621=34. UYYRW .=7>
,- 5.- 1=/ ,57-+> 5, <1H<6= 1=/> :51-. SAО :51> B .>,> В265. С1H<6>
Р@=/;>6I 65, 1=/> A:51-B. С=: 45F- .>,> > AК-1-C>DB +- UR)O F.I <41.
*X.W У ;=6>:
V(
2<2, S212<-4W 5,1=,> ,- <= H5.-:H>1>. Н- 15K=P2 /5.=62 2<2, 5,1=K2@=
,- 7> D= ?>4> <1=D-; >7> ;=<1=D-;I ?5F-4 >7> <>15:-8I H534=; >7>
75H5.I >4,.I H- > 45 ,- 7> D= <= H5<7= <:14> H5.-:H>1>4> >7> ;=D=.
Н=6>
.=12@2 ,- D= <= H5.-:H>1>4> > 5;-@ 65F-I ,56 :14-. 2 62D> 7=N>I
H1=<65/> 6-6.- N>.54>P-. М;5F> .=12@2 ,- D= <= H5.-:H>1>4> > 5;-@
65@> 2:1= 2 2451-6I /=4.14-6 >7> 2 <2?542.
З- .-:H>1= <= .=12@= ,- @=,2 <1C= L2,:-I ,=C>I <45C>. С-:5 5;>:- 65@>
<2 15K=;> 2 2451-6I /=4.14-6 >7> 2 <2?542 .-:H>1> ;= :5F2 ;>34-.
С4-1-C Ј5.-; С1?275.>D H1>/- ,- @= P=:2 ,56 @= ?>5 :7-, 6-+>.-5
,12F> <4-1-C ,- <= ;=6> /5.=6 H5.-:H>1>5 > 1=,5.;5 <.-62 ;5D
,57-+>5 <.5@5@ N=;> > < P5:= 1-+F5.-1-5 > <H-.-5I H- F- @= 2 +512
;=<4-@-75. Ј=,;= ;5D> /2@= P=; <.=6-1 2 H>.;>C>I F,= @= 5;- <H-.-7-I
1-+F5.51I H- @= 2H>4- < 6>: F5.51>I > 5;- :2 6-N= ,- @5@ :2N <.-6= ;5D>
,57-+> > < P5: ?2,= ,5 +51=. С.=6-1 6-, 45 /2@=I 2K= 6 P5@I -7>
.-:H>1- ;>@= :5F-5 .>,=4> • Н5 ,5C;>@= @= 4-@ ><4> .-:H>1 H5/=5
,57-+>4> > ,-P2 > H5:-F-4> <.5:= 5C2 2 <.>:- H5<75.>:-. Ј=,;5: 6-,
@= .-:H>1 <- 5C=: ,=;25 <=;5I ;=?5 <= ;-5?7-/> > H5/;= <41-3;- 572@-.
С>; @= ,=;25I - 54-C :2 @= ,5?-C>.-5. Ч>: H5/= 572@-I <>; <= +-F7=,- 2
5?7-6=. О4-C F- 4-,- H5<:-41-3= > 5H-+> ,- 45 ;>@= P=F5. <>; .=D
.-:>>1S•WI 4= 2+:= H2362 > 2?>@= F-. С>;- 5,:-8 ;=<4-;=I - H5 +=:L>
5<4-;= 2<>1=;- 61. 6-5 H>64>@=. О, 45F- ,5?- .-:H>1 ;>@= .>3=
,57-+>5 <.5@5@ N=;>.
И<4> <4-1-C H1>H5.=,- ,- @= 2 :7-,5<4> <.5@5@ <723-5 ,- <= ;=6> /5.=6
H5.-:H>1>5 ;- 41>,=<=4 ,5 H=,=<=4 ,-;- H5<7= <:14>. n=F5.> <2 45
H1>:=4>7> 4-65 345 <2 H5<7= 41>,=<=4 ,5 H=,=<=4 ,-;- P=F5.= <:14>
5H-+>7> ,- >: H<> <.-65F- ,-;- >,2 ;- F15?L= > 565 F15?- P>85.5F
15K-6- /2/=I @=,;> < @=,;=I ,12F> < ,12F= <41-;= F15?-. С4-1>@> 262D-;>
+-6L2/= >+ 45F- ,- <= P>85. 2:17> 15K-6 :51-5 H5.-:H>1>4>I H-
54>,;2 ;- F15?L=I 5465H-@2 F15? > ;-K2 ,- :14.-C 2 P=:2 <=,>. Ч>: 45
<H-+=I 5,:-8 2<>@-@2 F.5NK= > 5H1N= F- >+- .1-4-I +-4>: +-F1=@2 .>;5 >
<>H-@2 :2 ;- <1C= S>P>:-I ;3H-W. П545: <2 H2C-7> >+ H>345L- 2
.-:H>15.- H1<- > 5H=4 F- +-41H-7>. О, 45F- ,5?- H<> ;><2 .>3=
,57-+>7> ;- F15?L=.
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy yy
61-@=.>:- С1?>@= .-:H>1 <= 12:2;<6> +5.= @53 > <41>F5@ ScarikoiWI
H1>65L>3 S€rito%iŒiWI :515P > :215P.
VO
Д- <= 65 ;= ?> H5.-:H>1>5I >:- > ;-15/>4>8 ?-@-P-. А65 @= 65 2:15 2
2451-6I 5;,- ,- <= ;= ?> H5.-:H>1>5I ,.= 41> <4-1= N=;=I 65@= 1-+2:=@2
4-@ H5<-5I 54>,;2 2 /=4.14-6 ;- F15?L= > H5;=<2 ?=75@6= 65;5HL= >
C14-75 5, H72F- S>7> -65 ;=:-@2 C14-7-I H5;=<2 62<4212W H- @=,;-
H15<H= 65;5HL= <.2,- 565 F15?-I - C14-75: 41> H24 565 F15?- 5612N>.
З-4>: C14-75 5<4-.> ;- 61<42I 2H-7> <.=D2 H1> 65@5@ @= :14.-C
>+,-8;25 H- >,2D> <.= 2;-41-F 565 F15?-I P5:= H1>H-L2@= 5;2
65;5HL2 > F5.51>:
К;, .- H51;>
П1N-H2 <= H1N2L-<6-I
Л2H2 62 72H5P=
С= 7 š;4-L-<6-I
ИG <= +-41@-<6-.
Д- 6;, .- J>
[= 21<- 21<-4I
ИG K= Д5:P=+=2 7-<-4I
С- ,26- 7- М-1@-I
А6575 @= :-;6-1=I
Шš ?-2421=I
Шš 3=K=1>@-
Д- <2J7= 42
С- J>= 7- 1-@ •
КP>N=.;>: 12:2;<6>: @=+>65: 5.5 ?> <= 1=675:
f}"! w €or"i К-, +-K=
`}r…o%&% c €}r…o%#ct‹ В-41- S<.=W ,- >+F51>
v&€& t& %&€oit‹ В26 <- .2/>C5:
d‹9% •"a}%"#ct‹ Д-@= <2<1=4;2
•i c9% |‹ar#ct‹ А -65 ?2,=
h t}"! w ri И ,-@= +-,1N=.
h# &rc &rca О, 2<2,- <2K=;5
•i !# ho'"#|#& %‹ca И 5, Б5F- 5<4-.L=;5
d !&t‹ % „‹ri Н=6- >,= М-1>@-
Ato%o # '}"tr# Т-:5 >:- @=7-
•i l‹&a&r‹ И H>D-
•i Œ#!#r#I И 2N>.-P-I
hr c&r%#a&% a& А ,23- 4.5@-
d ri# % ri• Д- >,= 2 1-@ •
V*
П1=,<=,;>6 5H34>;= .-7-65P<6= Ј-;65 П=415.>D 6-+2@= ,- 6-, <=
/5.=6 H1=, <:14 :;5F5 :2/> > ;= :5N= ,- >+,-8;=I +;-/> ,- @= >7>
:;5F5 F1=3-; >7> ,- D= <= H5<7= <:14> H5.-:H>1>4>. З?5F 45F- <2
@=,;2 <4-1>C2I N=;2 ;=65F Ч57-65.>D- >+ В-7-65P-I 65@- <= 2 ?57=<4>
,2F5 :2/>7- 5H1N>7> >+- .1-4- 2<>@-;>: F.5NK=:I .=12@2D> ,- D= <=
4>:= 54675;>4> ,- <= ;= H5.-:H>1> 6-, 2:1=. Н5 ?-?- @= H1> <.=: 45:
5+,1-.>7-. И+ ><4>8 <= 1-+75F- <.-6> 65 <= 2 ?57=<4> :;5F5 :2/> @53 +-
N>.54- >+- .1-4- 5H1L> 2<>@-;>: F.5NK=:. О.-6.> <2 <72/-@=.> 2
В-7-65P2 >7> 1=46> >7> <= .13= 61>35:I @=1 <= ?5@= ,- >8 .7-<4 ;=
<-+;-. OV
(( @2;-.
(( @2;-I .=D 2 Z U]( /-<5.-I ?>7> <:5 ;- 65P-:-I H54H2;5 <H1=:;> ,-
H5D=:5 +- П5,F51-C. Ч>: >+-K5<:5 >+ В-7-65P-I H1=K5<:5 H1=65
Т>:56- > 2H24><:5 <= 7=H5: 4-7-<-<45: 1-.;>C5:I > H5<7= @=,;5F <-4-
H245.-P- ,5K5<:5 2 П5,F51-C > 5,<=,5<:5 H1=, @=,;5: :=8-;5: ,-
,512/62@=:5.
П1=, :=8-;5: +-<4-,5<:5 ,.5@>C2 H5,F51-/6>8 2/>4=L- < 65@>:-I
H5345 <= H5+,1-.><:5I 54H5/=<:5 1-+F5.51. Б=3= 1-,-; ,-; 4= ;> 2
:=8-;> ;> H1=, :=8-;5: ;= ?=3= ;>65F- 5, <=L-6-.
И П5,F51-C @= .=7>65 <=75 > />;> .175 H1>@-4-; 24><-6 <.5@5: /><45: >
7=H5: F7-.;5: 27>C5:I 65@- >+F7=,- 6-5 ;=6- /-13>@-I 2 65@5@ @= H51=,
6-J-;= @53 > 3657- > @53 ;=345 H1>.-4;>8 +F1-,-. М=;= _= П5,F51-C
>;4=1=<5.-5 > H5 627> H5,F51-/65F- ?=F-I 65, 65@= @= Х-@,26 В=L65
H5/=465: UY)X <-:5<4-7;5 54H5/=5 <.5@2 .>4=362 6-1>@=12I > H5
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OV G. М>8->75.>D ;-.5,> ,- @= <723-5 5, G. И7. М>L65.>D- ?>.3=F
3657<65F ;-,+51;H6- +- <2 2 О:5L2 Р2:2;> 2 <4-1>@= .1=:= N=F7> H5
.1-42 >
<4-1C= > ?-?= 2<>@-;>: F.5NK=: 6-, .175 5<4-1= - ;= 2:>12. О;> <2 >8
:=4-7> 2
:14.-/6> <-;,286I ,-.-7> >: ,-D2I @=7> > H>7> > .>6-7>: AБ5F ,- :2
S@5@W ,232
H15<>•B У 4-6.>: H1>7>6-:- <2 >8 > N=F7> F.5K=: H5 .1-42 5, /=F- <2
/=<45
H24- > 2:>1-7> >7> <2 >8I -65 > 45 ;= ?> H5:5F75I H15<45 2F23>.-7>
>7>
2FP-.>7>. О.-@ <= 5?>/-@ 4-:5 +.-5 H1>65L23. О.5 @= ;- <.-6> ;-/>;
2?>@-P=
<4-1-C- 5 /=:2 F5.51> G. С>:- Т15@-;5.>D 2 <.5@5@ 6P>N>C> AЛ-H5H >
H1567=4>@= 2 С1?-B SH1=34-:H-;5 >+ AИ<691=B +- UYRY F5,>;2W. В>,> 5
45:= > A
О 2?>@-P2 <4-1-C-I ;-15,;5 H1=,-P= 5/2.-;5 2 К1=H5L>;2B 2
AК-1-i>D2B +-
UR))F5,>;2I<41. U(YzUO(.
VV
[21> Ј-63>D2I 65@> @= 2 П5,F51C2 ?>5 2/>4=L. Н- N-75<4 > 5 @=,;5@ > 5
,12F5@ <4.-1> 5.,= <= ;= +;- ;>34-• О 627> H5,F51-/65F ?=F- 2 65@5@ @=
В=L65 28.-4>5 N>.- ?=F-I +-,5?>5 <>7;5 ?7-F5 > 65P- К23L2I
+;-,53=
<=L-;> ,- H56-N2 <-:5 :=<45 F,= @= ?>7-. Т5 @= :=<45 .=D H1=, >+7-+-6
>+ <=7- >,2D> З7542. Н-:=<45 627= @= ,-;-< @=,;- C>F-;<6- 62D-I -
><H1=, P= @= .=7>6- 6-:=;- /=<:-I .=D F545.5 <.- H51-?-D=;-I +- 65@2
:>
;>65 ;= +;-,= 1=D> ,- 7> @= >+ В=L65.- .1=:=;-.У ,12F5: <.=42 ;= ?>
<=
H15H2<4>5 4-65 +F5,-; H1=,:=4I 6-5 345 @= /=<:-I - ,- ;- P=:2 ;= ?2,=
?-1 ;-@<615:;>@- H75/-I :- > < ;-@:-P>: +;-65: 65@> ?> /2.-5 2<H5:=;2
;- 4-65 +;-/-@;5F @2;-6- > 4-65 .-N-; :5:=;-4 >+ P=F5.- N>.54-. К-65
2
,1234.2 < ;-:- ?=3= 65, /=<:= :=<;> <.=34=;>6I 5?- 2/>4=L-I
H1=,<=,;>6 5H34>;= > @53 ;=657>65 <=L-6-I 651><4>8 <= 4= H5:=;28
,-
?> .-L-75 :- />:= 5?=7=N>4> 5.5 :=<45I 6-65 ?> 45 ?>7- ?7-F5,-1;5<4
П5,F51/-;- В=L62 +- 5<75?5K-.-P= 5.5F- 61-@- 5, Т21-6-. UR)X
F5,>;-I
<45F5,>3P>C- 5, ,5F-K-@- 65, H5,F51-/6= 627=I 41=?-75 ?> ,- 42
+-4=/=
?-1 ;-@:-P> +;-6 .>,;5F- H1>+;-P-.
О [21> Ј-63>D2 @53 <-: :-P= <-+;-5. Ј=,-; :> <4-1-C 1=/= ,- @= ?>5
[21>; K-6 42 2 <=72 > ,- @= [21- .175 ,5?15 2/>5 K-6=. К-5 ,12F2
2<H5:=;2 ;- [212 H56-+-3= :> 2 ,56<-42 <4-1= 3657<6= +F1-,= >+:=K2
.1-4- @=,;2 6-:=;2 H75/2 2 65@5@ @= >+,2?L=;5: AUYV*. П=4-1[
М>7=;65.. Ц1;5F51-C H-158 +- 6D=1 Н=,2B. Т5 @= ;=6-, ?>7- H5H5.-
62D-I - Н-,- @= ?>7- H5H5.- 6D>I < 65@5: <=I .=7=I .57=5 [21-I H- @= 2
5.2 H75/2 >+,2?-5 F51P= 1=/> +- .1=:= <.5F- 2/>4=L=.-P- 2
П15,F51C2 UYVX F5,.
G. М>7-; M>.65.>DI 2/>4=L 2 П5,F51C2I ,-5 :> @= ;- H1=F7=, AЛ=45H><
3657= H5,F51-/6=I <1=+ ?5L=.-/6>I 5612F 4>:5/6>BI 65@> @= ;-H><-5
H56. М>8. С4. Р>+;>D UYRRzUR))I ,56 @= 2 П5,F51C2 ?>5 2/>4=L. О.-@
7=45H>< >:- > <.5@2 ><451>@2 > H24 /-6 ,5 М>;><4-1<4.- П15<.=4=. Н5
45 @= 5.,= <H51=,;5 E 5;5 345 ;-< >;4=1=<2@= 2 P=:2I .-,>: > 5.,=
<-5H34-.-:. И -65 .175 <2:P-: ,- <2 <.> H5,-C> 2 5.5: Л=45H><2
4-/;>I @- >8 >H-6 <-5H34-.-: 6-5 <4.-1> 65@= <2 ?=7=N=;= ;- :=<42I
>+F7=,-I ;-@.>3= H5 H1>/-P2 :=34-;- > H5 7>/;5: 5H-N-P2:
AС=75 П5,F51-CI .=7> <= 2 Л=45H><2I 2 ,-;-3P=: <.5: >+F7=,2 ;>@=
<4-15 ;> ,2F5.=/;5. СH5:=; >:=;- P=F5.- @=,.- ,- <= /25 2 H5/=462
‡{QQ .=6-. У ‡{QQQ .=62 .=D <= H5:>P=I -7> ;= 5.-@ П5,F51-C .=D <-<.>:
,12F5 :=<45 65F- ,-;-< > ;=:-.
VZ
Н- 23D2 З754<6= Р=6=I ,=<;5 2+ 1=62 Ц1=2I 3>1> <= 61-<;5 =5L=I -
;- 45: H5L2 ?=3= <=75 П5,F51-C. Т5 @= ?>75 /><45 <1H<65 <=75I 6-5 345
<.=,5/> > >:= P=F5.5. У ?7>+>;> 5.5F- <=7- <=.=1;5 ?=3= 4-65K=
<1H<65 <=75 С2:1-65.-CI :-75 ,-L= В1?5.-CI З.=+,-; > ,12F-I ,-;-<
2F>;27- <1H<6- <=7-.
С4-;5.;>C> 4>8 <=7- ?=82 /><4> С1?> >+ 65<5.<65F .>7-@=4-. Т5 ?=82
5;> ><4> С1?> 65@> <7=,5.-82 H5+>.2 А1<=;>@- Ш-6-?=;4=I 65@> <=
61=453= 2 С1=: > Б-/62I H- 1-<4=1-;> 421<65: .5@<65:I 61=;23= 62,
65@>. У 45 ,5?- К1-@>;- > Ц1;- Р=6- <:-41-3= <= 6-5 A=:>; <274-;>@=B
;=6= H1>;C=+= > <.=4>C= 421<6=. Т> 61-@=.> 2N>.-82 ;=6= +-<=?;=
H5.7-<4>C= > 57-63>C= 2 C-1<4.2 421<65:I - 45 ?=3= :-:-C +-
;=<1=D;2 1-@2 65@- 41-N-3= 615.- > +-675;-I 4= <= ;-<=7> 2 5.=
32:5.>4= > <6515 5H2<4=7= 61-@=.=. Т-,- <= ,5<=7>3=: Л-<5./-;>I
Л=;5./-;>I В1?5./-;>I П7-;>;>/-;>I З.=+,-;C>I С2:1-65./-;>I
РF5D-;>I В1-N5F1;/-;>I Р-@/-;>I >4,. А ;=6> H1=K53= > Т>:56 >
;-<=7>3= 2 В>,>;<65@ 5?7-<4> <=7-: К5<5.5I Б1-D=.-CI З7562D-;=I
К-H=4-;5.C=I > ,12F- <=7-.
AУ 45 ,5?-I - +- .1=:= 1-45.- > <>7= П-+.-;i>@;=I :;5F- <2 <=7-
5<4-.>7- <.5@= <4-1= +-.>/-@=I 61=;27- <= ,2?L= 2 С1?>@2I - ;- P>85.-
:=<4- H5.1.=7> <2 H512:2P=;> С1?> >+ Б-;-4- > Р2:2;<6=I 65@> <2
4-:5 1-;>@= H1=?=F7>I - Ц1;2 Р=62 H2<42 5<4-.>7>. О.> >+ Б-;-4- +.-82
<= У;F21@-;>. О;> +-8.-4>3= F515.>4= H1=,=7= 5, М>15/- H- <.= ,5
Б=L-;>C=I - 5;> >+ Р2:2;>@= ;-+.-3= <= Ц-1-;>I A,>; C-1-
12:2;-<6-BI +-8.-4>3= ;-H234=;- <=7- ,2N Т>:56- > Ц1;= Р=6=.
AТ-,- <= > :=<45 <4-15F П5,F51C- >+F2?>. Н=657>65 +-5<4-7>8
<4-15<=,=7-C- С1?- SА1<=;>@=.>D>I Н5.-65.>D> > С4=J-;5.>D>W
H5?=F;2 <- <4565: ?7>N= М-7>;>62I > 42 61-@ @-6>8 >+.51- ;-/>;= ;5.5
<=75 П5,F51-CI 62,- H1>,5K2 >+ Р2:2;>@= <>7;> Р2:2;> > 4-65 <= <=75
:-75 H5 :-75 <-<.-: H5.7-3>.
AХ-@,26 В=L65 2 H5/=462 <.5F- 1-,- >+-?1- ?-3 5.5 <=75 5,-67= 54H5/=
<.5@= 5H=1-C>@=I 65@= :2 <1=D;5 ><H-,53= H5?=,5: ?=F- H5,F51-/65F.
О,-47= 5; ;-<4-.> <.5@ H5<-5 ,-L= > <1=D;5 5/><4> Ц1;2 Р=62 5,
Т21-6-. У 1=,5.>:- 5.5F- <7-.;5F- ?51C- ?=82 H1.> П5,F51/-;> >
К1>.5.>1C>I - H245.> H15<=/=;> 615+ ;=H1585,;= 32:= 5, <41-;=
Х-@,26 В=L6- > ,-;-< <= +5.2 >:=;5: P=F5.>:.
VX
AП5,F51-C <= 2 H5/=4/2 UR .=6- <:-41-5 6-5 <1=,>34= C=75F- <1=+-I
65@> 5, .-@6-,- ;5<> >:= Ц1;= Р=6=I ,56 F- <-,- >:=;2@2 A?5L=.-/6>:B
+?5F. :-7= > .175 ;=+;-4;= .-153>C= Б5L=.C-.
AУ П5,F51C2 <2 ?5F-4> ?=F5.> 421<6> >:-7> <.5@= ?-34>;= ;- 65@>:- <=
45.>7- <>7;- <456-. Ч2.=;> <5@ 61>.5.>1<6>8 5.-C-I 65@> ,-;-< .-N>
6-5 ;-@?5L> 2 С1?>@>I ,5;=4 @= 5, П5+.-;i>@= 2 5.5 61-@=.= > H1=65
H5,F51-/6>8 ?=F5.- 2 ;-15, 1-<H15<41-P=;.
AУ П5,F51C2 @= 5, .-@6-,- ?>5 ,5?-1 ,12: > @-65 ;-<=L=. Т21C> <2 42
>:-7> <.5@= 62D=I - ?=F5.> 627=. У <=72 >:- <=,-: 61-<;>8 /=<-:-I 65@=
,-@2 ,>.;2 H7-;>;<62 .5,2E <.= <2 4= /=<:= H5,>F7> Т21C> H5:5D2 1-@=.
У П5,F51C2 6-5 ,- @= ?>7- 2<1=,<1=K=;- <.- 421<6- <>7- +- 5.-@ 61-@ z
Х-@,26 В=L62 4-65 :>5 z 4= @= 5; +?5F 45F- ?-3 > H5/=5 >+ P=F- <.5@=
,=75 5<75?5D=P- Ц1;= Р=6=.
AС- H1=<4-;65: 421<6= .7-,-.>;= П5,F51-C > П7-;>;>C- F2?= :-75 H5
:-75 5, <.5@= .-N;5<4>. Н=+;-4;5 :=<45 Б5L=.-C z 2H1-.5 ,=5 <=7-
Д5?12@=.C- z ><4>/= <= 6-5 .-N;5 > 2 P=:2 .>,>:5 <1=<62
6-;C=7-1>@2I H5342I 4=7=F1-J > ,12F- <1=<6- ;-,7=34.-.
AН5 >H-6 П5,F51-C ?15@-3= <.= ,5 UYXV F. H1=65 UY)) H51=<6>8 F7-.-I
?=3= ;-@.=D= <=75 2 С1?>@>. Н5 <- H15,>1-P=: Т21-6- 2 Ц1;2 Р=62
;=657>65 Ч=16=+- ,5H12 > ,5 П5,F51C-I H5H-7= > 5H7=;= @=,-; 61-@
<=7-I H- <= 2?1+5 .1-4=. С4-;5.;>C> 5HL-/6-;>8 ,5:5.- H1=<=7= <=
<=.=1;5 5, П5,F51C- > 4-:5 5?1-+2@2 ;5.5 <=75I 65@= <= ,-;-< +5.=
Б5F5.>;-. О.5 <=75 >:- *)) H51=<6>8 F7-.- > :2362 - N=;<62 5<;5.;2
36572. BД-;-3P> П5,F51-C ?15@> ,5 R)) H51=<6>8 F7-.-I >:- <.5@2
C16.2I 5H34>;2I :2362 > N=;<62 36572 <- V 5,=L=P- > ,.= H-158>@=
<- ,.- <.=34=;>6-.
AС4-;5.;>C> <2 ,5<4- >:2D;>I <45/;>I -7> 2 :51-7;5: H5F7=,2 ;= <45@=
;-@?5L=I .=D <- ,-;- +- ,-; >,2 <.= ;- F51=.
AТ>HI ;53P-I 5?>/-@>I - ;-15/>45 H1-+;5.-P= 61<;5F- >:=;-I <.=,5/=
,- П5,F51/-;> ;><2 12:2;<6= .=D <1H<6= ;-15,;5<4>.
AП54><;24> <- <.5F- 5FP>34- 5, F57=:= ;-@=+,= 421<6=I 65@- @=
;-15/>45 ?>7- <>7;- H51=, С-.= > Д1>;=I М51-.= > 2+ Д2;-.I 5.> <2
L2,> ?=F-7> /-< 2 М-72 В7-362 ,-;-3P2I /-< 2 Е1,=L<6= H7-;>;=I
.1-D-7> <= 542,- 6-, <= +=:L- 2:>1>7-I ?=F-7> H5;5.-I ,56 >8 ;>@=
VY
-4=675 5<75?5K=P= 5, Т21-6-. У 45: ?=F<4.2 5;> <2 <= :=3-7>
12:2;>:- > H1>:>7> 5, P-8 @=+>6 > ;=6= 5?>/-@=I -7> ;= <.=.
AM>.=4> 2 32:> H51=, <4-,-I 1-K-4> <= - ;= 6134-.-4>I <42H-4> 2
?1-6 - ;= .=;/-4> <=I 61-<4> >+ ,12F5F <=7- z -7> ;= >+ <.5F- z54=4> >
+-8.-4>4> 42K=I 2?>4>I 2H-7>4>I ;= ?>4> .5@;>6I ;= <723-4> .7-<4 >4,.
4) @= P>85. SП5,F51/-;-W >,=-7: 2 45: 5?7>62 +-:>3L-@2 5;> 1-@ ;-
+=:L>.B
G. М>7-; M>.-;5.>DI 2/>4=L ?>5 @= ,5?-1 ,- :> +-?=7=N> ;-15,;-
@=7-I H5<;- > :1<;-I 65@- <= 2 П5,F51C2 F545.= > @=,2I > @- >8 5.,=
<-5H34-.-::
U. H5<;- @=7-:
П-<2@ SH-<2LWI 62.- <= 6-5 > 65, ;-<I <- > ?=+ +-H136=.
К15:H=@ S615:H>1WI @=,= <= H=/=;I - F1-,> <= 5, P=F- > /51?- <- > ?=+
+-H136=.
В-1+- -61- S6><=5 62H2<W @=,= <= ;=62.-;I - > 62.-@2 F- <- H>1>;i5:I
7265: > +-H1365:.
П>H-16- SH-H1>6-W. П-H1>6- <= 62.- > 5, P= F1-,> <- <>1D=45: > ?=7>:
7265: L24>C-. П-H1>6- <= H2;> <- <>4;5 ><=C6-;>: 6><=7>: 62H2<5:I
> 62.-;- @=,=.
П754>N-;> SH-47>i-;>W. О, P>8 <= F1-,> /51?- 6-5 > 65, С1?-.
Л>;D- S<5/>.5WI 62.- <= 6-5 > 65, С1?-.
Ц1C-1> SF1-8WI 62.- <= 6-5 > H-<2L <- >?=+ +-H136=.
З-:- K= H=3D= S/51?- 5, 1>?=WI 62.- <= ?=+ +-H136=.
П=3D= J1>H4 SH=/=;- 1>?-W. Т-65 <= +5.= 1>?- H=/=;- >- N-12 >7>
H1N=;- 2 +=@4>;2.
У1+>3 S65H1>.-WI 62.- <= 6-5 > 65, С1?-.
Д1-F-==@ S+=L=WI 62.- <= 6-5 - 65, С1?-.
(. :1<;- @=7-:
З-:- -61- S6><=7- /51?-W 5, :=<- H>7=D-I F5.=K-I <.>P<65F H1-.> <=
6-5 > 2 С1?-.

VR
П-H1>6-3 SH-H1>6-3W H1-.> <= 5, :=<-I 615:H>1- > C1;- 726- 6-5 >
65, С1?-.
В-1+- 62 6-1;= S6><=5 62H2< < :=<5:W H1-.> <= H5;-@.>3= <-
<.>P<6>: :=<5: 6-5 > 65, С1?-.
К-1P= 62 51>+ S:=<5 <- H>1>;i=:W. С62.- <= :=<5 2 75;C2 H- :2 <= ,5,-
H>1>;-/ > ;= +-H1N-.- <=.
К-1P= J1>H4- SH=/=P=W.
К-1P= J1>H4- H1> J1>F-1= SH=/=P= ;- 1-NP2W.
К-1P= J1>H4- H1= J56 SH=/=P= ;- N-12W.
О5 J1>HD= š;2;421- SH1N=;- @-@-WI 6-5 > 65, С1?-.
О5 J1>HD= 62 ?1;,+- SH1N=;- @-@- <- <>15:W. И<H1N= <= @-@- ;- :-<4> >
,5,- >: <= ><>4P=; <>1.
Л-HD= S:7=65W.
Ј-F214 S6><=75 :7=65W. О<4-.> <= :7=6- 2 ?21=;C=42 ,- <= <-:5 26><=7>.
К-, <= H5/;= 4153>4> 657>65 <= H54153> 457>65 <= ,57>@= H1=<;-
:7=6-.
У;4 S:-<75W. G1-,> <= 2 ?2/6-:- 6-5 > 65, С1?-I +- 4>: <= H1=4-H- >
P>:= +-H1N-.- @=75. Б1;,+- S<>1W.
Ј53 @= G. M>.-;5.>D >:-5 ,5?154= +-?=7=N>4> :> 5.= <4.-1> 5 ;53=P2
7>4>@= 2 П5,F51C2 :
У П5,F51C2 <= ;5<> 7>4>@- ,12F5F- ,-;- Д285.-. Т-@ ,-; +5.2 5;>
+-.=D>;- S+-.=4>;-W. OZ П5<7= <72N?= Б5N@= 61=;2 <= <.=34=;>C>I
2/>4=L> <- K-C>:- > ;=657>65 F1-K-;-I 65@> <= <-,- F545.5 627265:
5,1=D2@2 > 65@> H5;=<2 >65;= >+ C16.= > C16.=;> ?-1@-6I > >,2 5,
+-H><- ,5 +-H><- H5 H5L2. Т5: H1>7>65: L2,> ;>34- ;= H=.-@2I .=D
K-C> H=.-@2 415H-1. К5, <.-65F +-H><- <.=34=;>C> 5/>4-@2 :57>4.=I
5?;5.> <= 61<4 > H1=7>@= .>;5:. К-, <= 7>4>@- .1-D- 615+ <=75 H5;=6-
N=;- >+-K= < .=,1>C5: .5,= > H1<6- K-6=I F1-K-;= > <.= 5<4-7= 65@>
>,2 +- 7>4>@5:I - H5;=6- H15<H= <.2 .5,2 ;- H24 65@>: D= 7>4>@- H15D>.
С.= <= 5.5 />;> < 45F- ,- ?> F5,>;- ?>7- 15,;>@-. Т5F- ,-;- ;=6>
F1-K-;> <- <.5@>: H515,>C-:- 12/-@2 65, C16.=I - H5<7= H5,;= ;-<4-@=
>F1-;6- ;- 65@2 ,57-+> :;5F5 <.=4- > >+ ,12F>8 <=7-.
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OZР2:2;> 2 Б-;-42I +-?=7=N>5 <-: 2 H157-+2 615+ Б-;-4I +5.2 ,-; 6-,
<= ;5<> 7>4>@- ;=K=@-.
Z)
И+ П5,F51C- <:5 <= 61=;27> 565 U) /-<5.-I - 2 U( U]( /-<. ?=<:5 2
З7542
П24 5, П5,F51C- ,5 З754- @= 5<5?>45 7=HI 2F5,-; > H1>@-4-;.
n=F5.2 7=H542 > H1>@-4;5<4 H5@-/-.- @53 > 45 345 <= 2 ,-L>;> 26-+2@2
.><56> С457 > Д=7> Ј5.-;I H- <= 5, P>8 <H234-@2 ;- <.= <41-;= .><56>I
5<1=,P> > ;><6> 5F1-;C> P>85.> 1-+7>/>45 >3-1-;> 32:5: >
+=7=;>75:. П5, ;5F-:- <= H15<417- 2?-.- H>45:>;- H- <.= 45 />;>
5<5?>42 /-1 > H1>@-4;5<4 > 2 5.5@ H572,;=.;5@ N=+> > H1>H=C>.
Н- @=,;5:= :=<42 H51=, H24- < 7=.= <41-;= <H-+><:5 6-:=;> 61<4.
П1>D58 :2 ?7>N= > ;- P=:2 H15/>4-8 <-:5 ,.= 1=/> : Ј5.-; Н=F1-;. У
З7542 1-+-?1-8 ,- @= 45 61<4 65@> @= H5,>F7- H515,>C- Ј5.-;2 П1.2
Н=F1-;2I A8-@,262BI 65@> @= 42 <41=L-; UR)U F5,>;=.
Ј53 5,-.;5 <-: ?>5 /25 +- 5.,-3P2 756-7;2 H5<75.>C2 : D= 7- З754 H-
;- П5,F51-C ;2:- :51:C;C K= 5C Sh# % j%oa €‹" % `o!korŠ
"&'i 'or'i"a# !# soŠ T9 5, З754- ,5 П5,F51C- <-:5 F15?5.> 5,
8-@,26-WI -7> ;><-: +;-5 ,- 8-@,2C>:- H515,>C- /-6 > <=5:=;>6=
H5,>N2. Ј53 :5@ H565@;6 54-CI 65@> @= ;=657>65 F5,>;- ?>5 <.=34=;>6 2
Б1=<45.C2I H1>/-5 :> @= 5 /2.=;5:= H1= 41>,=<=4 > ;=657>65 F5,>;-
8-@,262 >+ 5657>;= З754- Н>657> Р-C-12I 65@> @= <- ,12N>;5: H5/>;>5
:;5F- +7-. Х-@,2/>@- ,5 <651- 5.,= ;>@= ?>7- 1=46- <4.-1. А7> <=
5.,-3P> A8-@,2C>B 5,7>62@2 5, 8-@,26- +-H-,;= С1?>@=I 65@> H51=,
<.=F- +75F- >:-@2 2 <=?> > ;=/=F- H5=4<65F-I /=<45 H24- /><45
>,=-7;5F-. О.,-3L> <2 8-@,2C> H1-.> ?=+,23;>C>I 8-1-:>@=I 2?>@C= >
;=.-L-7C> ;-@F51= .1<4=I 65@> 2?>@-@2 ?=+,23;5 6-5 N>.54>P-I /-6 > >+
H-<>@=I ?=+ .>4=34.- > H5;5<-. С 45F- @- :><7>: ,- <= 12:2;<6- 1=/ 5C
SsoŠW H5F1=3;5 2 5.5: 61-@2 H1=.5,> <1H<65: 1=/> 8-@,26. У 12:2;<65:
@=+>62 soŠ +;-/> .>3= 75H5.- > 1-+?5@;>6-I ,56 +- 5;5 345 :> +5.=:5
8-@,26 - 5;> 2H541=?L-.-@2 ><42 1=/ s}i!&tI 345 +;-/>: ?51-C H154>.
2FP=4-/- 54-i?>;= S2 ,5?- m-;-1>54- > >;-/=W. О P>:- >:- >
8-@,2/6>8 H=<-:- S<}"a#t si!&t#ctWI > 25H34= >: @= 275F- 5, H1>7>6=
5;-6.- 6-6.- @= > ;-3>8 ;=6-,-3P>8 > <-,-3P>8 8-@,26-. OX Р2:2;> 2
С1?>@> 4-6.>8 8-@,26- ;><2 >:-7> ;>4> <2 ,-;-3P> P>85.> 5, .7-<4>
5,:=4;24> ;=.-L-7C> SsoŠW ;-7>6 :- 2 /=:2 ;- <4-1= 8-@,26=.
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OX В>,> 5 45:= 1-+7>62 2 1=/;>C>:-: hitaio"ri ro'}"9k#r'" !# v.
•i"#"& > eow&# hitaio""ri# ro'}"9rr"tic V 1-r $. h'# 65, 1=/>E
soŠI soŠ#ctI soŠi#I soŠo'" > 65, 1=/> : si!&tI


ZU
З754 @= .=7>65 <=75 <- />4-.5: /-13>@5: ;- <1=,>;>I 65@2 />;=
;=657>6= 6-J-;=I ,2D-;> > 41F5.>;=.
С=,=D> 2 87-,5.>;> H1=, :=8-;5:I 5612N=; ;=657>C>;5: З75D-;-I
+-?=7=N>5 <-: 5.= <4.-1>:
В>P=1- ?2@=+>751 +5.2 5.,=: H=4-6I <2?542 > ;=,=L2 Т5,515.= ;=,=L=.
Т> <2 ,-;> 4=36> H1-+;>C>. З- P>8 <= 12:2;> H5;-.L-@2 > 5?7-/= 6-5
С1?> +- Ц.=4>. З75D-;> 2 H=4-6 2 @2412 >+7-+= .-; <=7- ,5 З754<6=
П=D>;= SG-21- 72 Л-+-1Iœ&r %& v|rW. Т2 <.>1-@2 2 F-@,= > >F1-@2.
П236-:- F-K-@2 2 ?>L62 65@- <= +5.= ;- P>85.5: @=+>62 <5:>;-I 65@=
>:- 42 65, H=D>;= > 345 5H-,;= 2+>:-@2 - ;5<= 62D>I 4= 4>:= 61:=
<4562 5, :265.>C=I - > L2,:- ,-@2 6-, H-4= 5, 65<45?5L=. К5@- @=
?>L6- <5:>;-I >+ P>85.- 5H><- ;= :5F-8 1-+2:=4>I - <1H<65 >:= ;=
+;-K-82 :> 1=D>. П1=, H5,;= <= .1-D-@2 2 <=75I -7> 2 <=72 ;= <:=@2
>F1-4>I @=1 <2 >: 45 <.=34=;>C> +-?1-;>7> +?5F 45F- 345 @= 45F- ,-;-
H=4-6 H1.= ;=,=L= H5<4-. А7> :7-,=NI > H51=, 45F-I >+-K= 2 H5L= .-;
<=7- > >F1-I - <4-1>@> <= 1-+>K2 H5 :=8-;-:- H- H>@2. У <2?542 > 2
;=,=L2 H5<7= H5,;= >F1-@2 > 2 <=72.
У Б1=<45.C2 +5.2 В>P=1- ?2@=+>751 <-:5 H=4-6 Т5,515.= ;=,=L=. Т5F-
,-;- >+ Б1=<45.C- > 5657;>8 <=7- >,= <.=4 2 Б1=<45.-/62 Б-P2I H- <=
,=.5@6= 62H-@2 > :>@2 2 41-.-:- > 651=P2 65@= <2 45F- ,-;- H562H>7=. Т2
<= @53 C=75F- ,-;- >F1-I H=.-I /-<4> > .=<=7>. И 2 О341=L2 <= <-:5
H=4-6 Т5,515.= ;=,=L= +5.= В>P=1- ?2@=+>751.
У +7542 ;- У<61< :=K2 Р2:2;> 2 /-32 .>;- :-75 65H1>.-I ,1=;5.5F
7><4- > C.=4-I :-75 5, 657-/- > @-@-I > 4>:= <= H1>/=3D2@2.
Н- ?=7= H567-,= @= 2 З7542 5?>/-@ ,- <.> >+;=<2 ;-<1=, <=7- .=7>6=
F5:>7= ,1.- > H-7= 5, P>8 @=,;2 >7> .>3= .=7>6>8 .-41- > 565 P>8
>F1-@2. О.= <= .-41= H-7= 5;>:- 65@> <2 H5:17> ?=+ <.=D-.
И.-P9,-; <= 5.,= +5.= С>:,>-;-. Т5F- ,-;- 1-;5 >+@241- >,2 ?-?= 4=
?=12 7=65.>4= 41-.=. OY
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OY К-, <-: 5.5 ?=7=N-5 ?=3= 2 ,1234.2 > @=,-; З-@=/-1-C 65@> :>
1=/= ,- <= 2 З-@=/-12 И.-P9,-; +5.= ЕP5.9,=; > ,- 4-,- H-65<;5
N=;<6>P= >,= 2 42K= P>.= > >+ P>8 H1=54>:- H75, > 3-L= 2 <.5@=. Т5
<= 1-,> 5.-65. Р-;5 45F- ,-;- 4-6.= N=;= ,5K2 65, 42K= P>.=I <.262 <=
65, P= H- F57= 2K2 2 P>.2 > 1=6;2: AД5?15 @2415I ЕP5• A > <4-;2 5?>@-4>
15<2 1265:.. З-4>: +-?5,2 2 P>.2 61<4 5, 7=<65.>;= > ;=345 ?-@2. Т>:=
<= H75, >+ 42K= P>.= 261-,=; > H1=;=<=; 2 P>.2 5.>8 N=;-. Т=365 5;5@
N=;> 65@2 ;=65 28.-4> ;- 5.5: H5<72 2 <.5@5@ P>.>.
Z(
Б=7=N>: @53 ,- @= 5.,= 5?>/-@ ,- 6-, <= ;=65F ,-;- ,=<> 2 <=72 H5
;=657>65 <.-,?-I :- 657>65 >8 ?>75 <.= >+-K2 ;- <1=, <=7- H- <= 42
+-@=,;5 .=<=7= > >F1-@2. У ,12F>: <=7>:- .=7= ;>@= 4-6-. 5?>/-@.
У З7542 <-: +-?=7=N>5 @53 > ;=657>65 12:2;<6>8 >:=;- :236>8 >
N=;<6>8. М236- <2: П1.27I Ј5;I Т126- SП=4-1WI Т1->75I G572?I Д1-F2LI
Ј5.-;I Ј-;627I Л-H-,-4I В-<>7>@-I М-14>;I М>@-75I М>@-@I Р-,27I С41->;I
M216-I С>:>@5;I m751-I А7=6<-I Н5.-6I [51K=. А N=;<6- <2: m751>6-I
А;-I С4-;-I П=41-I А;K=7>@-I Б1;,23-I С4-;6-I Р2N-I М-1>@-I Д2:>41-.
Н-<45@-.-P=: C16.= ,-;-< <= .>3= 5.-6.- >:=;- ;= ,-@2I .=D
<.=34=;>C> F7=,-@2 ,- >: ,-@2 /><45 <1H<6- >:=;-. Н5 > H51=, 4-6.>8
<1H<6>8 >:=;- В7-<> <= > ,-L= 2 62D> > :=K2 <5?5: ;-+>.-@2 <.5@>:
>:=;>:- 65@> <-:> ;-,=.-@2. И;4=1=<-;4-; <= <72/-@ ,=<>5 2 Б5L=.C2
H1= ;=657>65 F5,>;- 565 ,=/@>8 >:=;-. С1=<6> @= 7=6-1 6-7=:>5 ,=C2
H154>. .=7>6>8 ?5F>P-. И+:=K2 5<4-7>8 > @=,;- В7-@P- >+ <1=+-
?5L=.-/65F ?=3= ,5;=7- 1-,> 6-7=:L=P- <.5@= ?7>+;-6=. К-, ,5K=
1=, ,- <= P=;- ,=C- 6-7=:=I 2H>4- @= 7=6-1 6-65 @5@ <= +5.2 ,=C-I 6-65
?> >: >:=;- :5F-5 H541-N>4> 2 <H><62 ,=C= +- 6-7=:L=P= > +-.=<4>
>8 2 <H><-6 6-7=:L=;>8. z Ј5; 3> Ј-;627I 5,F5.51> В7-@P-. Л=6-1
<4-,= 41-N>4> H5 <H><62I -7> 4>8 >:=;- ;= ?=3=. О; @= H5;5.- 2H>4-I -
5;- 5,F5.51> 6-5 > H1.> H24. Т-,- <= 7=6-1 ,5<=4> > 2H>4- @= 6-6.- >:
@= >:=;- ,-5 62: 6-, >8 @= 61<4>5. Н- 45 В7-@P- H5/;= ,- C>2/=: C>2I
C>2 > ;>34- ,-L=. Д=C> <2 :=K2 4>: ?>7- >:=;- @=,;5:= G12@>C-
,12F5:= В2@>C-I 345 5;- ;>@= :5F7-I ;>4> <= 412,>7- ,- +-H-:4>.
Т57>65 @5@ 4- >:=;- ?=82 <41-;-.
М5@ 657=F- >3-5 @= ,- .>,> З754<62 П=D>;2I 4= <:5 <= 2 З7542 H1>7>/;5
+-,1N-7>I 4-65 ,- @= ?>75 .=D H15375 V /-<5.- H5 H5,;= 6-, <:5 <= >+
З754- 61=;27> +- Б1=<45.-/62 Б-P2. Д- ;= ?><:5 >37> <-:>I
H1=,<=,;>6 +754<6= 5H34>;= ,-5 ;-: @= @=,;5F- /5.=6- ,- ;-<
H15H1-4> H1=/>: H24=: - ,- ;-: <= 2+ H24 ;-K=. Б=3= 45 :7-, /5.=6 5,
565 (VzO) F5,>;-E :-7> 1-<45: -7> /.1<4 <;-F5: > .175 H1>@-4-;
+?515:. Ј- <-: :><7>5 ,- @= 5H34>;<6> <72N>4=7I -7> :> 5; 1=/= ,- @=
5H34>;<6> -H<=;>6. Н- :5@= 1-+?>1-P= +-345 @= 2 -H<2 1=/= ,- F- @=
N=;- 5<4-.>7- @53 H1= ,.= F5,>;= H-I 54>37- +- ,12F5F-I - 5; @= H1=
;=657>65 ,-;- <1=5 H- @= >+?>5I 5;- F- +- 45 42N>7- 4= F- 2-H<>7>.


ZO
К5, ;-3>8 Р2:2;- ;>@= 1=46- <4.-1 ,- N=;- 5<4-.> :2N- H- ,- >,= +-
,12F5F- > ,- <= H5;=6-, 5H=4 .1-4> H1.5:= :2N2. М51-7 @= 65, ;-3>8
Р2:2;- ><H5, ;27=. Н=:- H534=;= N=;= ;> ,=.5@6=I H- /-6 ;> ,=C= 5,
UO F5,>;-. П5,.5K=P- <.-6= .1<4= <- <.>: <2 5?>/;- <4.-1. Д- H5,.=,=
?1-4 <=<412 >7> :-@6- 6D=1I ;= <:-41- <= ;> +- F1=8 ;> +- <4>,.
У5H34= /5.=/;5<4I :51-7I ;-1-.<4.=;5<4 > <.= 345 6-5 H7=:=;>45
5,7>62@= /5.=6- > ;-15,I 5.,= <2 5<5?>;= 65@= <= ;> :-75 ;= C=;=.
П5+;-4> <2 В7-<> 6-5 .5@;>C> 2 ;-3>: 1-45.>:-. Н>@= 42 2?=D=P= ,- ;=
41=?- F>;24> +- С1?= 5;5 345 >8 5, ?>46= 5,.1-D- > />;> 4= ;><2
@2;-C>. Н=I 45 @= N>.54>P<6> 626-.>/726I ;=5<=D-P= .5@;>/65F H5;5<-
>
.>4=34.-. К26-.>C= 2 ?5@2I 626-.>C= <2 ?>7> > H1=:- 6-+;-:- 65@= <2
>8
+- 45 H5<4>+-7=. П5?5N;5<4 @= <4.-1 F545.5 ;=H5+;-4-. У C16.2 ;>65 ;=
>,= <=: 6-, H5 P>85.>: <2@=.=1;>: H5@:5.>:- .-L- >D>. К1-K-I
H>@-;<4.5I ?72,I ?-4>;-P=I 5?>/;= <2 <4.-1>. У :=8-;= >,2 > N=;= />:
>:-@2 ;5.-C- > H>@2 ,567= F- F5, >:-@2I H- <= 5H>@2 ,5 4= :=1=I ,- <=
H5<7= 45F- H1=7-+> 2 <4.-1> 65@= <= ;= <4-.L-@2 ;- 8-14>@2.Ч-6 ;>
2?>@<4.- H5 P>85.>: H5@:5.>:- ;><2 ;>34-I > 45 5;- ?124-7;-I
,>.L-/6- > +.=1<6- 2?>@<4.-. AУ?>D= 4= +- 7272 ,2.-;-IB 1=6;= <= /=<45
2 ;-< +- Р2:2;=. И 6-, <= ;= ?> ?5@-7> H5<7=,>C-I ;= ?> 5, 2?>@<4.- ;>
:-75 +-+>1-7>I 6-5 345 >8 > H51=, 45F- .13=. Ј- <-: H1= 45F- >:-5
H1>7>6= ,- .>,>: Р2:2;= 2?>@C= 2 126-:- .7-<4>. О;> <= ;= @=,= 345
<2
2?>@C=I P>8 ;= F1>+= <-.=<4. n>:- 45 >+F7=,- 5?>/;5 > /-6 :5N,-
/2,;5
345 >8 .7-<4 2+>:- ;- 5,F5.51. Ј=,>;5 >8 <41-8 5, <:14;= 6-+;= ;=345
2+;=:>1-.-.
У YU]( /-<5.- ?>7> <:5 2 Б1=<45/-/65@ Б-P>I F,= H1=;5D><:5 >
5,:51><:5 <=. ) Б1=<45.-/65@ Б-P> ;= +;-: 34- ?>8 +-?=7=N>5. Т2 <= >
;= +-,1N-<:5 .>3= ;5 @=,;2 ;5DI - <241- ,-; 61=45<:5 <= ,-L= ;- H24.
Д5?1545: G. Д91- Л-+= И7>D-I 5612N;5F 7=6-1- >+ З-@=/-1-I 65@> ?=3=
5.,= ?-P<6> 7=6-1I ,5K5<:5 ,5 5.>8 ,.=@2 6P>N>C- 2 65@>:- <= F5.51>
5 Б1=<45.-/65@ Б-P> > 65F- >;4=1=<2@= :5N= >8 651><;5 H15/>4-4>:
AБ1=<45.-/6- Б-P-BI ;-H><-5 Д1. С4. М-/-@I H1>6-+-5 Д1 Л-+- И7>DI
З-@=/-1I UYR(E > AБ1=<45.-/6- Б-P-BI +.-;>/-; >+.=34-@ ?-P<6>8
7=6-1- +- <=+5;2 UR)( F5,. 5, Д91- Л-+= И7>D- > Д91- Д>:. М>C>D-I
Б=5F1-,I UR)O.
Z*
(O @2;-.
И+ Б1=<45.-/6= Б-P= 61=;27> <:5 <= 2 R U]*I /-<- - 2 U)U]*I ?>7> <:5 2
Б1=<45.C2. И -65 ;-: @= ?>75 +F5,;>@= ,- >,=:5 ;=H5<1=,;5 2 Б51I @-
<-: 84=5 ,- <.1-4>:5 2 Б1=<45.-C. У Б1=<45.C2 @= :5@ 54-C H1= O) >
.>3= F5,>;- H5H5.-5 H=4 F5,>;-. Т2 <-: @- 6-5 ,=4= ;-H51=,5 <-
<1H<6>: @=+>65: 2 62D> ;-2/>5 > .7-36> <- ,=C5: ;- 27>C>I > +;-5 <-:
F- 6-5 H1-.5 В7-3/=. А7> 6-65 <-: ?>5 :-7>I @- <-: F- 615+ 457>65
.1=:=;- F545.5 H54H2;5 ?>5 +-?51-.>5 > <-, F- 5, ;=65F ,5?-
5<.=N-.-:.
Ј- H-:4>: H5/=46= ;=6>8 H=<-:-I 65@= <2 <= H1= O) > .>3= F5,>;- 2
Б1=<45.C2 H=.-7=I - 65@= <= <-, F545.5 .=D +-?51-.L-@2:
В>P= С4-;- ,= 7- L=:P=I
А1= š; ?1-C- :27D= L=:P= 3> ;2L=....
{i"# da" !# % %#'"#I
Ar# š" lrŠ# '&%a# %#'"#
•i "&i#%#
Д57-+> С4-;- >+ ,1.-I И:- 2 ;-12/@2 :;5F5 ,1.- ИH12D-....
А@,-CI -@,-CI J=D>751I
С- ,=: H-@= .-3>751 3 Jš; ?5@>751...
•i!#ŠI si!#ŠiI ri#ti%or
d‹ !‹' €i# wti%or
•i r‹" loi%or
Х-@,=4=I 8-@,=4=I ,=.5@6=I
Д- ,-:5 <7-:= 61-.-:-
И <=;- .575.>:-....
П5=+>@- @= 25H34= 65, ;-3-8 Р2:2;- <7-?- <41-;- P>85.-. У P>8 <=
25H34= :-75 H=.-I > -65 <= H=.-I 45 H=.-@2 .=D>;5: N=;<6>P=. С.= <2
H=<:= N=;<6= > H=.-@2 <=I 657>65 <-: :5F-5 +-H-+-4>I <6515 <.= ;-
@=,-; F7-<I 5,@=62@2D> H1> 45: ;=6>: 4-@-;<4.=;>:I :=7-;857>/;>: >
42N;>: 45;5:. Т-6.= <2 25H34= -1>@= ;-3>8 Р2:2;-I Ј2;-/6>8 H=<-:-I >
-65 <-: 5 P>:- 1-+?>1-5I 6-;,- ;=:-I ?-3 6-5 ,- <2 2F-3=;=.

ZV
З- O) F5,>;- Б1=<45.-C <= :-75 >+:=;>5. О;-6-. @= 6-5 345 F- @-
H-:4>:I <-:5 :> <= <-, 2/>;> <.= :-P=I H15<4>@= > H1L-.>@=. Ш>1>;-
;- <1=, <=7-I H51=, 1=6=I ;- 65@5@ <-: <= <- ,=C5: >F1-5 > ;- 65@5@
H-:4>: ,- <2 ;- Б=7= H567-,= H-L=;= .=7>6= .-41=I 4= @= >+F7=,-75
6-5 ,- <=75 F51> z >+F7=,-3= :> :-7- H1=:- 5;5:= 6-6.2 @= @- H-:4>:
>+ H1.>8 ,-;- <.5F- N>.54-.
И+ ,=4>P<4.- H-:4>: @53 > >:=;- ;=6>8 ;-15,;-8 H1-+;>6-I +- 65@=
1-<H>4-8 5.5: H1>7>65: 6-, H-,-@2I 4= +-?=7=N>8. Т5 <2: В>P=1-
5.272@ SВ=7-6> H=4-6WI З=5 21<2751 SU -.F2<4-WI M5@ .=1K> SH1.> > ,12F>
/=4.14-6 H5<7= Т15@>C=W.
П-:4>: @53 > 1=/> 65@>:- @= <=5<6> ?>15. H5+>.-5 <=L-6= ;- <=5<6>
+?51 ,- >: <= 345 5?@-.> >7> >+,- 6-6.- +-H5.=<4: A А2+>CI :52 65H>>I
.=;>C 45C 7- 6-<- ,5:P-<6- <= .- <H2P= .15.51?-. К-1= ;2 .>P= <-
J>= 123>P= 72@• А2+>CI :52 65H>> :52•B SA&|iŠ '‹i to€iiI w#"iŠ aoŠ•
% tc !o'"#ct‹ c‹ w‹ c€&"I wr# o worl}. fr# "& wi"# c‹9i ri# r&Œi"# %&i•
A&|iŠI '‹i to€ii 'i..W
У Б1=<45.C2 <= C=7- H1.5H5<;- ;=,=L- В=7>65F- H5<4- +5.= С=;
Т5K=1>. Н- H567-,= :=<= H>4= <- <>15: 65@= +5.2 H7-3>;a= > 65@= <=
H1N= 2 4>F-P2. З- 4-@ <= ,-; <H1=:-@2 @53 > :;5F- ,12F- @=7-. П5<7=
12/6- L2,> 2+>:-@2 5, 62D= 2 ?267>@-:- .>;- H- >+-K2 ;- 3>1>;2
;-<1=, <=7- > 42 <= /-<4=. З-4>: 42 ,57-+> > :7-,=N 4= >F1- > .=<=7>
<=. С.-6> 65 >:- 65F- ,- :2 @= 2:15 ?=+ <.=D=I ?>75 ;- 15?>@>I ?>75 ;-
H242I ?>75 ;=F,= ;- <41-;>I <H1=:> H5 @=,;- >7> H5 ,.5@- 657- ,1.- H-
>8 42 ;-<1=, <=7- ;-<7-N= 2<H1-.;5 2 F5:>7=. К-, ?2,= 2 .=/=I 42 <=
H15<41= H7-4;5I - H5 P=:2 <= ;-:=D2 @=7-I H>4=I @-@-I H5F-/=I .>;-I
1-6>@=I >4,.I H- <= 45 ,=7> +- ,232 2:17>:- ?=+ <.=D=I - > <=?>. У ><45
<= .1=:= +-H-7= > 5;= F5:>7= ,1.-I 5, /=F- <= 2+,>N2 5F15:;= .-41=.
З-4>: <= 42 @=,=I H>@= > .=<=7> ,5 <.-;2D-. С241- ,-; <.> :14.> H>@-;>
<H-.-@2 H5 />4-. ,-;. К-, 2 .=/= 2<4-;2I @=,2 5;5 :1<;5 @=75 345 >: @=
5, H567-,- 5<4-75. Т=6 5, 2451;>6-I 65@> <= +5.= М-1C .=<=751
S2451;>6 <2,5.-WI +?5F 45F- 345 <= 45F ,-;- H=12 <2,5.> > 6532L=I
;-<4-@= H5<4. П=4-6 H1.5H5<;= ;=,=L=I 6-5 345 1-;>@= H5:=;28I 5.,=
<= +5.= В>;=1- ?2@=+>751.
Ц=7= 5.= H1.5H5<;= ;=,=L= ;=D= ;>@=,-; В7-8 ;> В7-@P- ;>34- ,-
1-,> />: <2;C= +-K=I @=1 <= ?5@= <=;945K=1-. С=;945K=1> <2 ;=6-6.-
?>D-
ZZ
65@- >,2 ;- 65P>:- > />;= L2,>:- +7-. З?5F 45F- 4>8 ,-;- В7-<> ;>F,=
2 .=/= ;= >+7-+=. Т>8 ,-;- 2.=/= ;=D= 5;> /-6 ;> 5H-;6= ,- H5H1-.=I
.=D > 45 5<4--L-@2 ,- 2/>;= 6-, +-H=.-@2 H=47>. П1>/- <= ,- @= ;=6-
В7-@P- >:-7- 6D=1 > H-<45162I H- +;-@2D> 6-65 <2 <=; 45D=1> 4>8 ,-;-
<415F> 6-, <= 2.=/= 1-,>I H53L= H-<45162 2 .5,=;>C2 ,- <-:=L=
?1-3;- > ,- 2.=/= 2 .5,=;>C> ><H1=,= ?1=:= 62/>==. П-<4516- 54>,;=
2 .5,=;>C2I +-<H= :7>.5I :=4;= 87=?- 2 <624 > H5/;= ,- H1=,= >
H5:-75 ,- @=,=. О,@=,;5: <= H1=, P5: <4.51> :-/=I 65@= H5/= 565 P= ,-
:-2/=. О;- :2 ,- :-765 87=?- > 1=6;= :2: МšC5I :šC>351-I <- J> :>-
<5C>51-• SМ-/65I :-/6>C=I ?2,> :> ,12F-1>C-•W Т-65 H15K= :>1;5
/>4-.- ;5DI ;>34- @5@ <= ;= ,=<>I 4= <H565@;5 <-:=L= ?1-3;5I ><H1=,=
62/>;2 > 5,= 62D>. К-, @= .>,= :-D=8-I +-/2,> <= /2,2I H- 1=3> ,-
,12F= .=/=1> H53L= 2 .5,=;>C2 <.5@2 6D=1. Д-.3> @5@ 345 > H-<4516>I
5,.=,= @= 2 .5,=;>C2. КD> +-<H= :7>.5I :=4;= 87=?- 2 61>75 > H5/;=
H1=<4> > @=<4>. ОH=4 <= <4.51> 5;5 :-/= > H5/;= <= 2:>L-.-4>. О;-
2,-1> :-/= > 1=6;= : Д2D= ,1-6272I ?-4- D= <Jš;42I <- ;2 :> <:>;D=3
<- 4516• SИ,> ,5 K-.57-I 2?>5 4= <.=4>I ;=:5@ :> <:=4-4> ,- H1=,=:•W
М-/6- <65/> ;- P2 H- @= 2,-.> - <=; 45K=1> @5@ >+.-,= C1=.-I H- >8
5<;2@2 H5 H7542 565 .5,=;>C=. М-@6- @= /=6-7-I /=6-7-I H- 6-, .>,= ,-
@5@ ;=:- 6D=1>I 61=;= <= 2 .5,=;>C2. К-, ,5K= ?7>+2 > .>,= C1=.-I
H5:><7> ,- @= 45 P=;- 6D- 5<;5.-7- H7-4;5I > 1=6;=: m-4- :=-I
.1@=,P>6- :=-I -451< J2@512 3> -21+>4 • SД=.5@6- :5@-I .1=,;>C- :5@-I
><H1=7- 62/>;2 > 5<;5.-7- @=•W К-, 2K= 2 .5,=;>C2 >:-,= 34- ,- .>,>.
И+ Б1=<45.C- <:5 <= 61=;27> 2 UU /-<5.- - 2 U( U]*I ?= :5 .=D 2 Б512I
65@> D=I 6-65 >+F7=,-I >:-4> .=7>62 ?2,2D;5<4 +?5F ?-6-1;= 12,= 65@-
<= 42 5, <651- =6<H75-4>3=I +?5F /=F- 52 5.,= ,5.=,=;> :;5F> L2,> 5,
12,-1<6= <4126= > <>7;> 1-,;>C>. С-, <= 5.,= F1-,= <4-;5.> +-
/>;5.;>6= > 1-,;>6=I 65@> D= />;>4> />4-.5 ;5.5 ;-<=L=. О.,= <=
>;<4-7>1- > J-?1>6- +- 45HL=P= ?-61-I 65@- D= 6534-4> 5F15:;= <2:=.
Р2,;>6 @= .=7= .175 ?5F-4 > >:- .=7>65F >+F7=,- ;- ?2,2D;5<4.
М5@ 657=F- > <-H24;>6 G. М-1@-;5.>D ;-H><-5 :> @= 5 Б512 >+ <.5@=
<4126= 5.5. У 4=1=;2 41-8>45>,;>8 <4=;- ><45/;5F ,=7- ;-3= 54-i?>;=
5+;-/>5 @= G. Ј5.-; M2@5.>DOR ,- <= 2 Б512 ;-7-+= .276-;<6= <4=;=
-:J>?5741-8>4>. С=: 5.>8 <4=;-I >,2D> 2+ .5,2 5, :=8-;=I ;-7-+> <=
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
OR О<;5.> +- G=575F>@2 К1-L=.>;= С1?>@=I Б=5F1-,I UYYY

ZX
.=7>6- 657>/>;- -;,=+>4- > 2 45:= :-<>.2 54.51=;- <2 H1= ;=657>65
:=<=C- :;5F- 12,-1<6- 56;-. Ј- <-:I ,5?1545: 3=J- 12,565HP= G.
К-H>4-;-I 5?>3-5 <.- 56;- H1=65 H24- 5, Т>7.- 1532 SЦ1.=;> ?1=FW >
.=5:- := @= >;4=1=<5.-75 ?5F-4<4.5I H1-.-C H12N-P- > 657>/>;- 12,=.
Р2,-1<6> <412/P-C> 2.=1-.-82 := 42 ;- :=<42 ,- @= :-4=1>@-72 <1=,P-
.1=,;5<4 /><45F ?-61- U)zUV—I - >:-I .=7=I 5.,= 5;,= > H5 V)I Z)I X)
H- /-6 > Y)—W. П1=:- 5.5:= H15C=;42I :5N= <= 4.1,>4> ,- @= :-@,-;
?-61- 2 Б512 ;-@?5F-4>@> ;- <.=42. К-, <= H15C=;42-7;5@ 657>/>;> ,5,-
,- <2 4-7-<-<4> :7-+=.> 7-.=I 3>156> (V :=4.I <-<4-.L=;> >+
:>;=1-7-: 8-765<>;- SС> YWI 65.=7>;- SС> YWI 8-765H>1>;- SС> O ž Р= YWI
:-7-8>4- ^С> СОO ž С> SОНW(_V I -+21>4- ^(С> СОO ž С> SОНW(_I > ,1.
5;,- > 7->6 :5N= ?-1 657>65 457>65 ,5?>4> <7>62 5 45: ;-3=: ;5.5:
> ?5F-45: 12,;>62. Р=653= :> @53 ,- 12,- >+?>@- ?-3 ;- H5.13>;2
?1,-I - >+ 65@= ,2?>;= H57-+>I 45 Б5F <-: +;-. Н- <1=,>;> ?1,-
><65H-7> <2 ?2;-1 *O :=4. ,2?56I > 5; <= H15?>@- <4-7;5 615+ 12,2.
И;4=9 1=<;5 @= @53 > 45 345 @= 12,;> :-4=1-@-7 .=5:- /.1<4I 2H1-.5 6-5
<4=;-I > 345 F- 5.,= 5;,= H15N>:- 1-<41=<>4>I :-4=1>@-7I 4+..
-;,=+>4<6> 42J. Н- .>3= :=<4- ;-7-+= <= 2 56;>:- H5 +>,5.>:- />4-.=
651= 5, H7-.5F 6-:=;- >x :;5F5 :7-+=.- H7-.= .5,=. О.5 @= :5F75
H5<4-4> 5, H>1>4- SР= O(W > 8-765H>1>4- SС> Р= O(W 24>C-@=: .7-F= >
.-+,28-.
Д-;-3P> 1265.5,>5C> H5<7- .=7= ,- <2 5.,= ;-7-+>7> 5<4-46= <4-1>8
12,-1<6>8 1-,5.-. И+:=K2 5<4-75F- ;-K=;- @= 42 > @=,;- 1>:<6- 6-:=;-
<.=4>L6-I 6-6.>8 >:- .175 :;5F5 2 ;-3=: Н-15,;5: М2+=@2. Д1. М>75@=
В-<>D :><7> ,- @= 12,-1<4.5 2 Б512 ?>75 :.5F5 H1= Р>:L-;-. У <.5:=
/7-;62 AА18=57536- ><41-N>.-P- 2 С1?>@>B .=7> 5;: II <=.=15><45/;>
,=5 С1?>@= 24.1K=;5 @= <651-3P>: ;-7-<C>:- J1-F:=;4-1;5F H5<2K- 2
<4-1>: 12,-1<6>: 85,;>C>:- 2 Б512 ,- @= 12,-1<6>8 1-,5.- 4-:5 ?>75
@53 2 ?15;+-;5@I -65 ;= /-6 > 2 ?-6-1;5@ H=1>5,>.B *)
И+;-, Б51- ;- ?1,2 Т>7.- 1532 SЦ1.=;> ?1=FW ;-7-+= <= 5<4-C> 5,
;=6-6.5F <4-15F F1-,-. О P=:2 :> @= G. Д1. Н>6. В27>DI H15J=<51
У;>.=1+>4=4-I 2<42H>5 5.= <.5@= ?=7=36=. ) 45:= 6-<4=72 25H34= ;=
:5N=:5 1=D> ;>34- ?7>N=I @=1 <= 5, P=F- .>,> .175 :-75 345.
И+F7=,-
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
*) AС1H<6> КP>N=.;> G7-<;>6 B5, UZ 5645?1- UR)VI <41. VRX.
ZY
,- @= P=F5.5 H7-4;5 5H-<>.-75 C=5 .18 Т>7.- 1532. Н- @=,;5: :=<42 549
65H-7> <2 <=L-C> 5, 45F H7-4;- @=,-; 65:-, 5, H1>7>6= ,.- :=41-
.><56 > 457>65 3>156. О<>: 45F- 5465H-7> <2 5;> @=,-; 65:-, />@- @=
.><>;- ><4- > 5, H1>7>6= ><4- 3>1>;-I 65@- <= <- H1.>: <2/=L-.- H5,
5341>: 2F75:I Д- 7> @= > 5.-@ ,12F> 65:-, ,=5 <H5LP=F H7-4;-I ;=
2:=: 1=D>I -7> :> <= 4-65 />;>. О?- +>,- <-F1-K=;- <2 5, 612H;5F
;=4=<-;5F 6-:=;- S<>4;>@= 65:-K= 2H541=?L=;5 @= <-:5 ,- <= ><H2;=
12H= >+:=K2 612H;5F-WI 65@> @= <7=HL=; ,5?1>: :-74=15:. К5, 5.5F
F1-,- ;-K=; @= H1537= F5,>;= > @=,-; 1>:<6> ;-,F15?;> 6-:=;I 65@> <=
<-,- ;-7-+> H1=, 6-;C=7-1>@5: 2H1-.= ?51<65F 12,;>6-. В=D>: @=
,=75: ,=<;5 > 7=.5 5,?>@=;. Н-@.=D- :2 @= ,2N>;- )I*U :.I ;-@.=D-
3>1>;- )IOU :. - ,=?L>;- )IUZ :. И+;-, ;-4H><;5F H5L- ;-7-+> <=
H5L= < 1=L=J5: 65@> H1=,<4-.L- 65P- H1=, @=,;>: 41?23-.>: <2,5:
<- 3>156>: 54.515:. О, <2,- <= .>,> <-:5 7=.- H575.>;-. К5P <=
;=345 ;-F;25 ;-41-F > >:- .175 ,2F-/-6 1=H. И<H5, 45F- @= 2,2?L=;5
;-4H><;5 H5L= 256.>1=;5 @=,;5: 41-65:. О;5 @= 5,?>@=;5 ,=<;5 > ,57=I
- ,2F5 @= ).UX :.I 3>1565 ).U* :. С75.- <2 F12?- > 5, P>8 <= .>,> <-:5 :
h SicW М S"&li&cW d Str&'W_
{Qe S;=65 F=;4>7;5 >:= 6-5 ;H1. {i"ti&c >7> <7>/;5W
Q„{ S~ <5k"o'#" ;- i'&c ~W
Н5 > -65 @= 5.-@ 6-:=; <- 1>:<6>: ;-4H><5: 5.,= ;-K=;I >+ 45F- <= ;=
:5N= >+.=<4> ,- @= 6-<4=7 1>:<6>I 2 457>65 :-P=I 345 @= 4-@ <H5:=;-6
:5F-5 ?>4> 2H541=?L=; H1> F1-K=P2 6-5 :-4=1>@-7 +- +>,-P=. Н=6>
,56-+ +- P=F5.5 1>:<65 H51=675 :5F2 ?>4> 5H=6= < 2+,>F;245: >.>C5:I
65@= <= ;-7-+= 2 P=:2I @=1 @-65 7>/= ;- 1>:<6=.
Б51 @=I .=7= :=34-;>I ,5?>5 >:= 5, @=,;5F .=7>65F ?51- 65@> @= ;=F,-
?>5 ;=F,= ;- H242 ?7>+2 ,-;-3P=F <=7-.
(* @2;-.
И+ Б51- ;=:- ,12:- +- <=.=1 62,- <:5 :> ;-:=1-.-7>I .=D <= 4=6
5?>/;>: <=5<6>: H24=.-:- >+7-+> ;- ,12:I > 45 >7> H1=65 К1>.=L-
>7> H1=65 О341=L-. М> <:5 >+-?1-7> 5.-@ H5<7=,P> H24I @=1 ;-:
1=653= ,- @= H1=65 К1>.=L- :;5F5 ;=+F5,;>@= > (* @2;- 2 Z /-<5.- >+
@241- .=D @-8-<:5 +- О341=L 2 65@> <4>45<:5 565 Y /-<5.-.
П5 41-,>C>@> 65@- 2 О341=L2 N>.> <4-;5.;>34.5 :2 @= > -65 12:2;<65I
:=35.>45I @=1 <= ,5<=7>75 <- 1-+7>/>4>8 <41-;-. Н=6> <2
ZR


,537> 1-;>@=I;=6> ,5C;>@=I -7> 5,-67= H5>:=;C= ;= +;-,53= :> 1=D>.
З;-@2 <-:5 457>65 ,- >8 >:- /-6 >+ Р2:2;>@= > >+ Б2F-1<6=.
П5/=.3> 5, Б51- ;- <=.=1I ;-15/>45 5, О341=L-I <4-;5.;>34.5 <= 2
;=657>65 5,7>62@= 5,=75: 5, 5;>8 Р2:2;- ;- @2F2. О.,= ;5<= ?-@?-1-6
SlilF-<WI 6-5 6-H24 5, C1;5F <26;-I ?=+ 126-.- > F2P2I 4-65K= 5,
C1;5F <26;-I <- ><4>: 5?7>65: <-:5 345 >:- 126-.=. И<4>;- <2 5.5I
.=7=I 5, <651- H1>:>7> 5, <=7- 65@- <2 <=.=1;>@=I -7> 4=6 4>:= H5/>P=
H1=7-+ 2 5,=72. С=: 5.5F- 5.,= <= > :236- > N=;<6- 6532L- +5.=
6-:-3-. M=;<65 <= H-6 5,=75 5,7>62@= 4>:= 345 <= ;= ;5<> 6=?-I 345
<= ;5<> ?-@?-1-/=I 4@. 61-4-6 @=7=6 5, C1;5F <26;- ?=+ 126-.- > 345
.175 /=<45 2 :=<45 ,.=@2 6=C=L- ;5<= 61-C-;I - 45 @= 61-46- <26P- 5,
3-1=;= .2;=;= 46-;>;=I 345 @= 2 @2N;>: 12:2;<6>: <=7>:- ;=H5+;-4-
<4.-1.
С=: 5.5F- 5.,= 54H5/>P= ,>@-7=64>/6- 1-+7>6- 2 12:2;<65:= F5.512I
65@2 @= .1=,;5 ><H>4-4>I @=1 ?> 5;- :;5F5 H5:5F7- 2H5+;-.-P2 H51=67-
12:2;<65F <4-;5.;>34.- С1?>@=.
К-65 ?-3 45F- ,-;- ?=3= И.-;9,-;I @- +-H>4-8 6-65 <= 5.,= +5.= 4-@
H1-+;>6I H- :> 1=653= ,- <= +5.= С>:+>@=P=. Т5F- ,-;- 1-;5 >,2 N=;=
4= ?=12 7=65.>4= 41-.=.
У RУF /-<5.- 61=;27> <:5 <= >+ О341=L-I - 2 U) U]( ?=<:5 2 Б=75@ Р=C>I
F,= >+-K5<:5 ;- ,12: 65@> .5,> >+ З-@=/-1- +- Д. М>7-;5.-C.
Б=7- Р=6- @= /><45 <1H<65 <=75. Б=751=/-;> <2 /><4> С1?> > H5
P>85.5: 6-+>.-P2 ,5<=L=;>C> >+ С4-1= С1?>@= > <- К5<5.-. Н53P- @=
2 :236-1-C- .175 H15<4- - F12?- > 657>65 :5F58 H1>:=4>4> ;=345
;-7>6 ;- .7-362. Н5<= /-1-H=I 345 @= 65, В7-8- ;=H5+;-45. Д=75.> 5,
5,=7-I ;= +5.2 <= 12:2;<> .=D /><45 <1H<6>. M=;= ;= ;5<= ,.= 6=C=L=
.=D @=,;2I > 45 <-, 7=4> 5,:-8 H1=65 6532L= 6-5 > В7-@P=. Н5<=
/-1-H= > F7-.2 <- <.>: ,12F5@-/= ;-:=34-@2 ;5 В-@P=.
Б-3 6-, <:5 <>7-+>7> <- 65P- H1=, ,5P5: :=8-;5: 2 Б=75@ Р=C>
+-/2<:5 F51= 2 <=72 F-@,= > H=<:2I H1-.> 21;=?=< > 75: 5, .=<=L-. Н-
;-3- H>4-P- 34- @= 45 1=653= ;-: ,- @= ,-;-< И.-P9,-; > ,- <= ?-?=
.1-D-@2 >+ 41-.- H- <= :-75 H5;-H>7= 1-6>@= > =45 z .=<=7= <=. У 45
.=D > ?-?= ;-45.-1=;= 451?-:- > <;5HL=: 41-.-I H1-D=;= :2+>65: >
<>7;5: ,=C5: > 1-,5+;-75: :7-K-1>@5: H1><H=.-82 H1=, F51P2
:=8-;2. Ј- H5N21>8 4-:5 ,- .>,>: H5.1-4-6 >+ ?-H<65F >+7=4- >
.=<=L- > >:-K-8 ,- .>,>: .=<=72 > 3-1=;2 <7>62. Ј=,-; F-@,-3
<.>1-3= 2 F-@,= - @=,-; ?2?P-1 2,-1-3= 2 ?2?-P. Н-6.-3=;= N=;= 5,
H1=65 *) F5,>;- 28.-4>7=
X)
t# 2 6575 H- >F1-@2 7> >F1-@2I +-@=,;5 <- 41-.-:- 65@= <2 >: ;- 7=K>:- 2
<;5HL2 >7> 2 451?-:-. Ч-< @= @=,;- 6575.5K-I /-< ,12F-. К575 <=
;=H1=<4-;5 6.-1> > H1=6>,- > -65 :2+>6- ;= H1=<4-@=. У+ ?-?= <=
28.-4>7- > :7-K-1>@- H-9/-6 > 2;2/-,I - <.> H=.-@2I <:=@2 <=I .>/2 >
2+.1><62@2. Б-?= <H5H-5 +;5@ 65@= 5, <2;C- 65@= 5, 1-6>@=I H- <=
+-C1.=;=7= F545.5 6-5 C.=67- > 41=<2 7> 41=<2. С-. 4-@ 75: @53
+-/>P2@2 ;=<7-;> .>C=.> > 3-7= ;- 1-/2; ?-?- 5, <41-;= ?=<H5<7=;>8I
1-,5+;-7>8I +-72,;>8 > ;=<2@=.=1;>8 <4-1>@>8 L2,> 65@>8 ?=3= H1=,
:=8-;5:. П1>+51 65@> <= ;= .>K- ;> 5;,- 6-, ?> F- /5.=6 84=5 H7-4>4>.
z Н- :5@= 1-+?>1-P= 1=653= :> ,- @= 5.,= 5?>/-@ ,- ;- И.-P9,-;
H51-;= 5<4-1>@= > <4-1= N=;= > >,2 2 <=5<6> <>;51I 4= ?=12 >.-P<6=
41-.=. Т2 2+ H>@2C6-P= 1-6>@=I 65@= <.-6- H5;=<=I ;-?=12 <.-65@-6>8
41-.-I 65@= 5;= +;-@2 H5 >:=;2 > H5 7=65.>45<4>. К-, ?2,2 F545.= > <-
41-.5: > <- 1-6>@5: .1-D-@2 <= 2 F12H> >7> 2 512I 2+ H=<:2 > <.>162
62D>. К-, 4-65 ,5K2 ;- <1=, <=7-I H5345 :-75 H5>F1-@2 H1=, :=8-;5:
1-+>7-+= <= <.-6- <.5@5@ 62D>. Т1-.= 1-<H15<4>12 4= <= 5<23=I H- ,8
H5<7= 2 ;2N,> 2H541=?L-.-@2 H1=:- 45:= 5, /=F- 65@- H5:-N=. И7> >8
,-@2 ?57=<;>C>:- 4= >8 H>@2I >7> >8 P>:- 5?7-N2I >7> >8 2 P>:-
62H-@2I 6-65 6-, +-41=?-I H1=:- 1=C=H421> ;-15,;5F 7=6-1<4.-.
О.-65 ><45 >,2 ?-?= 2 41-.= ;- Б=L-;>C2 >7> Б=L-;> H=4-6. Т5F- ,-;-
>,2 +-<=?;5 > ,=.5@6= 2 +,1-.-C.
Д=.5@6= >,2 2 +,1-.-C > 2 C.=D= @53 > ;- В-<61<. У <4-15 .1=:= >37= <2
;- В=7>6- H=4-6I -7> @= 45 H5<7= +-?1-P=;5 4= <2 54H5/=7= >D> ;-
В-<61<.
У U( U]* /-<. 61=;27> <:5 <= Б=75: Р=65: +- <=75 Л26=. П24 .5,> 7=H5:
> 15:-;4>/;5: 67><215: 65@5: 4=/= Б=7- Р=6-. И -65 @= H24 1-.-;
<>7;5 @= ><6.-1=; 4565: 1=6=I 65@- 6-, ;-,5K= ><H2P2@= C=72 67><212 >
><6.-1> H24I 4= > H51=, 45F- 345 @= 5.,= H24 ;- 6-14> 5+;-/=; 6-5
,12: ;>:-75 <= 7>/> ;- ,12:. О.,= ?> .L-75 .175 :;5F5 H54153>4>
;- ,12: 65:= .5,- ;= ?> ;>34- :5F7- 2/>;>4>I
И+:=K2 <=7- Б=7= Р=6= > Л26- F545.5 H1> 61-@2 ?=751=/6>8 -4-1-I ;-
@=,;5:= :=<42 F,= <= 67><21- ;=345 H153>12@= .>,=<:5 F5:>72 5,
+=:L= 65@- >+F,=,- 6-5 42:27 S\&'&%W. Б7>+2 P= 6-;,- @= ?>75 @53
;=657>65 65@> <2 7=N-7> 2 @=,;5@ 7>;>@>I -7> <= 5;> :-75 H5+;-@2. Д- 7>
<2 5.5 H1-.> 42:27> >7> <-:5 >+F7=,- ,- <2I ;= +;-:. Т=6I C=;=D> H5
:=<42I />;> :> <= ,- ;= ?> ?>75 ;=:5F2D= ,- <2.

XU
У Л26= <4>F5<:5 2 ( U]( /-<- H5 H5,;=. У 5.5: <2 <=72 5H=4 <-:>
Р2:2;>I ;5 6-65 <-+;-,58 5, :=34-;-I 1-;>@= ;>@= ?>75 4-65. О.5 @=
<=75 ;=6-, ><H5, Т2H-;<65F H5456- ?>75 ;-<=L=;5 <-:>: С1?>:-I -
>+;-, Т2H-;<65F H5456- ?=82 Р2:2;>. Т565: .1=:=;- C=5 <= <1H<6> 61-@
H512:2;>5 > ,-;-< 2 <=72 ;=:- С1?-. П1= V)zZ) F5,>;- ,5<=7>75 <=
5H=4 2 Л26= ;=345 С1?-I -7> <= ,5 <-, > 45 H54H2;5 H512:2;>75I <=:
345 @53 <4-1>@> L2,> 5, P>8 +;-@2 H51=, 12:2;<65F- @=+>6- @53 >
<1H<6>I -7> <= P>:= 1=465 6-, <72N=.
У ;-< <= .175 /=<45 F5.51> 5 45:= ,- ;-3> Р2:2;> 12:2;>+>1-@2 С1?= >
,- 5?1-4;5 4=365 ?>.-. Ч=<45 <= ;-.5,> 6-5 H1>:=1 6-65 @=,;- В7-@P-I
6-, <= ,5.=,= 2 <1H<62 62D2I C=72 62D2 H512:2;>I - 5;- ;= ;-2/>
<1H<6>. М5N,- @= 5.-@ H1>:=1 :-75 > H1=4=1-;I :5N,- > ;>@=. М5N,-
>:- > 4-6.>8 H1>:=1-I 6-5 345 <>F21;5 +;-: ,- >:- <72/-@=.- ,-
,5.=,=;- <;-8-I В7-@P-I ;-2/> <1H<6> - ;>65 2 62D> ;= ;-2/> 12:2;<6>I
-7> 12:2;>+>1-P- @= 2 ><4>;> ?>.-75I > 45 2 .=7>65@ 1-+:=1>.
Б>.-75 @= <72/-@=.- ,- <2 Р2:2;> ,537> 2 +-H2<4=7- <1H<6- <=7-I H- <2
>8 ;-<=7>7> > 42 5<4-7>I - 5, С1?- 5<4-5 @= 41-F <-:5 2 :=<;5: >:=;2.
Т-65 >:-: +-?=7=N=;5 5 <=72 Н>657>/=.2 2 <1=+2 +-@=/-1<65:. Т5 @=
?>75I H1>/- <=I H1.5?>4;5 <1H<65 <=75I H- @= +-H2<4=75I ;= +;- <= 2<7=,
/=F-. n=F5.5 <1H<65 <4-;5.;>34.5 +-:=;= Р2:2;> >+ <=7-
М>3L>;5.C-. К-, <2 ,537>I 5;> <2I >+ 2<H5:=;= ;- <.5@ М>3L>;5.-CI
;-+.-7> @=,;5 ?1,5 ?7>+2 <=7-I >+:=K2 Н>657>/=.- > М=45.;>C=I 4>:
>:=;5:. З-345 <2 ;-H2<4>7> <.5@= <=75 > ,537> 2 Н>657>/=.5I ;><-:
:5F-5 <-+;-4>.
Т-6.5 12:2;>+>1-P= ?>75 ?> H1>15,;5 > ;= ?> :2 41=?-75 ;-15/>4>8
5?@-3P=P-. А7> >:- @53 H1>:=1- 5.-6.>8 6-6-. @= 5.-@ 2 Л26-:-.
С=75 С7-4>;- @= ,5 H1= Y) F5,>;-I H1>/-@2 ?>75 H575.>;- <1H<65I
H575.>;- 12:2;<65I <- 4-/;5 5,1=K=;5: F1-;>C5: >+:=K2 С1?- >
Р2:2;-. Д-;-< @= 45 /><45 12:2;<65 <=75I -7> <= 5;-@ ,=5 2 65:= <2 С1?>
N>.=7> @53 > ,-;-< +5.= С1H<6- <41-;-.
У С=;> S<1=+ +.>36>I 561. H5N-1=.-/6>W ?>75 @= ,5 <651- <1H<6>8
J-:>7>@-I -7> <2 ,-;-< .=D <.= H512:2P=;=. О, P>8 <-:5 @53 H5;=6>
<4-1>@> L2,> F5.51= <1H<6>.
Д-4> 4-/;- 5,F5.51- ;- H>4-P- +-345 <2 2 5.5:= 61-@2 С1?>@= С1?>
.>3= 12:2;2+>1-;> ;5 345 <2 Р2:2;> <1?>+>1-;>I ?=+ ,2?L=F
X(
H5+;-.-P- ><451>@<6= H15375<4>I 41-,>C>@=IF=5F1-J<6>8 H1>7>6-I
=4;>/6>8 5<5?>;- > <4-4><4>6=I .175 @= 4=36-I >7> @53 ?5L=I ;=:5F2D-
<4.-1. О.-65 ;- H1.> H5F7=,I ;= @-:/=D> :;5F5 +- -H<5724;2 4-/;5<4I @-
?>8 1=6-5 ,- @= <1H<6> ;-15, 2 H5@=,>;>: :=<4>:- 5.5F- 61-@-I ?>75
=:>F1-C>@5:I ?>75 >+ ,12F>8 2+156-I ?>5 .175 1=,-6 >7> .175
H151=K=;I ,- @= Р2:2;- 2 4-6.- :=<4- ,5375 > H1>,57-+>75 2 .=D5@
:=1> - ,- @= H1=:- 45:= 2 4-6.>: :=<4>:- <-:- P>85.- :;5N>;- ?>7-
H1.> 2+156 > F7-.;> 2<75. P>85.5: 5,1N-P2I @-/-P2 > 24>C-@2 ;- <.5@2
H151=K=;2I 1=462 >7> >3/=+72 <1H<62 5657>;2. z С=: 45F- :=;>
>+F7=,- ,- <2 Р2:2;> ?>7> > <215.>@> > F12?L> > ;=627421;>@>I -
J>+>/6> 2+ 45 .175 <;-N;> > +,1-.>I > H1=:- 45:= /.13D> 2 <.=:2 5,
С1?-I > 5 4= <= P>85.= 5<5?>;= 75:>5 <1H<6> 24>C-@I ,56 <2 С1?> ?>7>
627421;>@> > =7-<4>/;>@> +- H1>@=: P>85.5F-. z И <1H<6> @= @=+>6 4=N>.
5, 12:2;<65F-I H- @= С1?>;2 7-63= ;-2/>4> 12:2;<6> - Р2:2;2 @= :;5F5
4=N= ;-2/>4> <1H<6>.
У Б5L=.C2 <-: 2 H1>75F 5.>: <4.-1>:- +-?=7=N>5 @53 @=,-; N-75<4-;
J-6-4. К5, С1H6>P- @= 5?>/-@ ,- .175 /=<45 41L-P=:I ;-:=1;5I
2;>34-.-@2 H515K-@=I ,56 Р2:2;6= 45 ;=D= 2/>;>4> ;>H5345I .=D 1-K-@2
,567= @= F5, 65@5@ <2K=;5.
С=: 5.5F-I 65, Р2:2;- >:- > ;=6-6.5F- 215D=;5F- 4.1,5F7-.<4.-I
@5F2;<4.-I +-4.51=;5<4>I ;=H1><42H-/;5<4> > H5,:267= <=?>/;5<4>I
65@>:- <= ;-:=1;5 H-1-7>3= <.-6> 42K> 24>C-@. К-, Р2:2;2 >7>
Р2:2;6> ;-+5.=4= Б5F-I 1=,5.;5 D= .-: 5,F5.51>4> 12:2;<6>I H- :-6-1
> +;-7> <1H<6>. Н-:=1;5 ;=D= <1H<6> ,- F5.51= > 5,F5.-1-@2I > 5;,-
6-, +;-@2. К-, Р2:2;- +-H>4-4= 5 /=:2I 1=,5.;5 5,F5.-1- 12:2;<6>: ;2
3D>2 <1?=3D=I H- :- > +;-5 <1H<6>. С1?> <2 :=D24>: ,1245@-/>I ;=6-65
H5H2<4L>.>@>. Н- 12:2;<6> H5+,1-. 5,F5.-1-@2 12:2;<6>I H- :- 45
?>75 > >+ 3-7= > ><:=.-P-. А 6-, >8 Р2:2; +-H>4- 345 12:2;<6>I 5;>
:2I > -65 ;= +;-@2 12:2;<6>I 2.=6 5,F5.-1-@2 12:2;<6>: ;2 3D>2
12:2P=3D=. Т57>65 <.-6> +;- > ;= 7>?> <= ,- 45 1=6;=.
Р2:2;> /-6 >:-@2 ;=6-6.2I ;= +;-: 5462,-I -65 ;= 215K=;2I H7=:=;<62
>7> ;-C>5;-7;2 :1NP2 H1=:- ,12F>: ;-15,>:-I H- > H1=:- С1?>:-.
К57>65 <= H1=:- С1?>:- 2 45:= ,-7=65 4=1-I ,- ;-.=,=: @=,-;I :-75
<:=3-; H1>:=1. У Б1=<45.C2I Б512 > 5657;>: <=7>:- 5?>/-@ @= ,-
Р2:2;>I 6-, <-81-P2@2 :14.-C-I :=D2 H51=, P=F- 2 <-;,26 >+:=K2
5<4-75F- > H5 @=,;2 ?-4>;2. Т-6-. @= 5?>/-@I -7> С1?> .=7= ,- <2 >:


XO
Р2:2;> 5?@-3P-.-7> ,- 45 />;= +?5F 45F- ,- <= 2:17> ;- 5;5:= <.=42
45: ?-4>;5: ?1-;> 5, С1?-•
С1?> <2 62, > 6-:5 ?7-N> > H>45:>@> - <.= <= 65, P>8 <.5,> ;-
><:=.-P= > F1-K=P= .>C=.- ;- 1-/2; Р2:2;-.
Н-@+-, С1?> <2 H1=:- Р2:2;>:- ?>7> .=/>45 > <2.>4= 1-.;5,23;>. У
В-7-65P2 :> H1>/-3= @=,-; Р2:2; ,- :2 @= 565 UYZ* F. ?>5 2 Б5L=.C2
2/>4=L ;=6> П=4-1 П-.75.>DI 15,5: >+ К-1-.7-36=I H- @= >:-5
.7-36>8 6P>F-I > 4=1-5 <.5@= 2/=;>6= Р2:2;= ,- >8 />4-@2 > 6-+;>5 @=
65 ;= ?> 84=5 >7> <= ;= ?> :5F-5 ;-2/>4> ;- 12:2;<65 />4-P=. М5N,-
5.5 > <7>/;5 ;= ?=82 @=,>;> H1>:=1>. И -65 ;= .=7>: ,- >8 @= :51-75
?>4> :;5F5I >H-6 @= 5.5 ,56-+ ;-3= 1-.;5,23;5<4>.
У H5<7=,P= .1=:= <723-5 <-: ,- <= H1>:=4>7- :=K2 Р2:2;>:- ;-3>:
> ;=6-6.- 4-@;- H15H-F-;,- >+ Р2:2;>@=. Н5 5;- 6-;,- ;>@= >:-7-
.=7>65F- 2<H=8-I ?-1 2 61-@=.>:- 65@>:- <-: @- H157-+-5. С723-5 <-:
,- <2 >+ Р2:2;>@= H1=7-+>7> ;=6-6.> L2,>I > +;-@2D> <- 6-65 H15<4>:
=7=:=;45: 41=?- ,- >:-@2 H5<7-I H1>/-7> <2 Р2:2;>:- ,- <2 H1515C>.
С=: 45F-I 5;> <2 >: 5?@-3P-.-7> ,- @= .7-365 <.= ,5 +=:L>;5F H2H6-
SР4P-W > ,- <.= 45 41=?- ,- H54H-,;= H5, Р2:2;>@2.
П5/=465: UR)O F. ,.- <2 Р2:2;- >+ Р2:2;>@= ,537- 2 К7-,215.5 6-5 ,-
H15<= :>75<4>P2 +- ;=62 C16.2 2 Е1,=L2. К-, @= .7-<4 <61=;27- ;- E
P>8 H-NP2I 5;> <2 >3/=+7>.
UR)( F: Д. И. 2/>4=L 2 С. 28.-4>5 @= 2 <.5:= <=72 :-<2 12:2;<6>8 6P>F-
65@= <2 >+ Р2:2;>@= H1=;=7> ;-3> Р2:2;> 6-, <2 4-:5 >37> 2 H=/-7?2I
H- @= <.= 45 H5<7-5 М>;><4-1<4.2 П15<.=4=I ;5 ;- 45 ;>@= ,5?>5
;>6-6-. 5,F5.51.
У+- <.= 5.5 ,5,-@=: ,- > 2 ;-< >:- ;=6>8 L2,>I ;- N-75<4I <723-5 <-:
/-6 > <.=34=;>6-I 65@> >,2 ;- 1262 H- /-6 > H5:-N2 ;=6-6.2 12:2;<62
>,=@2 2 С1?>@>. О;5 345 <-: 5 45:= <-+;-5 5.,= H1=D2462@=:. М><7>:
,- 5.= <4.-1> ;><2 4-@;- 5;,= F,= 41=?- ,- <= +;-@2. z
У Л26-:- <2 62D= ;-H1-.L=;= 5, ?1.-;-. С H5L- ;><2 57=HL=;=I @=1 <=
:><7> ,- D= <= 4-65 F1-K- ,2N= 5/2.-4> 5, 412L=P-. У <.-65@ 62D>
5?>/;5 >:-E 6-<- S62@;-WI <5? S<5?-WI š; 41= 23 SH1=,<5?L=W > 6L=4
S5,-@- +- 5<4-.L-P= <:56-I ?1-3;- > ,1.I 65@- <= 2 <1H<6>: <=7>:- 2
К1-@>;> ;-+>.- <4-<>;-W. П51=, 62D= 5?>/;5 >:-: H5,12: SH5,12:WI
653=1= S653-1-W > 35H12; S;-<75; +- 657- > -7-4=W.
X*
G. Н>657- К-<-H>D 2/>4=L 2 Л26-:- ?>5 @= 4-65 ,5?-1 4= :> @=I H5 :5@5@
:57?>I H5<7-5 5H>< <7-.= 2 45:= :=<42I 65@> @- 5.,= <-5H34-.-:.
И 2 Л26-:-I 6-5 F5, > 2 <.>:- ,12F>: <=7>:- 2 65@>:- N>.= ;-3>
Р2:2;>I <7-.> <= <7-.- 65@2 +5.2 П1-+;>6. Н- ,-; H1= <7-.= ,5:-D>C-
:=<> <7-.<6> 657-/ z 6o7-62 H1-+;>62. П5 657-/2 ;-:=<4> H3=;>/;-
+1;-I 65@- 42 5<4-@2 24><;24-. С=: <7-.<65F 657-/- 65@> <= <=/= 2 C16.>I
2:=<> @53 @=,-; 65@> D= <= <=D> 2 62D>I - <=: P=F- @53 > 7>421F>@2I 65@-
<= <-<45@> >+ ,=.=4 657-/>D- <7=HL=;>8 <.= @=,-; +- ,12F> > 5H-<-;>8
@=,;5: ,24-/65: 34-;F75: 5, 4=<4-. П51=, 45F- 2:=<> > 41> 657-/>D-:
;- H1.5:= 21=N= @=,-; 61<4I ;- ,12F5:= ,.- - ;- 41=D=: 41>.
Н- ,-; <7-.= >+ @241-I N=;= 5,7-+= ;- F15?L= 4= H1=6-,= :14.=I > 4=6
H5 H5.1-462 H5/>P2 <H1=:-4> 12/-6.
К-, ,5K= .1=:= ,- <= ;5<> <7-.<6> 657-/ H5H2I ,5:-D>C- <H1=:>
657-/I <4-675 .>;- >7> 1-6>@=I 41> <.=D= +-.>@=;= 2 H=36>1I 6>42
C.=D-I H- <.= 45 ,5:-D>; >7> 65@= ,12F5 /=L-,= 5,;=<=.
З-4>: ,5:-D>C- H15<41= ;-<1=, <5?= ,5 H5,2 @=,;2 :2362 6532L2I H-
;- P2 :=4;= 7>421F>@2I C1;5F- 726-I <57>I /-32 .>;-I :=<-I >7> -65 @=
H5<4 z1>?=. С.= 45 56-,> > H5,=7> +- +,1-.L= 262D-;-.
К-, <= ,5:-D>; .1-4> <- H1=<=/=;>: 657-/=: @=,;5 N=;<6>P= 2+>:-
61/-F < 1-6>@5: > 5,7-+> ,- +5.= +.-;>C= ;- 12/-6. З- 45 <= .1=:= 2
62D> <H1=:- <5J1-I 65@- <= +5.= :-<- > 65@- :5N= ?>4> ,2F-/6- > H5
/=4>1> :=41-. Т5 <2 <-<4-.L=;= ,.= H53>1= ,-<6= <- +-5612FL=;>:
+-/=L=:. У .18 <5J1= :=4;= <= ,12F> 657-/I 65@> D= <= 5.,= <=D>. О; <=
5?>/;5 :=D= H5.18 @=,;5F H3=;>/;5F 87=?- > @=,;= H15@=I - ;- 657-/ <=
:=4;2 5;- 41> 657-/>D- <- 21=+-;>: 61<45.>:-. К57-/>D <- 41> 61<4-
;-:=P=; @= Б5F2I <- ,.- С.. А1-;K=72I - <- @=,;>: Б5F515,>C> SМ-@6-
H1=D=<4-W.
П5345 <= ><62H= +.-;>C=I :236= > N=;<6=I > +-2+:2 :=<4- 565 <5J1=
H5 <4-1=3>;<4.2 > F5,>;-:- S:236> <=,= 5,.5@=;5 5, N=;<6>8 2 .182
<5J1=W 2<4-@2 <.> 4= <= H1><42H- 1=+-P2 657-/-. Р=+-P= .13> ,5:-D>;
<- ;-@<4-1>@>: F5<45:I 65@> <= +5.= H5H. О?>/;5 <= H-+> ,- @= AH5HB
@=,-; H24 N=P=;. Н- 5.5 <= H-+> +?5F ?=1>D=4-. П5345 IH5H H1=<=/=
657-/ H1=7>@= F- .>;5: > 75:> F- <- ,5:-D>;5: F5.51=D>: AР><45<
:>N7562B SХ1><45< H5<1=,> ;-<WI ;- 345 ,5:-D>; 5,F5.-1-: AЈ-<4- 3> 5
J>B SЈ=<4 > ?>D=W. Т1> 65:-,- 5, H1=<=/=;5F 657-/- 1-+,=7= <= :=K2
F5<4>:-I - @=,;2 />4-.2 /=4.14>;2 +-,1N- AH5HB 4= @= ;5<> <.5@5@ 62D>.
XV
П5<7= 5.5F- <.> <= H1=61<4= > H5/>P= 12/-6. У H575.>;> 12/6- 2<4-@=
5?>/;5 AH5HB > ;-H>@- 2 <7-.2. О; 5?>/;5 1=6;=: С- N2/= ,2:;=+5 7-
71-+;>6I 3> 7- F-+,-I >3 7- F53D. С- H-+-<6- Д2:P=+5 ,= 1=5 5@I .>D=.
С- N2/= 6-1= HL-6- 7- 712:• SД- H5:5F;= Б5F 5 <7-.> 5 ,5:-D>;2 >
F5<4>:-. Д- <-/2.- 5, ;=<1=D= 5.C=I <4562. Д- H5:5F;= 5;>:- 65@>
H242@2•W П5<7= 5.5F- <.> ><H>@-@2 2 /-3= > <=,-@2. З- <.= .1=:= ,5:-D>;
<-:5 <72N>I - H1> 61-@2 12/6- > 5; H>@= 2 <7-.2.
К-, <= F5<4> <4-;2 1-+>7-+>4> ,5:-D>; 2+>:- <4-675 < .>;5: H-
><H1-D-@2D> >8I ;2,> >8 2 ,.51>342 ,- @53 @=,;5: H>@2.
И<4> F5<4> ,57-+= > ;- .=/=12I 65@- <= +5.= F>>;- H1-+;>6272.
Д12F5F- ,-;-I 65@> <= +5.= H1-+;>62 K= H=5174-I 5H=4 <= H5+>.-@2 F5<4>
;- 12/-6. Н- .=/=12 ,12F5F- ,-;-I 65@- <= +5.= 65,- H1-+;>62I <.-6>
F5<4 ,5;5<> 7>412 1-6>@=I H5F-/2I :=<- >7> 1>?=I - ,5:-D>; ;>34- ;=
<H1=:-.
Т1=D=F- ,-;-I 65@> <= +5.= 41-;6- P=7=I 1-;5 >+@241- ,57-+= F5<4> ;-
1-6>@2 > 4>:= <= <7-.- <.13-.-.
У Л26-:- <= <7-.= 5;> ><4> <.=C> 65@= <7-.= > С1?>: В>P=1@- :-1=
SП=465.>C-WI С.=D> Н>657-I А7>:H>I Сš; G@51F= >7> Ÿ@51,+2I Ј5.-;I
А1-;F=7I С;4- М-1>@-I >4,.
G. К-<-H>D @= +-?=7=N>5 > ;=657>6= N=;<6= H1-+;>6= 65@> <= H1-+;2@2 2
Л26-:-:
О, Б5N>D- ,5 К1<45.- ,;= SV @-;2-1-W N=;= ;= 1-,=I ?5@=D> <=
H-,-.>C= S?57- :-1=@.
М-1C- š;62@-4- S65.-;> 2451;>6W @= H1.> 2451;>6 В=7>65F- H5<4-I - ;=
1-,> <= +?5F ?57=<4>.
В>P=1- - С4572 72@ SС4575. H=4-6WI 45 @= H=4-6 2 5/> Т5,515.= <2?54=.
Т5F- ,-;- 5,7-+> N=;<6>P= ;- 5?7>NP2 H7-;>;2 С457 4= ?=1=
41-.2@-K=1 S5:-;WI 65@5: <= :>@2 ,-I ?> >: 1-<7- 65<-.
Сš; Т5K= - :-1=@= Т5,515.- <2?54-.
Сš:C SR :-14-W. Ч2.- <= +?5F <456=.
В=7>6> /=4.14-6I H=4-6 > <2?54-.
Ц=7= ;=,=L= H5<7= У<61<- ,5 2451;>6-I H5+;-4= H5, >:=;5: :-HF6-7I
;= 1-,> <= +?5F .=7>6= ?57=<4>.
ОH=4 В>P=1- - С4572 72@ SС4575. H=4-6WI 45 @= Б>L-;> H=4-6.
Р2<-L= 5, O ,-;- Т15@>C= ,5 ,12F5F- 2451;>6-.
XZ
N5@- .=1K= S+=7=;> /=4.14-6WI 45 @= /=4.14-6 415@>/;= ;=,=L=I /2.-
<= 5, F15:-.
М-1>@- ОH17>@- SОFP=;- М-1>@-WI /2.- <= 5, F15:-.
Н- ,-; С.. В14575:=I 65@> @= 5.,= H5+;-4 H5, >:=;5: Р-H-D>;I F1-,=
N=;= C1=H2L=I @=1 <= .=12@= ,- -65 <= 45F- ,-;- ;-F1-,=I ,2N= D=
41-@-4>. Ц1=H2L= F1-,> H5 ;=657>65 N=;- +-@=,;5. З- 45 <= <=:
;-15/>4= C1.=;= S1532W +=:L= 2+>:- @53: H=H=7-I 65P<6= ?-7=F= >
62/>;=. С-. <= 4-@ :-4=1>@-7 +-:=<> < .5,5:I H- F- N=;= ,5?15 >+F-+=
,- <= >+:=3-. З-4>: 2+>:-@2 5, P=F- H5 5;57>65 657>65 @= H541=?;5 +-
C1=H2L2 > 126-:- :2 ,-@2 5?7>6 C1=H2L=. К-, C1=H2L= ?2,2 F545.=I
5<4-.L-@2 >8 2 87-,5.>;2 ,- <=9<23=.
И+ Л26- <:5 <= 61=;27> 2 V U](I /-<. +- Т-;,2.
П24 5, Л26- ,5 Т-;,= <7>/-; @= H242 5, Б=7= Р=6= ,5 Л26-I < 45: <-:5
1-+7>65: 345 6-, <= >+ Л26- >+-K=I H15K= <= >+:=K2 С457- 65@> @= 7=.5
> Д=7> Ј5.-;- ,=<;5. О;> <= F515<4-<;5 2+,>N2 < @=,;= > < ,12F=
<41-;= ,- ;-/>;= 5;-@ H1=7-+ <- 65F- <= .5,= <7>.-@2 H1=:- <=.=12 >
H1=:- @2F2. И ,56 <:5 5, Б=7= Р=6= ,5 Л26- >37> 2+ Б=72 Р=62I <-,
H57-+>:5 6- Т-;,> ;>+ Ц1;-@62.
У Т-;,2 <4>F5<:5 2 Z U]* /-<. 2 .=/=. О;5 345 5.,= ;-+>.-: <=75:
Т-;,5:I 2H1-.5 > ;>@= <=75 .=D <-:5 2 К7><21> :=8-;-I 3657-I
<2,;>C-I ,2D-; > @=,;- 62D-. О<4-75 <= <=75 <-<45@> >+ 3515.-I 65@> <=
H12N-@2 565 41> <-4- 2 H1=/;>62 H5 ?1,>:- < @=,;= > ,12F= <41-;=
1=6=I 4-65 ,- <2 1-+,-7=65 @=,-; 5, ,12F5F- ;=F,= H5 />4-. <-4. У
C=75:= ><45/;5:= 61-@2 С1?>@= H51=, <=7- H5<45@= > 4515.>I 65@> <= @53
;-+>.-@2 <-7-3>I 657>?= > H5@-4=. Н- P>:- ?51-.> <456-I >7> @= 565
P>8 F12H><-;5 >:-P=I H- <= ;- P>:- <4-;2@= 6-5 F5, > 2 <=72I - /=<45
H24- > 2 .=D5@ :=1>.С=75 Т-;,- 2H1-.5 > ;>@= <=75I .=D @= <-<4-.L=;5
>+ <-:>8 4515.-.
У 2<-:L=;5@IH2<45@IH1L-.5@I> ?=,;5@ :=8-;> H1=;5D><:5IH- <= <241-
,-; 2 Z /-<5.- 61=45<:5 +- Ц1;-@62.
(V @2;-.
К7><215: 2N-<;5 <41:=;>45:I ;- F,=65@>: :=<4>:- > .175 4=<;5:I
.5,> H24 5, Т-;,= +- Ц1;-@62. Т2 @= > ,12: H15.=,=;. К57>65 <= H5
5<4-C>:- 5, P=F- .>,>I 5; @= ?>5 > 24.1K=;I > ,5<4- @= 6534-5I -7> F-
@= .5,- 457>65 2H15H-<4>7- ,- @= <- 657>:- <-,- 4=365 H1585,-;.
П5/=.3> 5, Б=7= Р=6= H- <.= ,5 Д2;-.- ,12:5: @= .175 :-7> <-5?1-D-@.
П5;=6-, H5 />4-. <-4 > .>3= ;>4> <:5 65F- <1=7> ;> <4>F7>I ;>4> ;-<
@= 65

XX
<4>F-5I ;>4> <:5 25H34= 65F- ;- H242 .>K-7>. К57- .=D > ,- ;=
H5:>P=:. Т57>65 <= 5.>: H24=: :-75 >,=.
И<H1=, <=7- Ц1;-@6= ;->K5<:5 ;- .=7>6= F5:>7= +F21=I 65@- @= 5<4-4-6
Б5F 4= H>4- 6-,-3P=F 12,-1<4.- ;- 45:= :=<42.
У Ц1;-@62 <4>F5<:5 2 X /-<. П1=, :=8-;5: ,512/65.-<:5 > 5,:51><:5
<=I H- 657=F- 54>,= ,- 1-+F7=,- 2 12,;5: H5F7=,2 >;4=1=<-;4;2
5657>;2 5.5F- <=7-. М><7>: ,- D= ?>4> 5, >;4=1=<- ,- ;-.=,=: P=F5.=
?=7=36= 5 45:=.
И,2D> 5, Т-;,=I 5;,= F,= <= <:=P2@= 4=1=; ><65;<65F 361>LC- <-
@215:I H5/>P= -4-1 <=7- Ц1;-@6=. Н- 41> 6>75:=41- @2N;5 5, <=7-I ?-3
2 ,=<;5@ 5?-7> 1=6=I ;-7-+> <= :-@,-; <1=?1-I 65@> @= 42 <6515
;-H2<4>75 ;=65 ,1234.5I @=1 <= ;= 1=;4>1-. Н><-: ;> <>7-+>5 < 65P-
,- H1=.1D=: H5 :-4=1>@-72I .=D ;- F5:>7> .>,=8 4153;2 12,2I 65@2 H5
@-65@ :=4-7;5@ <@-@;5<4> > <>.5@ ?5@> 5C=;>8 ,- @= F-7=;>4 S`l dW 2 65:=
>:- -1F=;4>4- SАk( dW. Т2 2 ?7>+>;>I 2 ,12:<65: 2<=62I ;-7-+= <= <
,=<;= <41-;= J5<>7> S1si%%ot#rc9> > 1=ritri"a#cW 6-1-64=1><4>/;> +-
@21<62 H=1>5,2. М-75 ,-L=I 5H=4 ;- ><4562I 2 @=,H5: .175 <41:=;>45:
H54562I ;-7-+> <= 2=D- 657>/>;- H>1>4- S$= d(WI :-F;=4>4- S$=O О*WI
6-765H>1>4- SС& c ž $= dW > F-7=;>4- S$#O g*W. И .=15.-4;5 @= ,- @= 45
?>5 :-4=1>@-7 +- <4-1= 45H>5;>C= F.5NK- />@- <= +F21- > ,-;-< 2
?7>+>;> ;-7-+>I > +- 65@2 <=L-C> ;> H5 H1>/-P2 ;= +;-@2 6-,-3P- @=. С
,=<;= <41-;= ,12:-I H1=65 H24- 5, H5:=;24>8 +F21-I H15<4>1= <= ?1,5
<- <6515 .=14>6-7;>: H-,5:I 65@= H5 >+F7=,2 .175 :;5F5 H5,<=D- ;-
.276-;<6> H=H=5. Б7>+2 F15?L-I 2 H545/>D2I ><45/;5 ;- V) :=4-1- 5,
,12:-I ;-7-+> <= <75@ 1-<H-,;245F -1F>753><4-I .>3= :-P= +=:L-<45F
>+F7=,-I H15N=4 <7-?>: .5,=;>: N>C-:-. М5D;5<4 :2 @= @=,-; :=4-1 <-
;-F>?5: H1=:- +-H-,2. z
З-H-+>5 <-: > 2 Ц1;-@C> > 2 Т-;,> > 2 Б512 ,- 6-, <= 65 < 6>: 1262@=I
H5<7= 45F- <4-;= H- <= H1=61<4>•
У * U]( /-<- H5 H5,;= ?>7> <:5 2 К7565/=.F@2I F,= <= H1=, :=8-;5:
5,:51><:5 H57- /-<-I H- <= 61=45<:5 +- М5<;2I F,= <4>F5<:5 2 X
/-<5.-I - 2 YU]( ?=<:5 .=D 2 Д5P=: М>7-;5.C2.
И Л26=I > Т-;,-I > Ц1;-@6-I > К7565/=.-C > М5<;-I <=7- <2 ;-<=L=;-
F545.5 <-:>: Р2:2;>:-.
Б=3= <= .=D <6515 <H2=4>75 .=/= 6-, >+-K5<:5 >+ Ц1;-@6>;= 67><21= >
;->K5<:5 ;- Д2;-.I ,- <= 2+ P=F- 61=;=:5 6- М>7-;5.C2. М> <:5 C=7>:
H24=: >37> 615+ ,>.;2 15:-;4>/;5<4. И+ @=,;= H1>15,;=
XY
7=H54=I 65@>:- @= С1?>@- 4-65 ?5F-4-I ;->7-N-<:5 2 ,12F2. А7> 5, Б=7=
Р=6= 4- 7=H54- ?=3= F545.5 @=,;57>6- : 67><21- H- 67><21-E H5, ;-:-
1=6-I < @=,;= > < ,12F= <41-;= H7-;>;= > ?1,- 32:5: H561>.=;-I - ;-,
;-:- H7-.> ;=?=<6> <.5, > N-165 <2;C=I 4= ;-: > 4- @=,;57>65<4
H5<4-,= 5?>/;-I H- ;-@+-, > ,5<-,;-I ;-15/>45 ;- H1>H=C> .1=75F-
<2;C- <- 61-@- :=<=C- @2;-. А 6-, <-, 2 <.=N5@ .=/=1> ;->K5<:5 ;-
.=7>/-;<4.=;2 H-;51-:2 345 @= />;> F515<4-<;> - 5.-65 H1=, .=/=
/><45 <41-3;> Д2;-.I 24><-6 ?=3= <-<.>: ,12F5@-/>I <;-N;>@>I
<>7;>@>I .=D>. О.,= @= Д2;-. 5<5?>45 7=H. П7-;>;= < @=,;=I H7-;>;= <
,12F= <41-;= P=F5.= > H15<41-;<4.5 P=F5.= 3>1>;= 65@- <= ;>+ .5,2
<2N-.- - /><45 H7-;>;-:- +-4.-1- ;- :=;= @= />;>75 24><-6 5,
H1>7>6= 5;-6-. 6-6-. @= 2/>;>7- Б56- К5451<6- +- 65@2 2?>3- .=7>:
B> +?>L- ?> 1=6-5 ,- <= @= 5.,@= H1>15,- >F1-7- 6-, @= <.5@= /2,=<;5
,@=75 ;- :-85.= <4.-1-7-B. Д>.;5 @= H245.-4> 61-<;5: 54-i?>;5:
С1?>;5.5:. Ј- :><7>: ,- P=;= /-1> > 7=H54= ;><2 7=H= <-:5 ;-:-
65@>:- <.-6> 65:-,>D P=+>; >+-+>.- 457>6= 2<H5:=;=. О;- @= 7=H- >
:51- ?>4> 7=H- > ?=+ 45F- <.-65:= 65@> ><4>;<6> +;- 34- @= 7=H5I > -65
:2 42 7=H542 ;= H5@-/-.-@2 ;>6-6.= -<5C>@-C>@=. О;= ;><2 H541=?;= H-
,- 7=H5 <-:5 <5?5: 5,<65/>.
(Z@2;-.
У Д. М>7-;5.C2 <:5 H1=;5D>7>. С241- ,-; ,5 H5,;= H15.=,5<:5
1-+F7=,-@2D> 5.2 .-153>C2I 65@- >:- <.= 345 > ,12F= ;-3= .-153>C=I
> <=: 45F- @53 > H1><4-;>34= ;- Д2;-.2 > 4>:= @-/2 .=+2 <- <.=45: >
P=F5.>: H15:=45: 5, :;5F>8 ;-3>8 .-153>C- > H-7-;-6-. Н5 45 >H-6
;>@= ;>34- <:=4-75 ,- <= 2 P5@ ;-K= > Д5; К>854- <- :-;>4>:
25?1-N=P=: 5 <.5@5@ .1=,;5<4> > С-;/- П-;<- >+.13>7-C-
,5;6>854<6>8 H15;-7-+-6-. Ш4- <2 @=,-; Д5; К>854 > P=F5. 626-.;> .
П-;<- 84=7> ,- >+>F1-.-@2 H1=, ;-:- 2 5/> (Z @2;- > 65@>: H5.5,5:
.1=,;5 @= H1>/=I 65@5@ ;>@= :=<45 5.,=I -7> 65@2 D= :5N,- 65 ,12F> H5
;-3=: 6-+>.-P2 ;-H><-4> - ;- ,12F5: :=<42 <-5H34>4>. Д5.5L;5 @= ,-
<:5 :> ;=65:= 65@> ;-, .7-3D2 ?,> >+F7=,-7> <2:P>.> > ,- @= 5;
>+.57=5 ;-1=,>4> ,- @=,-; 51F-; .7-<4> A2L=+= 6 ;-:-I ,- ;-: 62D2
;-H2;> <:>@=8-BI 345 ?> 1=6-5 n=F53 > ,- <= z 51=+>7>.
(Z @2;- H5<7= 12/6-I 4-/;5 2 ( /-<- 61=;27> <:5 <= +- М-@,-; П=6. П24
5, М>7-;5.C- .5,> 2 H5/=462 2 C>6 C-6 2+ ?1,-I 5<4-.L-@2D> 2 ;>+>;>
Д2;-.I H1=65 65F- <= 4-65K= 2+,>N2 7=H= H7-7>;=I 345 <.= 5H=4 ;=6-65
/>;> :>;>@-421;> 24><-6 Б56= К5451<6= > P=;5F H24- +- Ц1;2
XR
G512. З- 4>: H24 .5,> ,-L= .=5:- N>.5H><;>: H7-;>;-:- H=P2D> <= >
<H234-@2D- <= ,56 <= ;-@+-, 65, Р-@65.- > H5<7=,P> H24 ;= 2<H;= ,- <=
<H2<4> 2 М. П=6.
И -65 @= H1=,=5 ;- 5.5:= H242 <- <.>: H2<4 > -65 ;- P=:2 ;>F,= ;=:-
;> <=7-I ;> 62D= ;> H5@-4=I ;> N>.= ,23= <#: 45.-1;>8 >7> H1-+;>8
657- 65@- ;5<= H541=?= +- М. П=6 >7> <= 542,- .1-D-@2 >H-6 @= ;- P=:2
?>75 4-65 7=H>8 > 15:-;4>/;>8 :=<4- ,- <:5 :51-7> <4-4> 4=
H5<:-41-4> 5;2 ,>.;2 15:-;4>/;5<4 345 @= />;= 6575<-7;= H7-;>;= >
H>45:- > /=<4- +=7=;- F51- ;- P>:-.Н- ;=657>65 :=<4- 54.-1-7- <=
H1=, ;-:- > 565 ;-< .=7>/-;<4.=;- H-;51-:-. И+ ,-7=6- H- ,5 ;-3>8
;5F2 >+26134-7> <= > /><45 4> <= />;> ;-@-8-7> @=,-; ;- ,12F> <>7;>
H7-;>;<6> 5F1-;C>: />4-.5 :51= 5, H7-;>;-I 6-65 ?> <= :5F75 1=D>.
У/>;> :> <= 5, H1>7>6= 24><-6 <7>/-; 5;5:= 345 <= ,5?>@- 6-, <=
>+-K= >+ n=F236= ;>+>;= > H5K= 6- Ц=4>P2. Б1=F ,5 ?1=F- > H7-;>;-
,5 H7-;>;=. С-:5 345 @= 2 Ц1;5@ G51> <.= 45 5F15:;>@=I F75:-+;>@=I
6575<-7;>@= > 345 @= 4-:5 F575 <215 C1;5F51<65 <4=P=I - 5.,= H>45:-
F51- +-<414- <.- <.5@>: :>7>: +=7=;>75:I 65@= <= H1=7>.- 5, @-<;5
54.51=;5F ,5 4-:;5 +-4.51=;5F > /><45 C1;5FI 6-65 F,= <2;C= 8.-4-
>7> 87-, H561>.-.
У *U]( /-<- ?=<:5 65, К51>4-. У М>7-;5.C2 <2 ;-: 1=67> ,- @= 45
H575.>;- H24-I ,- 42 >:- .5,= > ,- <= 42 :5N=:5 5,:51>4>. Ј- <-: H5,
24><C>:- 4-6.5F- 6-+>.-P- :><7>5 ,- 42 >:- :- 34- 345 ?> 5,:51
/>;>75 H1>@-4;>@>:. А7> 6-65 <= >+;=;-,>8 6-, ;-: 1-?-i>@=I 65@> <=I
.1-D-@2D> <= >+ М. П=6- 42 5,:-1-82I 1=653= ,- <:5 65, К51>4-. Т- 45
@= t-:5 >+.51/>DI 65@> 615+ @=,;2 >+,2?L=;2 F1=,>C2 C21>. Т2 ;=:- ;>
457>65 .5,= ,- /5.=6 <4562 /=<4>45 ;-H5@>4> :5N=. Ј=,;- ><6.-1=;-
672H- <.- @= 2F5,;5<4 2 5.5@ H2<4>P>. А7> 6-, <= H5:><7> ,- @= 45
457>65 .5,= 5, М>7-;5.C- H- ,5 М. П=6-I 6-, <= +-F7=,- .17=4;-
5657>;- 615+ 65@2 <= H157-+> > 4=36>I :=<4>:>/;5 2N-<;5 ><6.-1=;>I
H24 65@>: <= >,=I H54H2;- ;=;-<=L=;5<4 > <-:5D-I 5;,- > 5.5 >+F7=,-
6-5 H1-.- ?7-F5,=4 65@2 ?7-F5<>L-@2 2:51;> H24;>C> 65@> 5.2,-
H157-+=.
С>7;- @= F51- ;- 5.5:= H242 > ;- H7-;>;-:- 565 P=F-. С1?>;2 :51-
?>4> :>7- 5.- 32:- @=1 @= ,=5 ?5F-<4.- P=F5.= +=:L=I -7> > 7->62 2
5.>: <4.-1>:-I :51- >+F7=,-4> ,- 6-;,- ;- P2 ;>@= 5?1-D=;- ,5.5L;-
H-NP-.
Y)
О65 Z /-<5.- <H2<4><:5 <= 2 Р-@65.5. Т5 @= <4-1- +-H2<4=7- 12,-1<6-
;-<=5?>;- >+ H5/=46- ;-3=F- 12,-1<4.- 2 М. П=62I 65@- @= 5<;5.-;- 565
UY*Y F. 6-, @= 5.,= 54H5/=7- ,- <= .-,> 12,-.
И+ Р-@65.- <= @53 @=,;5: H=<:5 2+ ?1,5 > H5/=<:5 <>7-+>4> 2 М. П=6. М.
П=6 H5<:-41-; <- ?1,- >+;-, P=F- />;> 7=HI >,>7<6>I 24><-6I - 6-, <=
.=D 2 P=F- 2K= .175 @= H1>@-4-; <.5@5: <615:;53D2 > -65 @= <.-/>:
<;-?,=.=; 345 @= N>.542 H541=?;5. О; >:- > 36572I > C16.2I >
H57>C>@2I > H5342I > :=8-;2I > ,2D-;= > >;4=7>F=;C>@= > 1-,;>6- >
<.=F- 345 @=,;5: 4-6.5: <62H2 L2,> 41=?-.
Т-/;5 2 X /-<5.- ?=<:5 2 М. П=62. М-@,-;H=/65 ;-<=L= ,=7> <= ;-:
В-153 z 2 <1=,>;>I П=:<6> 61-@ z 2+ 1=62 М-7> П=6I Ш-36-I Ц>F-;<6-
:-7- > К5, К2+;>C=.
М. П=6 >:- /2,;5.-42 ><451>@2. П5 H5465H>:- > ,12F>: 41-F5.>:-
:5N= <= 1=D> ,- <2 F- @53 Р>:L-;> =6<H75-4><-7>I - ><45 4-65 > С1?>
2 С1=,P=: .=62. И А2<41>@-;C> <2 6-, +-2+=3= С1?>@2 5, Т21-6- 2 H1.5@
H575.>;> UY .=6- .-,>7> 5,-.,= ?-6-1. Т5 <2 ><45 1-,>7> H5<7= P>8 >
Т21C> ,5 К5/>;= 61-@>;=I - ,5C;>@= +-H2<4>7> > 4-65 @= 41-@-75 <.= ,5
UY*X F. 6-, F- H5/= =6<H75-4><-4> <1H<6- ,1N-.-. Н5 H5<7= :;5F>8
:=;- > H1=7-N=P- >+ ,1N-.;>8 1262 2 H1>.-4;= > 5?1-4;5I 345 >:-
,2F2 > ;= ?-3 H58.-7;2 ><451>@2I ;-@+-, H1=K= 2 126< Б=7F>@<65F
Б=+>:=;5F Д1234.- +- =6<H75-4-C>@2 12,-I 65@= 2H165< 2.=1-.-P2 5,
<41-;= ;-3>8 <412/P-6- ,- @= М. П=6 ><C1HL=; .-,> > ,-; ,-P> >+
P=F- ?-6-1 > 4153> F1,-; ;5.-, ;- ,-L= 1-+.>@-P= 1-,-. О;5 H5,>N=
7>.;>C2 ;-@;5.>@=F- <><4=:-I 65@- @= 6-65 .=7.= ,12F- 2 <.=42 5, 4=
.1<4=I > 65@- D= 6534-4> H1=65 :>7>2; ,>;-1-.
П5 ?=7=36-:- :5F- 657=F= G. М-1@-;5.>D- М. П=6 7=N> ;- 4=1=;2
><65;<65F 361>LC-I - :-P= @= H-7=5+5@<6> +-<42HL=;I 5, :=+5+5@<65F
>:-:5 H1=,<4-.;>6- <-:5 2 61=,>. К-, H5F7=,-:5 F=575362 6-142
К1-L=.>;= С1?>@= .>,>:5 ,- @= 61=/;> 4=1=; 2 :-@,-;H=/65@ ,57>;>
2H1-.5 @=+=15 ;- 65H;2 ><65;<65F 361>LC-. У 45: 4=1=;2 >:- >
=12H4>.;>8 <4=;- > ,>72.>@-7;>8 > -72.>@-7;>8 ;-;5<-. Н5 +- ;-< @=
;-@.-N;>@= :;534.5 :>;=1-7-: 62H1>4 SС&( ОWI :-7-8>4 ^С& СО+ ž С&
SОНW (_I -+21>4 ( ^С& СО+ ž С& SОНW (_I 8-765<>; SС&( dWI 65.=7>; SС& dWI
8-765H>1>4 SС& $= d(W. И+ 5.>8 :>;=1-7- > ,-;-< <= 45H> ?-6-1. И<4>;-
@= ,- @= H15C=;-4 :;5F5 :-P> 5, 5;5F 2 Б512I @=1 ,56 2 Б512 > ;= :><7=
,- 45H= 12,2 <- (zO— ?-61-I ,547= <2 5.,= > <- 4>: +-,5.5L;>. С=:
YU
H5:=;24>8 :>;=1-7-I 5.,= >:- > ;=6>8 F.5+,=;>8 12,- >+ 65@>8 <= H1=
O) F5,>;- ,5?>@-75 F.5NK=. И F.5+,=;= > ?-6-1;= 12,= ;><2 5.,= 5;-65
/.1<4< > 65;4>;2>1;= 6-5 2 Б512I .=D @= 45 .>3= >7> :-P= 1-<41=<>4
:-4=1>@-7I 2 65:= >:- ;- U))) 6F1. U F1-: /><4- +7-4-.
Б=3= ;=,=L- 6-, 1-,;>C> ;= 1-,= H- 6-, <4>F5<:5 H1=, 6-J-;2 ;-
H>@-C2I >7> 6-65 45 :=<45 ;-+.- @=,-; Н=:-CI 12,-1<6> >;N=P=1 2 М.
П=62 z A™"a#r !#" vi"!#"BI @=1 @= +-<-K=;5 7>H-:- > <72N> 6-5
H15:=;-,- 2 М. П=62I 6-5 > ><45>:=;5 :=<45 2 Б=17>;2 z .>,=<:5
H54H2;2 C>F-;<62 6-H=72 2+ 65@2 >F1-3= 2 H1-.5: <:><72 1=/> 3-1=;5
6575 1-+;5<41265F :-@,-;H=/65F <4-;5.;>34.-I 5 65:= ;-: ,-,= 5;-65
7=H2 <7>62 Б. Н23>D 2 <.5@5@ H1>/> AК>6-,5;<6- H5<7-B.
К-, <>K5<:5 < 65P- - +-<=,5<:5 +- <45 H5, @=,;5: 7>H5: ,- <=
5,:51>:5I >:-K-<:5 H1-.5 2N>.-P= 2 .=<=L2 5.5F /2,;5F ,1234.-
<-<4-.L=;5F >+ L2,> 5, 65@>8 <2 ;=6> .>,=7> /-6 > Ј-H-; > Б1-+>7>@2I >
65@> ?=82 .=<=7> 2 1-+;>: <42HP=.>:- > ;-1-.>:-I 5, A:14.>8B H>@-;>8
,5 AD=J7>B .=<=7>8 > 5, 5;>8 65@> 85D= ,- <= ?>@2 ,5 5;>8 65@> .57= ,-
<= L2?=. С.= <= 45 <7>75 2 @=,;2 F2N.2 ,- @5@ > 6-J=i>@- <- <.>:-
:5:C>:- @=,.- 8.-4- H1-.> 61-@ > 65;-C. Б=3= > <:=3;5 > 3-L>.5 5.5
.=<=75 3-1=;>75.
(X @2;-.
(X @2;- ?=3= H5;=,=L-6. К-, <:5 2<4-7> > >+-37> 2 :=8-;2 @53
+-4=65<:5 @=,;2 :-<2 1-,;>6-I 65@- 4=1- AH7-.> H5;=,=5;>6šB. Т5 <2
1-,;>C> 65@> 5.,= ;5<= <H=C>@-7-; ;-+>. A?-1-?=BšI 65@>:- <.-F,-
;=,=L- 41-@= H5 ,.- ,-;-. И -65 <:5 ?>7> .175 2:51;> > 4= ;5D> 4.1,5
<H-.-7>I >H-6 <:5 >8 5, .1=:=;- ;- .1=:= /27>I ;-15/>45 H1=, +512I
6-, .=D <-; ;>@= 4-65 4.1,.
Д5 H5,;= <:5I ?7-F5,-1=D> ,5?154> F. ,>1=6451- :-@,-;-I 1-+F7=,-7>
45H>5;>C=I 8=:>@<62 7-?-1-451>@2 > <4-12 45H>5;>C2 65@- @= 5<4-7- >+
,5?- 6-, @= ,1N-.- 5.,= 1-,>7-. П5<7= H5,;= H1=F7=,-7> <:5 F1-D=P=
;5.= 45H>5;>C=I .-+,23;2 N=7=+;>C2 > 12,;>6. С>7-; <= H5<-5 5.,=
1-,>. П1=65 8>L-,2 1-,;>6- ;-7-+> 5.,= H5<7- <.-65F- ,-;-.
Р-,;>C> <2 2 М. П=62 1-+7>/>4= ;-15,;5<4> > <- 1-+7>/>4>8 <41-;-.
С1?- >+ С1?>@= <1-+:=1;5 @= :-75I - ;-@.>3= @= Р2:2;-I 4. +.. Б2J-;-.
Б2J-;> SN=;<6>P= В2J-;>C= > Б2J-;6=W <2 6-5 345 <-: .=D
H5:=;25 Р2:2;> 65@- ,57-+= 2 М. П=6 >+ УF-1<6= >+ :=<4- У@9М57,-.-I
@53
5, 6-65 @= 2 P=:2 54H5/=45 12,-1<4.5. n>85. @= <H=C>@-7-; 1-,
12,-1<4.5 > +?5F 45F- <= ;-+>.-@2 > 56;-1> S12,-1>W > 2FL-1<4.5
S6-1?5;-1>@-W +?5F /=F- <= ;-+>.-@2 @53 > 6-1?5;-1> S2FL-1>W. Д5 <651-
<2 2 М. П=62 5;> ?>7> @=,>;> :-@<451> +- F1-K=P= ,1.=;5F 2FL-I - 5,
<651- <2 >: 2 45:= H5/=7> H1-.>4> 65;621=;C>@2 С1?> 2FL-1> >+
H>154<65F 5612F-. Д12F>8 12:2;<6>8 1-,;>6-I <=: Б2J-;-I 2 М. П=62
;=:-. Б2J-;> <= 5,7>62@2 ;53P5: 5, 5<4-7>8 Р2:2;- 2 С1?>@>. n>85.=
<2 6532L= 62, > 6-:5 >3-1-;>@= .=+5:.К=C=L= 65@= ;5<= P>85.= N=;=
< H1=,- > H5+-,> <-<45@= <= 2H1-.5 >+ 3-1=;>8 .2;=;>8 65;-C- 65@> <=
<H234-@2 +- ,2N>;2 6=C=L=I - <-:5 <2 H1> .182 4> 65;C> +- 3>1-;2
@=,;= 3-6= > ;=345 .>3= H1=46-;>.
Б2J-;> 6-5 > <.> 5<4-7> Р2:2;> С1?>@= <7-.= <7-.2I 65@2 > 5;> +5.2
H1-+P>6.
Б=7=N>: @53 > 45 ,- 6-, Б2J-;> H5/;2 ,- >F1-@2 2 6572I ;>65 ;= <:= ,5
6575.5K= ,- <= 28.-4> ,56 <= ;= 28.-4> P=F5.- ,1-F2C-;- S,=.5@6- <
65@5: <= .57>W.
У М. П=62 1-,;>C> ;= <7-.= С.. В-1.-12I 6-5 345 @= <7-.= <.> 12,-1<6>
1-,;>C> ;- ,12F>: :=<4>:- С1?>@=I .=D <7-.= П=415.9,-;. Н=6> 6-N2
,- @= 45 +?5F 45F- 345 @= П=415.9,-; ?>5 <7-.- 6;=+- А7=6<-;,1-
К-1-K51K=.>D-I H5, 65@>: @= +-H5/=75 12,-1<4.5 2 М. П=62I - ,12F>
.=7= ,- @= 4-@ ,-; :=<;- +-.=4>;-.
(Y @2;-.
(Y @2;- 2 V U]( /-<5.- 61=45<:5 <= +- К2/=.5.
К-, <= >+ М. П=6- H5K= H157-+> <= H51=, F1,;>8 F5:>7- +F21=I 65@- @=
5<4-4-6 <4-1>8 12,-1<6>8 1-,5.- ;- 45:= :=<42I - ;=345 ><H5, М.
П=6- ;-7-+= <= .=D H5123=;= >7> 2 H57- H5123=;= F1-K=.>;= 65@= <2
?>7= <4-;5.> +- 1-,;>6= > 6-;C=7-1>@= 2H1-.>;=. О.5 +-H2<4=75 :=<45
,-;-< <= +5.= Б-6-1;>C-.
П153-.3> 615+ ,5:=;2 H56. 61-L- А7=6<-;,1- 2H24><:5 <= 1=65: 615+
7=H2I -7> H2<42I 32:5.>42 67><212I 65@- <= /2,;5.-45 .>@2F-. G51- @#
5.,< ?2@;- 6-5 ?5<>L-6 2 ?-34>. М7-,- .><56- ?265.- <4-?7- ;- ;=6>:
<2 :=<4>:- 4-65 /=<4- > ?2@;- ,- /><45 >+F7=,- 6-5 ,- <:5 2 415H>:-.
YO
У R•]* /-<. ?>7> <:5 2I >+ ;5.>;- /2.=;5:I Б7-F5@=.5: 6-:=;2I F,= <2
4-65K= 54H5/=4> 12,-1<6> 1-,5.>. К-65 5.>: H24=: <7-?5 65 H157-+>
45 2 Б7-F5@=.5: 6-:=;2 ;=:- /5.=6 F,= ,- <= 5,:51>I 4= <= 61=45<:5
,-L= +- Н=1=<;>C2.
Л=H- @= > 15:-;4>/;- 5.- 67><21-I -7> @= H54H2;5 H2<4-. Н>65 5.2,- ;=
H157-+>. С=7- 5.,= > ;=:-I - ,12F= H541=?= +- H245.-P= 5.,= ;=:-I 4=
C=7>: H24=: ;>65F- ;= .>,=<:5I <=: ;- @=,;5:= :=<42 ;=657>6= H5@-4=
<=7- В572@=.
У ,.- /-<- H5 H5,;= @=,.- <4>F5<:5 H1=, :=8-;2 <6515 ,.- /-<- ,2F5F
<=7- Н=1=<;>C=. П5345 42 12/-<:5 > 5,:51><:5 <= H5K5<:5 565 Z
/-<5.- +- К2/=.5. У<H24 <.1-4><:5 ,- .>,>:5 :-3>;= > 1-, ;-
><H>1-P2 +7-4-I -7> ;-: ;- N-75<4 ;-<45@;>6 1=/= ,- ;-< ;= :5N=
H2<4>4> ,- .>,>:5 ?=+ 5,5?1=P- 5, ,>1=6C>@=I 65@- @= 2 <<72. К-65 .=D
?=3= 6-<;5 ,- <= .1-D-:5 H5 5,5?1=P=I ;-<4-.><:5 H24I .>,=.3> <-:5
< E H5L- ,.= .=7>6= :-3>;= 65@>:- <= H=<-6 C1H= > ><H>1-.
У X /-<. ?=<:5 2 К2/=.2I ;=+;-4;5@ .-153>C> <- <1=<65: 6-;C=7-1>@5:
+- <1=+ +.>36> > 5<4-7>: H1>;-,7=N;5<4>:- 4-6.>8 :=<4-.
У />4-.5:= <1=+2 +.>365: N>.= <-:> Р2:2;> <=: К2/=.-I К2/-@;= >
М>753=.C-.
Ш45 @= 5, 5<5?>45F >;4=1=<- 2 5.5: <1=+2I 45 <2 Р2<-7>@=. М. [.
М>7>D=.>D .=7> 5 P>:-: AК1-L>C= >7> Р2<-7>@= 2 З.>N,2I 5<5?>45 2
<=72 Д2?56>I 2 Р2<-;2 ;=,=L2 S5 Т15@>C-:-WI >+-37= <2 ;- F7-<. Т-:5
>,2 :;5F> L2,> >+ ,-7=6- <-:5 ,- .>,= 6-65 D= ,- AH-,-@2 12<-7>@=B >
6-65 D= 6-1-?-3 ,- >8 .1-D- 2 <.=<4 F7-<5: <.5@>8 6-1-?7>C-B.*U З?5F
45F- := @= 5.5 .175 >;4=1=<5.-75. К-65 ;= ?=3= 415@>/6- ;=,=L-I 4= ;=
?>8 5, 5.5F- ;>34- .>,=5I @- <-:5 1-+?>1-8 5 12<-7>@-:-I > 345
<-+;-,58 5, L2,> 65@> <2 12<-7>@= F7=,-7>I +-?=7=N>8. П-,-P=
12<-7>@- <-<45@> <= 2 45:= 345 <.- 41> ,-;- Т15@>C= H-,- N=;<6>P= >+
Д2?56= 2 ;=<.=<4 > >+ ;=<.=<4> <= .1-D- <.>165: 6-1-?-3-. П1.5F-
,-;- Т15@>C= H-,-P= H5/>P= 565 O /-<- H5 H5,;=I ,12F5F- ,-;- H5/>P=
2 H5,;=I - 41=D=F- ,-;- @53 565 R /-<5.- H1= H5,;=I > 41-@= 2.=6 ,5
:1-6-. П-,-@2I .=7=I ,=C- 2 657<.C> H- <.= ,5 ;-@<4-1>@>8 ?-?-. П1= ;5
345 D= 65@- H-<4> +-,18D= > 7=F;= > 5,:-8 H5/>P= ,- <= ?-C-6- > ,-
<= ?>@=
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
*UК;=N=.>;- С1?>@- <41I U)YV.
H=<;>C-:- F,= <4>F;=. Ч>: 65@- H-,;=I 5,:-8 41/= H5 6-1-?-3-. У+
H-7= N=;<6>P= ,5K2 ,.- :236-1C- 65@> <= +5.2 61-L=.> > 41>
N=;<6>P=I 61-L>C=. К1-L=.> >:-@2 >+.-K=;= @-4-F-;= 2 126-:- >
28.-4= <- 61-L>C-:- 6575 4-65 ,- @= @=,-; 5, P>8 6575.5K- - ,124>
6=CI > >F1-@2 565 5;=<.=<7= 2+ H=<:2
ОHI 5HI 5HI 5H -3- • @-1 -3- •
Шš =;65,-4- @-1 -3-•
Н51I s51I s51I s51 -Œ-• Qr Œ ОHI 5-I 5HI 5H 5.-65 • @53 5.-65
•i ¡"to!a ir c И @53 @=,;5: @53 5.-65•
- F-@,-3 +- <.= .1=:= <.>1-. ИF1- > H=<:- 41-@= 565 H=4 :>;24-. З- 4>:
@= 6575.5K= 28.-4= ><H5, :>3>C=I H- @= H1=;=<2 H1=65 H5456-
<H234-@2D> @= ;- 41> :=<4-I <.2,- H=.-@2D> 6-5 > H1.> H24. Д56 5<4-7>
>F1-@2 @=,-; 5, 6575.5K- 2+:= 2 2<4- :-75 .5,= >+ H5456-I :-75 H=7>;-
> ?=7- 726-I H- 45 <-N.-D= > HL2@= @5@ 2 2<4- > H5 7>C2. П1>7>65:
>F1-P- 6575.5K- @= +-61<4> @-4-F-;5: H5 H1<>:-I - 5<4-7> @= >+ 657-
2,-1-@2 ;5F-:-. У 45: <= > 5;- H5/>P= 1-<.=3D-.-4>. Ч>: <= 5<.=<4>I
H1=61<4> <=. К575.5K- @= +-H5@> .5,5: <- ;5N-I ,-@2 @5@ @53 .5,= > 2:>@2
@=I H- @= ;5<= ;- :=<45 F,= @= H-7-. З-4>: 5;- 2<4-@= > >,= 2 6575 > >F1-
6-5 ,- @5@ ;>@= ;>34- ;> ?>75. К575 :=K24>: >F1- > ;= 5<.1D= <= ;-
H5H-,-75 N=;<6>P=. z О, <651- @=I .=7=I H5/=75 H-,-P= N=;<6>P- >
H5 5657;>: <#7>:- H1>7>65: <=5<6>8 +-.=4>;-. Ј53 <-: <723-5 ,- <=
,=.5@6= >+ Д2?56= ;= 2,-@2 ,-7=65I .=D 2 5657;- <=7-I > ,57-+> 5
Т15@>C> 2 Д2?562 ,- 42 H-,;=I @=1 ?> >;-/= H-,= 4>8 ,-;- ;- 65:
,12F5: :=<42 4= ;= ?> >:-5 65 ,- >8 ,>N= >7> ?>I -65 ?> <= <-:=
,>F7=I 5<4-7= 72,= H1=65 C=7= F5,>;=I H- ?> :51-7= >D> 2 :-;-<4>1=
,- <= 7=/=.
О H5<4-;62 5.5F- H-,-P- H1>/- <= 5.5. Б>7- @= 2 <4-15 ,5?- 2 Д2?565@
@=,;- J-:>7>@- 65@- @= H-4>7- 5, ;=6-6.= +-1-+;= ?57=<4>I 4-65 ,- @= +-
;=657>65 F5,>;- <.- >+2:17- <-:5 @= 5<4-5 @=,-; <4-1-C. Д- ?> <H-<-5
<.5@ N>.54I 5; <= 61=;= 2 <.=4. У H242 F- <1=4;= ;=6-6-. <4-1-CI 65@> @=
?>5 <.=4-CI > 2H>4- F- 62, @= H53-5. П5345 :2 5.-@ 1=/=I <.=4-C F-
2H>4- ?> 7> .57=5 ,- <= .1-4> <.5@5@ 62D>. С4-1-C 1=6;= ,- ?> .57=5.
С.=4-C :2 5;,- ,- @=,;2 H2362 > 1=6;= :2 ,- <= .1-4>I H- 65F- H1.5
<1=4;= ,- H2C- ;- P=F-I H- -65 F- 2?>@= ,- <= .1-4> 2 <.5@= <=75 > ;=D=
:2
YV
;>34- ?>4>I - -65 F- ;= 2?>@= ,- <= ;= .1-D-. И,2D> 4-65 <1=4;= <4-1-C
41> Ц>F-;6= 65@= <2 >37= @=,;- +- ,12F5:. О; H54=F;= >+ H236= > 2?>@=
<.= 41> > D5K= ,-L=. Д- ?> F- <H-<-5 5, 45F- F1=8-I <.=4-C :2 <= 5H=4
@-.>I ,- :2 @53 @=,-; :=4-6 > 1=6;= :2 ,- F- ><H-7> ;- +-.=4>;> 65,
Ц16.= 5 Т15@>C>. С4-1-C 1=6;= <.=C2 ,- @= 65, P>8 +-.=4>;- 41> ,-;- -
,- :2 ,- @53 ,.- :=46-I 6-65 ?> +- <.-6> ,-; >:-5 H5 @=,-;. С.=4-C :2
,-,= @53 ,.- :=46- > ;=<4-;= F-. К-, ,5K= Т15@>C-I <4-1-C <= 5H>@= H-
:=4;= 2 H2362 <.- 41> :=46- > ><H-7>. П236- H26;= 4-65 @-65 ,- 5,
H541=<- <.= N=;<6>P= H5H-,- > 5, 4-,- 5<4-,= 2 Д2?565@ H-,-P=
N=;<6>P- 5 Т15@>C>• *(
О 5.5@ /2,;5.-45@ > >;4=1=<-;4;5@ H5@-.> ;-H><-5 @= Д1. В5@><7-. М.
С2?54>D .175 H1=F7=,-; > ><C1H-; /7-;-6 H5, ;-<75.5: IЈР2<-L=BI F,=
@=I H51=, <.5F- 7>/;5F- 5H-N-P- > >+.=34-@- 65@> <2 :2 <7-4>I
H1>62H>5 > <.= 345 @= H><-5 5 45:=I > ;- 5<;5.2 <7>/;>8 H5@-.- >
H5,-4-6- 5 ;-3>: 12<-7>@-:- >+.5,> 5.-6-. +-6L2/-6: AК-, <= <-.
><451>@<6> :-4=1>@-7 >+75N=; 2 5.5:= :5:= 1-,2 ,5.=,= 2 .=+2 < 5;>:
345 <-: @- ;- 7>C2 :=<4- .>,=5I +-?=7=N>5 > ;-H1=, <-5H34>5I 5;,-
D= <= .>,=4> <7>/;5<4 >+:=K2 H-,-7>C- 2 С1?>@> > 1-+;>8 8><4=1>/;>8
=H>,=:>@-. П5@-.- H-,-7>C- 2 С1?>@> H15,2N=P= @= <4-1>8 > .=65.;>8
H5@-.- 8><4=1>/;= H1>15,=I 2;=4>8 <- <41-;= 2 С1?>@2 2 .7-36>
=7=:=;-4: С1?5 В7-8=. z Р2<-L= z H-,-7>C= 2 С1?>@> @=<2 ;-<7=K<:
H1=;=4-I 756-7;-I 8><4=1>/;- =H>,=:>@-I 65@- <= -245<2F=<4>.;>:
H24=: H=1>5,>/;5 H5.1-D- 5 С.. Т15@>C-:-I ;- ><45: :=<42 > 2 ><4>:
H515,>C-:-I >7> ?-1 2 H515,>C-:- 65@= <2 ;=6-,- ?>7= 2 61.;5:
<15,<4.2.B *O
К-, <:5 .=D ;- 5.5:= ,- H5:=;=: @53 ;=345. М=;> <= />;> ,- ;-3>
Р2:2;> >:-@2 ;=6-6.2 5<5?>42 ,23=.;2 ,><H5+>C>@2 +- ?=<.=<;5<4. n2
H5:>P= > G. М. [. М>7>D=.>D F5.51=D> 5 <4-;5.;>C>:- Т>:5/6=
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
*( П5:>P=: @53 ,- 12<-7>@= Sb&c%i%iW 2 12:2;<65: @=+>62 +;-/>: U.
Д-;> 415>/6= ;=,=L=. З- .1=:= 4>8 ,-;- ;= <62HL-@2 <= 7=65.>4=
41-.=I @=1 <= :><7> ,- 4-,- ;=:-@2 ;>6-6.5F 7=65.>45F ,=@<4.-E (.
Н>:J= .5,=;=I .-+,23;> ,285.> 65@> H152+1562@2 ?212 > .=7>6=
.=415.=. Л=F=;,- .=7> ,- <2 45 41> 61-L=.= 6D=1>I 65@= :1+= L2,=I @=1
<2 >8 5;> H1=+1=7>. Д- ?> <= <-/2.-7> 5, 12<-7>@- N=;= ;5<= H1> <=?>
H=7>" S"o&w#& !itaio"ri# ro&'i"9rr"tic €r $ h'# uo, 1=/>
b&ci%iiW
*OТ1> H1=,-.-P- 5, Д91- В5@><7-.- М.С2?54>D-I Б=5F1-,UR)VI<41.RZ.
YZ
К1-@>;=. Ј- <-: ;- ;=657>65 :=<4- :=K2 Р2:2;>:- /25 ,- >:- L2,> >
N=;- 65@> >+.=<;>8 ,-;- H-,-@2 2 +-;5< > ?2;>75I 65@> <2 ;-
1-+7>/>4>: :=<4>:- 1-+7>/>4> > ;- <.-6> ;-/>; .1=,;> ><H>4>.-P-.
П1>:=1- 1-,> <-:5 ;-.5,>: А;62 N=;2 М>4= М-14>;5.>D- >+
В-7-65P-I 65@- 2 5/> .=7>6>8 H1-+;>6- H-,- 2 +-;5< > ?2;>75 > 4>:=
6-5 ?-@-F> H1=,<6-+2@= ;=.5L;5:= <.=42 5;5 +- 34- ?2,= H>4-;-. У
4-6.>: H1>7>6-:- P5@ ,57-+> <.=4 >+ <=7- > 5657>;= 4= :2I 6-65
<-+;-,58I H1=,<6-+2@= > H5:-N=. А65 @= 65:= 345 261-,=;5I >7> >:- 65F
?57=<;5FI >7> @= >;-/= 2 6-6.5@ ;=.5L>I ,57-+> P5@I ,- :2 H5:5F;=. Д1.
В. М. С2?54>D H1>/- 5 ;=65@ Д56>@>I N=;> 5, *) F5,>;-I >+ В572@=I 65@- 5
Т15@>C> H-,- 6-5 Р2<-7>@- 5, ,=4>P<4.-I - 5 .=D>: H1-+;>C>:- +-;5<>
<= > H-,-I 5, 6-65 @= H5<4-7- .1-/-1-. У <.5@>: +-;5<>:- 5 .=7>6>:
H1-+;>C>:- 5;- H1>:- 7-65.=1;> <.=4I F5.51> <- Б5F5:I <.=C>:-I
N>.>: > :14.>:I H1=,<6-+2@= <2,?>;2 > 6-+2@= 7=65.= 5, 1-+;>8
?57=<4>. В=7= ,- 45 1-,> ?=<H7-4;5. ** С=: 5.5F- ;-3> Р2:2;> /=<45
H24- H-4= > 5, ;=6-6.= .1<4= 72,>7- 65@= 41-@# 61-465 .1=:= H- H15K=.
К-, 5;5 <H5H-,;=I ?57=<;>6 H15<45 H5?=<;> I ;-<1D=I 2,-1- F,= 65F-
<4>F;= > />;> /2,- 5, 2+;=:>1=;5<4>. Ј- +;-: ,5<4- 4-6.>8 H1>:=1- 5,
H1= O) F5,>;- >+ Б1=<45.C- > Б51-I 5 65@>:- :> @= /=<45 H1>/-7- :5@-
:-4>. У <72/-@=.>:- 4-6.5F 72,>7- ?57=<;>6= .=+2@2 > +5.2 <.=34=;>6=
4= >: />4-@2 :57>4.=. И 5.= ?> <4.-1- ?>75 .1=,;5 ,2?L= ><H>4-4>.
(R @2;-.
У Y /-<. H1= H5,;= 61=;27> <:5 <= >+ К2/=.- +- П=415.-C. И37> <:5 ;=
,12:5: .=D 61-D>: H24=: H1=65 <=7- К-5;=.
И+ К2/=.- +- К-5;2 >,= <= 7=H5: 6-:=;5: 67><215:I 2 />@5@ @= <1=,>;>
H51=, 724- /2,;5.-45 .1=75 П54-@;>C-I 2 65:= <= H=1>5,>/;5 H5<7=
;=657>65 /-<5.- <62HL- .5,- > 54>/=. Т2 ,57-+= ?57=<;>C> 4= <.5@>:
?5L6-:- 7=6- 41-N=. У К-5;2 <4>F5<:5 2 R /-<. И К-5;- @= 12:2;<65
<=75.
О,:-1-@2D> <= H1=, 6-5;<65: 36575:I +-?=7=N>5 <-: ,- 2 К-5;> ;5<=
7>4>@2 ,.- H24 F5,>3P=: 5 СH-<5.2,;= > H1.5F ,-;- У<61<-. Т5 5;> +5.2
Д24= 6123= 3> >65;- Sh&t# tr&t# Œi ito"T >D> <- 61<45: > >65;5:W.
Т5: H1>7>65: 2+:2 5;> >+ C16.=I >+ К2/=.-I @=1 <.5@= 2 <=72
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
** Т1> H1=,-.-P- Д91- В. М. С2?54>D-I <41. Y)


YX
;=:-@2I <4-F Sca#kT +-<4-.2W > >,2 H5 H5L2 5, +-H><- ,5 +-H><- >
H=.-@2 <1H<6>:
К1<4- ;5<= Б5F- :57=
G5<H5, H5:>72• *V
С- 7>4>@5: >,2 > F-@,-3> > Ц>F-;> <.>1-/>I H- +- <.= .1=:= <.>1-@2.
С.=34=;>6 >: +- 7>4>@2 ;= ,57-+>I @=1 @= 4>8 ,-;- +-2+=4 H5<75: 65,
C16.=. П5<7= 7>4>@= @= /-3D=P= > >F1-;6-.
У К-5;> <-: +-?=7=N>5 > >:=;- ;=657>6>8 P>85.>8 ;-15,;>8 >F-1-
S>F1- <= 6-N= N56z@5<I - 45 <2: H1=H>351I 2-1- S515WI H1= 756 S;-
:=<42WI K51K5;6-I 5:5L5;C-I 65?>L-"I <1?-I H575:6-I 4-1-;,=5I
415-C-. С=: 5.>8 >F1-@2 5;> > :;5F= <1H<6= >F1=I 65@= .=D>;5: ,5;5<=
.5@;>C> >+ .5@<6=.
G. М. Н>657>DI 2/>4=L 2 К-5;>I +-?=7=N>5 @= ;- :5@2 :57?2 5
<4-;5.;>34.2 <.5F- <=7- 5.5. П5 H1>/-P2 <4-1>8 L2,> <4-;5.;>C> <2
К-5;= ,5<=L=;>C> >+ А2<4159УF-1<6=I >+ <=7- А7:-N=. О42,- <2 <=
H1=<=7>7> 5, H1>7>6= H1= ,.= <454>;= F5,>;-I > 45 +?5F 45F- 345 61-@
565 А7:-N= ?=3= <2.>3= F2<45 ;-<=L=;I H- ;>@= :5F-5 ,- ><81-;> <.=
<.5@= <4-;5.;>6=. К-, <2 <= ,5<=7>7> ;><2 +-4=67> ;>6-6.>8
<4-15<=,=7-C-I ;5 @= />4-. 61-@ ?>5 H2<4.
У U)U]( /-<. H537> <:5 +- Р-;5.-CI <=75 2 <1=+2 :7-.<65:. К-65 ;><:5
+;-7> H24 +- Р-;5.-CI @=1 <:5 >37> .-; ,12:- H1=/>: H24=:I 45 <=
H1>,12N><:5 @=,;5@ F5:>7> >+ К-5;=I 65@- @= >37- 2 Р-;5.-C 15,?>;>.
Т5F- ,-;- ?=3= П=415.,-;I - 2 Р-;5.C2 @= 4-,- C16.=;- <7-.- > <-?51
H- @= 5?>/-@ ,- <= 2 4-6.>: H1>7>6-:- >,= 2 F5<4= 15,?>;> 2 <=7-
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
*V Н= >:-K-8 H1>7>6= ,- 2<H24 .>3= +-?=7=N>: 5 ;53=P2 61<4- 65,
;-3>8 Р2:2;-I ;>4> ,- 5.=1>: 5.5 6-+>.-P= 5 H=.-P2 <1H<6= H=<:=
45: H1>7>65:. М=K24>:I H=.-P= <1H<6= H=<:= 5, <41-;= Р2:2;- 2 5.5@
H1>7>C> .175 @= 6-1-64=1><4>/;5. Ј- ;= +-?=7=N>8 />4-.2 H=<:2I @=1 <=
2<4=+-3= ,- :> @= 6-N2I -7> > 5.-65 5;- 5/>45 6-+2@= <.5@= <1H<65
H51=675 > :5N,- <1H<65 H51=675 5?>/-@- 65@> <2 < H=<:5: +-@=,;5
Р2:2;> H1>:>7> 5, С1?-. У 12:2;- >:- <=: 5.5F- > <=: <1H<6>8 1=/>
@53 > ,12F>8 />4-.>8 >+1-+- 65@> <2 <= <6-:=;>7> 6-5 H=41=J-64I H- <=
2H541<?L-.-@2 6-5 12:2;<6>I - ;>65 > ;= <-P- ,- <2 <1H<6>. Ч-6 2
/>4-.5@ Р2:2;>@> >:- 4-6.>8 <4.-1>. П1>:=1- 1-,> H5:>P=: <-:5:
В5SkWS!-1F5ca= T Б5F ,- H15<4> T ho'"#|#& c i#ra#T œoa w#rk#%a# Qs"#"
YY
F,= @= <-?51. С- ;-:- @= ,-67= >3-5 @=,-; /5.=6 <- <;-85: 5, ?1-4- >
@=,;- ?-?- <- <;-85: 5, <>;-. У+H24 @= ?-?- 2 H165< <.5@>8 X) F5,>;-I -
:5N,- > .>3=I 651-/-7- 6-5 6-6.- :7-,>C-. Д- ?>8 +-:=4;25 1-+F5.51
1=658 @5@ 2 3-7>: AБ-?5I 4> ;><> @53 +- <=6>1/=I 6-, >,=3 4-65 ,5?15•B
*Z Б-?- ;>@= ,5?15 1-+2:=.-7- <1H<6>I 4= @5@ 5;-@ /5.=6 345 >K-3= <
;-:-I H1=.=,= :5@= 1=/> ;- .7-36>. Б-?- <= ;- 45 <4-,= <:=@-4> > 1=/=:
AН><-: +- <=6>1/=I ;5 <-: +- 1-6>@2. М5@ 657=F- >:-K-3= 2 /2421>
;=345 1-6>@=I 4= @5@ H12N> > 5;- <= <7-465 ;-H>. П5<7= 45F- @- @= 2H>4-8
,- 7> @= ><4>;- 345 <= H1>/- ,- <2 2 <4-15 .1=:= 6-, L2,> 5<4-1= H-
,5<-,= <.5@>:- 2?>@-;>. О;- :> 1=/= ,- @= 45 ?>75 ;=6-, > ,- @=
<723-7- ,- <2 2 <4-15 .1=:= L2,> 2:>1-7> > H5<7= *) ,-;- H5;5.5
5N>.L-.-7> > 5;,- .=/>45 N>.=7>: M>.=D> .=/>45I 5;> ?> 457>65
5<4-1=7> ,- <= ;><2 :5F7> ;> :>C-4> > ?>7> ?> ;- .=/>45@ ,5<-,>
<.5@>: :7-K>:-. М7-K> ?>I ,- ?> >8 <= 5H15<4>7>I 2:=<>7> H15@2I H- ?>
>: @= :=4;27> ;- F7-.2 - H1=65 P= 2,-1-7> <=6>15: ,56 >8 ;= ?>
2?>7>. О.5 <2 />;>7> +?5F 45F- ,- ?> >+F7=,-75 6-5 ,- >8 ;><2 5;>
2?>7> ;5 5;- H15@-. Н5 5, 6-65 @= 5N>.=5 С.. Л-+-1I 5, 4-,- L2,> 6-,
2:12 .>3= ;= 2<4-@2I H- @= 4-65 ;=<4-75 > 5?>/-@- 2?>@-P- <4-1-C-.
Н- :5@= H>4-P= ,- 7> 5.,= ><65H-.-@2 :14.-C= ;- /=41,=<=4 ,-;- 5,
<:14>I 6-5 345 @= 45 5?>/-@ 2 <=7>:- 5612F- 4>:5/65F > 61-@>;<65FI
1=653= :> ,- @= 45 5.,= ;=H5+;-4- <4.-1.
О65 U /-<- H5 H5,;= >+-K5<:5 .=D ;- ,12:I 65@> 5.,-3P> Р2:2;> ;=
+5.2 ;> ,12: ;> ;-<>H 6-5 2 ;-<I .=D 6-7,1:-.
Ч>: <= >+-K= ;- ,12:I 5,:-8 <= .=D ;->7-+> 2 .=7>65 > ?5F-45 <=75
Р-;5.-CI 65@= >:- ;=657>65 :=8-;-I ,2D-;=I 5<;5.;2 36572 <- :;5F5
5,=L=P- 4-65 ,- >+F7=,- 6-5 .-153>C-. Д.5<H1-4;- ;5.- 5<;5.;-
3657- 5, 4-6.5F @= F1-,>.- > 4-65 ;-H1-.L=;-I ,- ?> <= P5:= :5F7-
<.-6- .-153 H5,>/>4>.
В=D 5, К-5;= H5/>P= .7-36- ;53P- ,- H5H234- > ,- <= 2?7-N-.- 2
651><4 :51-.<6=I <1H<6=. О.-@ <-: H1=7-+ ;-@7=H3= 25/>5 ;- <-?512
65, C16.= 2 Р-;5.C2. К-5 345 1=658I 2 Р-;5.C2 @= 45F- ,-;- C16.=;-
<7-.- > .=7>6> <-?51I 4= H5<7= 12/6- >+-K5<:5 ;- <-?51 ,- .>,>:5
<.=4 65@> <=
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy
*Z У @2N;5@ > ><45/;5@ С1?>@> +- L2,= 6-, 5<4-1= H- .=D ;><2 ;> +- <4-
.>3=I 1=6;= <= 6-5 2 3-7> : AС4>F-5 +- <=6>1/= B >7> AG545. +- <=6>1/=
BI 345 +;-/> +- ;><2 .5D +- N>.54I ;5 ,- 41=?- 2+=4> <=6>1/= H- >8
2?>4>. О.5 @= :5N,- 2 .=+> <- ;=6-,-3P>: 5?>/-@=: 2?>@-P- <4-1-C-.
YR
5.,= ?=3= >+ ,-7=6- <62H-5. Т2 @= ?>75 <.=4- > <- П=6- > <- М7-.=.
П=/6- > :236- > N=;<6- ;53P- ;-F>P= 6- .7-365@E N=;= >:-@2 ;-
F7-.> K>;K-7= 6-5 41.=L=. М7-.<6- @= H-6 ;53P- F545.5 :51-.<6-.
2,> ;5<= F-D= > 6532L= <- @=7=C>:-I ><45 5;-65 6-5 > 2 М51-.>I -7>
<= > ;- 5;>:- <- П=6- 5<=D- :51-.<6> 24>C-@I - ;- 5;>:- <- М7-.=
.7-36>. Н- 5,=72 > @=,;>8 > ,12F>8 5H-N- <= ;=65 3-1=;>75 @=,;5F- >
,12F5F-I 345 />;> H1=7-+ >+ @=,;= 2 ,12F2 ;53P2.
В175 @= 6-1-64=1><4>/;5 345 5,-.,=I >7> @53 ?5L= 5, 5.= 5657>;=I
L2,> ;= ;5<= ?1>4.= .=D .175 .=7>6= > 4=36= ;5N=.= +- H5@-<5:I 65@>
:5F2 ,- <= 2H541=?= > 6-5 ?1>4.= - ?5F:= > 6-5 <=6>1=. И 5.> <2
;5N=.> H15>+.5, >7> .-1536>8 65.-/- >7> Ц>F-;-.
Н- <-?512 <H-+><:5 H2;5 :5:-6- <- ?-1@-C>:- 2 12C>I 65@= ;53-82 615+
<-?51. Н- <.-65: ?-1@-62 @= :-1-:- - ;- .182 H=36>1I 565 :546= <2 H-6
2.>@=;= 46-;>C=. Н- :5@= H>4-P= 6-6.> <2 45 ?-1@-C>I 1=653= :> ,- <2
45 H5:=;> 2:17>: :5:C>:- > ,=.5@6-:-I 65@> <= 4-65 ;5<= +- F5,>;2
,-;- ;- <.-65: :=<42 ;- 65:= <= <.=4 <62HL- .=<=L- 1-,>.
П1=,-P= 2 Р-;5.C2 .=7> ,- <2 Р-;5./-;> С1?> 65@> <2 2 <4-15 ,5?-
H5?=F7> 5, Т21-6- 2 Р2:2;>@2I 4-:5 <= H512:2;>7>I - ,5C;>@= 5H=4
H1=37> ;- <.5@= <4-15 5FP>34=. М5@ 657=F- F. М>7>.5@= Б-3>DI 65@> @=
6-5 Н-,+51;>6 5<;5.;>8 3657- H15.=5 ,5<4- .1=:=;- 2 61-@=.>:-
С1?>@= ;-<=L=;>: Р2:2;>:-I H1>/-5 :> @= ,- ;-3> Р2:2;> > Ц-1-;> >
У;F21-;> 6-+2@2 ,- <2 H51=675: <- К5<5.-I ,- <2 2 <4-15 ,5?- ?>7>
С1?>I ,- <2 54>37> 2 УF-1<62I 2 :=<45 А7:-3I ,- <2 <= 4-:5
H512:2;>7> - 542,- <= 6-5 Р2:2;> .1-4>7> 2 С1?>@2I ;- <-,-3P- <.5@-
<=,>34-. О42,- <2 >:I .=7= <1H<6- >:=;- > H1=+>:=;-I - 542,- >: >
<1H<6> 5?>/-@> > <7-.-.
О.5 >;4=1=<-;4.5 H1=,-P= .-L-75 ?> 345 ?5L= 2H5+;-4>I @=1 >+F7=,-
,- 2 P=:2 7=N> @=,;- ><4>;<6- 4-@;- 65@- ?> <= P=F5.>: 4-/;>:
2H5+;-.-P=: ?-1 ,5;=67= ,-7- 5461>4>. О4H5/=45 ><H>4>.-P= ;-<=L-
2 <1H<6>: +=:L-:-I H12N>D= H5 <.5@ H1>7>C> > 2 45: H5F7=,2 .>3=
H5,-4-6-.
У Z U]( /-<. .=D <= 61=45<:5 +- П=415.-C. П153-.3> 615+ <=75
К;=N=.>C2I ?=<:5 2 Y /-<. 2 П=415.C2. В=D 5, Р-;5.C- >37> <:5
,12F5@-/>: 4=1=;5: 65@> H54<=D- ;- H1>?7>N-.-P= ,57>;> >
H>45:>;>. Т5 H56-+2@2 > H5L- <.5@5: ?2@;53D2 > 21=K=;53D2I > <=7-I >
62D= 2

R)
P>:-I > 5F1-,= 565 P>.-I > ,5?-1 ,12:. Б=<:5 .=D <>37> 2 H>45:2
,57>;2 М7-.=I 65@- <= 3>1> 5, Б1-;>/=.<65F M,1=7- H- ,5 Д2;-.-.
O) @2;-.
П1=;5D>.3> > 5,:51>.3> <= 2 П=415.C2I 4-/;5 2 H5,;= O) @2;-
2H24><:5 <= 2 :-;-<4>1 G51P-6I 5;>: H24=: 65@> @= 5.=65.=/>5 [21-
Ј-63>D 2 <.5@5@ H=<:> AП24 2 G51P-6B. О, <=7- M,1=7-I 65@= @=
;-<=L=;5 Р2:2;>:-I H5/>P= .=D /2.=;- ,>.;- G51P-/6- К7><21- >7>
М7-.<65 M,1=75. Ч>: <= ;->K= 2 G51P-/62 К7><212I ;->7-+> <= <.2,-
1=,5: ;- 5<4-46= 5, 123=.>;- > ;- 123=.>;= <4-1>8 5<4-4-6-
4.1,>L- - +F1-,- 65@= <2 ;=6-,- 42 ?>7=.
AG51P-/6- @= К7><21- ;-/>/6-;- 5<4-C>:- 5, <4-1>8 24.1K=P-. Н- .><2
В26-;2 @= F1-,>DI ;- У+=;F>@> F1-,>DI ;- H154>.;5@ <41-;> ;- Ј=N=.C2
<41-N-1- :541>L-I < 65@= <= .>,> <-. H1=,=5 /-6 ,5 Б=5F1-,-I ,57= ,5
.5,= +>,>;= 6-H>@=I 65@= <2 +-4.-1-7= > 5.-@ @=,>;> :2/;> H157-+ 2
Х5:5L=. Д-L= 2+ М7-.2 2 @=,;5@ ,57>;> 5, В26-;- BМ>415H57>@- BI F,=
<= :><7> ,- @= <=,=5 .7-,>6- ?1-;>/=.<6>I H- :-765 .>3=
Б7-F5.=34-P=I - ;-@.>3= 2+ .5,2 :-;-<4>1 G51P-6I 65@> > ,-;-<
<72N>.B *X
Т2 2 M,1=72 ?=3= > <457>C- Д1:-;- > К2,=7>;- ?1-;>/=.<6>8
F5<H5,-1-I 65@> U(YV F. 5;-65 +-41=<53= .7-,-.>;2 М>724>;5.2I ,56 ;=
?=82 H5?=K=;> > Б1-;>/=.5 H1><-@=,>P=;5 ,1N-.> 61-L- Д1-F24>;-.
С>7- @= > ;5.-C- > 412,- <4-75 ,56 @= H15<=/=; ,-;-3P> H24 615+
М7-.<65 M,1=75. В-L-75 @= H15?>4> 4.1,= 6-:=;= <4=;=I H- ;-/>;>4>
2F5,-; H157-+ 65@>: <= <-, >,= +- G51P-6 > ,-L= +- M-F2?>C2.
У G51P-6 65@> 7=N> 2 <-:5@ 67><21> <4>F5<:5 2 O /-<- H5 H5,;=.
М-;-<4>1 @= +-,2N?>;- 6;=+- Л-+-1-. О H5<4-;62 5.5F- :-;-<4>1-
H5<45@> H1=,-P=I 65@= @= .=D ;- ;=657>65 :=<4- <-5H34=;5. *Y С.= <=
H-6 <.5,> ;- 45 ,- @= 6;=+ Л-+-1 75.>5 H5 H7-;>;> В26-;2 > Ј=N=.>C>.
n=F5.> H1-4>5C> ;-K2 2 32:> H2<4>P>6- С.. G7>F51>@- С>;-@C-I 65@> @=
2 H=D>;> >+;-, <-,-3P=F :-;-<4>1- N>.=5 > ><H-34-5 <=. К;=+
H5N=7> ,- < P>: F5.51>I -7> ><H5<;>6 ;= 84= ,5D> .=D <4-,= ;-
H154>.;5@ 5?-7>
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+-H5.=,> ,- 2:26;=I 4= .5,- > ,-;-< ;- 45:= :=<42 D24> 6-5 ,- <= > ;=
:>/=. У 45:= 1-+F5.512 6-N= С.. G7>F51>@= ,- N=7> ,- :2 <= ;-/>;>
C16.-. К;=+ :2 H1>:> N=L2 > <-F1-,> :-;-<4>1 G51P-6 2 <7-.2
В-.=,=;>@- С.. Б5F515,>C=.
Ј- <-: UYRY F5,>;= H>32D> 5 :-;-<4>12 С.. С4=.-;2 2 <1=+2
-7=6<>;-/65: 1=6-5: *R AА65 @= .=15.-4> ;-15,;5: H1>/-P2I 5;,- @=
:-;-<4>1 H5,>F;24 ;- :=<42 F,= <= ><H-34-5 H2<4>P>6 С.. С4=.-;I - 2
/-<4 P=F5.5F ?5F52F5,;5F N>.54-. z z z М=<45 F,= @= :-;-<4>1
;=5?>/;5 @= +F5,;5 +- H2<4>P>/6> N>.54I - H575N-@ :2 > H=D>;- 2
:;5F5:= 5,F5.-1-@2 5H><2 :=<4- ;- 65:= @= N>.=5 > ><H-34-5 <= С..
П=4-1 К51>36>BV). М-;-<4>1 G51P-6 ?>5 ?> @53 @=,-; H1>:=1 ,- @= +-
<H5:=; ?5F52F5,;5F N>.54- ><H5<;>6- H5,>F;24 :-;-<4>1 ;- :=<42 F,=
@= N>.=5I ><H-34-5 <= > 2:15. Н- <.-6> ;-/>; >:- @53 5.-6.>8 H1>:=1-
5 65@>:- H1=,-P= /2.- 2<H5:=;2.
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У UОš]( /-<5.- H1= H5,;= 61=45<:5 <= ,5;=67= ><4>: H24=: 65@>: >
,5K5<:5 2 G51P-6 6- <=72 Ш=45P2. З- Ш=45P= <= 5,.-@- H24 ><H5,
<=7-
M,1=7-.
Ш=45P= @= /><45 <1H<65 <=75 > >:- 565 V)) H51=<6>8 F7-.-. П5
6-+>.-P2 <-:>8 <=L-6- 5;> <2 ,5<=L=;>C> <- 1-+;-8 61-@=.-. И:- >8
<- К5<5.-I >+ К1-@>;= > >+ ,12F>8 :=<4-. С4-1>@= N=;= ;5<= H5 ,.=
6=C=L=I @=,;2 < H1=,-I ,12F2 H5+-,>I 6-5 > Р2:2;6=I -7> <= 65, :7-K>8
45 <-<.>: >+F2?>75. У :236>8 @= 5,=75 6-5 > 2 М51-.-C-I -7> >H-6 >:-
H5 ;=345 345 H5,<=D- ;- 12:2;<6> 24>C-@. Т5 <2 12:2;<6= H-;4-75;=I
.=7>6- 32?-1-I 61-46- 727- > .=+ ;- 6532L-:-.
С=75 Ш=45P=I H1>/-@2 <=L-C>I ,5?>75 @= >:= 542,- 345 <= 5,-47= ,5
G51P-6- 3=4-5 6;=+ Л-+-1 6-, @= F1-,>5 G51P-6. С=75 >:- > C16.2 +-
65@2 H1>/-@2 ,- @2 @= <-+>,-5 6;=+ Л-+-1 >7> М>753 О?>7>DI H- @=
,5C;>@= 5?;5.L=;-VU.
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Д-;-3P= <=75 Ш=45P= <-<4-.L=;5 @= >+ <4-15F <=7- Ш=45P- > <=7
И+.51-I 65@- <2 ?>7- @=,;5 H51=, ,12F5F-I -7> <2 >8 ,1N-7- ,.5@>C
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<H5@>5 2 @=,;5I 4= <= 4-65 <=75 И+.51 >+F2?> 2 Ш=45P2I -7> > ,-;-<
H5<45@= ,.= <=5<6= <7-.=I 65@= H5,<=D-@2 ;- ;=6-,-3P- ,.- <=7-:
СH-<5. ,-; > С.. Н>657- SR :-@-WI 65@= <7-.> <.-6- H575.>;- +- <=?= 2
<.5:= 61-@2 <- +-<=?;>: 657-/-1=: S61<45;535:W. К-, ;=6-,-3P>
И+.51C> <7-.= <.5@2 <7-.2I <- 7>4>@5: 65@2 ;5<= H5 @=,;5@ H575.>;>
<=5<65F -4-1-I 5;,- >: Ш=45PC> >,2 ;- F5+?2 > >F1-;62I > 5?1-4;5. И
@=,;- > ,12F- <7-.- 41-@2 H5 ,.- ,-;-. z С.. Т1>.2; >: @= +-@=,;>/6-
<=5<6- +-.=4>;- +- .>;5F1-,= > +- H5L- > <7-.= F- 41> ,-;-I 2 H5L2 ;-
:=<42 F,= <2 ;=6-,- ?>7> .>;5F1-,>. И +- 5.2 <7-.2 657-/-1 :=<>
657-/I. 65@> 42 <.=34=;>6 > <=/= H1.5F- ,-;-. Т2 <= ,5;5<> /-<4 5,
<.-6= 62D=I 42 <= F5<4>I 42 <= >F1-I 42 @= <.- <.=/-;5<4 > .=<=L= <.- 41>
,-;-. С.. Т1>.2; @=I .=7=I H1.> H57=:=+-5 <=;5 ,- F- .=4-1 ;= 5,;=<=I <
45F- 6-, H5H H1=<=/= 657-/I 5;,- H1=65 657-/- 261<4= 6-3>6= 5;-65
6-5 345 <= 7=:=+> ;- H7-<45.>:- 26134-@2.
Ј=,-; 61-@ H5L- >+:=K2 :-;-<4>1<65F >:-P- > Ш=45P- +5.= <= Ц-1>;-I
>:= 65@= ;>@= 1=465 +- <=5<6= -4-1= 2 С1?>@> > 65@= @= .1=,;5
H1542:-/>4>. Ј- <-: @53 UYR* F. H5:=;25V( ,- <= @=,;- 7=H- .><51-.-;
?7>+2 <=7- К1-L=.- 2 <1=+2 -7=6<>;-/65: +5.= Ц-1>;-. Т5: H1>7>65:
H5:=;25 <-: ,- В26 К-1-i>D 2 AС1H<65: Р@=/;>62B .=7> 65, 4= 1=/> ,-
<= :;5F- :=<4- 2 ;-15,2 ;-3=:2 4-65 +5.2I ;H1. 65, :-;-<4>1-
Ш>3-45.C-I 65, С:=,<1=.-I >4,. С:=,=1=.<62 C-1>;2 H5:>P= > М. [.
М>7>D=.>D. VO Т-,- <-: H5:<;25 ,- <= 2 5657>;> А7=6<>;C- C-1>;5:
;-+>.- :=K- >+:=K2 ,.- <>;51-I ;-15/>45 >+:=K2 >:-P- ,.- <=7-. К:=4
>+,-@= ;-1=,?2 ,- ;>65 ;= <:= H1=7-+>4> C-1>;2. У ;-H5:=;2 ><H5,
5.>8 :5@>8 1=/> ,5,-75 @= 21=,;>34.5 AН-<4-.;>6-B ?=7=362: AП5
?=7=36-:- G. Ј. Ц.>@>D-I H15J. В=7>6= Ш657=I 1=/ C-1>;- 2 45: <:><72
2H541=?L-.- <= > 2 C=75: 4>:5/65: 5612F2BI О.5:= 4-,-3P=:
42:-/=P2 ,5,-@=: <-, ,12F5 <-<.>: 4-/;5 65@= <-: H5<7= 45F-
+-?=7=N>5 У С565 Б-P> > 5657>;>. Ц-1>;5: <= 2 <4-1>@= .1=:=
;-+>.-3= +=:L>34= ;- 65:= @= <=75 <- .5DP-C>:- > ?-34-:-. В-;
C-1>;= ?>5 @=
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V( Н-<4-.;>6I +- UYR*I <.. U > (I <41. OZ. I К;=N=.>;- С1?>@-I <41. UO(
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<>;51. Ц-1>;- @= ?>7- 5F1-K=;- .1L>6-:-I >7> H7545: > 5;,= F,= H24
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.1-4P>C5: H153-5 ?>5 @= ,2N-; ,- @= +- <5?5: +-4.51>I ,- ;= ?> <456-
>+ <=7- 27-+>7- 2 <>;51. ОF1-,2 5, C-1>;= H5H1-.L-7> <2 <=L-C> > 45
<.-6> <.5@2 ,=5;>C2. А65 ?> <= F,= 5F1-,- H56.-1>7- 4= />@- <456- 2K=
>+ <=7- 2 <>;51I 5;,- 34=42 ;= H7-D- 5;-@ />@- @= <456-I ;5 5;-@ ;- />@5@
@= ,=5;>C> 5F1-,- H56.-1=;-. Т-6.>8 C-1>;- >:-75 @= <.-65 <=75 2
<1=+2 -7=6<>;-/65:I ?-P<65: > 2 />4-.5@ Т>:>/65@ К1-@>;>. Ц-1>;= <2
<= 2 ;=6>: <=7>:- ,5<651- ,1N-7=I - <=75 К1>.> В>1 >:-75 @= C-1>;2
<.= ,5 UYRO F5,. Р=/ C-1>;- @= H5 <.5@5@ H1>7>C> .7-365F H51=67- >
5<4-4-6 5, <1=,P=.=65.;>8 В7-8- ;- <1H<65: +=:L>342. И Р2:2;> 2
Р2:2;>@> +5.2 C-1>;- S˜ri"W H5L= 2 ?7>+>;> <=7- Sts'€ !"c %#
woici"k# ! &" wi%%k#W V*
У O /-<- H5 H5,;= 61=45<:5 <= +- <=75 Ћ5.,>;. У+ H24 <.1-4><:5 > ;-
Ш=45P<65 В1=75I 65@= @= :-75 .>3< <=7- H5, Ј=N=.>C5:. В1=75 @=
Z><415 6-5 61><4-7 > @-65 ,- 5,:-8 ><H5, P=F- :=L= .5,=;>C- <-
+=657>65 6-:=;5.-.
У Ћ5.,>; <4>F5<:5 2 * /-<- H5 H5,;=. Т5 @= /><45 <1H<65 <=75I ;-<=L=;5
<4-;5.;>C>:- >+ Ц1;= G51= > С4-1= С1?>@=I 4= <= 5,7>62@2 5, 5657;>8
<4-;5.;>6- > F5.515:I > ;53P5:I > 5?>/-@>:-.
О, VzZ /-<. H245.-<:5 6- <=72 В=+>/=.2 65@= @= ;-<=L=;5 С=;>/-;>:-
>+ С4-1= С1?>@=.
П5<7= 5.5F-I H1=65 <=7- З7-45.- > G1-?5.C- <4>F5<:5 2 U) /-<. 2 .=/= 2
Д=<H545.-CI :-75 :=<45I 65@= @= ;- <>72 .-153>C- - <=,>34= <1=<6=
.7-<4> +- <1=+ ,=<H545.-/6>.

( Ј27-.
О.5F- ,-;- H1= H5,;= H5<=4><:5 :-;-<4>1 М-;-<>@2I 65@> @= <.=F- F57-
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67><21>.
М-;-<>@- @= +-,2N?>;- В><565F С4=.-;- > +- P=F5.= .7-,= 5<5?>45
+;-/-@-; C=;4-1 6P>N=.;>. Т2 <2 ?>7> H5+;-4> AР=<-.<6> H1=.5,;>C>BI
У М-;-<>@> @= > <-81-P=; P=+>; 5<;>.-/ ,=<H54 С4=.-; U*(X F5,.
;=6-,-3P> +;-/-@ М-;-<>@= H56-+2@= P=+>;- .=7>/>;-I 7=H54- > @-65 >
.=7>65 24.1K=P= 65@= @= 565 P=. Н5 <.= @= 45 :51-75 ;=6-,- ,- +-H2<4>
>
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515;=. С-,-3P> @= :-;-<4>1 5?;5.- <4-15FI - 4.1,>P- <45@> 5;-65
515;27- > <.-6>: ,-;5: <.= <= .>3= 123> > 5H-,-.
У U /-< H5 H5,;= .=D H245.-<:5 +- Ћ271>@2I F,= <4>F5<:5 2 * U]( /-<-I >
H5<7= 61-465F 5,:51- 61=45<:5 +- П-1-D>;I F,= ?=<:5 2 Z U]( /-<.
К-, <-: <- .><5.- >+:=D2 Д=<H545.C- > Ћ2H1>@= 2F7=,-5 :51-.<62
,57>;2 > М51-.2 65@- <= 2 P5@ ?=7-<- ?>75 :> @= 6-5 ,- <-: <= 5,:51>5
5, 4=36- > ,2F- H24- H5 H7-;>;-:- ><45/;= С1?>@=I - 6-5 ,- <-: 65,
62D=. М> 1-.;>/-1>I 6-, .>,>:5 1-.;>C2I ;-7>6 <:5 ;- H1>:51C= 6-,
.>,= :51=. Л=H- <2 ;-: ?1,-I -7> ;-: @= :>7>@- 1-.;>C-. G,= 65 ;>6;=I
5;,= > 5?>6;=•
O @27-.
О.5 @= H5<7=,P> ,-; ;-3=F- П24-I -7> .>3= ;= > =6<21+>@=. Ј-8-7> <:5
H>45:>;5: > 1-.;>C5:I ,12:5: C-1>F1-,<6>:I ;=6-,-3P>:
;-@N>.L>: ?>75: ;-3= Д5:5.>;=. О.5F- ,-;- ;><-: +-?=7=N>5 ;>34-
<=: 5 @=,;5@ ;= 4-65 ,-.;-3P5@ +-,2N?>;>. Н=,-7=65 5, С=6>1>C=I
>,2D> >+ П-1-D>;-I ;- @=,;5:= @= :=<42 ,12: 2F;24I @=1 F- .5,-
H1565H-.- > 6.-1>. Д- <= ,12: ;= ?> <-<.>: ><6.-1>5 > ,- ;= ?> ;- 45:
:=<42 ?>75 F7>?- 65@> ?> 5:=4-5 <-5?1-D-@I 2,-1>5 @= 42 UYO) F5,.
6-7,1:2 ;=6> Т1>.2; >+ Д5P=F В>,5.- +- <=.-HI 4= <= 45 :=<45 > <-,
+5.= Т1>.2;5.- 6-7,1:-. О.-@ :> H5,-4-6 ><H1>/- G. М-1@-;5.>DI 65:=
@= 4-@ Т1>.2; H1-,=, H5 :-4=1>I > @- F- ;-.5,>: 6-5 +-5<4-4-6 5.-6.>8
+-,2N?>;- >+ <4-1>;=. H=<:2 F,= С.=4> С-.- .=7> +- <.5F 5C-E
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О<4-75F- 345 H1=4=/= ?7-F-
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SВ26I С1H. ;-1. H@=<:=I 6P. QQI RXzRYW.
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О<4-4-6 ,-;- H15.=7> <:5 H242@2D> 615+ С=6>1>C2I Ј5.-;5.-CI
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H15.=7> 1-.;5 /=41;-=<4 ,-;-.
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К. З=;5I H24;>6 >+ UOVV F.I H242@2D> >+:=K2 Ј=,1=;- > Ц-1>F1-,-I .=7>
,-@= >3-5 AH5 7=H5@ C=<4> S6-7,1:>W 65@2 <-F1-,>3= ;=65@= H-3= +-
H24;>/62 2H541=?2I - 45 <.= +- L2?-. Б5N@2BI Sb! @&koc%. u!I v‡QQ I<41.
UZOW. И 2 +-H-,;5@ <2 Е.15H> 5.-6.> H1>:=1> /=<4- <4.-1.
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